Victor Chabai

Victor Chabai
National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine | ISP · Institute of Archaeology

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36
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Publications

Publications (36)
Chapter
This chapter presents the first collective synthesis of Late Middle Palaeolithic lithic technology (MIS 4–3, ≈ 70-40 ka) from the Altai mountains to the Atlantic coast of Western Europe and the Mediterranean regions of Europe and the Levant. As early as the first half of the twentieth century, archaeological debates focused on characterising and in...
Article
Radiocarbon dating of bone and charcoal from sites dating to the Middle and Upper Paleolithic is challenging due to low residual levels of radiocarbon. This means that small amounts of contaminating carbon can wield a great influence over accuracy unless they are fully removed. The site of Kabazi II in the Crimea is important because radiocarbon da...
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The Crimean Peninsula has a rich archaeological record characterised by numerous multi-layered sites from the Middle Palaeolithic and by a number of important sites representing the transition from the Middle to the Upper Palaeolithic. Absolute dates place the region as one of the last Neanderthal refuges in Europe. Combining dental meso-and microw...
Chapter
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The particular classification and attribute analysis system was written in 1995 and started to be used since then for Crimean Middle Paleolithic flint artifact analyses.
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The Middle Paleolithic site of Zaskalnaya V is a buried rock shelter situated in the Eastern part of the Crimean Peninsula. Large-scale excavations conducted by Kolosov between 1969 and 1994 made Zaskalnaya V a reference site for both the definition of the “Ak Kaya culture” of the Crimean Micoquian and regional Middle Paleolithic chronology. Despit...
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Several Paleolithic sites in the Crimea are characterized by long stratigraphic sequences with numerous thin in-situ archaeological horizons. In this case study, we compare two neighboring sites at Kabazi Mountain, parts of whose sequences are contemporaneous, for similarities and differences in their site formation processes during OIS 3. At Kabaz...
Article
Despite its richness, the Romanian Paleolithic record has remained for decades relatively poorly known to the broader scienti!c community. The situation swiftly changed after the !nd at Oase Cave, which brought the Romanian paleoanthropological and archeological record into intensive focus, spurring several international research projects devoted t...
Article
The Middle Palaeolithic site of Karabi Tamchin is presented here for the first time. Karabi Tamchin is a collapsed rock-shelter in Eastern Crimea (Ukraine), and is the only known, stratified Palaeolithic site in the highland regions of the First Crimean mountain range. Preliminary results of three excavation seasons indicate that the site differs f...
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- Previous archaeological research in the Banat area (South-western Romania) resulted in the definition of a chronologically late Krems-Dufour type Aurignacian, followed by the isolated find of several considerably old anatomically modern human (AMH) remains at Oase Cave, several decades later. The last find set the stage for new stratigraphic, chr...
Chapter
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During the late Middle Paleolithic (ca.50,000 BP to ca.28,000 BP), the Crimea was occupied by two groups with distinctly different material cultures: the Crimean Micoquian and theWestern Crimean Mousterian. The Crimean Micoquian, firmly associated with Neandertals, used an unchanging bifacial and a unifacial discoidal lithic technology to produce h...
Article
Typological and technological characteristics of the lithic industries produced during the Middle and early Upper Paleolithic in Eastern Europe are summarized. Chronologically, the assemblages span the interval between the Last Interglacial and the Arcy/Denekamp Interstadial. Their regional distribution is described as well as the paleoclimatic imp...
Book
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Generally speaking, the variability encountered in the Crimean Middle Palaeolithic can be traced back to two distinct techno-complexes: the Eastern European Micoquian and the Levallois-Mousterian. In Eastern Europe, Micoquian assemblages have been discovered in all regions which have seen more or less intensive archaeological investigation – the Pr...
Book
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This publication is the first volume in a series devoted to the multidisciplinary studies of the International Crimean Paleolithic expedition in the framework of the international DFG project “Funktionale Variabilität im späten Mittelpaläolithikum auf der Halbinsel Krim, Ukraine” (RI 936/3-3). Over the last five years, a large team of specialists f...
Book
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This is the second volume of the series “Palaeolithic Sites of Crimea” of which the first and this present volume are dedicated to the publication of multidisciplinary studies at the Middle Palaeolithic open air site of Kabazi II. Now, after innumerable fi eld seasons, which began more than 20 years ago, and which have brought together specialists...
Article
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The Crimean peninsula, situated at the southeastern edge of Europe, is extremely rich in Middle Paleolithic sites. More than 100 localities were studied along the second ridge of the Crimean Mountains and 35 of them have deeply stratified deposits. Upper Paleolithic sites were found at no more than 10 localities. The recent chronological investigat...
Article
The site of Kabazi II is located on the second row of the Crimea Mounts in the west side of peninsula. The study presented in this article is about the archaeological material of the II/8 level. This level was excavated in 1987 and 1994. It is date of the Hengelo Interstadial. The lithic tools discovered in this level are attributed to the Western...
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In Eastern Europe, during the period from about ca.36 000 to ca.28 000 BP, two Middle Paleolithic industries, the Western Crimean Mousterian and the Eastern Micoquian, coexisted with a number of early Upper Paleolithic complexes: the Eastern Szeletian; the Streletskaya, Gorodtsovskaya and Spitsynskaya "cultures"; and the Aurignacian of Krems-Dufour...
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Excavations at the late Middle Pleistocene cave site of Galeria Pesada in Portuguese Estremadura have uncovered a series of lithic assemblages associated with abundant faunal remains (Excavations 1997-1999). The lithic assemblages are all similar and consist of a combination of a few classic Acheulean tools, a rich series of bifacial tools (foliate...
Article
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On the Crimean Peninsula, over 100 sites are known from the period of the late Neanderthals. Mainly, they date to the interpleniglacial of the last cold period (60000 to 28000 BP). The sites can be divided into a western group with inventories in which edge-retouched tools predominate, and an eastern group, in which surface shaped, primarily bi-fac...
Book
Full-text available
This book systemizes archaeological, geological, and paleozoological data on Paleolithic sites of the Crimean peninsula. Sites are presented in chronological (Auchelean, Mousterian, and Upper Paleolithic) and cultural-stylistic (Mousterian epoch) orders.

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