# Victor E. AmbruşWest University of Timisoara · Department of Physics

Victor E. Ambruş

PhD

## About

94

Publications

5,913

Reads

**How we measure 'reads'**

A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more

800

Citations

Introduction

Additional affiliations

Education

October 2010 - September 2014

## Publications

Publications (94)

The thermodynamics of rigidly rotating systems experience divergences when the system dimensions transverse to the rotation axis exceed the critical size imposed by the causality constraint. The rotation with imaginary angular frequency, suitable for numerical lattice simulations in Euclidean imaginary-time formalism, experiences fractalization of...

We discuss the imaginary-time formalism for field theories in thermal equilibrium in uniformly accelerating frames. We show that under a Wick rotation of Minkowski spacetime, the Rindler event horizon shrinks to a point in a two-dimensional subspace tangential to the acceleration direction and the imaginary time. We demonstrate that the accelerated...

An ensemble of massless fermions can be characterized by its total helicity charge given by the sum of axial charges of particles minus the sum of axial charges of anti-particles. We show that charged massless fermions develop a dissipationless flow of helicity along the background magnetic field. We dub this transport phenomenon as the Helical Sep...

We simulate the space-time dynamics of high-energy collisions based on a microscopic kinetic description, in order to determine the range of applicability of an effective description in relativistic viscous hydrodynamics. We find that hydrodynamics provides a quantitatively accurate description of collective flow when the average inverse Reynolds n...

We evaluate the full opacity dependence of collective flow in high-energy heavy-ion collisions within a microscopic kinetic description based on the Boltzmann equation in the conformal relaxation time approximation. By comparing kinetic theory calculations to hydrodynamic and hybrid simulations for an average initial state, we point out shortcoming...

We simulate the space-time dynamics of high-energy collisions based on a microscopic kinetic description in the conformal relaxation time approximation, in order to determine the range of applicability of an effective description in relativistic viscous hydrodynamics. We find that hydrodynamics provides a quantitatively accurate description of coll...

The thermodynamics of rigidly rotating systems experience divergences when the system dimensions transverse to the rotation axis exceed the critical size imposed by the causality constraint. The rotation with imaginary angular frequency, suitable for numerical lattice simulations in Euclidean imaginary-time formalism, experiences fractalization of...

We examine the capabilities of second-order Israel-Stewart-type hydrodynamics to capture the early-time behaviour of the quark-gluon plasma created in heavy-ion collisions. We point out that at very early times, the dynamics of the fireball is governed by the local 0+1-D Bjorken flow attractor due to the rapid expansion along the longitudinal direc...

Helicity of free massless Dirac fermions is a conserved, Lorentz-invariant quantity at the level of the classical equations of motion. For a generic ensemble consisting of particles and antiparticles, the helical and chiral charges are different conserved quantities. The flow of helicity can be modelled by the helicity current, which is again conse...

We evaluate the full opacity dependence of collective flow in high-energy heavy-ion collisions within a microscopic kinetic description based on the Boltzmann equation in the conformal relaxation time approximation. By comparing kinetic theory calculations to hydrodynamic and hybrid simulations for an average initial state, we point out shortcoming...

We simulate the space-time dynamics of high-energy collisions based on a microscopic kinetic description in the conformal relaxation time approximation, in order to determine the range of applicability of an effective description in relativistic viscous hydrodynamics. We find that hydrodynamics provides a quantitatively accurate description of coll...

Relativistic kinetic theory is ubiquitous to several fields of modern physics, finding application at large scales in systems in astrophysical contexts, all of the way down to subnuclear scales and into the realm of quark–gluon plasmas. This motivates the quest for powerful and efficient computational methods that are able to accurately study fluid...

We derive the transport coefficients of second-order fluid dynamics with 14 dynamical moments using the method of moments and the Chapman-Enskog method in the relaxation-time approximation for the collision integral of the relativistic Boltzmann equation. Contrary to results previously reported in the literature, we find that the second-order trans...

We consider the evolution equations for the bulk viscous pressure, diffusion current, and shear tensor derived within second-order relativistic dissipative hydrodynamics from kinetic theory. By matching the higher-order moments directly to the dissipative quantities, all terms which are of second order in the Knudsen number Kn vanish, leaving only...

We employ an effective kinetic description to study the space-time dynamics and development of transverse flow of small and large collision systems. By combining analytical insights in the few interactions limit with numerical simulations at higher opacity, we are able to describe the development of transverse flow from very small to very large opa...

The propagation properties of spin degrees of freedom are analyzed in the framework of relativistic hydrodynamics with spin based on the de Groot van Leeuwen–van Weert definitions of the energy-momentum and spin tensors. We derive the analytical expression for the spin wave velocity for arbitrary statistics and show that it goes to half the speed o...

We derive the transport coefficients of second-order fluid dynamics with $14$ dynamical moments using the method of moments and the Chapman-Enskog method in the relaxation-time approximation for the collision integral of the relativistic Boltzmann equation. Contrary to results previously reported in the literature, we find that the second-order tra...

We consider the evolution equations for the bulk viscous pressure, diffusion current and shear tensor derived within the second order relativistic dissipative hydrodynamics from kinetic theory. By matching the higher order moments directly to the dissipative quantities, all terms which are of second order in the Knudsen number $\Kn$ vanish, leaving...

The propagation properties of spin degrees of freedom are analyzed in the framework of relativistic hydrodynamics with spin based on the de Groot--van Leeuwen--van Weert definitions of the energy-momentum and spin tensors. We derive the analytical expression for the spin wave velocity for arbitrary statistics and show that it goes to half the speed...

We employ an effective kinetic description, based on the Boltzmann equation in the relaxation time approximation, to study the space-time dynamics and development of transverse flow of small and large collision systems. By combining analytical insights in the small opacity limit with numerical simulations at larger opacities, we are able to describ...

In the context of the longitudinally boost-invariant Bjorken flow with transverse expansion, we use three different numerical methods to analyze the emergence of attractor solutions in an ideal gas of massless particles exhibiting constant shear viscosity to entropy density ratio η/s. The fluid energy density is initialized using a Gaussian profile...

Here, we study a quantum fermion field in rigid rotation at finite temperature on anti-de Sitter space. We assume that the rotation rate Ω is smaller than the inverse radius of curvature ℓ−1, so that there is no speed of light surface and the static (maximally-symmetric) and rotating vacua coincide. This assumption enables us to follow a geometric...

We employ an effective kinetic description, based on the Boltzmann equation in the relaxation time approximation, to study the space-time dynamics and development of transverse flow of small and large collision systems. By combining analytical insights in the small opacity limit with numerical simulations at larger opacities, we are able to describ...

We study a quantum fermion field in rigid rotation at finite temperature on anti-de Sitter space. We assume that the rotation rate $\Omega$ is smaller than the inverse radius of curvature $\ell ^{-1}$, so that there is no speed of light surface and the static (maximally-symmetric) and rotating vacua coincide. This assumption enables us to follow a...

We discuss the construction and properties of rigidly rotating states for free scalar and fermion fields in quantum field theory. On unbounded Minkowski space-time, we explain why such states do not exist for scalars. For the Dirac field, we are able to construct rotating vacuum and thermal states, for which expectation values can be computed exact...

We discuss the influence of a helicity imbalance on the phase diagram of dense QCD at finite temperature. The helical quark number counts the difference between the axial charges carried by quarks and antiquarks. We argue that the helical chemical potential is a thermodynamically relevant quantity in theories with the mass gap generation. Using the...

In the context of the longitudinally boost-invariant Bjorken flow with transverse expansion, we use three different numerical methods to analyze the emergence of the attractor solution in an ideal gas of massless particles exhibiting constant shear viscosity to entropy density ({\eta}/s) ratio. The fluid energy density is initialized using a Gaussi...

We present a series of analytically solvable axisymmetric flows on the torus geometry. For the single-component flows, we describe the propagation of sound waves for perfect fluids, as well as the viscous damping of shear and longitudinal waves for isothermal and thermal fluids. Unlike the case of planar geometry, the non-uniform curvature on a tor...

We argue that the enhancement in the spin polarization of anti-hyperons compared to the polarization of the hyperons in noncentral relativistic heavy-ion collisions arises as a result of an interplay between the chiral and helical vortical effects. The chiral vortical effect generates the axial current of quarks along the vorticity axis while the r...

The properties of a massive fermion field undergoing rigid rotation at finite temperature and chemical potential are discussed. The polarisation imbalance is taken into account by considering a helicity chemical potential, which is dual to the helicity charge operator. The advantage of the proposed approach is that, as opposed to the axial current,...

In this paper, we consider the capabilities of the Boltzmann equation with the Shakhov or ellipsoidal models for the collision term to capture the characteristics of rarefied gas flows. The benchmark is performed by comparing the results obtained using these kinetic model equations with direct simulation Monte Carlo (DSMC) results for particles int...

We discuss the influence of a helicity imbalance on the phase diagram of dense QCD at finite temperature. We argue that the helical chemical potential is a thermodynamically relevant quantity in theories with the mass gap generation. Using the linear sigma model coupled to quarks, we show that the presence of the helical density substantially affec...

The perfect fluid behaviour can be obtained from the Boltzmann equation in the limit of vanishing Knudsen number. By treating the collision term in an implicit manner, the implicit-explicit (IMEX) time stepping scheme allows this limit to be achieved at finite values of the time step. We consider the 9th order monotonicity-preserving (MP-9) scheme...

Helicity is a classically conserved quantity which can be used, in addition to and independently of the (vector) charge and chirality, to characterize thermodynamic ensembles of massless Dirac fermions. We identify a symmetry of the Dirac Lagrangian which is responsible, via the Noether theorem, to the classical conservation of the helicity current...

The properties of a massive fermion field undergoing rigid rotation at finite temperature and chemical potential are discussed. The polarisation imbalance is taken into account by considering a helicity chemical potential, which is dual to the helicity charge operator. The advantage of the proposed approach is that, as opposed to the axial current,...

We develop and implement a finite difference lattice Boltzmann scheme to study multicomponent flows on curved surfaces, coupling the continuity and Navier-Stokes equations with the Cahn-Hilliard equation to track the evolution of the binary fluid interfaces. The standard lattice Boltzmann method relies on regular Cartesian grids, which makes it gen...

Due to the local curvature, the fermion condensate (FC) for a free Dirac field on anti-de Sitter (adS) space becomes finite, even in the massless limit. Employing the point splitting method using an exact expression for the Feynman two-point function, an experssion for the local FC is derived. Integrating this expression, we report the total FC in...

We present a series of analytically solvable axisymmetric flows on the torus geometry. For the single-component flows, we describe the propagation of sound waves for perfect fluids, as well as the viscous damping of shear and longitudinal waves for isothermal and thermal fluids. Unlike the case of planar geometry, the non-uniform curvature on a tor...

At the microscale, experiments show that in the vicinity of a moving boundary, rarefied fluid flows exhibit a velocity slip (i.e., the fluid and wall velocities are not equal), as well as a temperature jump (i.e., the fluid temperature is not equal to the wall temperature). Such effects can be captured within the framework of the Boltzmann equation...

In this paper, we consider the capabilities of the Boltzmann equation with the Shakhov or ellipsoidal models for the collision term to capture the characteristics of rarefied gas flows. The benchmark is performed by comparing the results obtained using these kinetic model equations with direct simulation Monte Carlo (DSMC) results for particles int...

The perfect fluid limit can be obtained from the Boltzmann equation in the limit of vanishing Knudsen number. By treating the collision term in an implicit manner, the implicit-explicit (IMEX) time stepping scheme allows this limit to be achieved at finite values of the time step. We consider the 9th order monotonicity-preserving (MP-9) scheme to i...

We discuss the construction and properties of rigidly-rotating states for free scalar and fermion fields in quantum field theory. On unbounded Minkowski space-time, we explain why such states do not exist for scalars. For the Dirac field, we are able to construct rotating vacuum and thermal states, for which expectation values can be computed exact...

We present here a comparison between collision-streaming and finite-difference lattice Boltzmann (LB) models. This study provides a derivation of useful formulae which help one to properly compare the simulation results obtained with both LB models. We consider three physical problems: the shock wave propagation, the damping of shear waves, and the...

We develop and implement a novel lattice Boltzmann scheme to study multicomponent flows on curved surfaces, coupling the continuity and Navier-Stokes equations with the Cahn-Hilliard equation to track the evolution of the binary fluid interfaces. Standard lattice Boltzmann method relies on regular Cartesian grids, which makes it generally unsuitabl...

We present here a comparison between collision-streaming and finite-difference lattice Boltzmann (LB) models. This study provides a derivation of useful formulae which help one to properly compare the simulation results obtained with both LB models. We consider three physical problems: the shock wave propagation, the damping of shear waves, and the...

We consider rigidly-rotating thermal states of a massless Klein-Gordon field enclosed within a cylindrical boundary, where Robin boundary conditions (RBCs) are imposed. The connection between the parameter of the RBCs and the energy density and four-velocity expressed in the Landau frame is revealed.

A numerical algorithm for the implementation of anisotropic distributions in the frame of the relativistic Boltzmann equation is presented. The implementation relies on the expansion of the Romatschke-Strickland distribution with respect to orthogonal polynomials, which is evolved using the lattice Boltzmann algorithm. The validation of our propose...

We develop a two-dimensional Lattice Boltzmann model for liquid-vapour systems with variable temperature. Our model is based on a single particle distribution function expanded with respect to the full-range Hermite polynomials. In order to ensure the recovery of the hydrodynamic equations for thermal flows, we use a fourth order expansion together...

In this paper, we employ the lattice Boltzmann method to solve the Boltzmann equation with the Shakhov model for the collision integral in the context of the 3D planar Couette flows to demonstrate the dramatic increase in simulation efficiency when the momentum space is discretised using the half-range Gauss-Hermite quadrature to account for the di...

In this paper, we employ the lattice Boltzmann method to solve the Boltzmann equation with the Shakhov model for the collision integral in the context of the 3D planar Couette flows to demonstrate the dramatic increase in simulation efficiency when the momentum space is discretised using the half-range Gauss-Hermite quadrature to account for the di...

The three-dimensional Couette flow between parallel plates is addressed using mixed lattice Boltz-mann models which implement the half-range and the full-range Gauss-Hermite quadratures on the Cartesian axes perpendicular and parallel to the walls, respectively. The ability of our models to simulate rarefied flows are validated through comparison a...

A numerical algorithm for the implementation of anisotropic distributions in the frame of the relativistic Boltzmann equation is presented. The implementation relies on the expansion of the Romatschke-Strickland distribution with respect to orthogonal polynomials, which is evolved using the lattice Boltzmann algorithm. The validation of our propose...

Aiming to study the bubble cavitation problem in quiescent and sheared liquids, a third-order isothermal lattice Boltzmann (LB) model that describes a two-dimensional ($2D$) fluid obeying the van der Waals equation of state, is introduced. The evolution equations for the distribution functions in this off-lattice model with 16 velocities are solved...

We study vacuum and thermal expectation values of quantum scalar and fermion fields on anti-de Sitter space-time. Anti-de Sitter space-time is maximally symmetric and this enables expressions for the scalar and fermion vacuum Feynman Green's functions to be derived in closed form. We employ Hadamard renormalization to find the vacuum expectation va...

We study the energy density and pressure of a relativistic thermal gas of massless fermions on four-dimensional Minkowski and anti-de Sitter space-times using relativistic kinetic theory. The corresponding quantum field theory quantities are given by components of the renormalized expectation value of the stress-energy tensor operator acting on a t...

In this paper, we construct the Boltzmann equation with respect to orthonormal vielbein fields in conservative form. This formalism allows the use of arbitrary coordinate systems to describe the space geometry, as well as of an adapted coordinate system in the momentum space, which is linked to the physical space through the use of vielbeins. Takin...

In the frame of the Boltzmann equation, wall-bounded flows of rarefied gases require the implementation of boundary conditions at the kinetic level, such as diffuse reflection. Such boundary conditions induce a discontinuity in the distribution function with respect to the component of the momentum which is normal to the boundary. In this paper, we...

We study the energy density and pressure of a relativistic thermal gas of massless fermions on four-dimensional Minkowski and anti-de Sitter space-times using relativistic kinetic theory. The corresponding quantum field theory quantities are given by components of the renormalized expectation value of the stress-energy tensor operator acting on a t...

Making use of the symmetries of anti-de Sitter space-time, we derive an analytic expression for the bispinor of parallel transport, from which we construct in closed form the vacuum Feynman Green's function of the Dirac field on this background. Using the imaginary time anti-periodicity property of the thermal Feynman Green's function, we calculate...

The connection between the relativistic Boltzmann equation and the dissipative hydrodynamics equations is traditionally made through the Chapman-Enskog procedure or through Grad's moment approximation. While the ensuing transport coefficients predicted by the two approaches coincide in the non-relativistic limit, in general their ultra-relativistic...

Based on known analytic results, the thermal expectation value of the stress-energy tensor operator for the Dirac field is analyzed from a hydrodynamic perspective. By employing the Landau frame, non-ideal terms are found, which are not present in the kinetic theory description. Moreover, the quantum corrections become dominant in the vicinity of t...

We developed a two-dimensional Lattice Boltzmann model for liquid-vapour systems with variable temperature. Our model is based on a single particle distribution function expanded with respect to the full-range Hermite polynomials. In order to ensure the recovery of the hydrodynamic equations for thermal flows, we used a fourth order expansion toget...

The three-dimensional Couette flow between parallel plates is addressed using mixed lattice Boltzmann models which implement the half-range and full-range Gauss-Hermite quadratures on the Cartesian axes perpendicular and parallel to the walls, respectively. Our models are validated through a comparison of the slip velocity results against the linea...

We investigate the phenomenon of particle production in a Friedmann-Robertson-Walker universe which contains a phase of de Sitter expansion for a finite interval, outside which it reduces to the flat Minkowski spacetime. We compute the particle number density for a massive scalar and a spinorial field and point out differences between the two cases...

A quadrature-based finite-difference lattice Boltzmann model is developed that is suitable for simulating relativistic flows of massless particles. We briefly review the relativistc Boltzmann equation and present our model. The quadrature is constructed such that the stress-energy tensor is obtained as a second order moment of the distribution func...

The formation of droplets in T-junction configurations is investigated using a two-dimensional Lattice Boltzmann model for liquid-vapor systems. We use an expansion of the equilibrium distribution function with respect to Hermite polynomials and an off-lattice velocity set. To evolve the distribution functions we use the second order corner transpo...

The transport coefficients induced by the Anderson-Witting approximation of the collision term in the relativistic Boltzmann equation are derived for close to equilibrium flows in general relativity. Using the tetrad formalism, it is shown that the expression for these coefficients is the same as that obtained on flat space-time, in agreement with...

We present a systematic procedure for the construction of a relativistic lattice Boltzmann model (R-SLB) appropriate for the simulation of flows of massless particles. Quadrature rules are used for the discretisation of the momentum space in spherical coordinates. The model is optimised for one-dimensional flows involving shocks (the Riemann proble...

A quadrature-based finite-difference lattice Boltzmann model is developed that is suitable for simulating relativistic flows of massless particles. We briefly review the relativistc Boltzmann equation and present our model. The quadrature is constructed such that the stress-energy tensor is obtained as a second order moment of the distribution func...

The transport coefficients induced by the Anderson-Witting approximation of the collision term in the relativistic Boltzmann equation are derived for close to equilibrium flows in general relativity. Using the tetrad formalism, it is shown that the expression for these coefficients is the same as that obtained on flat space-time, in agreement with...

We discuss general features of thermal lattice Boltzmann models based on half-range Gauss quadratures, specialising to the half-range Gauss-Hermite and Gauss-Laguerre cases. The main focus of the paper is on the construction of high order half-range Hermite lattice Boltzmann (HHLB) models. The performance of the HHLB models is compared with that of...

We consider rigidly rotating states in thermal equilibrium on static spherically symmetric spacetimes. Using the Maxwell-Juttner equilibrium distribution function, onstructed as a solution of the relativistic Boltzmann equation, the equilibrium particle flow four-vector, stress-energy tensor and the transport coefficients in the Marle model are com...

We consider the 2D force-driven Poiseuille flow between parallel plates, on which diffuse reflection boundary conditions apply. We present a systematic procedure for the construction of the force term in lattice Boltzmann models based on mixed Cartesian quadratures, where the quadrature on each axis is selected independently. We find that, at non-n...

We study a quantum fermion field inside a cylinder in Minkowski space-time.
On the surface of the cylinder, the fermion field satisfies either spectral or
MIT bag boundary conditions. We define rigidly rotating quantum states in both
cases, assuming that the radius of the cylinder is sufficiently small that the
speed-of-light surface is excluded fr...

We consider an application of the tetrad formalism introduced by Cardall et
al. [Phys. Rev. D 88 (2013) 023011] to the problem of a rigidly rotating
relativistic gas in thermal equilibrium and discuss the possible applications
of this formalism to relativistic lattice Boltzmann simulations. We present in
detail the transformation to the comoving fr...

We study rotating thermal states of a massless quantum fermion field inside a cylinder in Minkowski space-time.
Two possible boundary conditions for the fermion field on the cylinder are considered: the spectral and MIT bag boundary
conditions. If the radius of the cylinder is sufficiently small, rotating thermal expectation values are finite every...

Deposition of inertial solid particles transported by turbulent flows is modelled in a framework of a statistical approach based on the particle velocity Probability Density Function (PDF). The particle-turbulence interaction term is closed in the kinetic equation by a model widely inspired from the famous BGK model of the kinetic theory of rarefie...

We construct the Feynman propagator for Dirac fermions on anti-de Sitter space-time and present an analytic expression for the bi-spinor of parallel transport. We then renormalise the vacuum expectation value of the stress-energy tensor and end by analysing its renormalised expectation value at finite temperatures.

The Schwinger-de Witt and Hadamard methods are used to obtain renormalised
vacuum expectation values for the fermion condensate, charge current and
stress-energy tensor of a quantum fermion field of arbitrary mass on
four-dimensional anti-de Sitter space-time. The quantum field is in the global
anti-de Sitter vacuum state. The results are compared...

We study rotating thermal states of a quantum fermion field inside a cylinder
in Minkowski space-time. Two possible boundary conditions for the fermion field
on the cylinder are considered: the spectral and MIT bag boundary conditions.
If the radius of the cylinder is sufficiently small, rotating thermal
expectation values are finite everywhere ins...

The Laguerre Lattice Boltzmann (LLB) models are constructed to exactly recover integrals of the equilibrium distribution function over octants of the momentum space. In the mesoscopic formulation of the Boltzmann equation, such integrals are necessary for the implementation of diffuse reflection boundary conditions. In this paper, we consider two i...

The Gauss–Laguerre quadrature method is used to construct three-dimensional thermal Lattice Boltzmann models that exactly recover integrals of the equilibrium distribution function over Cartesian octants of the momentum space. We illustrate the capability of these models to exactly implement the diffuse reflection boundary conditions by considering...

Using an exact expression for the bi-spinor of parallel transport, we
construct the Feynman propagator for Dirac fermions in the vacuum state on
anti-de Sitter space-time. We compute the vacuum expectation value of the
stress-energy tensor by removing coincidence-limit divergences using the
Hadamard method. We then use the vacuum Feynman propagator...

The Gauss-Laguerre quadrature method is used on the Cartesian semiaxes in the momentum space to construct a family of lattice Boltzmann models. When all quadrature orders Qx, Qy, Qz equal N+1, the Laguerre lattice Boltzmann model LLB(Qx,Qy,Qz) exactly recovers all moments up to order N of the Maxwell-Boltzmann equilibrium distribution function f(eq...

The Gauss-Laguerre quadrature method is used on the Cartesian semiaxes in the momentum space to construct a family of lattice Boltzmann models. When all quadrature orders Qx, Qy, Qz equal N +1, the Laguerre lattice Boltzmann model LLB (Qx,Qy,Qz) exactly recovers all moments up to order N of the Maxwell-Boltzmann equilibrium distribution function f(...

We revisit the definition of rotating thermal states for scalar and fermion
fields in unbounded Minkowski space-time. For scalar fields such states are
ill-defined everywhere, but for fermion fields an appropriate definition of the
vacuum gives thermal states regular inside the speed-of-light surface. For a
massless fermion field, we derive analyti...

In this paper, we compare two families of Lattice Boltzmann (LB) models
derived by means of Gauss quadratures in the momentum space. The first
one is the HLB(N;Qx,Qy,Qz) family,
derived by using the Cartesian coordinate system and the Gauss-Hermite
quadrature. The second one is the SLB(N;K,L,M) family, derived by using
the spherical coordinate syst...

We construct the Feynman propagator for Dirac fermions on anti-de Sitter
space-time and present an analytic expression for the bi-spinor of parallel
transport. We then renormalise the vacuum expectation value of the
stress-energy tensor and end by analysing its renormalised expectation value at
finite temperatures.

We investigate the rigidly rotating quantum thermal distribution of fermions
in flat space-time. We find that thermal states diverge on the speed of light
surface. We remove the divergences by enclosing the system inside a cylindrical
boundary and investigate thermal expectation values and the Casimir effect for
two sets of boundary conditions.

We use the spherical coordinate system in the momentum space and an appropriate discretization procedure to derive a hierarchy of lattice Boltzmann (LB) models with variable temperature. The separation of the integrals in the momentum space into angular and radial parts allows us to compute the moments of the equilibrium distribution function by me...

A hierarchy of thermal Lattice Boltzmann models is derived by separation of variables using the spherical coordinate system in the momentum space. The moments of the equilibrium distribution function are computed by means of Gauss-Legendre and Gauss-Laguerre quadratures. This procedure allows us to find the discrete momentum vectors for each model...