Vicki A. Funk
In memory of

Vicki A. Funk
Smithsonian Institution · Department of Botany

PhD

About

441
Publications
202,594
Reads
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8,303
Citations
Introduction
Vicki A. Funk currently works at the Department of Botany, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. Major research interests include: Compositae (flowering plant family Asteraceae), systematics, phylogeny, biogeography, biodiversity, character evolution, evolutionary patterns & processes, phylogenomics, and the Compositae of the Andes, Guiana Shield, Madagascar, Pacific Oceania, Rocky Mts, South Africa, South America, Tibet.
Additional affiliations
October 1981 - November 2018
Smithsonian Institution
Position
  • Senior Researcher
October 1980 - October 1981
New York Botanical Garden
Position
  • PostDoc Position
July 1975 - August 1980
The Ohio State University
Position
  • PhD Student
Education
August 1975 - December 1980
The Ohio State University
Field of study
  • Botany
June 1973 - August 1975
Murray State University
Field of study
  • Biology

Publications

Publications (441)
Article
Full-text available
The genus Bidens (Compositae) comprises c. 230 species distributed across five continents, with the 41 Polynesian species displaying the greatest eco‐morphological variation in the group. However, the genus has had a long and complicated taxonomic history, and its phylogenetic and biogeographic history are poorly understood. In order to resolve the...
Article
Full-text available
DNA barcoding is a valuable tool to support species identification with broad applications from traditional taxonomy, ecology, forensics, food analysis, and environmental science. We introduce Microfluidic Enrichment Barcoding (MEBarcoding) for plant DNA Barcoding, a cost-effective method for high-throughput DNA barcoding. MEBarcoding uses the Flui...
Article
Full-text available
The sunflower family, Asteraceae, comprises 10% of all flowering plant species and displays an incredible diversity of form. Asteraceae are clearly monophyletic, yet resolving phylogenetic relationships within the family has proven difficult, hindering our ability to understand its origin and diversification. Recent molecular clock dating has sugge...
Article
Full-text available
Part I provides the collector’s notes on trips in alphabetical order by collector (with maps). Part II lists collection localities with collection number ranges, habitat descriptions, geographic coordinates, and assisting collectors. Part III lists collections in numerical order with identification and authors. Part IV lists collections ordered by...
Article
Full-text available
Vernoniaincana Less. and V.echioides Less. are two semi-aquatic species from southern South American that are referred to as “the semi-aquatic Vernonia of South America” and they have been, until now, retained as members of Vernonia mostly because each had some unusual characters that made them hard to place. Based on an ongoing molecular study, we...
Article
The taxonomic history of the Melanthera alliance is long and convoluted with many generic name changes and requires a robust phylogeny to clarify taxonomic concepts within the group and to begin asking questions of its evolutionary history. For a time, prevailing classifications placed all species in the genus Melanthera except for a handful of tet...
Article
Discoveries from collections‐based science change the way we perceive ourselves, our environment, and our place in the universe. The 18th Century saw the beginning of formal classification with Linnaeus proposing a system to classify all of life. The 19th Century ushered in the age of exploration as naturalists undertook large‐scale collecting expe...
Article
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Taxonomy is a scientific discipline that has provided the universal naming and classification system of biodiversity for centuries and continues effectively to accommodate new knowledge. A recent publication by Garnett and Christidis [1] expressed concerns regarding the difficulty that taxonomic changes represent for conservation efforts and propos...
Article
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Recently the Asian Gerbera species were shown to form a clade that was not the sister group of the African Gerbera . In this study, the position of the Asian Gerbera species was further assessed based on morphology and molecular phylogenetic analyses that included six Asian Gerbera and 26 other species from the Gerbera -complex. Morphological resul...
Article
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Gerbera hieracioides (Kunth) Zardini of the Gerbera-complex (Mutisieae, Asteraceae/Compositae) is distributed in Ecuador and Peru. This perennial herb was first named as Onoseris hieracioides Kunth and was later recognised as Trichocline hieracioides (Kunth) Ferreyra. Now it is generally treated as Gerbera hieracioides (Kunth) Zardini but it has ne...
Article
In the course of a detailed molecular study of the tribe Gochnatieae (Compositae: Gochnatioideae) it became apparent that the genus Gochnatia (sensu Cabrera) was not monophyletic but composed of a number of morphologically, geographically, and molecularly distinct clades. All but one of these clades had previously been recognized at the generic or...
Article
Full-text available
Echinacea is a common botanical used in dietary supplements, primarily to treat upper respiratory tract infections and to support immune function. There are currently thought to be nine species in the genus Echinacea. Due to very low molecular divergence among sister species, traditional DNA barcoding has not been successful for differentiation of...
Article
Full-text available
Natural history collections contain data that are critical for many scientific endeavors. Recent efforts in mass digitization are generating large datasets from these collections that can provide unprecedented insight. Here, we present examples of how deep convolutional neural networks can be applied in analyses of imaged herbarium specimens. We fi...
Data
Notebook used to define and train the clubmoss/spikemoss CNN.
Data
Notebook used to define and train the unstained/stained CNN.
Data
Annotated notebook used to define and train the unstained/stained CNN.
Data
Annotated notebook used to define and train the clubmoss/spikemoss CNN
Article
The International Botanical Congress is reviewed and high points are summarized.
Article
Full-text available
The Global Genome Initiative has sequenced and released 1961 DNA barcodes for genetic samples obtained as part of the Global Genome Initiative for Gardens Program. The dataset includes barcodes for 29 plant families and 309 genera that did not have sequences flagged as barcodes in GenBank and sequences from officially recognized barcoding genetic m...
Data
List of samples collected for the Global Genome Initiative for Gardens project selected for DNA barcoding, with GenBank accession numbers and genetic sample identification numbers. All the sequences are included in the GGI-Gardens BioProject.
Article
Full-text available
Recent debates on the number of plant species in the vast lowland rain forests of the Amazon have been based largely on model estimates, neglecting published checklists based on verified voucher data. Here we collate taxonomically verified checklists to present a list of seed plant species from lowland Amazon rain forests. Our list comprises 14,003...
Article
Comprising more than 25 000 species, the Sunflower Family (Compositae or Asteraceae) is the largest family of flowering plants. Many of its lineages have experienced recent and rapid radiations, and the family has a deep and widespread history of large-scale gene duplications and polyploidy. Many of the most important evolutionary questions about t...
Article
The genus Distephanus is native to Madagascar, the Mauritius, central and southern Africa, Yemen (Socotra Island), and China. The majority of the diversity is found in Madagascar. Here we provide new combinations for nine species of Vernonia that belong in Distephanus, all from Madagascar. All of the species were formerly placed in the large genus...
Article
Full-text available
The introduction of Next Generation Sequencing into the disciplines of plant systematics, ecology, and metagenomics, among others, has resulted in a phenomenal increase in the collecting and storing of tissue samples and their respective vouchers. This manual suggests standard practices that will insure the quality and preservation of the tissue an...
Data
Provenance for Garden Plants: Original Collection Information found on voucher label or from Garden database
Data
Two lists of articles discussing various herbarium procedures and collecting techniques
Data
Example collecting sheet (from the GGI–Gardens project)showing preferred data entry fields included as part of a voucher specimen collection event
Data
Alternative collecting sheet showing data entry fields forelectronically entered Genetic Sample data
Article
While modern systematics research usually involves genetic analyses, sequences such as those submitted by, researchers to the National Center for Biotechnology Information’s (NCBI) public databases still rely on voucher specimens held in all biological collections (including herbaria) for identification and future reference. Linking the specimens t...
Article
The Special Committee on Institutional Votes was established at the XVIII International Botanical Congress (IBC), in Melbourne in 2011, with the mandate to consider the procedure by which institutional votes are allocated and to report to the XIX IBC in Shenzhen in 2017. The Special Committee contacted institutions worldwide and urged them to updat...
Article
Full-text available
Premise of the study: Internationally, gardens hold diverse living collections that can be preserved for genomic research. Workflows have been developed for genomic tissue sampling in other taxa (e.g., vertebrates), but are inadequate for plants. We outline a workflow for tissue sampling intended for two audiences: botanists interested in genomics...
Article
During the course of a recent research project on Adenocaulon and Eriachaenium it became apparent that some of the species names had not been typified. In this study we located and designated as much type material as possible for these two genera. We indicate holotypes or lectotypes where appropriate, including one for the type of the genus Adenoca...