Vicente Negro

Vicente Negro
Universidad Politécnica de Madrid | UPM · Departamento de Ingeniería Civil: Hidraúlica, Energía y Medio Ambiente

PhD. Full Professor
Head of ECOREL - UPM. Environment, Coast and Ocean Laboratory

About

113
Publications
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974
Citations

Publications

Publications (113)
Article
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Climate change is an issue nowadays present in almost all of the media daily, but information can be manipulated very easily. It is a fact that, in the last decades, greenhouse gas emissions have multiplied, and to tackle climate change efficiently, it is necessary to analyze their origin and their relationship with regards to countries, population...
Article
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Wave energy is one of the most powerful sources of energy on our planet, but its exploitation is difficult. Much current research on renewable energy is focused on how to harness ocean energy. However, wave energy converter (WEC) technology is still immature and how to reach high levels of efficiency is still unknown. In coming years, this field is...
Article
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The analysis of the soil behavior when the pile is driving into the seabed in offshore wind platforms is one of the major problems associated with this new form of clean energy generation. At present, there are no scaled studies carried out analyzing the mechanical and deformational behavior of both the material of the pile supporting the engine (l...
Article
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The 2030 Agenda and Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) are both an engineering challenge and an opportunity. Clean energy (SDG 7), sustainable cities and communities (SDG 11), and climate action (SDG 13) represent an effort to manage, plan, and develop our buildings and infrastructure. The purpose of this study is to contribute to this challenge b...
Article
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The correct calculation of forces and moments caused by wave action over crown wall structures is critical for their design. There are several existing equations for this, some of which are sanctioned in practice as it is the case for Jensen (1984) and Bradbury et al. (1998), Günback and Gökce (1984), Martin et al. (1999), Berenguer and Baonza (200...
Article
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Artificial neural networks (ANN) are extremely powerful analytical, parallel processing elements that can successfully approximate any complex non-linear process, and which form a key piece in Artificial Intelligence models. Its field of application, being very wide, is especially suitable for the field of prediction. In this article, its applicati...
Chapter
This article concerns offshore wind power basics, with its main objectives being to give a general overview of all the aspects that should be considered for the design, construction, operation and maintenance of offshore wind farms. Therefore, it does not go deep into each of those aspects, but gives some general ideas without leaving any important...
Article
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The 2030 Agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals are a necessity. A large number of public actions and activities in many countries go in this direction. Various indicators are used to quantitatively assess the impacts, all of which are included within product life cycle assessment. It is essential to study and assess infrastructure, as it is...
Article
López-Gutiérrez, J.S.; Esteban, M.D.; Negro, V., and Wan, Y., 2020. Evolution of extreme waves in Cadiz (SW Spain). In: Malvárez, G. and Navas, F. (eds.), Global Coastal Issues of 2020. Journal of Coastal Research, Special Issue No. 95, pp. 272–277. Coconut Creek (Florida), ISSN 0749-0208. The impact of climate change is one of the main concerns of...
Article
Martín-Antón, M.; del Campo, J.M.; Negro, V.; Luengo Frades, J.; Moreno Blasco, L.J., and Jiménez Verdejo, J.R., 2020. Land use and port-city integration in reclamation areas: A comparison between Spain and Japan. In: Malvárez, G. and Navas, F. (eds.), Global Coastal Issues of 2020. Journal of Coastal Research, Special Issue No. 95, pp. 278–282. Co...
Article
Garcia, I.; Negro, V.; López, J.S.; Esteban, M.D., and Del Campo, J.M., 2020. Coastal morphological response to the effect of structures of protection against erosion. In: Malvárez, G. and Navas, F. (eds.), Global Coastal Issues of 2020. Journal of Coastal Research, Special Issue No. 95, pp. 220–224. Coconut Creek (Florida), ISSN 0749-0208. The pre...
Article
Negro, V.; Del Campo, J.M.; Luengo Frades, J.; Martín Antón, M.; Esteban, M.D.; López – Gutiérrez, J.S., and Soukissian, T., In: Malvárez, G. and Navas, F. (eds.), Global Coastal Issues of 2020. Journal of Coastal Research, Special Issue No. 95, pp. 118–122. Coconut Creek (Florida), ISSN 0749-0208. The evolution of the clean energies is one of the...
Article
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Perched beaches are an attractive nourishment design alternative especially when either the site conditions or the characteristics of both the native and the borrow sands lead to a non-intersecting profile. The observation and suggestion of the use of this type of coastal defense scheme dates back to the 1960’s, as well as the international experie...
Article
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In 2018, we were approached by the editorial team of the Journal of Marine Science and Engineering (MDPI editorial) to act as guest editors of a Special Issue related to offshore wind energy [...]
Article
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The scour phenomenon is critical for monopile structures in offshore wind farms. There are two possible strategies: allowing the development of scour holes around the monopile or avoiding it by placing scour protection. The last one is the most used up to now. This paper is focused on the determination of the weight of the stones forming the scour...
Article
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Renewable energies are the future, and offshore wind is undoubtedly one of the renewable energy sources for the future. Foundations of offshore wind turbines are essential for its right development. There are several types: monopiles, gravity-based structures, jackets, tripods, floating support, etc., being the first ones that are most used up to n...
Article
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In a context of growing global awareness of environmental sustainability, given the risks associated with global warming and climate change, the transition from environmental models to highly intensive fossil fuel production towards new clean energy systems marks the future of global public agendas. In this scenario, a feasibility study of the inst...
Article
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Renewable energies play a fundamental role within the current political and social framework for minimizing the impacts of climate change. The ocean has a vast potential for generating energy and therefore, the marine renewable energies are included in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). These energies include wave, tidal, marine currents, oc...
Article
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In recent years, the offshore wind industry has seen an important boost that is expected to continue in the coming years. In order for the offshore wind industry to achieve adequate development, it is essential to solve some existing uncertainties, some of which relate to foundations. These foundations are important for this type of project. As fou...
Article
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Estimation of wave run-up has been of increasing concern for offshore wind structures and a critical aspect for designers. The highly nonlinear phenomenon makes the study difficult. That is the reason for the very few design rules and experimental data available to estimate it. Actual wave run-up is greater than commonly predicted. The goal of this...
Article
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The construction of caisson breakwaters dates from ancient times (Brindisi battle and Caesarea Maritima, Roman Empire) of yore but has evolved with regards to technology and the materials available at all times (wood, gravel, and rubble mound). The growth in draught in vessels searching for deep water depths for berthing plus environmental problems...
Article
This paper is the result of research whose main purpose is to analyze the influence of the acceleration field on foundation scour processes in offshore wind farms. The scour phenomenon jeopardizes the operating capacity of offshore structures since it compromises their stability. Up to date, numerous research projects have been carried out to asses...
Article
In 2014, the Renewable Energy Journal published innovative research where the authors showed the results obtained in work where the design of support structures and foundations in marine based wind farms were questioned. The uncertainties in the design were then justified by the “limited” field experience and in the review of the standards and reco...
Article
Vizcaíno, E.; Esteban, M.D.; López-Gutiérrez, J.S., and Negro, V., 2018. Surveys Applied to the Improvements of Beaches. Case Studies: Las Canteras, Hoya Pozuelo and Salinetas (Gran Canaria Island, Spain). In: Shim, J.-S.; Chun, I., and Lim, H.S. (eds.), Proceedings from the International Coastal Symposium (ICS) 2018 (Busan, Republic of Korea). Jou...
Article
Perched beaches are an attractive nourishment design alternative especially when either the site conditions or the characteristics of both the native and the borrow sands lead to a non-intersecting profile. The observation and suggestion of the use of this type of coastal defense scheme dates back to the 1960’s, as well as the international experie...
Article
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The breakwater construction technique using floating concrete caissons is well-known nowadays as a widespread system. Yet do we really know its origin? Since Julius Caesar used this technology in Brindisi (Italy) up to the Normandy landings in June 1944, not only has this technology been developed, but it has been a key item in several moments in h...
Article
It has been 26 years since the construction of the first offshore wind turbine, however, has not been enough to consolidate knowledge in the sector, and there are actuality uncertainties in the foundations. The main concern among the installation companies is the phenomenon of scour in their foundations, as it produces their inoperability, even in...
Article
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This paper describes the evolution of the landscape and how this knowledge has been applied to the Metropolitan Area of Sydney. Based on this, the analysis has been undertaken in three areas: Botany Bay, Port Jackson and the coastal zone between Manly Beach and Palm Beach. Botany Bay represents a natural shape in spit, but in a bay with piped river...
Article
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Part of human beings' relationship with the world around them includes constructing or building. They connect with the land and makes civil engineering an action of reflection with the environment, a use of material, and a function of construction work. This involves a combination of necessities and perfection in order to fulfil an aim. To build is...
Article
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This article reflects on the relationship between the human being and nature. Nature is wild, dynamic, symbolic, and as slow in her evolution as she is dramatically quick in her catastrophes. Humankind is present on the planet, inhabits it, leaves its mark and, therefore, constructs with a meaning, that of "being in the world". Its action, through...
Article
Offshore wind industry is having a great development. It requires progress in many aspects to achieve the sustainable progress of this technology. One of those aspects is the design of foundation, sub-structures and support structures. The most used at present, with more than 80%, is the monopile. Typical piles used in quays in maritime engineering...
Article
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The purpose of this study is to introduce an innovative approach to offshore engineering so as to take variations in sea temperature and salinity into account in the calculation of hydrodynamic forces. With this in mind, a thorough critical analysis of the influence of sea temperature and salinity on hydrodynamic forces on piles like those used now...
Article
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A new type of perforated breakwater has been tested combining the advantages of cylindrical geometry with stepped wave energy dissipation. Thus, the new type of caisson implies a significant reduction of maximum wave forces, as well as loads transmitted to the foundation in comparison with conventional vertical breakwater and other types of perfora...
Article
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Support structures and foundations are key aspects for the future development of offshore wind facility projects. Their cost is approximately 35% of the total cost of this type of project. Different types of support structure have been considered in the offshore wind industry; the most common are steel monopiles, gravity based structures (GBS), jac...
Article
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Scour compromises the operation of offshore facilities. This article describes the results of an investigation aimed at the analysis of different methods used in the scour protection systems design at offshore wind farms. The study is focused on transitional waters, where monopile foundations present medium or large diameters. Using the experience...
Article
This paper reports extensive tests of empirical equations developed by different authors for harbour breakwater overtopping. First, the existing equations are compiled and evaluated as tools for estimating the overtopping rates on sloping and vertical breakwaters. These equations are then tested using the data obtained in a number of laboratory stu...
Article
The different theoretical models related with storm wave characterization focus on determining the significant wave height of the peak storm, the mean period and, usually assuming a triangle storm shape, their duration. In some cases, the main direction is also considered. Nevertheless, definition of the whole storm history, including the variation...
Conference Paper
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The severe economic crisis affecting the European countries, especially the Mediterranean watershed ones, is changing behaviours and demeanour that in the near future will make us think over. The best college generation of a country is looking for work abroad, because they cannot find it in the country where they were formed. The budgets for resear...
Article
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An investigation was undertaken consisting of a state-of-the-art and comparative analysis of currently available methods for calculating the structural stability of wave walls in sloping breakwaters. A total of six design schemes are addressed. The conditions under which the formulations and ranges of validity are explicitly indicated by their auth...
Article
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The installation of offshore scour protection systems in offshore wind farms allows avoid the effect of scour phenomenon around these structures. Up to date, numerous research projects have been carried out to justify the necessity of the scour protection systems and also to optimize their design. Protection systems based on riprap is frequently us...
Article
The effectiveness of a bulk carrier working as a detached floating breakwater to protect a stretch of coast and form salients or tombolos is assessed in this paper. Experiments were conducted in the Madrid CEDEX facilities in a 30 m long, 3 m wide, 1/150 scale flume. The bulk carrier ship is 205 in long, 29 m wide and 18 m in height with a draught...
Article
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Spanish coastal legislation has changed in response to changing circumstances. The objective of the 1969 Spanish Coastal Law was to assign responsibilities in the Public Domain to the authorities. The 1980 Spanish Coastal Law addressed infractions and sanctions issues. The 1988 Spanish Coastal Law completed the responsibilities and sanctions aspect...
Article
Equations for extreme runup worked out from several experimental studies are compared. Infragraviatory oscillations dominate the swash in a dissipative state but not in intermediate - reflective states. Therefore two kinds of equation depending on either significant wave height, H-0, or the Iribarren number, xi(0), should be used. Through a sand be...
Article
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Offshore wind industry has exponentially grown in the last years. Despite this growth, there are still many uncertainties in this field. This paper analyzes some current uncertainties in the offshore wind market, with the aim of going one step further in the development of this sector. To do this, some already identified uncertainties compromising...
Article
Storm evolution is fundamental for analysing the damage progression of the different failure modes and establishing suitable protocols for maintaining and optimally sizing structures. However, this aspect has hardly been studied and practically the whole of the studies dealing with the subject adopt the Equivalent triangle storm. As against this ap...
Article
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Despite the growth of the offshore wind industry, there are currently doubts relating to the design of wind facilities in the sea. This paper expounds current, already identified structural uncertainties: problems for soil characterization and transition piece (TP) design. This document also introduces new doubts or issues to be researched in the n...
Article
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The Santa Irene flood, at the end of October 1982, is one of the most dramatically and widely reported flood events in Spain. Its renown is mainly attributable to the collapse of the Tous dam, but its main message is to be the paradigm of the incidence of the maritime/littoral weather and its temporal sea-level rise on the coastal plains inland flo...
Article
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The multimedia development that has taken place within the university classrooms in recent years has caused a revolution at psychological level within the collectivity of students and teachers inside and outside the classrooms. The slide show applications have become a key supporting element for university professors, who, in many cases, rely blind...