Vicente Martín

Vicente Martín
Institute of Biomedicine (IBIOMED) · University of Leon

Doctor of Medicine

About

430
Publications
60,324
Reads
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6,014
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2013 - present
Universidad de León
Position
  • Head Research Group
October 2003 - December 2012
Universidad de León
Position
  • Director del Grupo de Investigación en Salud Comunitaria
January 1999 - present
Universidad de León
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (430)
Article
Ingested nitrate leads to the endogenous synthesis of N-nitroso compounds (NOCs), animal carcinogens with limited human evidence. We aimed to evaluate the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) associated with nitrate exposure in drinking water and diet. We conducted a case-control study in Spain and Italy during 2008-2013. Hospital-based incident cases a...
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Introduction The prevalence of depression based on the Patient Health Questionnaire-8 (PHQ-8) may vary depending on the scoring method. Objectives 1) To describe the prevalence of depression in Europe using two PHQ-8 scoring methods. 2) To identify the countries with the highest prevalence according to each method. Methods Data from 27 countries...
Article
Background Toenails are commonly used as biomarkers of exposure to zinc (Zn), but there is scarce information about their relationship with sources of exposure to Zn. Objectives To investigate the main determinants of toenail Zn, including selected sources of environmental exposure to Zn and individual genetic variability in Zn metabolism. Method...
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Introduction The quality of dietary carbohydrates rather than total carbohydrate intake may determine the accumulation of visceral fat; however, to date, few studies have examined the impact of diet on adiposity using specific imaging techniques. Thus, the aim of this prospective study was to investigate the association between concurrent changes i...
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Background Metabolic syndrome (MetS) worsens quality of life and increases mortality. Dissatisfaction with weight in patients with MetS may modify the effect of lifestyle interventions to achieve changes in health-related behaviors. Objective To assess 1-year changes in cardiovascular risk scores, self-perceived general health and health-related b...
Article
Objective The flu represents a major public health issue. The flu vaccination rate among healthcare professionals has traditionally been lower than recommended by national health authorities, and there is also regional heterogeneity. The objective of the Gripetool project was to identify the most effective initiatives to promote influenza vaccinati...
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Here we describe the results of a genome-wide study conducted in 11 939 COVID-19 positive cases with an extensive clinical information that were recruited from 34 hospitals across Spain (SCOURGE consortium). In sex-disaggregated genome-wide association studies for COVID-19 hospitalization, genome-wide significance (p < 5x10−8) was crossed for varia...
Article
Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) predisposes to the development of dermal and plexiform neurofibromas and serum of NF1 patients stimulates neurofibroma proliferation in vitro. This study aimed to determine whether, in NF1 patients, serum levels of midkine (MK) and fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2) were associated with the number and/or type of neurof...
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The aim of the study was to examine the association of alcohol consumption patterns (hazardous alcohol use and binge drinking) and the use of emergency services and primary care consultations in university students. An observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted at eleven Spanish universities collaborating within the uniHcos Pro...
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Background Cardio-vascular disease and depression are thought to be closely related, due to shared risk factors. The aim of the study was to determine the association between cardio-vascular risk (CVR) factors and depressive status in a population (55–75 years) with metabolic syndrome (MetS) from the PREDIMED-Plus trial. Methods and findings Parti...
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Background and aims Previous studies have shown beneficial associations between fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption and cardiometabolic risk factors. However, variety in FV, which may play an important role on cardiovascular health due to the different nutrient and phytochemical content among the different groups and subgroups of FV has been poorl...
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Purpose Inflammation could play a key role in tissue damage and bone metabolism. The modified dietary inflammatory score (M-DIS) is a validated tool to estimate the inflammatory potential of the diet. In the present study, we evaluate the associations between the M-DIS and bone mineral density (BMD) in a senior Mediterranean population with overwei...
Article
Introduction: 10-16% of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cases have the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) amplified and/or mutated. Studies show that EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) significantly prolong progression-free survival (PFS) in patients with advanced NSCLC compared to those treated with platinum-based chemotherapy (CT) do...
Article
Background: In the last years, evidence that dietary vitamin K could have a role in the cognitive domain has increased. However, data from large trials are limited. The objective of this study was to assess the association of 2 year changes in the dietary intake of vitamin K with cognitive function measured through neuropsychological performance t...
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Purpose We explored the cross-sectional association between the adherence to three different provegetarian (PVG) food patterns defined as general (gPVG), healthful (hPVG) and unhealthful (uPVG), and the cardiometabolic risk in adults with metabolic syndrome (MetS) of the PREDIMED-Plus randomized intervention study. Methods We performed a cross-sec...
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Purpose The aim of this study is to analyze the current evidence about the relationships between calcium/vitamin D and CRC based on case–control studies according to sex, tumor location and continental region to complement the information obtained in meta-analyses of other designs. Methods The articles were located in three databases (PUBMED, EMBA...
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Healthcare workers (HCW) are at high risk for suicide, yet little is known about the onset of suicidal thoughts and behaviors (STB) in this important segment of the population in conjunction with the COVID-19 pandemic. We conducted a multicenter, prospective cohort study of Spanish HCW active during the COVID-9 pandemic. A total of n = 4809 HCW par...
Article
Resumen Introducción: En España, los sistemas sanitarios están transferidos a las Comunidades Autónomas (CC.AA.), constituyendo 19 sistemas sanitarios con gestión y recursos diferenciados. Durante la primera onda epidémica del COVID-19 se objetivaron diferencias en los sistemas de declaración y en las tasas de letalidad (TL) entre las CC.AA. El obj...
Article
Background: The role of allium vegetables on gastric cancer (GC) risk remains unclear. Methods: We evaluated whether higher intakes of allium vegetables reduce GC risk using individual participant data from 17 studies participating in the "Stomach cancer Pooling (StoP) Project", including 6097 GC cases and 13,017 controls. Study-specific odds ra...
Article
Resumen Objetivo la gripe representa un importante problema de salud pública. La cobertura de vacunación antigripal entre profesionales sanitarios ha sido tradicionalmente inferior a la recomendada por las autoridades sanitarias nacionales, con heterogeneidad regional. El proyecto Gripetool pretende identificar las iniciativas más efectivas para f...
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Purpose The variation in breast cancer (BC)-risk factor associations between screen-detected (SD) and non-screen-detected (NSD) tumors has been poorly studied, despite the interest of this aspect in risk assessment and prevention. This study analyzes the differences in breast cancer-risk factor associations according to detection method and tumor p...
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Objective The Spanish health system is made up of seventeen regional health systems. Through the official reporting systems, some inconsistencies and differences in case fatality rates between Autonomous Communities (CC.AA.) have been observed. Therefore the objective of this paper is to compare COVID-19 case fatality rates across the Spanish CC.AA...
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Background Different risk-based colorectal cancer (CRC) screening strategies, such as the use of polygenic risk scores (PRS), have been evaluated to improve effectiveness of these programs. However, few studies have previously assessed its usefulness in a fecal immunochemical test (FIT)-based screening study. Methods A PRS of 133 single nucleotide...
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Introduction Type 2 diabetes has been linked to greater cognitive decline, but other glycemic parameters such as prediabetes, diabetes control and treatment, and HOMA-IR and HbA 1c diabetes-related biomarkers have shown inconsistent results. Furthermore, there is limited research assessing these relationships in short-term studies. Thus, we aimed t...
Article
The burden of depression is increasing worldwide, specifically in older adults. Unhealthy dietary patterns may partly explain this phenomenon. In the Spanish PREDIMED-Plus study we explored (1) the cross-sectional association between the adherence to the Prime Diet Quality Score- (PDQS), an a priori-defined high-quality food pattern and the prevale...
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The aim was to assess the effect of adherence to the Mediterranean Diet, measured with five different indexes, on the risk of gastric cancer. Data come from the multicase-control study MCC—Spain, which included 354 gastric cancer cases and 3040 controls with data on diet. We used five indexes to evaluate adherence to the Mediterranean diet and asse...
Article
Background Information about the prevalence of current Major Depressive Episode (MDE) across European countries is essential for its monitoring and for the development of evidence- based mental health policies. The aims were to: 1) estimate the prevalence of MDE by country in Europe; and 2) assess variations in prevalence between countries. Method...
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The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has affected the world radically since 2020. Spain was one of the European countries with the highest incidence during the first wave. As a part of a consortium to monitor and study the evolution of the epidemic, we sequenced 2,170 samples, diagnosed mostly before lockdown measures. Here, we identifi...
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Objective: This study aimed to evaluate and quantify the relationship between coffee and gastric cancer using a uniquely large dataset from an international consortium of observational studies on gastric cancer, including data from 18 studies, for a total of 8198 cases and 21 419 controls. Methods: A two-stage approach was used to obtain the poo...
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Background: The prevalence of chronic heart failure (CHF) in patients assisted in primary care is not well known. We investigated the prevalence of CHF, its associated factors, and its therapeutic management. Methods and findings: This was a cross-sectional, multicenter study conducted in primary care (PC) in baseline patients of the IBERICAN st...
Article
Resumen Introducción y objetivos La cuantificación del riesgo cardiovascular se basa en puntuaciones como las de Framingham, Framingham-REGICOR, SCORE o Life's Simple 7 (LS7). Los polifenoles pueden proporcionar beneficios al sistema vascular y reducir la respuesta inflamatoria; sin embargo, los estudios clínico-epidemiológicos muestran resultados...
Article
Objectives: To know the degree of simultaneous optimal control of diabetes (DM), high blood pressure (BP) and hypercholesterolemia and determine the associated factors. Material and method: Cross-sectional descriptive study in diabetic patients 18 years aged or older selected consecutively in primary care centers (PC). Patient data were obtained...
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This study evaluates a population-based screening of asymptomatic people, using a rapid antigen diagnostic test (RADT), in areas of high transmission. To detect sources of SARS-CoV-2 infection, nasopharyngeal samples were taken and were tested using RADT. Confirmatory RT-qPCR tests were performed in both positive and negative cases. The internal va...
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Purpose Coffee is rich in compounds such as polyphenols, caffeine, diterpenes, melanoidins and trigonelline, which can stimulate brain activity. Therefore, the possible association of coffee consumption with cognition is of considerable research interest. In this paper, we assess the association of coffee consumption and total dietary caffeine inta...
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Although there is a clear relationship between family history (FH) and the risk of gastric cancer (GC), quantification is still needed in relation to different histological types and anatomical sites, and in strata of covariates. The objective was to analyze the risk of GC according to first-degree FH in a uniquely large epidemiological consortium...
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Following its emergence in late 2019, the spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)1,2 has been tracked via phylogenetic analysis of viral genome sequences in unprecedented detail3–5. While the virus spread globally in early 2020 before borders closed, intercontinental travel has since been greatly reduced. However, wit...
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The COVID-19 pandemic has meant that young university students have had to adapt their learning and have a reduced relational context. Adversity contexts build models of human behaviour based on relationships. However, there is a lack of studies that analyse the behaviour of university students based on their social structure in the context of a pa...
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Scope Plasma fatty acids (FAs) are associated with the development of cardiovascular diseases and metabolic syndrome. The aim of our study was to assess the relationship between fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption and plasma FAs and their subtypes. Methods and results Plasma FAs were assessed in a cross-sectional analysis of a subsample of 240 s...
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Objetivo: El objetivo de este estudio es evaluar la asociación entre antecedentes familiares (AF) de primer grado y cáncer colorrectal (CCR).Método: Se incluyeron 2857 controles y 1360 casos de CCR, del estudio MCC-Spain. La odds ratio (OR)y el intervalo de confianza del 95% (IC95%) de los AF de primer grado y el CCR se estimaron mediante regresión...
Article
Background Short dietary assessment tools can be useful to estimate food intake and diet quality in large-scale epidemiological studies with time constraints. Objective To determine the concurrent validity of the 17-item energy-restricted Mediterranean Adherence Screener (er-MEDAS) used in the PREDIMED (PREvención con DIeta MEDiterránea)-Plus tria...
Article
Introduction and objectives Quantification of cardiovascular risk has been based on scores such as Framingham, Framingham-REGICOR, SCORE or Life's Simple 7 (LS7). In vitro, animal, and randomized clinical studies have shown that polyphenols may provide benefits to the vascular system and reduce the inflammatory response. However, some clinical-epid...
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Sleep duration is a novel and potentially modifiable risk factor for cancer. We evaluated the association of self-reported sleep duration and daytime napping with odds of colorectal and gastric cancer. We included 2008 incident colorectal cancer cases, 542 gastric cancer cases and 3622 frequency-matched population controls, recruited in the MCC-Spa...
Article
Suicide is a major public health problem worldwide and continues to be one of the main causes of death. Implementing surveillance strategies for suicidal thoughts and behaviours would make it possible to identify individuals at high risk of ending their lives by suicide. While a universal screening would be controversial, the increasing use of the...
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Objective: In college students, higher risk alcohol consumption (drunkenness and binge drinking-BD) has negative consequences on their development and and probably facilitates risk sexual behaviors. The objective was to study if risky sexual behaviors when consuming alcohol (RSBA) are associated with higher risk consumption. Methods: Cross-secti...
Article
Background: We aimed to estimate the prevalence of current depressive disorder in 27 European countries, and to explore differences in prevalence between European countries and by gender. Methods: In this population-based study, we analysed data from respondents living in 27 European countries who were included in the second wave of the European...
Article
Goals To explore affective and cognitive status, later in life, in individuals with and without previous history of eating disorder (ED), and also its association with higher risk for metabolic syndrome (MetS) symptomatology. Methods A cross‐sectional analysis of 6756 adults, aged 55–75 years with overweight/obesity and MetS participating in the P...
Article
Background: The literature on associations of circulating concentrations of minerals and vitamins with risk of colorectal cancer is limited and inconsistent. Evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to support the efficacy of dietary modification or nutrient supplementation for colorectal cancer prevention is also limited. Objectives: T...
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Carotenoids are pigments contained mainly in fruit and vegetables (F&V) that have beneficial effects on cardiometabolic health. Due to their lipophilic nature, co-ingestion of fat appears to increase their bioavailability via facilitating transfer to the aqueous micellar phase during digestion. However, the extent to which high fat intake may contr...
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The role of genetic variation in autophagy-related genes in modulating autophagy and cancer is poorly understood. Here, we comprehensively investigated the association of autophagy-related variants with colorectal cancer (CRC) risk and provide new insights about the molecular mechanisms underlying the associations. After meta-analysis of the genome...
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PurposeWe examined the association between dietary folate intake and a score of MetS (metabolic syndrome) and its components among older adults at higher cardiometabolic risk participating in the PREDIMED-Plus trial.MethodsA cross-sectional analysis with 6633 with overweight/obesity participants with MetS was conducted. Folate intake (per 100 mcg/d...
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The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake. José M. Gámez was not listed among the authors.
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Background Gastric cancer is the fifth most frequent tumor worldwide. In Spain, it presents a large geographic variability in incidence, suggesting a possible role of environmental factors in its etiology. Therefore, epidemiologic research focused on environmental exposures is necessary. Objectives To assess the association between risk of gastric...
Article
Background: Coffee contains many bioactive substances that can play a role on colorectal cancer. Epidemiological evidence of coffee intake and colorectal cancer is, however, inconsistent. Aim: To provide further information on the risk of colorectal cancer in relation to coffee consumption. Methods: Data derive from two companion case-control...
Article
Objectives To determine the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and the factors associated with impaired renal function in the population attended in primary care (PC). Patients and method Cross-sectional and multicentre study carried out in the baseline patients of the IBERICAN study (Identificación de la poBlación Española de RIesgo CArdi...
Article
Aims To study whether the consumption of ultra-processed foods and drinks is associated with breast, colorectal, and prostate cancers. Methods Multicentric population-based case-control study (MCC-Spain) conducted in 12 Spanish provinces. Participants were men and women between 20-85 years of age with diagnoses of colorectal (n=1852), breast (n=14...
Article
Background & Aims Ultra-processed food and drink products (UPF) consumption has been associated with obesity and its-related comorbidities. Excess of visceral fat, which appears with increasing age, has been considered as the culprit contributing to adiposity-associated adverse health outcomes. However, none of previous studies elucidated the link...
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Scope To examine the association between milk and dairy products intake and the prevalence of cognitive decline among Spanish individuals at high cardiovascular risk. Methods and results Cross‐sectional analyses were performed on baseline data from 6744 adults (aged 55–75 years old). Intake of milk and dairy products was estimated using a food fre...
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The aim of this meta-analysis was to assess the effects of a lifestyle intervention through health education on nutrition, physical activity, and healthy habits on physical and mental health-related quality of life (HRQoL), in adults with metabolic syndrome (MetS). The databases used were PubMed, WOS, and Scopus. The inclusion criteria were: observ...
Preprint
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic has shaken the world since the beginning of 2020. Spain is among the European countries with the highest incidence of the disease during the first pandemic wave. We established a multidisciplinar consortium to monitor and study the evolution of the epidemic, with the aim of contributing to decision making and stopping rapid sp...