Veronique Sechet

Veronique Sechet
Institut Français de Recherche pour l'Exploitation de la Mer | Ifremer · Department of Environment, Microbiology and Phycotoxins

PhD

About

86
Publications
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Publications

Publications (86)
Article
Full-text available
Blooms of the benthic toxic dinoflagellate genus Ostreopsis have been recorded more frequently during the last two decades, particularly in warm temperate areas such as the Mediterranean Sea. The proliferation of Ostreopsis species may cause deleterious effects on ecosystems and can impact human health through skin contact or aerosol inhalation. In...
Article
Full-text available
The main objective was to study relationships between the regional biogeography of Dinophysis species and water masses circulation along the European Atlantic coast. Hydrodynamic connectivities were estimated with a Lagrangian approach. Available and validated physical hindcasts from regional hydrodynamical models, with different resolutions were u...
Article
The taxonomy of the extant dinoflagellate genus Gonyaulax is challenging since its thecate morphology is rather conservative. In contrast, cysts of Gonyaulax are varied in morphology and have been related with the fossil‐based genera Spiniferites and Impagidinium. To better understand the systematics of Gonyaulax species, we performed germination e...
Article
Ostreopsis cf. ovata is a benthic and ovatoxin-producing dinoflagellate proliferating yearly along the Mediterra-nean coasts where blooms have been related to human illness and unusual mortality of marine organisms. The spreading of O. cf. ovata in this temperate area has been linked to global changes and its consequences such as the increase of te...
Article
Original Article Effect of a short-term salinity stress on the growth, biovolume, toxins, osmolytes and metabolite profiles on three strains of the Dinophysis acuminata-complex (Dinophysis cf. sacculus) A B S T R A C T Dinophysis is the main dinoflagellate genus responsible for diarrheic shellfish poisoning (DSP) in human consumers of filter feedin...
Article
Some species of the genus Dinophysis contain Diarrhetic shellfish Poisoning (DSP) toxins and are the main threat to shellfish farming in Europe including France. Dinophysis species are known to produce two families of bioactive lipophilic toxins: (i) okadaic acid (OA) and their analogues dinophysistoxins (DTXs) and (ii) pectenotoxins (PTXs). Only s...
Article
Dinoflagellates of the genus Dinophysis are the most prominent producers of Diarrhetic Shellfish Poisoning (DSP) toxins which have an impact on public health and on marine aquaculture worldwide. In particular, Dinophysis acuminata has been reported as the major DSP agent in Western Europe. Still, its contribution to DSP events in the regions of the...
Article
Cyclic imine toxins exhibit fast acting neurotoxicity and lethality by respiratory arrest in mice explained by their potent antagonistic activity against muscular nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. We performed a survey of gymnodimine-A, 13-desmethyl spirolide-C, 13,19-didesmethyl spirolide-C, 20-methyl spirolide-G, pinnatoxin-A, pinnatoxin-G, port...
Article
Cyclic imine toxins exhibit fast acting neurotoxicity and lethality by respiratory arrest in mice explained by their potent antagonistic activity against muscular nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. We performed a survey of gymnodimine-A, 13-desmethyl spirolide-C, 13,19-didesmethyl spirolide-C, 20-methyl spirolide-G, pinnatoxin-A, pinnatoxin-G, port...
Article
Harmful algal blooms (HABs) of toxic species of the dinoflagellate genus Dinophysis are a threat to human health as they are mainly responsible for diarrheic shellfish poisoning (DSP) in the consumers of contaminated shellfish. Such contamination leads to shellfish farm closures causing major economic and social issues. The direct effects of numero...
Article
Over the last fifteen years, blooms of the genus Ostreopsis have been reported more frequently and at higher abundances in the Mediterranean area. Ostreopsis cf. ovata is known to produce ovatoxins (OVTXs), structural analogues of palytoxin, which is one of the most potent non-polymeric toxins. However, the production of OVTXs is poorly characteriz...
Article
The cryptophyte Teleaulax amphioxeia is a source of plastids for the ciliate Mesodinium rubrum and both organisms are members of the trophic chain of several species of Dinophysis. It is important to better understand the ecology of organisms at the first trophic levels before assessing the impact of principal factors of global change on Dinophysis...
Poster
Full-text available
Global change is modifying coastal ecosystems and has an impact on human health and sustainability of sectors including aquaculture, fisheries and tourism. The ERA-Net project Co-development of Climate services for adaptation to changing Marine Ecosystems (CoCliME) aims at bringing together scientific knowledge with industrial end users and public...
Article
Full-text available
The Paralytic shellfish neurotoxins (PST) are of increasing interest for biomedical applications. The chemical synthesis is often complex and expensive that's why the purification by membrane filtration of PST from Alexandrium minutum dinoflagellate was investigated. Disrupted micro-alga cells by ultrasonic treatment were diafiltred to let pass tox...
Technical Report
Full-text available
COSELMAR, a 4-year project financed by the Région des Pays de la Loire at 2.1 M€, officially started on the 7th January 2013. The project is coordinated by Philipp Hess (IFREMER) and Sophie Pardo (Université de Nantes-LEMNA) and falls under the Federation for Research Institut Universitaire Mer et Littoral (IUML, FR CNRS 3473)*. COSELMAR has also b...
Article
Species in the epi-benthic dinoflagellate genus Gambierdiscus produce ciguatoxins (CTXs) and maitotoxins (MTXs), which are among the most potent marine toxins known. Consumption of fish contaminated with sufficient quantities of CTXs causes Ciguatera Fish Poisoning (CFP), the largest cause of non-bacterial food poisoning worldwide. Maitotoxins, whi...
Article
Full-text available
Microalgae have previously been reported to contain β-N-methylamino-l-alanine (BMAA), and the global presence of these primary producers has been associated with the widespread occurrence of BMAA in marine organisms. It has been repeatedly shown that filter-feeding bivalves accumulate phytoplankton species and their toxins. In this study, the conce...
Article
This study tested the efficiency of granular filtration using a bilayer sand filter for microalgae removal from culture dilutions ranging from 10,000 to 17,000 cells/mL. The objective is to evaluate the removal capacity of the filter without chemical coagulation. Two filter media, sand and anthracite, with mean grain sizes of 0.395 mm and 1.2 mm re...
Article
Full-text available
Over the last century, human activities have altered the global nitrogen cycle, and anthropogenic inputs of both inorganic and organic nitrogen species have increased around the world, causing significant changes to the functioning of aquatic ecosystems. The increasing frequency of Pseudo-nitzschia spp. in estuarine and coastal waters reinforces th...
Article
The neurotoxin β-N-methylamino-L-alanine (BMAA) is naturally present in some microalgal species in the marine environment. The accumulation of BMAA has widely been observed in filter-feeding bivalves that are known to consume primary producers constituting the base of complex aquatic food webs. This study was performed to assess the occurrence of B...
Article
Full-text available
The present work investigates the fouling mechanisms of PVDF hollow fiber membrane (0.03 μm) during the dead end ultrafiltration at a fixed permeate flux (outside to inside configuration) of complex synthetic seawater composed by humic acids, alginic acids, inorganic particles and numerous salts at high concentrations. Short term ultrafiltration ex...
Article
Full-text available
Vulcanodinium rugosum, a recently described dinoflagellate species producing a potent neurotoxin (pinnatoxin G), has been identified in French Mediterranean lagoons and was responsible for recurrent episodes of shellfish toxicity detected by mouse bioassay. Until now, the biology and physiology of V. rugosum have not been fully investigated. We stu...
Article
The neurotoxin BMAA (β-N-methylamino-l-alanine) and its isomer DAB (2,4-diaminobutyric acid) have been detected in seafood worldwide, including in Thau lagoon (French Mediterranean Sea). A cluster of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a neurodegenerative disease associated with BMAA, has also been observed in this region. Mussels, periphyton (i.e...
Conference Paper
In a previous study, Pinnatoxin G (PnTX-G) had been identified as a toxin accumulating in mussels and clams in Ingril, a small lagoon on the French Mediterranean coast (Hess et al. 2013). The levels found in shellfish from this lagoon were sufficient to explain positive mouse bioassays in the absence of other regulated toxins. We report here the re...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A Q-TOF All-ion MS/MS method was developed for non-targeted analysis of marine biotoxins. Quantitation and confirmatory analysis of known and regulated toxins was carried out with this method. Non-targeted results were dereplicated using an in-house developed library.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Ciguatera Fish Poisoning (CFP) is a food-borne illness caused by consumption of fish contaminated with polyether toxins known as ciguatoxins (CTXs). Originally known as a tropical disease, CFP has recently been reported from areas previously not considered endemic. The benthic dinoflagellate Gambierdiscus is considered to be the primary producer of...
Article
Full-text available
4. GdR PHYCOTOX e An interdisciplinary research network on toxic algae, their toxins and their effects on marine ecosystems and society P. Hess a, H. Hegaret b, Z. Amzil a, R. Araaoz c, S. Dragacci d, V. Fessard e, L. Guillou f, E. Michel-Guillou g, J. Molgó, S. Pardo h, V. Sechet a, R. Siano i, P. Soudant b, A. Thebault j a Ifremer, Laboratoire Ph...
Article
Full-text available
β-N-methylamino-l-alanine (BMAA) is a neurotoxic non-protein amino acid suggested to be involved in neurodegenerative diseases. It was reported to be produced by cyanobacteria, but also found in edible aquatic organisms, thus raising concern of a widespread human exposure. However, the chemical analysis of BMAA and its isomers are controversial, ma...
Chapter
Full-text available
Abstract (chapter 3): This study fostered partnership between scientists, shellfish growers, water treatment engineers, economists and regulators. The objective was to optimise land-based post-harvest treatments in such a way that oyster and mussel marketing could continue during toxic blooms of Dinophysis acuminata (DSP) and Alexandrium minutum (P...
Chapter
Azadinium spinosum, a small dinoflagellate has recently been discovered and identified as the primary producer of azaspiracid-1 (AZA) and -2. Since AZA poisoning has been reported following consumption of contaminated shellfish it is important to have these toxins available for toxicological studies, and a sustainable production of AZAs as calibran...
Article
Full-text available
Ostreopsis cf. ovata produces palytoxin analogues including ovatoxins (OVTXs) and a putative palytoxin (p-PLTX), which can accumulate in marine organisms and may possibly lead to food intoxication. However, purified ovatoxins are not widely available and their toxicities are still unknown. The aim of this study was to improve understanding of the e...
Article
Marine biotoxins are algal metabolites that can accumulate in fish or shellfish and render these foodstuffs unfit for human consumption. These toxins, released into seawater during algal occurrences, can be monitored through passive sampling. Acetone, methanol and isopropanol were evaluated for their efficiency in extracting toxins from algal bioma...
Article
Full-text available
Pinnatoxin G (PnTX-G) is a marine toxin belonging to the class of cyclic imines and produced by the dinoflagellate Vulcanodinium rugosum. In spite of its strong toxicity to mice, leading to the classification of pinnatoxins into the class of "fast-acting toxins", its hazard for human health has never been demonstrated. In this study, crude extracts...
Article
Following a review of official control data on shellfish in France, Ingril Lagoon had been identified as a site where positive mouse bioassays for lipophilic toxins had been repeatedly observed. These unexplained mouse bioassays, also called atypical toxicity, coincided with an absence of regulated toxins and rapid death times in mice observed in t...
Poster
Full-text available
Pinnatoxins (PnTXs) are cyclic imines, fast-acting neurotoxins that may accumulate in shellfish. While PnTXs have been known since 1990, the producing organism has only been identified in 2011 in the Mediterranean Sea and named Vulcanodinium rugosum(1). PnTX-G induces strong neurological effects in mice, with LD50 values by intraperitoneal injectio...
Article
Azadinium spinosum, a small toxic dinoflagellate, was recently isolated and identified as a primary producer of azaspiracid toxins (AZAs). Previous experiments related to AZA accumulation in blue mussels upon direct feeding with A. spinosum revealed increased mussel mortality and had negative effects on the thickness of the digestive gland tubules....
Article
Oysters (Crassostrea gigas) were exposed 4 days to cultures of the toxic dinoflagellate Alexandrium ostenfeldii (strain CCMP1773) that produces spirolides belonging to fast acting toxins (FAT) and let depurate for 7 days. During depuration, oysters were either fed the non-toxic algae Isochrysis galbana Tahitian clone (T. Iso) or starved. The object...
Data
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Article
Full-text available
Azaspiracid (AZA) poisoning has been reported following consumption of contaminated shellfish, and is of human health concern. Hence, it is important to have sustainable amounts of the causative toxins available for toxicological studies and for instrument calibration in monitoring programs, without having to rely on natural toxin events. Continuou...
Article
Azadinium spinosum (Elbrächter and Tillmann), a small marine dinoflagellate, has been recently described as a de novo producer of azaspiracid-1 and -2 (AZA1 and -2) diarrhoeic toxins. A culture of A. spinosum was established in our laboratory and optimised for pilot-scale production of this organism, to evaluate and understand AZA1 and -2 accumulat...
Article
Full-text available
The presence of dinoflagellates of the genus Ostreopsis along Mediterranean coasts was first observed in 1972, in the bay of Villefranche-sur-Mer. However, over the past ten years, harmful events related to this benthic dinoflagellate have been reported in Italian, Spanish, Greek, French, Tunisian and Algerian coastal areas. In France, during a hot...
Article
Full-text available
The main goal of the multidisciplinary MediOs project was to acquire and analyze pertinent scientific knowledge in fields as diverse as ecology, biology, chemistry, epidemiology or socio-economics concerning the occurrence of species belonging to genus Ostreopsis (toxic benthic dinoflagellates) in the Mediterranean. The economic impact of Ostreopsi...
Article
Full-text available
Azaspiracids (AZAs) are secondary metabolites of Azadinium spinosum that can accumulate in shellfish and cause food poisoning when consumed. We describe here an analytical procedure for the determination of AZAs in cultures of A. spinosum with a focus on the formation of AZA methyl esters as artefacts during extraction and sample pre-treatment. A....
Article
Full-text available
Dinoflagellates of the genus Ostreopsis are known to cause (often fatal) food poisoning in tropical coastal areas following the accumulation of palytoxin (PLTX) and/or its analogues (PLTX group) in crabs, sea urchins or fish. Ostreopsis spp. occurrence is presently increasing in the northern to north western Mediterranean Sea (Italy, Spain, Greece...
Article
Azaspiracid (AZA) poisoning has been reported following consumption of contaminated shellfish, and is of human health concern. Hence, it is important to have sustainable amounts of the causative toxins available for toxicological studies and for instrument calibration in monitoring programs, without having to rely on natural toxin events. Continuou...
Article
Full-text available
T he main goal of the multidisciplinary MediOs project was to acquire and analyze pertinent scientific knowledge in fields as diverse as ecology, biology, chemistry, epidemiology or socio-economics concerning the occurrence of species belonging to genus Ostreopsis (toxic benthic dinoflagellates) in the Mediterranean. The economic impact of Ostreops...
Article
Growth and spirolide production of the toxic dinoflagellate Alexandrium ostenfeldii (Danish strain CCMP1773) were studied in batch culture and a photobioreactor (continuous cultures). First, batch cultures were grown in 450 mL flasks without aeration and under varying conditions of temperature (16 and 22 8C) and culture medium (L1, f/2 and L1 with...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, an original use of immersed microfiltration membranes (mean pore size equal to 0.2μm) is investigated for the total removal of toxic dinoflagellates from seawater. Using a membrane autopsy and fouling model approach and the use of fouling indexes (called Pore Blocking Index, Pore Constriction Index and Cake Filtration Index), three d...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, an original use of low-energy-consuming submerged MF/UF membranes was investigated for the total removal of toxic micro-algae (Alexandrium sp.) from seawater. Experimentally, a non-toxic micro-alga (Heterocapsa triquetra) which has morphological and dimensional (15–20 µm) similarities with Alexandrium sp., one of the smallest toxic m...