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In Toulouse, in the 14th and 15th centuries, in a difficult and changing context, the urban elites, embodied by the well-known Capitoulat, actually make up a heterogeneous, mobile, and divided group. In spite of their social diversity and their differences, however, these men manage to establish a political identity shared by this group which inclu...
Publication Title: Actes des journées d'étude de Pau (nov. 2010) et de Pampelune (nov. 2011)
VIIe Jornadas de la sociedad española de Ciencias y técnicas historiográficas E. Esperanza Rodriguez Diaz, A. Claret Garcia Martinez
Death, Middle Ages, Elites, Power The theme of death as historiographical subject has a long history. However, the project presented here tries, on the one hand, to focus their objectives on very specific perspectives that are linked to a matter of absolute actuality in the field of humanities research, the construction of power. From that perspective, it aims to analyze the use of the death as an instrument of power and representation by the dominant elites in society and in the articulation of collective political and cultural values. It also aims to orientate from a line of clear interdisciplinary work (history, art, literacy, philosophy, music, epigraphy, codicology, anthropology ect.), that can build a broader interpretive prism and deeper analysis. The monarchy at the head, the lens extends to the most conspicuous representatives of high secular and ecclesiastical aristocracy -nobles, urban patricians, prelates. The inevitability of death does not seem to be an impediment to the development of control mechanisms and ideological development of political and social power. By contrast, the ruling elites are able to build a speech and patterns of representation and permanent or temporary about death aimed at strengthening these instruments and turn them into models of continuity and transformation interested propaganda. From the good die preparation to the ritualization and complexity of specific liturgies and ceremonies, construction of buildings and pantheons or the translation of literary and historiographical values and instantiations, the prince's death, understood in the sense that historiography gives this term applied to the Middle Ages, much more comprehensive than the current sense, it points more towards continuity and progress than the breaking in the construction of power. The topic allows an analysis from very different points of view and using very diverse sources along with different methodologies of investigation. However, in this first investigation period it has been prefered – in order to do it more approachable- to limit it in time and space, without trying to analyze every possible angle. In time, this period starts with the so called “gregorian reform”, its repercusion and ideological, political and cultural scope are well known. It ends with the affirmation of the monarchic powers and a new structure of the power relations during the fifteenth century. In space, it focuses on the territory that in great meassure, is used as a reference during these processes, France, and in the hispanic kingdoms for a better appreciation of the possible relations with its ultrapyrenean neighbour and among each other. The complexity of information sources, from diplomas to the accounting information, from large to smaller architectural pieces sumptuary works with sculptural, pictorial or musical, and of course, literary and thought works, chronic prepared or ceremonial pieces also require a multidisciplinary methodological approach, from which to establish comparative analysis from the various areas of knowledge and over time and space.