Veronica De Micco

Veronica De Micco
University of Naples Federico II | UNINA · Department of Agricultural Sciences - Plant and Wood Anatomy Lab - PWA Lab

PhD

About

171
Publications
58,772
Reads
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3,229
Citations
Introduction
• XYLOGENESIS, WOOD ANATOMY AND DENDROECOLOGY • PLANT MORPHO-FUNCTIONAL ADAPTATION IN NATURAL ENVIRONMENTS AND IN CROP PRODUCTION • PLANT ADAPTATION TO EXTREME ENVIRONMENTS
Additional affiliations
October 2015 - present
University of Naples Federico II
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
November 2007 - September 2015
University of Naples Federico II
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)

Publications

Publications (171)
Article
Full-text available
Plant factories and high-tech greenhouses offer the opportunity to modulate plant growth, morphology and qualitative content through the management of artificial light (intensity, photoperiod and spectrum). In this study, three Light Emitting Diode (LED) lighting systems, with blue (B, 460 nm), red (R, 650 nm) and mixed red + green-yellow + blue (R...
Article
Full-text available
The increase in severe drought events due to climate change in the areas traditionally suitable for viticulture is enhancing the need to understand how grapevines regulate their photosynthetic metabolism in order to forecast specific cultivar adaptive responses to the changing environment. This study aims at evaluating the association between leaf...
Presentation
Full-text available
Forest fires are becoming more intense and recurring due to climate change and are increasingly threatening the integrity and functionality of forests worldwide. Trees’ resilience is closely influenced not only by direct fire damages, but also by pre-existing climate stress conditions, such as high temperatures and water deficit. Fire wounds and ex...
Article
Full-text available
Agroforestry applications in viticulture are considered a promising strategy to improve vine water status by mitigating the threats of increasing drought due to climate change. The analysis of δ¹³C is often used in viticulture to understand vine water use. In this study, the analysis of δ¹³C was performed on the must of Falanghina grapevines growin...
Article
Full-text available
Salinity in water and soil is among the major constraints to the cultivation of ornamental crops since it can affect their growth and aesthetic value. A greenhouse experiment was carried out to assess whether the application of two different salts (80mMNaCl or 53.3mMCaCl2, with a final ionic concentration of 160 mM) could differently modulate the a...
Article
The monitoring of xylogenesis makes it possible to follow tree growth responses to stress factors in real-time, by observing the course of wood cell division and differentiation. Proper microscopy techniques are of key importance to exactly identify the xylem cells during the different phases of differentiation. We aimed to apply epifluorescence mi...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this work was to assess the possible coordination mechanisms between leaf functional anatomical traits and physiological acclimation of potted Callistemon citrinus plants when subjected to two saline iso-osmotic solutions using NaCl or CaCl2 . Digital image analysis was applied to quantify anatomical parameters with a specific focus on t...
Article
Full-text available
The realization of manned missions for space exploration requires the development of Bioregenerative Life Support Systems (BLSSs) to make human colonies self-sufficient in terms of resources. Indeed, in these systems, plants contribute to resource regeneration and food production. However, the cultivation of plants in space is influenced by ionizin...
Article
Full-text available
Quantitative wood anatomy (QWA) is a dynamic research approach of increasing interest that can provide answers to a wide range of research questions across different disciplines. However, the lack of common protocols and knowledge gaps hinder the realisation of the full potential of QWA. Therefore, we established the new community-based network Q-N...
Article
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This study evaluated if specific light quality (LQ) regimes (white fluorescent, FL; full-spectrum, FS; red-blue, RB) during plant growth modified morphological and photosynthetic traits of Solanum lycopersicum L. ‘Microtom’ plants irradiated at the dry seed stage with 25 Gy 48Ca ions (IR). The irradiation reduced plant size while it increased leaf...
Article
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Currently, climate change is affecting considerably the availability of freshwater for agriculture, increasing the need for the optimization of crop water use efficiency. Attempts to use VPD (vapor pressure deficit) modulation to reduce water consumption have been made. However, the effects of VPD on leaf stomatal and hydraulic traits, and on possi...
Article
Vapor Pressure Deficit (VPD) influences plant photosynthesis and the hydraulic behaviour associated with stomata regulation. However, it is not clear whether and how changes in leaf morpho-anatomical traits drive photosynthetic acclimation to VPD. Here, we examined the role of leaf anatomy in the eco-physiological responses of Vigna radiata L. to V...
Article
Full-text available
The management of mineral elements in agriculture is important for their nutritional role for plants and dietary value for humans, sparking interest in strategies that can increase mineral use efficiency and accumulation in plant food. In this work, we evaluated the effects of the isosmotic variations of the concentration on three macrocations (K,...
Article
Sprouts are nutritious food, easy to produce even in extra-terrestrial platforms, where the exposure to ionising radiation can alter their morpho-anatomical traits and phytochemical content. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether sprout production under specific light wavelengths can mitigate the negative effects of radiation and/or stimulat...
Article
Full-text available
In southern Mediterranean areas, vineyards are facing the combination of increasing air temperature, drought and frequency of extreme events (e.g., heat waves) due to climate change. Since most of the berry growth and ripening phases occur during the aridity period, such environmental constraints are responsible for limitations in yield and berry q...
Article
Long-term manned space-exploration missions and the permanence of human colonies on orbital stations or planetary habitats will require the regeneration of resources onboard or in-situ. Bioregenerative Life Support Systems (BLSSs) are artificial environments where different compartments, involving both living organisms and physical-chemical process...
Article
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Growing demand for horticultural products of accentuated sensory, nutritional, and functional quality traits has been driven by the turn observed in affluent societies toward a healthy and sustainable lifestyle relying principally on plant-based food. Growing plants under protected cultivation facilitates more precise and efficient modulation of th...
Article
Full-text available
Quercus ilex L. dieback has been recently reported at numerous Mediterranean sites. Wood and phloem formation dynamics and tree-ring series of anatomical traits can be used to evaluate growth conditions of trees. We monitored cambial activity in Q. ilex trees growing at a site in southern Italy in order to assess how xylem and phloem production are...
Article
Full-text available
In the last decades, there has been a growing interest in the production of sprouts, since they are a highly nutritious food, particularly suitable for indoor farming in urban areas. Achieving sprout production in indoor systems requires an understanding of possible alterations induced by the microclimate. The aim of this study was to analyze the c...
Article
Full-text available
Sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) is a leafy green with a short-production cycle that is emerging as a model species among aromatic plants. Modulating the mineral composition of the nutrient solution has proved to be a valuable tool to uncover the mechanisms and responses that higher plants adopt in relation to the availability of mineral nutrients...
Article
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Proximal sensors in controlled environment agriculture (CEA) are used to monitor plant growth, yield, and water consumption with non-destructive technologies. Rapid and continuous monitoring of environmental and crop parameters may be used to develop mathematical models to predict crop response to microclimatic changes. Here, we applied the energy...
Poster
Full-text available
In the Mediterranean Basin, fire incidence has increased dramatically during the past decades and fire is expected to become more severe in the future due to climate change. The effects of fires on forest ecosystems can last several years: the survival of fire-injured trees depend not only on the adaptive traits of individual species, but also on t...
Article
Sustainable development in space is based on affordable initiatives. Reuse of hardware is a strategy increasingly adopted to reduce the experiment costs, but its success relies on adapting the biological systems to experiment units. MULTI-TROP won the Youth ISS Science (YiSS) call promoted by Agenzia Spaziale Italiana (ASI) in 2017 and was performe...
Article
In this century, one of the main objectives of agriculture is sustainability addressed to achieve food security, based on the improvement of use efficiency of farm resources, the increasing of crop yield and quality, under climate change conditions. The optimization of farm resources, as well as the control of soil degradation processes (e.g., soil...
Article
Full-text available
Recent studies on the seasonal dynamics of secondary tissue formation in Mediterranean trees have shown that xylogenesis depends on species and site conditions, but many questions still remain open. On the other side of the cambium, even less information is available about phloem structure and timing of its formation. We analysed intra-annual phloe...
Presentation
Gli incendi btoschivi stonto un eventto rictorrente nel bacinto del Mediterraneto e rappresentanto unto dei maggitori fattori di disturbto per le ftoreste. Durante un incendito, il caltore sprigitonatto dalle fiamme determina, diretamente to indiretamente, un trauma termicto nella pianta, che può generare efeti negativi sui prtocessi ectofisitoltog...
Article
Full-text available
Currently, the main goal of agriculture is to support the achievement of food security in a sustainable way through the improvement of use efficiency of farm resources, increasing crop yield and quality, under climate change conditions. Farm resources use improvement, as well as the reduction of soil degradation processes, can be realized by means...
Poster
Full-text available
Mediterranean forests are subject to prolonged droughts (Gitlin et al., 2006): the lack of water entails in the plant’s traumatic events (cavitation, carbon starvation, biotic attacks) that can lead to tree mortality (McDowell et al., 2008). An increasing number of ecophysiological studies are currently trying to understand the responses of plants...
Article
Currently, climate change is threatening farming opportunities to feed a growing population, making necessary the implementation of worldwide cultivable lands, also through the improvement of highly intensified cropping systems such as greenhouses and indoor growing modules. To ameliorate plant performance and reach the potential yield in controlle...
Article
Full-text available
A tree ring is defined as a band of xylem-cell layers produced in one year. In Mediterranean trees, cambium often produces several bands of alternating early- and latewood during one calendar year, resulting in Intra-Annual Density Fluctuations (IADFs). We present some characteristics of growth layers in Pinus pinea (stone pine) growing on Vesuvius...
Article
Full-text available
Callistemon citrinus and Viburnum lucidum are appreciated and widespread ornamental shrubs for their abundant flowering and/or brilliant foliage. The intrinsic tolerance to drought/salinity supports their use in urban areas and in xeriscaping. Despite adaptive responses of these ornamental species to sodium chloride (NaCl) have been extensively exp...
Article
Full-text available
Callistemon citrinus and Viburnum lucidum are appreciated and widespread ornamental shrubs for their abundant flowering and/or brilliant foliage. The intrinsic tolerance to drought/salinity supports their use in urban areas and in xeriscaping. Despite adaptive responses of these ornamental species to sodium chloride (NaCl) have been extensively exp...
Article
Full-text available
Wound closure in plant stems (after either fire or mechanical damage) is a complex, multiscale process that involves the formation of a callous tissue (callus lips) responsible for cell proliferation and overgrowth at the injury edges, resulting in coverage of the scarred tissue. Investigating such phenomena, it is difficult to discriminate between...
Poster
Full-text available
Grapevine is the most widely cultivated fruit crop in the world and Italy is one of the world’s leading wine- producing countries whose vineyards are facing environmental constraints due to climate-change-driven rising temperatures, changes in precipitation frequency and occurrence of extreme events. In this scenario, the use of biostimulants to im...
Poster
Full-text available
Forest fires are a critical issue in the Mediterranean basin, increasing their frequency and intensity in the last decades (IPCC 2014). Understanding post-fire responses of trees is a crucial issue in planning forest management actions of burned areas in the short term and fire risk reduction at the medium and long term. This research aims to verif...
Poster
Full-text available
In semi-arid regions, vineyards are facing environmental constraints due to climate-change- driven rising temperatures, changes in precipitation frequency and occurrence of extreme events (e.g. flooding and heatwaves). Within this scenario, a dramatic transformation of the landscape (expansion or contraction of the wine regions as well as geographi...
Article
Full-text available
Climate response of tree-species growth may be influenced by intra- and inter-specific interactions. The different physiological strategies of stress response and resource use among species may lead to different levels of competition and/or complementarity, likely changing in space and time according to climatic conditions. Investigating the driver...
Data
Summer (from June to August) (a) and autumn (from September to November) (b) total precipitation (in blue) and mean temperature (in red) of the CRU TS3.23 gridded dataset at 0.5° resolution data (Harris et al., 2014) for the period 1985–2005. The gray bar indicates a decrease in both summer and autumn precipitation accompanied by an increase in tem...
Article
Full-text available
It is noteworthy that the largest part of global vegetation biomass depends on a thin layer of cells: the vascular cambium. Understanding the wood formation processes and relationships with environmental factors is a crucial and timely research question requiring interdisciplinary efforts, also to upscale the information gained and to evaluate impl...
Article
Recently the value of red-leaf species as food plants is increasing due to their high content in antioxidant compounds, mainly anthocyanins. Most work has been done on the modulation of light quality to maximise the production of antioxidant compounds in reddish leafy vegetables that mostly adjust the amount of foliar anthocyanins as a reaction to...
Article
In Mediterranean ecosystems, some natural areas are exposed to severe anthropogenic impact. Especially in summer, the considerable number of tourists visiting such areas, often through vehicles, causes the deposition of dust over the vegetation due to the formation of powder clouds also favoured by wind erosion, high temperature, low precipitation...
Article
Mediterranean trees and shrubs form intra-annual density fluctuations (IADFs) in tree rings as a sign of their plasticity in wood formation in response to intra-seasonal variations of environmental conditions. Different species show a different aptitude to form IADFs, due to their diverse ability to cope with climate stressors, since the occurrence...
Article
Italy is among the European countries with the greatest plant diversity due to both a great environmental heterogeneity and a long history of man-environment interactions. Trait-based approaches to ecological studies have developed greatly over recent decades worldwide, although several issues concerning the relationships between plant functional t...
Article
In a climate change scenario, the optimization of growth conditions for food crop species plays a key role for the sustainability of cultivation. Agrotechnologies need to be improved to set up the best conditions to maximize plant development, production and resource use efficiency in growth chambers and greenhouses. The manipulation of light quali...
Article
The realisation of manned Space exploration requires the development of Bioregenerative Life Support Systems (BLSSs). In such self‐sufficient closed habitats, higher plants have a fundamental role in air regeneration, water recovery, food production and waste recycling. In the Space environment, ionising radiation represents one of the main constra...
Article
Mediterranean trees and shrubs form intra-annual density fluctuations (IADFs) in tree rings as a sign of their plasticity in wood formation in response to intraseasonal variations of environmental conditions. Different species show a different aptitude to form IADFs, due to their diverse ability to cope with climate stressors, since the occurrence...
Article
Key Message The investigation of the relations between climate and intra-annual density fluctuation (IADF) traits (e.g. frequency, width and functional anatomical traits) in Quercus ilex tree rings of stands living on two opposite slopes, highlighted the influence of local site conditions on the climate signal contained in tree rings. Moreover it a...
Article
Bougainvillea is widely used as potential ornamental shrub in revegetation and landscaping projects as well as in urban landscape design in Mediterranean areas characterized by saline and sodic soils. The current research aimed at elucidating the morphological, physiological and biochemical changes occurring in Bougainvillea spectabilis ‘Alexandra’...
Article
Full-text available
In extratropical ecosystems, the growth of trees is cyclic, producing tree rings composed of large-lumen and thin-walled cells (earlywood) alternating with narrow-lumen and thick-walled cells (latewood). So far, the physiology behind wood formation processes and the associated kinetics has rarely been considered to explain this pattern. We develope...
Article
Mixed forests of Quercus ilex L. and Pinus pinea L. are widely found throughout the Mediterranean Basin, being representative of two co-existing functional types: evergreen-sclerophyllous drought-resistant species and Mediterranean-adapted drought-avoidant conifers. Their contrasting physiological strategies to cope with water deficit influence all...
Article
Background and aims: Mediterranean trees have patterns of cambial activity with one or more pauses per year, leading to intra-annual density fluctuations (IADFs) in tree rings. We analysed xylogenesis (January 2015-January 2016) in Pinus pinea L. and Arbutus unedo L., co-occurring at a site on Mt. Vesuvius (southern Italy), to identify the cambial...
Conference Paper
It is the current opinion that sustainable future in space is based on affordable initiatives. Reused rocket is a dream come true but, in addition to the drastic reduction of flight expenses, new efforts should reduce costs of experiments in Space. The use of refurbished hardware can be a valid but challenging solution for researchers that have to...
Article
Full-text available
Projected changes in drought occurrence in the Mediterranean region are raising concerns about the adaptive capability of rainfed crops, such as grapevine, to increasing aridity. Cultivation management, especially the techniques influencing the hydraulic pathway, can play a role in plant adaptation to drought for the consequent changes in wood anat...