Verónica López

Verónica López
Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso | PUCV · School of Psychology

Doctor of Psychology

About

117
Publications
69,006
Reads
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Introduction
Psicóloga y Doctora en Psicología, con un fuerte interés en la investigación y docencia en temas relacionados con las condiciones que favorecen el aprendizaje escolar y el desarrollo socioemocional de niños y adolescentes. En los últimos años he profundizado en la investigación y desarrollo en el área de convivencia escolar. Link de interés donde desarrollo mis trabajos. Investigación: www.paces.cl Editorial Cientifica: www.psicoperspectivas.cl Formación Continua: www.doctoradopsicología.cl
Additional affiliations
January 2009 - present
Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso
Position
  • Managing Director
Description
  • http://www.paces.cl/
January 2008 - present
Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
January 2006 - December 2007
Alberto Hurtado University
Position
  • Professor
Education
January 2003 - June 2007
Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
Field of study
  • Psicología Cognitiva, “Cognición y Trastornos”

Publications

Publications (117)
Article
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In many countries, Indigenous populations have reported lower levels of subjective well-being (SWB) compared to non-Indigenous groups. However, research on this topic is still scarce in Latin America, particularly Chile, where Indigenous people from nine recognized ethnic minority groups represent 9.5% of the population. This study analyzes the SWB...
Article
Although formal schooling is still the main tool for social inclusion, school dropout is a pervasive problem in many countries. Given its individual and societal costs, effective policy and practices interventions are needed. However, these have mostly emphasized individual forms of academic support, with less attention on universal, whole-school a...
Article
One of the challenges of school climate policies has been to promote dialogical conflict resolution by reducing punitive practices and encouraging student participation. However, exclusionary punitive practices are still being used, and in Chile, they are considered acceptable forms of conflict resolution. In this study, we analyzed the association...
Article
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The COVID-19 pandemic continues to impact schools and how education is conveyed to students. One of the aspects that has gained strength is supporting the wellbeing of educational communities. The purpose of this study was to describe and understand the construction of school wellbeing during the pandemic, based on the notion of collective and sust...
Article
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Even though research has established the prevalence and predicting factors of cybervictimization in the school context, studies have not considered their nested nature, which might lead to differences within and between schools. Research has only just begun to recognize the intersectionality of various cultural labels and marginalized identities, b...
Article
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Background It is essential to understand the factors that affect the academic achievement of schoolchildren, both in general and in terms of the major subsectors of each grade. Although symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Negative Defiant Disorder (NDD—which are commonly recognized as externalizing problems in childhood...
Article
La violencia escolar debe comprenderse en su relación con las personas, organizaciones y culturas que la enmarcan. Resulta interesante conocer la perspectiva de los niños y niñas de enseñanza primaria al respecto, especialmente en los segmentos sociales marginados y vulnerados por condiciones de injusticia y pobreza, cuyas voces suelen estar menos...
Article
Durante los últimos 20 años en Chile se han promulgado una serie de políticas tendientes al desarrollo de la convivencia y participación escolar. Estas políticas han expuesto un carácter hibrido, con preeminencia de un enfoque de orden y seguridad para abordar los conflictos, y escasos procesos de participación y deliberación dentro de las escuelas...
Article
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Distance learning (DL), implemented due to the COVID-19 crisis, has intensified the conditions of segregation suffered by public schools in Latin America and Chile. The teaching experience in this pandemic seems not to be homogeneous, since inequalities and social identities make it more complex. This mixed design study sought to understand and exp...
Article
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Education policies worldwide have encouraged the entry and permanence of nonteaching support professionals in schools. During the last decade, Chilean regulations have allowed a massive incorporation of these professionals—mostly school psychologists and social workers—in publicly funded schools. However, there is scarce evidence regarding the acti...
Article
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La crisis social en Chile que desencadenó el “estallido social” a fines del año 2019, produjo el cierre momentáneo de escuelas y la reorganización de la cotidianeidad de gran parte de la población. En este marco, esta investigación buscó comprender la experiencia vivida desde la voz de estudiantes de primaria de una escuela pública chilena, enmarca...
Article
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Various countries have generated a series of policies and legislations to regulate the social relations that are built in the school. In some cases, positions and functions have been established to manage school coexistence and its improvement. Those that establish school coexistence management teams stand out. The literature has sustained the impo...
Article
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Schools are an essential part of students’ lives and can promote and facilitate their well-being. Although research on well-being among school-aged children and adolescents has distinguished subjective well-being from social well-being, very few studies examined student’s social well-being at school (SWS). SWS is understood as students’ valuation o...
Article
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School achievement and failure have become growing political and social concerns due to the negative consequences of school failure for individuals and society. The inclusive educational movement, which calls for equal access, permanence, participation, and promotion of all students worldwide, poses many challenges for schools and school systems. A...
Article
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Resumen En Chile prevalece una política de gestión basada en la rendición de cuentas e inspirada en las ideas del New Public Management. Bajo este marco se ha instalado una gramática centrada en el rendimiento académico con altas consecuencias para los distintos actores de la comunidad educativa, desde la cual se configura el quehacer en la escuela...
Article
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Substantialist ethnographic approaches have been questioned for situating studies into stable groups and places, thereby creating rigid categories of diversity. In this study, we approached school normality through a relational ethnography, where the focus is on fields rather than places, and boundaries rather than bounded groups. Extended fieldwor...
Article
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This study analysed, from a social justice perspective, how students from two Chilean public schools evaluate, legitimise and delegitimise processes and social actors associated with classroom well‐being. Using a participatory qualitative design, fifty‐nine (59) seventh grade students were asked to take and then select photographs about their schoo...
Article
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Suicide, as one of the leading causes of death for the adolescent population, both in Chile and globally, remains a complex and elusive phenomenon. This research studies the association between positive and negative affect in relation with suicidal ideation and suicidal attempt, given that affectivity is a fundamental basis on which people make eva...
Article
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Resumen Esta investigación presenta una propuesta para la comprensión de la recreación educativa y su relación con la convivencia en las escuelas. La propuesta se desarrolló a partir de un proceso de evaluación realizada a un programa gubernamental chileno, ejecutado desde el año 2017 en 371 escuelas a lo largo del país. Esta evaluación implicó una...
Book
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Sin mayores anuncios, la vida escolar en su forma presencial fue interrumpida al comenzar el año escolar 2020 ante el avance de la pandemia por el COVID-19. Directivos, docentes, estudiantes y sus familias se vieron obligados a poner en práctica otras formas de comunicarse, enseñar y aprender. En el seno de cada familia, fue necesario decidir el lu...
Book
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Asesorar en convivencia escolar implica hacernos cargo de cómo contribuimos a reproducir o a transformar las formas de relación que se dan en la escuela, las que también se comprenden en el espacio micropolítico de la asesoría” afirman Claudia Carrasco y sus colegas de la Universidad de Playa Ancha y de la Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valpara...
Article
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Si bien las políticas educativas y la investigación en educación han abordado la segregación entre escuelas, las formas menos visibles de segregación y exclusión dentro de la escuela apenas se han estudiado. El objetivo de este estudio fue caracterizar y analizar la ocurrencia y concurrencia de dos tipos de prácticas: punitivas y de ordenamiento po...
Article
Background Although a significant amount of literature has explored peer sexual harassment in higher education, little is known about peer sexual harassment in primary and middle school. Among existing studies, most have examined individual student characteristics that predict peer sexual harassment without considering the importance of the classro...
Article
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En Chile, las políticas educativas de accountability, asociadas a la judicialización de la vida escolar, han involucrado la gestión de la violencia y convivencia escolar, generando un ambiente de política punitiva por medio de amenazas de sanciones. La Superintendencia de Educación, organismo del Estado encargado de fiscalizar las normativas, cuent...
Article
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Although most of the school violence literature is focused on peer victimization, interest is growing in teachers being victimized by their students. However, there is far less interest in students being victimized by their teachers, patterns of mutual victimization, and how they are associated with other school factors. Using the conceptual framew...
Article
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RESUMEN El presente artículo expone los resultados de una investigación-acción que buscó comprender cómo el activismo, mediado por tecnologías digitales, puede contribuir a la Educación para la Ciudadanía Mundial. El estudio se desarrolló durante el año 2017 en tres instituciones educativas de dos países latinoamericanos: Colombia y Chile. Los resu...
Article
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Accountability policies in Chile are based on a quality education measurement system that includes standardized testing with high consequences, and different threat, punishment and seduction systems for schools that do not improve their academic results. In this context, the identity of teachers is defied. This study sought to analyze the identity...
Article
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Introducción: La psicología educacional enfrenta la necesidad de delimitar acciones y roles, superar la atención de las diferencias individuales, y considerar el papel de la cultura escolar. Estos desafíos impactan en la identidad de psicólogas y psicólogos educacionales, actualmente en su mayoría contratados bajo la Ley SEP en Chile. Objetivos: Es...
Article
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In the last six years, Chile has carried out major reforms in school climate policy. However, these reforms are tied to two different realities that conflict with each other: a formative reality, which promotes a school climate of local decision-making and the improvement of school performance; and a punitive reality, which prioritizes improvement...
Article
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El objetivo de este estudio es caracterizar la convivencia y la cultura escolar desde la perspectiva de la inclusión. El diseño del estudio es mixto: evaluación cuantitativa de las dimensiones convivencia escolar inclusiva y cultura inclusiva, en 129 escuelas chilenas (N = 2.868 estudiantes, 1.129 padres y 741 docentes y profesionales de la educaci...
Chapter
Traditionally, the school malaise has been understood as an intra-school, individual or interactional phenomena. The contribution made by Bronfenbrenner (1989) y followed by international research (Berger & Lisboa; 2009; Khoury-Kassabri, Astor & Benbenishty, 2009) has allowed to widen the understaing of malaise, interpreting it as a complex, multiv...
Article
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Over the past 15 years, Chile has implemented three different educational laws and policies to enhance, promote and develop school climate (SC). However, different logics of understanding and intervening in SC underlie these legal bodies. In order to account for the contradictions and critical nodes of instruments that conform Chile´s SC public pol...
Article
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Sociomaterial devices are key to understanding the translation of public policies into local practices. In this article we describe and analyze from a comparative perspective policies and practices of school climate in Chile and Argentina, from a perspective of the Theory of Actor Network (ANT), focusing on two sociotechnical devices: the classbook...
Article
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RESUMO: Nosso objetivo, neste artigo, é apresentar a política de Educação Especial no Chile, discutir as mudanças conceituais a partir da perspectiva da educação inclusiva, demonstrar a organização escolar por meio do Programa de Integração Escolar (PIE). Para o desenvolvimento da presente discussão, trabalhamos com análise documental que se baseou...
Article
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Many Latin American countries have enacted policies related to convivencia escolar, where we can see different emphasis in its conceptualization. It is important to study the diversity of understandings and purposes of the policies, because there are different strategies and interventions that arise from them. In this study we analized the approach...
Article
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Having achieved the coverage challenges following compulsory policies and a financing system via demand subsidy conditioned to enrollment and attendance, but faced with the scenario of school segregation, Chile has set itself the goal of advancing towards the right to an inclusive education and of quality. In this article we identify and analyze th...
Article
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Addressing school climate and violence in schools requires school management skills. The 2011 School Violence Act in Chile promulgated the mandatory creation of the school climate coordinator (SCC). However, the law did not establish a defined profile, specific functions, or working hours for the SCC, and only recently have school administrators gi...
Article
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Students’ perceptions of their classroom climate have been found to relate significantly to students’ learning outcomes. The purpose of the present study was to construct an instrument for assessing elementary-school students’ perceptions of classroom climate, based on a previous instrument that was being used in Chile by a public national school m...
Article
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El objetivo del presente estudio buscó adaptar y validar en una muestra de 2,868 estudiantes chilenos un cuestionario de convivencia escolar aplicado en México. La adaptación implicó la adecuación lingüística de varios de los ítems del instrumento al contexto chileno, la transformación de la escala de respuesta y la verificación de sus propiedades...
Article
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Los altos niveles de violencia reportados en las instituciones escolares han hecho de la convivencia escolar un tema relevante para las escuelas. No obstante, si bien existen algunos instrumentos disponibles que evalúan clima escolar y percepción de la calidad de la convivencia escolar, pocos evalúan prácticas concretas de convivencia escolar orien...
Article
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Although in recent years there has been a growing interest in victimization of teachers by their students (student‐to‐teacher victimization), it is not discussed in relation to students’ victimization by their teachers (teacher‐to‐student victimization) across cultures. This study used a cross‐cultural comparative design to examine the prevalence o...
Article
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As part of a project in which we designed, developed, and validated a monitoring system of school climate, the present study evaluates the system based on the meanings constructed by its users, in order to improve future actions. 17 group interviews in 15 schools, plus an in-depth interview to the Community Coordinator School Coexistence were perfo...
Article
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Durante los últimos 15 años, Chile ha diseñado e implementado diversas leyes y políticas educativas orientadas a mejorar, promover y desarrollar la convivencia escolar y a disminuir los niveles de violencia escolar. Sin embargo, se han identificado tensiones paradigmáticas en los fundamentos de estos instrumentos, que crean un escenario ambivalente...
Article
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Asistimos a una época en que los paradigmas y modelos tradicionales que intentaron conocer y explicar la infancia se han transformando radicalmente. Actualmente, se muestra un creciente interés por situar a la infancia como un campo que se mueve entre procesos de reproducción social y prácticas de resistencia y transformación, bajo lo que podríamos...
Article
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Children who exhibit mental health problems are more likely to be targets of peer victimization. However, little is known about how mental health risk interacts with other individual and school-level factors in this relationship. In the current study, we explored the associations between peer victimization and mental health in 10,532 Chilean sixth...
Article
Understanding the dynamic of social relationships between peers in a school can provide guidance for strategic decision-making to improve these relationships. Sociograms-images of a particular moment of these relationships-are a useful tool for description, analysis and reflection. Through interviews with teaching staff and other professionals in t...
Article
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designed upon the basis of different logical perspectives. The aim of this study was to understand the meanings that schools ascribe to the construct of SC, based on the assumption that their views will guide their actions and make intelligible their SC interventions. A qualitative methodology was employed. Active group and individual interviews we...
Article
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The Chilean education system has intensified its focus on accountability, incorporating a new initiative -school complaint reports- as part of a new inspectorate for the education sector, the Superintendencia de Educación. This study seeks to understand the work of the inspectors working for this new government body. By preparing a qualitative desi...
Article
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Comprender la dinámica de las relaciones sociales entre pares dentro de la escuela puede orientar la toma de decisiones estratégicas para mejorar la convivencia. Los sociogramas-fotografías de un momento particular de esas relaciones-son una herramienta útil para su descripción, análisis y reflexión. A través de entrevistas al profesorado y otros p...
Article
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School violence is a global concern that calls for international research using cross context methods. Although there are several international surveys that compare school violence across countries, they do not clearly address issues of similarities and differences in relative prevalence of different types of victimization and their relations with...
Article
Full-text available
The Chilean education system has intensified its focus on accountability, incorporating a new initiative -school complaint reports- aspart of a new inspectorate for the education sector, the Superintendencia de Educación. This study seeks to understand the work of the inspectors working for this new government body By preparing a qualitative design...
Article
Full-text available
Identifying and understanding predictors of school safety perceptions is important due to its consequences for students. However, it is not clear what school-related factors most contribute to explaining students’ perception of school safety, and how they relate to community-related factors such as neighborhood safety. The purpose of this study was...
Article
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School achievement gaps and school failure are problematic issues in Latin America, and are mainly explained by the socio-economic status (SES) of the students. What schools can do to improve school achievement and reduce school failure is a critical issue, both for school management and teacher training. In this study, we present the association o...
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[English] We examine the relationship between conflict management and school climate styles in two Chilean public schools. It is hypothesized that the type of administration implemented will influence the form and characteristics of the school life. Through microethnographies, and content analysis, we distinguished two forms of conflict management:...
Article
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School participation is a debt in Latin America that hinders progress towards democratic societies. This study sought to understand school participation, from the voices of students in two schools with high quality school climate and two schools with low quality school climate, selected according to an index created from student surveys. Using a qu...
Article
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La violencia entre pares afecta negativamente la salud mental de los estudiantes. La literatura senala que la satisfaccion con la vida es uno de los factores que puede verse mayormente afectado. No obstante, pueden existir factores que atenuen estos efectos negativos. La presente investigacion indago en la influencia que tiene el apoyo de profesore...
Article
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OBJETIVO: Analizar las propiedades psicométricas de la escala PWI, tanto su versión de 7 como de 9 ítems de Tomyn y Cummins (2011) en estudiantes de II° año medio en Chile. METODO: Se aplicó la Escala a 4.964 estudiantes de este nivel de enseñanza, que corresponde a una muestra representativa de este grupo en Chile. Se realizaron análisis de confia...
Article
La revista Psicoperspectivas es una edicion arbitrada que lanza tres numeros al ano. Estos numeros se organizan en una seccion tematica, convocada previamente por la revista, cuyo objetivo es profundizar en un topico particular del quehacer investigativo en psicologia y ciencias sociales. La otra seccion, denominada articulos libres, tiene por obje...
Article
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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is the most frequent neurological diagnosis of the Chilean primary health care system for elementary school students. New norms and regulations now define which professionals can diagnose and treat this disorder. In this study, we approach to the construction of ADHD from a discursive perspective, thr...
Article
Full-text available
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is the most frequent neurological diagnosis of the Chilean primary health care system for elementary school students. New norms and regulations now define which professionals can diagnose and treat this disorder. In this study, we approach to the construction of ADHD from a discursive perspective, thr...
Presentation
Conclusions: A perception of transformational culture was associated to low work related stress, high work autonomy, positive leadership and high social support, as well as to expression of positive emotions as a facet of the labor role. All these factors were in turn associated to well being. A transactional view of the organizational culture was...