Veronica Fuentes

Veronica Fuentes
Spanish National Research Council | CSIC · Institute of Marine Sciences

PostDoc

About

159
Publications
84,722
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2,824
Citations
Introduction
Veronica Fuentes currently works at the Institute of Marine Sciences, Spanish National Research Council. Their current project is 'Jellyfish Blooms.'
Additional affiliations
November 2007 - present
Spanish National Research Council
Position
  • Researcher
Description
  • Leading a group of 10 people dedicated to study the jellyfish proliferations and its impacts on the environment as well as the associated socio-economic aspects
November 2007 - present
Institut de Ciències del Mar
Position
  • Ramón & Cajal Researcher

Publications

Publications (159)
Article
This study describes the occurrence of anthropogenic microfibres (AMFs) found in sediment trap samples collected at 25 m water depth in an Antarctic fjord (Potter Cove, King George/25 de Mayo Island) from 2012 to 2015. During visual sorting of samples, AMFs were detected and described, and a subset was confirmed, via FTIR (Fourier transform infrare...
Article
Full-text available
The jellyfish species that inhabit the Mediterranean coastal waters are not lethal, but their stings can cause severe pain and systemic effects that pose a health risk to humans. Despite the frequent occurrence of jellyfish stings, currently no consensus exists among the scientific community regarding the most appropriate first-aid protocol. Over t...
Book
Full-text available
The guide contains updated information of the most frequent species of jellyfish on the Spanish Mediterranean coasts. It also includes the first aid protocols in case of jellyfish stings. The information is highly informative.
Article
Full-text available
Science is addressing global societal challenges, and due to limitations in research financing, scientists are turning to the public at large to jointly tackle specific environmental issues. Citizens are therefore increasingly involved in monitoring programs, appointed as citizen scientists with potential to delivering key data at near to no cost t...
Preprint
Full-text available
Although the jellyfish species that inhabit the Mediterranean coastal waters are not lethal, their sting can cause severe pain and systemic effects that pose a health risk to humans. Despite the frequent occurrence of jellyfish stings, currently no consensus exists regarding the most appropriate first aid protocol among the scientific community. Ov...
Preprint
Full-text available
Science is addressing global societal challenges and, due to limitations in research financing, scientists are turning to public at large to jointly tackle specific environmental issues. Citizens are therefore increasingly involved in monitoring programs, appointed as citizen scientists with potential to delivering key data at near no cost to addre...
Article
Full-text available
Relationships between environmental factors and oscillations in jellyfish abundance, especially in the early life stages, could help to interpret past increases and also predict scenarios in a changing future. For the first time, we present cubozoan spatial and temporal distributions in the earliest stages and their relationships with different fac...
Article
We examined the effect of glacial melt-related retreat environmental conditions on the spatial heterogeneity of food sources for Antarctic nearshore marine benthic communities of Potter Cove, a representative fjord on King George Island on the West Antarctic Peninsula. Focusing on Antarctic suspension feeders, we surveyed the variation of carbon (δ...
Article
Abstract Harmful invader ctenophore Mnemiopsis leidyi's expansions in the Eurasian Seas, its spatio-temporal population dynamics depending on environmental conditions in recipient habitats have been synthesized. M. leidyi found suitable temperature, salinity and productivity conditions in the temperate and subtropical environments of the semi-enc...
Article
Sea-ice and coastal glacier loss in the Western Antarctic Peninsula open new ice-free areas. They allowing primary production and providing new seabed for colonisation, both acting as a negative feedback of climate change. However, the injection of sediment-laden runoff from the melting of land-terminating glaciers may reduce this feedback. Changes...
Article
Full-text available
Biological fouling organisms on fish cages represent a major issue and costly factor in marine finfish aquaculture. Cnidarians have been identified as one of the most problematical groups, contributing significantly to the occlusion and structural stress of the cage nets, but also dramatically affecting farmed species health in aquaculture faciliti...
Article
Full-text available
While records of Carybdea marsupialis in the literature suggest a worldwide distribution of this species, the validity of some of these records has been questioned recently, as has the validity of some nominal Carybdea species. We inspected material of all known species of Carybdea from multiple locations (i.e. Spain, Algeria, Tunisia, Puerto Rico,...
Article
Full-text available
Jellyfish populations apparently have increased in some places around the world and human problems with them also have increased. However, effects of jellyfish outbreaks in the ecosystems remain poorly understood and little or no information is available on their dietary preferences - in relation to the seasonal shifts of prey abundance - and on th...
Article
Full-text available
Fish–jellyfish associations were studied close to Barcelona (NW Mediterranean) during the summer period from 2008 to 2014. Jellyfish and their associate juvenile fish were collected, identified, counted, and measured. Fish behaviour was described by visual field observations and laboratory experiments were performed to determine the survival of the...
Article
This study investigates the possible pathways for Pelagia noctiluca intrusions over the shelf to understand the interactions between jellyfish and fish larvae. To assess how the presence of P. noctiluca may influence populations of Engraulis encrasicolus and Trachurus trachurus, we analyzed the effect of environmental conditions on the abundance an...
Article
Full-text available
Aim Invasive species are of increasing global concern. Nevertheless, the mechanisms driving further distribution after the initial establishment of non‐native species remain largely unresolved, especially in marine systems. Ocean currents can be a major driver governing range occupancy, but this has not been accounted for in most invasion ecology s...
Article
Full-text available
As jellyfish interactions with humans increase in coastal waters, there is an urgent need to provide science-based management strategies to mitigate the negative socioeconomic impacts of jellyfish blooms and to exploit potential benefits of their ecosystem services. This Theme Section presents the latest advances in jellyfish research, from new sam...
Article
Jellyfish have the potential to dominate the pelagic biomass of marine ecosystems, thereby negatively affecting pelagic fish. We investigated the trophic interactions of Pelagia noctiluca (medusae and ephyrae), one of the most abundant and conspicuous jellyfish on the Catalan coast in the NW Mediterranean. A combination of stable isotope and fatty...
Article
A global challenge is dealing with the risk of envenomation by the stinging jellyfish. Those who are affected include: the people stung, tourist providers; diving and adventure operations, beach and park authorities, life guards, commercial marine operators as well as local and centralized government; we focus on tourism. There is a diversity of je...
Article
Antarctic ecosystems present highly marked seasonal patterns in energy input, which in turn determines the biology and ecology of marine invertebrate species. This relationship is stronger at lower levels of the food web, while upper levels may be less dependent on primary production pulses. The pennatulid Malacobelemnon daytoni, is one of the most...
Article
Full-text available
Jellyfish blooms cause important ecological and socio-economic problems. Among jellyfish, cubozoans are infamous for their painful, sometimes deadly, stings and are a major public concern in tropical to subtropical areas; however, there is little information about the possible causes of their outbreaks. After a bloom of the cubomedusa Carybdea mars...
Data
Descriptive statistics for the selected environmental variables from the beginning of July 2010 to the end of July 2011for all sites surveyed (Almadrava ‘AL’, Molins ‘MO’, Blay beach ‘BB’, Rasset ‘RA’, Marineta Cassiana ‘MC’ and Les Rotes ‘RO’) on the coast of Denia, Spain. Values are shown by season. (DOC)
Data
Collinearity analysis for all environmental variables. Lower-left panels show scatter plots with a loess smoothing line (in red) to help visualize patterns. Central (Diagonal) panels show histograms of the environmental variables and upper-right panels show the values of the Pearson’s correlation coefficients for each pair of variables, with text s...
Data
Optimal models showing the partial effect on abundance of the significant environmental variables for a) small, b) medium and c) large Carybdea marsupialis medusae collected along the coast of Denia. Central (bold) line show the best fit and the shaded areas show the 95% confidence intervals of the GAM-NB model. Bottom vertical lines represent obse...
Data
Mathematical model formulation for the generalized additive models with Poisson family distribution (GAM-P), with negative binomial family distribution (GAM-NB), for the zero-inflated Poisson (ZI-P) and zero-inflated negative binomial (ZI-NB) models (source Zuur et al. 2009). (DOC)
Data
Descriptive statistics for the number and density (in parentheses; indiv. m-3) of three sizes (Small, Medium, Large) of Carybdea marsupialis medusae captured by site (Almadrava ‘AL’, Molins ‘MO’, Blay beach ‘BB’, Rasset ‘RA’, Marineta Cassiana ‘MC’ and Les Rotes ‘RO’) along the coast of Denia. Minimum 'Min', maximum 'Max', sum 'Sum', mean 'Mean' an...
Data
Model comparison for the generalized additive models with a Poisson family distribution (GAM-P), generalized additive models with a negative binomial family distribution (GAM-NB), zero-inflated Poisson (ZI-P) and zero-inflated negative binomial (ZI-NB) models. The Pearson correlation coefficient (r), Spearman rank correlation (p), intercept (α) and...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, caged finfish mariculture across European seas suffered production losses by severe fish mortality, following episodic outbreaks of invertebrate cnidarian stingers. Due to their stinging cells and injectable venoms, medusozoan jellyfish, or drifting propagules of polyp colonies at high density may impair caged fish health through t...
Article
Vertically stratified zooplankton sampling at three locations in the Catalan Sea demonstrated that the coexistence of two diel vertical migration patterns in Salpa fusiformis populations. Salps migrated to the surface during the day (reverse migration) at one station while they swam to surface layers at night (nocturnal migration) at the other two...
Article
In recent years, negative impacts of jellyfish blooms (JB) on marine human activities have been increasingly reported. Aquaculture has been affected by jellyfish outbreaks, mostly documented through repeated episodes of farmed salmon mortalities in Northern Europe; however, the valuation of JB consequences on the aquaculture sector still remains po...
Article
Jellyfish have the potential to dominate the pelagic biomass of marine ecosystems, thereby negatively affecting pelagic fish. We investigated the trophic interactions of Pelagia nocti - luca (medusae and ephyrae), one of the most abundant and conspicuous jellyfish on the Catalan coast in the NW Mediterranean. A combination of stable isotope and fat...
Article
Thalia democratica blooms are a recurrent phenomenon in many coastal areas of the Mediterranean Sea and have significant ecological effects. To better understand the environmental drivers of salp blooms, we conducted 8 surveys to sample T. democratica in contrasting seasonal, temperature and chlorophyll conditions. In each survey, short-term variat...
Conference Paper
The main aims of this study were to investigate the environmental parameters associated with blooming events of Carybdea marsupialis and to genetically compare the box jellyfish in Malta to other Mediterranean and Atlantic samples. The numbers of adult individuals, as well as abiotic and biotic factors were monitored in situ and analysed statistica...
Article
Full-text available
Jellyfish are important predators of fish eggs and larvae and predation is believed to be the main factor determining fish recruitment. The diet of different life stages of Pelagia noctiluca and their potential predation impact on ichthyoplankton were investigated in the NW Mediterranean Sea. In June, the spatial distribution of jellyfish and fish...
Article
Full-text available
Although beaches can be hazardous environments, few studies have identified injuries in broad coastal areas. We performed a retrospective descriptive study of injuries and other services provided by lifeguards during 2012 along the Spanish Mediterranean beaches. The trend in jellyfish stings was also examined for the period 2008-2012 using a standa...
Article
Full-text available
The increasing frequency of jellyfish outbreaks in coastal areas has led to multiple ecological and socioeconomic issues, including mass mortalities of farmed fish. We investigated the sensitivity of the European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax), a widely cultured fish in the Mediterranean Sea, to the combined stressors of temperature, hypoxia and s...
Article
The frequency and geographic extension of microalgae and gelatinous zooplankton blooms seem to have been increasing worldwide over recent decades. In particular, the harmful dinoflagellate Ostreopsis cf. ovata and the Schyphozoan jellyfish Aurelia sp. are two of the most frequent and long lasting species forming blooms in the Mediterranean Sea. A k...
Article
Full-text available
Strandings of marine animals are relatively common in marine systems. However, the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. We observed mass strandings of krill in Antarctica that appeared to be linked to the presence of glacial meltwater. Climate-induced glacial meltwater leads to an increased occurrence of suspended particles in the sea, whic...
Poster
Full-text available
Aurelia spp. are cosmopolitan scyphozoan species and probably the most studied jellyfish in the world. They inhabit nearshore waters, especially closed basins, such as coastal embayments, fjords and estuaries, occupying a great variety of habitats worldwide. Recent studies have addressed the biogeography of the genus Aurelia and reported that it co...
Poster
Full-text available
Pirosomatida, the only colonial order within the class Thaliacea, is still a little-known group of marine gelatinous animals inhabiting warm and temperate waters of all oceans that may form immense swarms. Pyrosoma atlanticum is the most widespread and common species of pyrosomid between 50º N and 50º S and the only species recorded so far in the M...
Poster
Full-text available
Statoliths are inorganic crystals located on the rhopalia of jellyfish that serve as gravity sensors. Morphological and geochemical analysis of these elements are considered useful means of understanding their taxonomy and ecology. Cubozoan statoliths are made of calcium sulfate hemihydrate (bassanite) and tend to disintegrate rapidly once removed...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A numerical tool based on coupled hydrodynamics and environmental models was developed and applied to the coastal areas of the Maltese archipelago, with the aim of implementing a decision-support system for coastal managers. The hydrodynamic component of the system (ROSARIO-SHYFEM) is operational and provides daily a 4 days forecast of the main 3D...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The mitigation of coastal hazards, notably jellyfish blooms, has assumed great significance in recent years in view of the potential detrimental impact of such hazards on the welfare of coastal communities. This is especially true in a basin such as the Mediterranean with a very high degree of coastal settlement and dependence on coastal economic a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the frame of the European MedSeA project research cruise (May 2013) zooplankton samples were collected by multi-net system (MOCNESS, covering the upper 600m) and Bongo nets (at 200m) from 21 stations distributed along the entire Mediterranean Sea from the Atlantic off Cadiz, Spain, to the Levantine Basin. At the same time biotic and abiotic para...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Different approaches have been developed with the aim of mitigate the impact of jellyfish blooms in coastal areas. These include warning flags, specialized anti-jellyfish nets and, to a much lower extent, risk maps for jellyfish blooms. The Medjellyrisk Project (www.jellyrisk. eu) aimed to create a western and central Mediterranean Basin forecastin...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This study addresses the seasonal and interannual variability in box jellyfish abundance for a population of Carybdea marsupialis monitored along the coast of Denia (NW Mediterranean, Spain). Environmental data and cubomedusae density have been monthly recorded from March 2010 to December 2013. Environmental variables registered included water temp...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Carybdea marsupialis have been found in high densities (~90 ind m -3 juveniles, ~51 ind m -3 adults) in shallow waters along the coast of Denia (W. Mediterranean) since summer 2008, varying significantly in abundance from year to year. In order study the role of juvenile stages in population dynamics, we analyzed the seasonal and micro-scale spatia...
Poster
Full-text available
Despite their ecological and socio-economic impact, on tourism, fisheries and aquaculture, for instance, quantitative data on jellyfish abundance in coastal areas is scarce. As part of the LIFE Cubomed project, we explored the usefulness of data on beach lifeguard interventions as a tool for monitoring seasonal trends and spatial distribution of co...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Within the framework of the LIFE CuboMed and Med-Jellyrisk projects, a retrospective study on the epidemiology of jellyfish stings -based on datasets of beach lifeguard stations- was carried out along the Spanish Mediterranean and Maltese beaches. This study aimed to identify best practices and opportunities for injury reduction, leading to substan...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Jellyfish are fragile and poorly understood but amazing marine animals. Trying to create adequate technics to keep them alive and in good conditions in aquaria represents a great challenge. Moreover the interest for culture these animals has been significantly increasing in the last decades. Growing techniques with a scientific purpose are improvin...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Jellyfish blooms in coastal areas usually generate public alarms and socio-economic impacts. Delivering up-to-date information is a strong countermeasure against this problem and developing mitigation tools helps reduce its impact. Considering this, the Medusa research group of the Institute of Marine Science (ICM-CSIC) from Barcelona developed the...
Article
Full-text available
Jellyfish are of particular concern for marine finfish aquaculture. In recent years repeated episodes of mass mortality of farmed fish were related to blooms of gelatinous cnidarian stingers, because of a wide range of hemolytic, cytotoxic, and neurotoxic properties of associated cnidocytes venoms. The mauve stinger jellyfish Pelagia noctiluca (Scy...
Article
Investigations on sexual reproduction of jellyfish are essential to understanding mechanisms and patterns of outbreaks formation. Pelagia noctiluca (Forskål, 1775) (Scyphozoa) is known as the predominant jellyfish species with direct development in Western and Central Mediterranean Sea.. In this paper we used integrated morphometric, histological,...
Article
Despite the large fluctuation in annual recordings of gelatinous plankton along the Catalan coast in the north western Mediterranean and the lack of long term data sets, there is a general perception that jellyfish abundances are increasing. Local authorities are concerned about the stranding events and arrivals of jellyfish to beaches and believe...
Article
Full-text available
Jellyfish outbreaks are increasingly viewed as a deterministic response to escalating levels of environmental degradation and climate extremes. However, a comprehensive understanding of the influence of deterministic drivers and stochastic environmental variations favouring population renewal processes has remained elusive. This study quantifies th...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Caleta Potter (62˚14'S, 58˚39'W), Isla 25 de Mayo (King George), Shetlands del Sur, está ubicada en la región de mayor aumento en la temperatura atmosférica desde mediados del siglo XX. En sus márgenes norte y este, se encuentra el glaciar Fourcade con notables evidencias de retroceso y significativa pérdida de su cobertura glaciar. Con el objetivo...