Vera Roos

Vera Roos
North-West University | NWU · Optentia Research focus Area

Full Professor

About

97
Publications
51,673
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
761
Citations
Introduction
As a second generation social gerontologist in the African context, my research focuses on older individuals and their relationships with people and space (place). Relationships are viewed from an interactional approach, as continuous reciprocal actions and reactions elicited by the subjective impact of the interaction. Two interrelated themes in social gerontology, social exclusion and inclusion, inform my research.
Additional affiliations
February 1994 - December 2012
North-West University
Position
  • Lecturer
Description
  • Lecturer and researcher

Publications

Publications (97)
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Research into women working in mines in general is limited, and less so for their presence in underground mines. This study explores the adaptive strategies women employ to navigate harsh physical and perceived threatening interpersonal contexts in an underground mine in South Africa. A contexulalised framework and guiding heuristic contru...
Article
Full-text available
Loneliness is a key indicator of exclusion from social relations. Its prevalence among older people is of increasing global concern given the powerful impact of loneliness on health and wellbeing. To date, empirical and theoretical advancements in understanding loneliness have been focused on the micro contexts of networks of social relationships s...
Article
This study describes the causal powers of mechanisms in dynamic interplay with relevant contexts (socio-cultural-historical and interpersonal) by looking at the outcome patterns of a multigenerational food initiative from a critical realist perspective. Heuristic constructs taken from psychological, interactional, and group theories implied in the...
Article
Care and respect are two sides of the same coin, yet very little is known about respect shown by younger women in relation to people aged 60 and older. This study sets out to explore what motivates young adult women to respect older people. Twenty-five post-graduate women from a tertiary education institution in South Africa participated in the Mmo...
Article
Full-text available
Background: A cohort of older black South African women, forcibly relocated during apartheid, has grown old in these places. Even after 50 years, residents in a rural township expressed no connection to place and ruptured intergenerational relations. Their sense of community was based almost exclusively on their links with others who shared their h...
Article
This article explores the relational experiences of young Setswana-speaking adults in South Africa in relation to older persons’ use of mobile phones and highlights implications for older adults’ care. Research was conducted qualitatively with 14 (9 women and 5 men) young Setswana-speaking adults (19 to 25 years of age) participating in the Mmogo-m...
Article
This study explored older South Africans’ relational regulation strategies in using their cell phones to address their social goals and psychosocial needs. Nineteen older South Africans (17 female; 2 male), aged 60 and older, who had access to a cell phone and represented different socio-economic levels based on the Living Standard Measurement (LSM...
Article
Purpose Globally and in South Africa a growth in population ageing will consequently result in increasing care needs for older persons. Given the deep penetration of mobile technology in developing countries (in sub-Saharan Africa) it is expected to potentially play a more prominent role in social and health care provision". The aim of this study...
Article
Most of the intergenerational research in South Africa has been undertaken on African cultures. This study aims to cast light on the experiences of Afrikaans-speaking young female adults in relation to older people, using the Mmogo-method®, a visual projective data collection method. Eighteen young female adults (aged 21–30), all students, were pur...
Article
This article describes the perceptions of first-year students’ subjective appraisal of ttheir wellbeing before, during and after participation in an induction programme at a higher education institution (HEI). Twenty-two first-year students participated in focus group discussions (FGDs) and semi-structured individual interviews. Thematic and interp...
Article
Full-text available
Researchers’ attempts to focus attention on the importance of relationships to explain intergenerational relations, provide little insight to explain the relational nature of intergenerational relationships. This presentation sets out to demonstrate how data obtained from the Mmogo-method®, in combination with the Intergenerational Group Reflecting...
Article
Full-text available
This paper explores the interplay between people and a distinctive rural locality namely Vredefort Dome World Heritage Site, South Africa to inform spatial planning guidelines. A transdisciplinary, qualitative research methodology was followed. First, participants’ experiences in relation to the rural landscape were obtained using photographs, inte...
Chapter
The aim of this chapter is twofold: first, to access the subjective experiences of older residents in an urban residential facility which has adopted an active ageing approach; and second, to indicate how active ageing enables growth goals , but also produces unintended consequences. Data were obtained (from 16 Afrikaans- and English-speaking, Whit...
Article
This study describes intergenerational care perceptions in a resource-challenged community. Ten women (aged 60+) and eight middle adolescents (3 boys and 5 girls) participated in the Mmogo-method®, a visual data-collection method. Textual data were analyzed thematically and visual data by applying steps proposed by Roos and Redelinghuys (2016). Fin...
Chapter
This chapter has a two-pronged aim: First, to demonstrate how the Mmogo-method is combined with the Intergenerational Group Reflecting Technique (IGRT) (Roos V, J Intergen Relat 9(1):90–98. doi:10. 1080/ 15350770. 2011. 544217, 2011); and second, to demonstrate how textual data obtained from generational Setswana-speaking members were analyzed. The...
Chapter
This chapter introduces the Mmogo-method as a visual data-collection method. The method requires participants to construct visual representations by using open-ended or unstructured materials stimulated by an open-ended prompt in a group setting. The Mmogo-method developed from the Indingilize Structured Observation Technique (Indingilize). The Ind...
Chapter
This chapter demonstrates how the Mmogo-method was implemented; how the visual representations were used to elicit discussions; and how probing questions were asked to obtain a deeper understanding of meanings expressed by participants. For illustrative purposes, research conducted with a group of Setwana-speaking older people (N = 8: 3 males, and...
Chapter
This chapter sets out to demonstrate how data obtained from the Mmogo-method, in combination with the Intergenerational Group Reflecting Technique, were used to develop the Self-Interactional Group Theory (SIGT). SIGT explains the relational/interactional nature of intergenerational relations. Relationships are viewed as the reciprocal, continuous...
Chapter
This chapter provides a broad overview of the heuristic constructs of theories underpinning the Mmogo-method. To facilitate a point of discussion, different perspectives are described from the position both of researchers and of participants. Researchers assume an onto-epistemological stance (relativism-realism) to obtain detailed data from partici...
Chapter
The Mmogo-method is based on the assumption that experiences and meanings develop in relation to the contexts in which people function, informed by broader environments. The aims of this chapter are: first, to demonstrate how the physical context and the broader environments informed individuals’ and groups’ subjective experiences in relation to pl...
Chapter
This chapter demonstrates how data obtained from the Mmogo-method were subjected to secondary analysis to develop an intergenerational intervention in the form of a board game. The unstructured nature of the method in combination with the principle of projection produces rich and detailed data that can be subjected to secondary analysis, provided t...
Chapter
When using the Mmgo-method, researchers create context for optimal and active participation by introducing group norms. Following an open-ended prompt, participants use unstructured materials to create visual representations, which serve to stimulate individual and group discussions. The unstructured nature of the materials and the non-directive pr...
Chapter
This chapter sets out to describe the Mmogo-method and four distinct phases in its application. In Phase 1, researchers create a context for optimal participation by introducing group norms. In Phase 2, participants are asked to sit together around a table. Each is presented with a standard set of materials: malleable clay, beads or buttons in diff...
Chapter
The chapter demonstrates how to analyze visual data with text obtained from the Mmogo-method. First-time mothers’ experience of meaning during pregnancy is used as an example. Data were obtained from six Afrikaans-speaking women (aged between 22 and 40 years) in the third trimester of their first pregnancy. The research was conducted at a private h...
Article
In the light of ageing populations and limited resources, care is becoming increasingly important in intergenerational relations. Qualitative research was conducted to investigate the motivations of middle adolescents to care for older persons (people aged 60 years). Data from journal entries and the Mmogo-method® of 15 Setswana-speaking adolescent...
Article
Viewed in the context of an older-growing population, pressure on health-care and social (family and community) resources, and a perceived changed intergenerational ‘care contract’, relationships are often the only avenue open to address the care needs of both older and younger generations in economically deprived environments. This study explored...
Book
This volume describes the development and application of the Mmogo-method® as a projective visual data-gathering method, applied in different contexts and with different groups of people. "Mmogo" means togetherness in Setswana, one of the 11 official languages of South Africa. The Mmogo-method® provides a deep understanding of personal, relational...
Article
This study explored the coping strategies of mental health workers (MHWs) who are dealing continuously with traumatised children (younger than 18) and their families/caregivers. A convenience sample was used to recruit MHWs (female, n = 9; and male, n = 1; age range 26 to 57) at Childline Gauteng. Visual and textual data were obtained by using the...
Article
Full-text available
Background This paper describes the psychometric properties of the WHOQOL-OLD, an add-on module to the World Health Organization's Quality of Life measure for older people in a South African sample. The WHOQOL-OLD module was further condensed into three short versions which contain the best items of the original module. The psychometric properties...
Article
This study describes the nature of quality of life (QoL) from the perspective of older South Africans (n = 41) in residential care facilities (female =75%; age range 62-95 years) The residents participated in individual in-depth interviews and focus groups They also set down their narrative reflections on their QoL in journals Data were analysed by...
Article
Full-text available
This study explored the bush fire disaster experiences and coping of South African farmers Participants consisted of seven male farmers (6 = White Afrikaans-speaking; 1 = Black Tswana-speaking) Data were collected using semi-structured interviews, nine months after the disaster, and analysed thematically The findings showed that the farmers' recove...
Article
Full-text available
This study explored older people’s construction of quality of life (QoL) whilst living in a residential care facility. Six domains related to QoL were derived from a larger qualitative inquiry that employed multiple data collection techniques (interviews, focus groups, journals and the Mmogo-method®) with 54 older people living in residential care...
Article
This study sought to gain in-depth understanding of the lived experiences of first-time mothers during their third trimester of pregnancy. The non-probability, purposive sample were Afrikaans speaking first-time mothers aged between 22 and 40 years. Data on their experiences of meaningfulness during their pregnancy were collected using the Mmogo-Me...
Article
Full-text available
This study explored the psychosocial experiences of grandmothers who care for their grandchildren. A qualitative research design was used. Twelve grandmothers (age range = 50 to 65) from a peri-urban community in the Western Cape (South Africa) were selected as participants. Qualitative data were collected using the Mmogo-method® (Roos, 2008; 2012)...
Article
Full-text available
Orientation: The relocation of older people to residential facilities has implications for their relationships.Research purpose: This article reports older residents’ perceptions of effective relationships.Motivation for the study: Effective relationships protect against loneliness and depression and contribute to well-being. The facility was ident...
Article
Full-text available
This article explores sense of community with a group of older African women, who were forcibly relocated during apartheid. The situation of a marginalised group, with a history of disconnection from younger generations and from place, provides an opportunity to consider the relevance of community in later life. The research was conducted at a day...
Article
Population ageing is one of the major contemporary issues facing societies across the world. Originally framed as a major social and economic challenge, demographic ageing is now beginning to be seen as offering huge potential to individuals as well as to their communities. It is this positive potential that we explore in this issue by utilising tw...
Article
This article critically reflects on the ethical issues that emerged from an intergenerational project in post-Apartheid South Africa. An international organization from outside the South African borders utilized Time Travel (TT) as an educational method to implement Historic Environment Education (HEE), by proposing to reenact historical events dur...
Chapter
Research about spirituality and older adults’ coping with challenges in an African context is limited. Three case studies that dealt with older African people’s experiences of loneliness (N = 18, aged 61–73), HIV/AIDS (N = 12, aged 60–83), and drought (N = 75, aged 60+) revealed spirituality as an important coping strategy. Data obtained from the M...
Chapter
Full-text available
Older adults in rural contexts do not necessarily enjoy special attention from policy makers and planners, although they are often severely affected by disasters and the aftermath thereof. The aim of this chapter is to explore the relational coping strategies of older adults (people older than 60 years of age) with drought. A qualitative research d...
Article
This study explores the experiences of African migrants in relation to South African citizens in the course of xenophobic violence in South Africa. In a secondary data analysis of a larger research project, 44 migrants (both men and women with ages ranging from 18 to 50 years) were purposively selected data obtained through focus group discussions...
Article
This study examined the sense of community of people with experience of forced removals in a South African setting. The participants were 200 - 108 men (54%) and 92 women (46%) between 18 and 61 years of age and selected using systematic random sampling from the Khuma community. Data were collected using a Sense of Community Index-2 and the Mmogo-m...
Article
This article proposes a description of a psycho-diagnostic tool for psychotherapists, the Interactional Pattern Analysis (IPA). Sixteen interpersonal variables are proposed to describe the observable behaviour that constitutes a client's interpersonal style within the context of a particular relationship, such as client-therapist; husband-wife; mot...
Article
This article attempts to draw attention to the interpersonal interactions of African migrants and to how the relational quality, namely, flexibility/rigidity, could potentially facilitate or limit their acculturation in South Africa. The study on which the article is based is part of a larger international research project on the commonalities and...
Article
Full-text available
Older people are more prone to experience loneliness when living in residential care facilities. The purpose of this study was to explore older people's experiences of loneliness in the context of institutionalized care. A voluntary and convenience-based sample of 10 white South African older people (age range 62 to 82 years; three men and seven wo...
Article
The author describes the Mmogo-method™, a visual projective research data-gathering method, as well as its use in two case studies. Visual presentations are made by using clay, straws, and beads, which serve as visual data. The transcribed discussions on the meanings of the visual presentations are used as textual data. The textual and visual data...
Article
This study aimed to understand the nature of nurturing and restraining relationships in a school communiy. The inquiry entailed a single instrumental case study of a selected school community in a semi-urban context in South Africa. Participants were learners (n=720), teachers (n=33) and administrative and terrain staff members (N=8) as well as two...
Chapter
This chapter explores the existence of typical and diverse migration journeys through the lived experiences and personal testimony of a selection of participants from across the three studies. Migration is a growing phenomenon worldwide and the host countries vary according to migrants’ motivations to migrate. By leaving their home countries migran...
Article
Full-text available
In South Africa few training opportunities exist for caregivers of older persons; to fill this gap an informal training programme was implemented and presented by the North-West University. The article sets out to describe the facilitation of a co-constructed learning environment for social gerontology caregivers by applying participatory action re...
Article
Full-text available
Humans are holistic beings who engage with natural environments on a cognitive, affective and spiritual level. Research has indicated a clear link between physical and mental health and experiences of nature. When people are alienated from nature due to limited opportunities to visit pristine natural environments, increasing development and the ubi...
Article
Full-text available
The well-being of nursing students has become crucial because of the multidimensional challenges that nursing professionals have to deal with. A community psychology framework was adopted in this study. The aim of the research was to explore the different dimensions of well-being as described by nursing students. A purposive and availability sample...
Article
Full-text available
This article indicates how an intergenerational group reflecting technique, as a culturally appropriate research method, is used to obtain insight into how important information between grandparents and grandchildren is transferred and to cast light on the relational dynamics between the two generations. The intergenerational group reflecting techn...
Article
This study explored the perceptions of older people in a residential care facility regarding how they are portrayed in the print media and the implications of such portrayal for intergenerational relations. Twenty-one older residents in a residential care facility participated voluntarily in the study (men = 9, women = 12; age range 60 to 85 years)...
Article
This article reports on the findings of a baseline study on social interaction in schools as experienced by learners, educators and parents. A qualitative phenomenological approach was followed, utilising a cross-sectional descriptive survey design. Participants included 1 170 learners aged between 11 and 18 years, 150 parents, and 85 educators fro...
Chapter
Prof Vera Roos is a clinical and research psychologist at the North-West University’s Potchefstroom Campus, South Africa. She has published peer-reviewed papers and presented her research about enabling contexts, relational well-being, and socialgerontology nationally and internationally. Vera developed the Mmogo method™, which is regarded as a vis...
Article
Uniqueness and distinctiveness of localities (referred to as genius loci or sense of place) are important to ensure people's identification with their locality. Existing frameworks reveals that the affective dimension of environments is rarely mentioned or explored and limited public participation was used in constructing the frameworks. This resea...
Article
Loneliness is a threat to quality of life and indicates a poor prognosis during aging. A qualitative, phenomenological study among white Afrikaans-speaking older women was conducted to explore their experience of loneliness. The research was undertaken at a service centre for elderly persons where cognitively sound older women voluntarily participa...
Article
Full-text available
The successful Implementation of inclusive education relies heavily on educators. Inclusive education is based on values such as human dignity, equality, human rights and freedom. The complexity of the interactive relationships between different systems, such as learners, educators, families, schools and the learning context, was recognised in this...
Article
The aim of this study was to understand and describe older persons' experiences of loneliness and their perceptions of the factors contributing to loneliness and ways of managing loneliness. The study comprised 31 research participants (males = 3, females = 28, mean age = 74.26, SD = 9.21; ethnicity: blacks = 15, whites = 16), and a qualitative phe...
Article
The aim of this article is to illustrate the value of educational psychology theory in developing an age-appropriate programme to prevent tooth decay. A theory-based approach was adopted for the programme development, and a questionnaire was used to ascertain the knowledge gaps in 52 children aged five to six years in two preschools in an urban tow...
Article
This study explored the experiences of postgraduate psychology students exposed to continuous challenges and described their positive adaptation as a community. Three males and 14 females (age range: 23–30 years; 1 black, 3 coloured, 2 Indian and 11 white) took part in the study. Data were obtained through the Mmogo-method™, group discussions on th...
Article
Full-text available
The diversity of the South African population requires counsellors who are able to promote the mental health of all persons who express a need for this service. The newly introduced registration category of registered counsellors aims to provide mental health services on a primary level; yet the professional identity of registered counsellors is no...
Article
Full-text available
Very little information is available on the impact of leadership practices, in South African primary schools, on the development of preadolescent learners. Leadership in primary schools focuses mainly on the roles, tasks, features, identification and development of "leadership". Leadership practices, as currently applied in most primary schools in...
Article
Full-text available
Because of its recently acquired world heritage status and the anticipated influx of tourists into the area, the Vredefort Dome World Heritage Site in South Africa is currently experiencing pressure for development. Sudden and radical changes to the spatial environment may have a detrimental effect on local inhabitants who have a long history with...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to describe the experiences of first-time mothers with colic infants. The research design was qualitative, exploratory, descriptive and contextual. Data were collected by means of in-depth, semi-structured, phenomenological interviews and a descriptive analysis was done. The results show that the real experience of hav...
Article
The far-reaching impact of events such as HIV/AIDS and divorce on family structures, together with the prevalence of violence in South Africa, necessitate a new look at the significance of family rituals. Family rituals can be seen as uniquely meaningful family interactions that transmit the family's enduring beliefs, values, attitudes and goals, a...
Article
This article explored the processes and functions amongst a community of students who had to adjust to new social and academic settings. Thirteen university students of a predominantly seTswana ethnic background participated in the study (males = 5, females = 8; age range = 25 to and 45 years). An inductive qualitative research approach was followe...
Article
Full-text available
Academic mobility has increased the tendency of students to study in foreign countries, which poses various personal, interpersonal and contextual challenges to the cross-cultural supervision relationship. This study explored the themes that emerged in a cross-cultural supervision relationship through the application of expressive art, referred to...
Article
Full-text available
In this article the development and Implementation of the Mmogo-Method™ is discussed as a culture-sensitive data collection method. The Mmogo-Method™ provides opportunities for social researchers to gain a deeper understanding of the cultural symbolism In which social life Is embedded and that informs experiences, perceptions and behaviour. In this...
Article
The pressing need for solid research that informs practice, making of decisions and in the promotion of critical thinking skills for mental health workers, is emphasised in this issue of Health SA Gesondheid. The articles included in this issue address the importance of rigorous research and the application of the findings for all mental health pro...
Article
This article explores adolescents' experiences of aggression in a secondary, multi-cultural school context in South Africa. The study group comprised of boys (n=24) and girls (n=17), attending grades 8-12. An inductive qualitative research approach was chosen where participants wrote about their experiences and participated in focused semi-structur...
Article
Full-text available
Call centre agents are becoming increasingly important in the call centre context. They act as a contact point between the customer and the company. Call centre agents should have certain competencies to perform their duties sufficiently. Identifying competencies, required to be effective agents, will ease the task of training and recruitment. Due...
Article
Motivated by societal challenges, government and university policies, as well as by the advantages of service learning for learners and communities alike, tertiary education facilitators are encouraged to create opportunities for the integration of theoretical knowledge and practical experiences by means of service learning in community projects. I...
Article
Full-text available
The maternal representations as described by Stern (1995:171-190) are used in an extreme case to illustrate the link between depression and pathogenic maternal representations. Opsomming Die moedervoorstellings soos dit deur Stern (1995:171-190) beskryf word, word in ‘n ekstreme geval gebruik om die verband tussen depressie en patogene moedervoor...
Article
Full-text available
The challenges that health care face in a developing country such as South Africa are clearly illustrated in this edition of Health SA Gesondheid. Opsomming Die uitdagings waarmee gesondheidsorg in ‘n ontwikkelende land soos Suid-Afrika gekonfronteer word, word duidelik geillustreer in hierdie uitgawe van Health SA Gesondheid. *Please note: This...
Article
The study examined the effectiveness of a programme that was designed to improve young children’s identification and understanding of economic concepts such as money, income, expenses and savings. The children’s ages ranged from 4.5 to 6.5 years (N = 23). The children’s ability to identify as well as show an understanding of specific economic conce...
Article
The time of my life, but never again! An investigation into newcomers' perceptions of social initiation into an academic context Social initiation of newcomers into an academic institution has been with us for many years and has been presented in various forms. The way in which initiation into an academic context takes place, is based upon the soc...
Article
Full-text available
Most studies on older persons focus mainly on what the aged can no longer do and on the impact that this has on the community and specifically on their carers. In contrast to this, this research focused on the value of friendship between older persons living in a retirement home and students whom they did not know prior to their interaction in the...
Article
The current social problems in South Africa demand new levels of thinking, intervention, and educational and training models. We describe here how different disciplines of the Faculty of Humanities, University of Pretoria, collaborated in co-creating opportunities for children living on the street by applying the principles of participatory action...
Article
Full-text available
The phenomenon of sexual assault upon males has been largely overlooked by society. Opsomming Seksuele geweld van mans teenoor mans is ‘n fenomeen wat grootliks deur die samelewing misken word. *Please note: This is a reduced version of the abstract. Please refer to PDF for full text.
Article
Full-text available
The articles in this edition of Health SA Gesondheid contain specific guidelines and recommendations regarding the improvement of health-related practices. Opsomming In hierdie uitgawe van Health SA Gesondheid verskyn artikels waarin spesifieke riglyne en aanbevelings met betrekking tot die verbetering van gesondheidspraktyke, vervat word. *Plea...
Article
Full-text available
There is a paucity of applied research and available literature about selective mutism. Opsomming Daar is min toegepaste navorsing en beskikbare literatuur oor selektiewe mutisme. *Please note: This is a reduced version of the abstract. Please refer to PDF for full text.
Article
Full-text available
This paper explores the sense of place in the Vredefort Dome World Heritage site, South Africa, as an essential input for the formulation of spatial planning proposals for the area. Intangible aspects such as personal and symbolic meanings of sites are currently not integrated in spatial planning in South Africa. This may have a detrimental effect...
Article
http://search.sabinet.co.za/WebZ/Authorize?sessionid=0&next=ej/ej_content_struct.html&bad=error/authofail.html
Article
http://search.sabinet.co.za/WebZ/Authorize?sessionid=0&next=ej/ej_content_akgees.html&bad=error/authofail.html
Article
Summary in both Afrikaans and English. Thesis (DPhil (Sielk.)) - Universiteit van Pretoria, 1997.