Veikko Jousmäki

Veikko Jousmäki
Aalto University · Aalto NeuroImaging

PhD

About

133
Publications
12,297
Reads
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8,017
Citations
Introduction
MEG-compatible stimulators and monitoring devices
Additional affiliations
June 2019 - present
Nanyang Technological University
Position
  • Researcher
Description
  • Part-time Visiting Scientist, honorary position
March 2016 - February 2019
Nanyang Technological University
Position
  • Professor
Description
  • Visiting Professor, honorary position
October 2015 - September 2018
Karolinska Institutet
Position
  • Professor
Description
  • Part-time position

Publications

Publications (133)
Article
Magnetoencephalography (MEG) plays a pivotal role in the diagnosis of brain disorders. In this review, we have investigated potential MEG applications for analysing brain disorders. The signal-to-noise ratio (SNRMEG =2.2 db, SNREEG <1 db) and spatial resolution (SRMEG =2-3 mm, SREEG =7-10 mm) is higher for MEG than EEG, thus MEG potentially facilit...
Article
Full-text available
Experimental designs are of utmost importance in neuroimaging. Experimental repertoire needs to be designed with the understanding of physiology, clinical feasibility, and constraints posed by a particular neuroimaging method. Innovations in introducing natural, ecologically-relevant stimuli, with successful collaboration across disciplines, correc...
Article
The Rolandic beta rhythm, at ~20 Hz, is generated in the somatosensory and motor cortices and is modulated by motor activity and sensory stimuli, causing a short lasting suppression that is followed by a rebound of the beta rhythm. The rebound reflects inhibitory changes in the primary sensorimotor (SMI) cortex, and thus it has been used as a bioma...
Preprint
Full-text available
As humans, we seamlessly hold objects in our hands, and may even lose consciousness of these objects. This phenomenon raises the unsettled question of the involvement of the cerebral cortex, the core area for voluntary motor control, in dynamically maintaining steady muscle force. To address this issue, we measured magnetoencephalographic brain act...
Article
Full-text available
The effect of top-down attention on stimulus-evoked responses and alpha oscillations, and the association between arousal and pupil diameter are well-established. However, the relationship between these indices, and their contribution to the subjective experience of attention, remains largely unknown. Participants performed a sustained (10 s - 30 s...
Article
Background: Two concerns with respect to pre-operative task-based motor functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in patients with brain tumours are inadequate performance due to patients' impaired motor function and head motion artefacts. New method: In the present study we validate the use of a stimulator based on a pneumatic artificial mus...
Article
Corticokinematic coherence (CKC) is the phase coupling between limb kinematics and cortical neurophysiological signals reflecting cortical processing of proprioceptive afference, and is reproducible when estimated with magnetoencephalography (MEG). However, feasibility and reproducibility of CKC based on electroencephalography (EEG) is still unclea...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter reviews the historical contribution of magnetoencephalography (MEG) to the understanding of the functioning of the somatosensory system and how some achievements have been transferred to clinical research or routine to be integrated in clinical guidelines. Considering the vast literature and the existence of comprehensive MEG review pa...
Article
Full-text available
Modulation of the ∼20-Hz brain rhythm has been used to evaluate the functional state of the sensorimotor cortex both in healthy subjects and patients, such as stroke patients. The ∼20-Hz brain rhythm can be detected by both magnetoencephalography (MEG) and electroencephalography (EEG), but the comparability of these methods has not been evaluated....
Article
Full-text available
How the human brain uses self-generated auditory information during speech production is rather unsettled. Current theories of language production consider a feedback monitoring system that monitors the auditory consequences of speech output and an internal monitoring system, which makes predictions about the auditory consequences of speech before...
Article
Electroencephalographic and magnetoencephalographic data have characterized two types of brain-body interactions observed during various types of motor actions, "corticokinematic" and "corticomuscular" coupling. Here, we review the literature on these interactions in healthy individuals, discuss several open debates, and outline current limitations...
Preprint
Full-text available
To gain novel insights into how the human brain processes self-produced auditory information during reading aloud, we investigated the coupling between neuromagnetic activity and the temporal envelope of the heard speech sounds (i.e., speech brain tracking) in a group of adults who 1) read a text aloud, 2) listened to a recording of their own speec...
Article
Full-text available
Positive affective touch plays a central role in social and inter-personal interactions. Low-threshold mechanoreceptive afferents, including slowly-conducting C-tactile (CT) afferents found in hairy skin, transmit such signals from gentle touch to the brain. Tactile signals are processed, in part, by the posterior insula, where it is the thought to...
Article
Objective: To assess with magnetoencephalography the developmental vs progressive character of the impairment of spinocortical proprioceptive pathways in Friedreich ataxia (FRDA). Methods: Neuromagnetic signals were recorded from 16 right-handed patients with FRDA (9 female patients, mean age 27 years, mean Scale for the Assessment and Rating Of...
Article
Full-text available
Motor symptoms are defining traits in the diagnosis of Parkinson’s disease (PD). A crucial component in motor function is the integration of afferent proprioceptive sensory feedback. Previous studies have indicated abnormal movement-related cortical oscillatory activity in PD, but the role of the proprioceptive afference on abnormal oscillatory act...
Article
In multitalker backgrounds, the auditory cortex of adult humans tracks the attended speech stream rather than the global auditory scene. Still, it is unknown whether such preferential tracking also occurs in children whose speech-in-noise (SiN) abilities are typically lower compared with adults. We used magnetoencephalography (MEG) to investigate t...
Article
Background: Two major concerns with respect to task-based motor functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) are inadequate participants' performance as well as intra- and inter-subject variability in execution of the motor action. New method: This study validates the use of an MRI-compatible stimulator based on a pneumatic artificial muscle (PA...
Article
Full-text available
This magnetoencephalography (MEG) study aims at characterizing the coupling between cerebellar activity and the kinematics of repetitive self-paced finger movements. Neuromagnetic signals were recorded in 11 right-handed healthy adults while they performed repetitive flexion–extensions of right-hand fingers at three different movement rates: slow (...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigates whether movement kinematics modulates similarly the rolandic α and β rhythm amplitude during executed and observed goal-directed hand movements. It also assesses if this modulation relates to the corticokinematic coherence (CKC), which is the coupling observed between cortical activity and movement kinematics during such mot...
Article
Full-text available
Corticokinematic coherence (CKC) between limb kinematics and magnetoencephalographic (MEG) signals reflects cortical processing of proprioceptive afference. However, it is unclear whether strength of CKC is reproducible across measurement sessions. We thus examined reproducibility of CKC in a follow-up study. Thirteen healthy right-handed volunteer...
Preprint
Full-text available
Motor symptoms are defining traits in the diagnosis of Parkinson's disease (PD). A crucial component in motor function and control of movements is the integration of efferent signals from the motor network to the peripheral motor system, and afferent proprioceptive sensory feedback. Previous studies have indicated abnormal movement-related cortical...
Article
Full-text available
To gain fundamental knowledge on how the brain controls motor actions, we studied in detail the interplay between MEG signals from the primary sensorimotor (SM1) cortex and the contraction force of 17 healthy adult humans (7 females, 10 males). SM1 activity was coherent at ~20 Hz with surface electromyogram (as already extensively reported) but als...
Article
Full-text available
The development of new magnetic sensor technologies that promise sensitivities approaching that of conventional MEG technology while operating at far lower operating temperatures has catalysed the growing field of on-scalp MEG. The feasibility of on-scalp MEG has been demonstrated via benchmarking of new sensor technologies performing neuromagnetic...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Somatosensory evoked potentials have high prognostic value in neonatal intensive care, but their recording from infants is challenging. Here, we studied the possibility to elicit cortical responses in newborns by simple passive hand movements. Methods: We examined 13 newborns (postnatal age 1-46days) during clinically indicated 19-cha...
Article
Shortening of the interstimulus interval (ISI) generally leads to attenuation of cortical sensory responses. For proprioception, however, this ISI effect is still poorly known. Our aim was to characterize the ISI dependence of movement-evoked proprioceptive cortical responses and to find the optimum ISI for proprioceptive stimulation. We measured,...
Article
Aims of the study: This study investigates the effect of movement rate on the coupling between cortical magnetoencephalographic (MEG) signals and the kinematics of repetitive active finger movements, i.e., the corticokinematic coherence (CKC). Material and methods: CKC was evaluated in ten right-handed healthy adults performing repetitive flexio...
Article
To maintain steady motor output, distracting sensory stimuli need to be blocked. To study the effects of brief auditory and visual distractors on the human primary motor (M1) cortex, we monitored magnetoencephalographic (MEG) cortical rhythms, electromyogram (EMG) of finger flexors, and corticomuscular coherence (CMC) during right-hand pinch (force...
Article
Corticokinematic coherence (CKC) is the coupling between magnetoencephalographic (MEG) signals and limb kinematics during fast movements. Our objective was to assess the robustness of CKC-based identification of the primary sensorimotor (SM1) cortex of subjects producing strong magnetic artifacts when the MEG signals were cleaned with temporal sign...
Article
Motor information conveyed by viewing the kinematics of an agent's action helps to predict how the action will unfold. Still, how observed movement kinematics is processed in the brain remains to be clarified. Here, we used magnetoencephalography (MEG) to determine at which frequency and where in the brain, the neural activity is coupled with the k...
Article
Full-text available
Most neuroimaging studies of human social cognition have focused on brain activity of single subjects. More recently, "two-person neuroimaging" has been introduced, with simultaneous recordings of brain signals from two subjects involved in social interaction. These simultaneous "hyperscanning" recordings have already been carried out with a spectr...
Article
Full-text available
Kinematics of both active and passive finger movements is coherent with magnetoencephalographic (MEG) signals recorded from the primary sensorimotor (SM1) cortex. The coherence mainly reflects movement-related proprioceptive afference to the cortex. Here we describe a novel MEG-compatible stimulator to generate computer-controlled passive finger an...
Article
Full-text available
Corticokinematic coherence (CKC) reflects coupling between magnetoencephalographic (MEG) signals and hand kinematics, mainly occurring at hand movement frequency (F0) and its first harmonic (F1). Since CKC can be obtained for both active and passive movements, it has been suggested to mainly reflect proprioceptive feedback to the primary sensorimot...
Article
Full-text available
When your favourite athlete flops over the high-jump bar, you may twist your body in front of the TV screen. Such automatic motor facilitation, 'mirroring' or even overt imitation is not always appropriate. Here, we show, by monitoring motor-cortex brain rhythms with magnetoencephalography (MEG) in healthy adults, that viewing intermittent hand act...
Article
When your favourite athlete flops over the high-jump bar, you may twist your body in front of the TV screen. Such automatic motor facilitation, ‘mirroring’ or even overt imitation is not always appropriate. Here, we show, by monitoring motor-cortex brain rhythms with magnetoencephalography (MEG) in healthy adults, that viewing intermittent hand act...
Article
Investigating the steadiness of the phase-coupling between the time-course of the reader's voice and brain signals of subjects with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) passively listening to connected speech using magnetoencephalography (MEG). In typically developed subjects, such coupling occurs at the right posterior temporal sulcus (pSTS) for frequen...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background / Purpose: We designed and validated an experimental setup for simultaneous magnetoencephalography (MEG) recordings of 2 interacting subjects. The subjects interact through a realtime audiovisual link. Main conclusion: The setup can be used for probing interactions between the subjects at sub-second time scales.
Article
Full-text available
Corticokinematic coherence (CKC) refers to coupling between magnetoencephalographic (MEG) brain activity and hand kinematics. For voluntary hand movements, CKC originates mainly from the primary sensorimotor (SM1) cortex. To learn about the relative motor and sensory contributions to CKC, we recorded CKC from 15 healthy subjects during active and p...
Article
We studied online coupling between a reader's voice and a listener's cortical activity using a novel, ecologically valid continuous listening paradigm. Whole-scalp magnetoencephalographic (MEG) signals were recorded from 10 right-handed, native French-speaking listeners in four conditions: a female (Exp1f) and a male (Exp1m) reading the same text i...
Article
Full-text available
Hand velocity and acceleration are coherent with magnetoencephalographic (MEG) signals recorded from the contralateral primary sensorimotor (SM1) cortex. To learn more of this interaction, we compared the coupling of MEG signals with four hand-action-related peripheral signals: acceleration, pressure, force, and electromyogram (EMG). Fifteen subjec...
Article
We introduce a novel multimodal scheme for primary sensorimotor hand area (SM1ha) mapping integrating multiple functional indicators from functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and magnetoencephalography (MEG). Ten right-handed healthy subjects (19-33 years; 5 females, 5 males) and four patients (24-64 years; 2 females, 2 males) suffering fro...
Article
To find out in which detail the kinematics of observed movements is represented in the viewer's brain, we searched for brain areas displaying coherent magnetoencephalographic (MEG) activity with observed repetitive hand movements. Whole-scalp MEG signals were recorded from 10 right-handed young adults who observed repetitive 3-Hz right-hand flexion...
Article
Our aim was to assess the effectiveness and reliability of spatiotemporal signal space separation (tSSS) and movement correction (MC) in magnetoencephalography (MEG) recordings disturbed by head movements and magnetized material on the head. We recorded MEG from 20 healthy adults in stationary (reference) head position and during controlled head mo...
Article
Full-text available
Social interactions fill our everyday life and put strong demands on our brain function. However, the possibilities for studying the brain basis of social interaction are still technically limited, and even modern brain imaging studies of social cognition typically monitor just one participant at a time. We present here a method to connect and sync...
Article
We quantified the coupling between magnetoencephalographic (MEG) cortical signals and the kinematics of fast repetitive voluntary hand movements monitored by a 3-axis accelerometer. Ten healthy right-handed adults performed self-paced flexion-extension movements of right-hand fingers at ~3Hz with either touching the thumb during flexions (TOUCH) or...
Article
Reading epilepsy (RE) is an idiopathic reflex epilepsy syndrome characterized by perioral myoclonic jerks (PMJs) during reading associated with left-dominant frontotemporal spike-wave discharges (SWDs). To better understand the pathophysiology of this syndrome, we studied a 45-year-old patient using magnetic source imaging (MSI). The patient underw...
Article
We present a novel method, corticokinematic coherence (CKC), for functional mapping of the motor cortex by computing coherence between cortical magnetoencephalographic (MEG) signals and the kinematics of voluntary movements. Ten subjects performed self-paced flexion-extensions of the right-hand fingers at about 3 Hz, with a three-axis accelerometer...
Article
We used magnetoencephalography to show that the human primary somatosensory (SI) cortex is activated by mere observation of touch. Somatosensory evoked fields were measured from adult human subjects in two conditions. First, the experimenter touched the subject's right hand with her index finger (Experienced touch). In the second condition, the exp...
Article
Full-text available
To take a step towards real-life-like experimental setups, we simultaneously recorded magnetoencephalographic (MEG) signals and subject's gaze direction during audiovisual speech perception. The stimuli were utterances of /apa/ dubbed onto two side-by-side female faces articulating /apa/ (congruent) and /aka/ (incongruent) in synchrony, repeated on...
Chapter
This study was performed to assess the effectiveness of the spatiotemporal Signal Space Separation (tSSS) and head movement compensation (MC). Continuous MEG data were acquired from 20 adult and 10 child subjects in four conditions: (1) A reference with a static head position, (2) the subject changed the head position twice, (3) the subject moved t...
Chapter
Full-text available
We present a novel method, corticokinetic coher ence, for functional motor mapping by computing coherence between cortical magnetoencephalographic (MEG) signals and the kinetics of voluntary movements. Six subjects performed during an MEG recording self-paced flexion–extensions of the right-hand fingers at about 3 Hz, with a 3-axis accelerometer at...
Article
Full-text available
Controversy persists over the role of the primary somatosensory cortex (SI) in processing small-fiber peripheral afferent input. We therefore examined subject I.W, who, due to sensory neuronopathy syndrome, has no large-fiber afferents below C3 level. Cortical evoked responses were recorded with a whole-scalp neuromagnetometer to high-intensity ele...
Article
This study was set out to develop and describe a novel, simple, and safe method for routine bedside testing of somatosensory system in very early preterm infants. We recorded electroencephalogram (EEG) activity after tactile stimulation of hand (palm) and foot (sole) by a soft hairbrush stimulator in extremely low birth weight infants (n = 10; GA,...
Article
Sensory stimulation resulting from one's own behavior or the outside world is easily differentiated by healthy persons who are able to predict the sensory consequences of their own actions. This ability has been related to cortical attenuation of activation elicited by self-produced stimulation. To date, however, the neural processes underlying thi...
Article
A recent study described for the first time a patient group that suffered from spontaneous chronic pain and from recurrent herpes simplex virus (HSV) infections. The patients had pain in widespread areas on one side of the body and were--due to subtle immunological abnormalities--susceptible to HSV infections. Although the clinical features of the...
Article
To describe a novel non-magnetic hand-held device to stimulate various parts of the skin and to evaluate its performance in magnetoencephalographic (MEG) recordings. The hand-held part of the device consists of an optic fiber bundle that forms a small brush. Half of the fibers emit modulated red light and the other half detect the reflected light f...