Vassilis Barkoukis

Vassilis Barkoukis
Aristotle University of Thessaloniki | AUTH · School of Physical Education and Sports Science

PhD

About

152
Publications
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Introduction
Vassilis Barkoukis currently works at the Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Science, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki.

Publications

Publications (152)
Presentation
Full-text available
Nowadays, e-learning it is not only a trend, but a necessity. Online videos, synchronous meeting, asynchronous messaging and studying, augmented reality books, and virtual reality (VR) simulations are useful resources in the e-learning process of physical education, sports, and kinesitherapy. Special attention is oriented to VR simulations proven t...
Article
Full-text available
Background Whistleblowing has been recognized as an important deterrent of doping in elite competitive sport. The present study examined athletes’ knowledge of external whistleblowing channels and on how and where to report doping misconduct, perceived trust in different whistleblowing reporting channels, whistleblowing behaviour and athletes’ reas...
Article
Objectives Anti-doping policies represent a group of regulations and procedures that are applied by anti-doping organizations in order to safeguard sports against doping. Evidence implies that, for anti-doping policies to be effective, they need to be endorsed by athletes. Still, there is scarce evidence on the process through which athletes decide...
Article
The use of image and performance enhancement drugs (IPEDs) in recreational sport represents an emerging public health and societal problem. The present study investigated whether self-affirmation changed exercisers' intentions to use IPEDs, via the effects of mental construal and message acceptance. Sixty-eight exercisers who self-reported IPEDs us...
Article
Research suggests that doping use is an underrecognized problem in football and is on the rise during the last years. Anti-doping education is one of the most important pillars in the fight against doping. The aim of the present study was to investigate football player's preferences for anti-doping education. Participants were 630 football players...
Article
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This paper examines how the corruption heritage of South-Eastern European sport can be used as content for educational strategies designed to improve the ethics and integrity in today’s sport. Hidden or dark history is useful when considering an education for a sustainable development approach to improving athletes’ moral skills. In education, exam...
Article
Full-text available
Background Current attempts to prevent doping through deterrence and education have had limited success and have been constrained to one country. Targeting psychological variables that have been empirically associated with doping likelihood, intention, or behaviour may help in developing interventions that are effective in preventing doping in spor...
Article
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The COVID-19 pandemic and the associated governmental restrictions suddenly changed everyday life and potentially affected exercise behavior. The aim of this study was to explore whether individuals changed their preference for certain types of physical exercise during the pandemic and to identify risk factors for inactivity. An international onlin...
Article
Objectives The use of image-and-performance-enhancement drugs (IPEDs) among exercisers represents an emerging public health challenge, and muscle dysmorphia (MD) presents an important risk factor for this behavior. However, there is little evidence on the direct and indirect association of MD dimensions with IPEDs use, via the effects of more proxi...
Article
The aim of the study was to examine the effect of SDT’s variables on students’ well-being indices within the context of PE. In particular the present study was designed to investigate the invariance of the motivational process linking autonomy support in PE, need satisfaction in PE and students’ affect and subjective happiness across different popu...
Article
Full-text available
Due to its immersive and interactive nature, 360-degree video is becoming ever more popular. However, little is known about the public’s viewpoints and attitudes regarding the use of this emerging technology in educational contexts. This study reviews the research evidence for 360° video, virtual learning environments and social media and presents...
Article
Full-text available
A Study Abstract Aim of the current study was to examine the reliability and validity of a new tool, developed for the assessment of young swimmers' technique in all swimming strokes. The sample of the study was 119 swimmers (63 boys and 56 girls), aged 8 to 12 years old. To evaluate swimmers' technique, each of them performed 15m for each one of t...
Article
Objective The use of performance and image enhancement drugs (PIEDs) in recreational sport is a common practice and there is a need to develop preventive interventions. The study’s aim was to investigate the acceptability and usability of an online e-learning course and an information app designed to support PIED prevention training activities in p...
Article
The present study investigated the beliefs of athletes and sport stakeholders about whistleblowing against doping in elite competitive sport. Semi-structured interviews took place with five elite athletes, five coaches and five sport directors, from both team and individual sports in Cyprus. Three themes were identified through thematic analysis an...
Article
Full-text available
Objective Official reports and anecdotal evidence suggest that people with power frequently put pressure on athletes to fix a match. Therefore, it is assumed that athletes may attribute their involvement to this pressure. The present study was designed to investigate the role that power, attributions and moral emotions may play in the decision to f...
Article
Full-text available
Blowing the whistle on corruption or wrongdoing can facilitate the detection, investigation, and then prosecution of a violation that may have otherwise gone undetected. The purpose of this systematic review was to identify the factors that are associated with intentions to blow the whistle on wrongdoing. We searched Academic Search Premier, CINAHL...
Article
Whistleblowing against doping misconduct represents an effective deterrent of doping use in elite competitive sport. The present study assessed the effects of social cognitive variables on competitive athletes’ intentions to report doping misconduct. A second objective was to assess whether the effects of social norms on whistleblowing intentions w...
Article
Full-text available
Doping violates the Spirit of Sport and is thought to contradict the values which underpin this spirit. Values-based education (VBE) has been cited as a key element for creating a clean sport culture across age groups. Culturally relevant VBE requires understanding of the values that motivate athletes from different countries to practice their spor...
Article
Το ντόπινγκ αποτελεί μια συνεχή απειλή στο χώρο τόσο του αγωνιστικού όσο και του αναψυχικού αθλητισμού. Κατά τη διερεύνηση του φαινομένου αυτού, η αξιολόγηση των απόψεων των άμεσα εμπλεκομένων θεωρείται ότι θα προσφέρει ιδιαίτερα σημαντικές πληροφορίες για την καταπολέμησή του. Η παρούσα έρευνα σχεδιάστηκε με σκοπό να μελετήσει τις αντιλήψεις αθλητ...
Article
Full-text available
Anti-doping represents a global system where an athlete is in the center of a control and regulations. The perception of legitimacy is important for compliance with rules and regulation within the anti-doping system. However, the concept of legitimacy in anti-doping is not sufficiently defined, which makes it difficult to develop psychodiagnostic t...
Article
Doping is a threat to sport worldwide. Doping not only exists in professional sport, but also affects recreational athletes who increasingly use performance-enhancing drugs. As anti-doping authorities largely rely on detection, deterrence, and prevention to tackle doping use, the main tool for prevention is education. So far, educational interventi...
Article
tes and Australia. Methods A standardised two stage, mixed methodology was implemented. Stage 1 involved HCPs completing the e-module and completing an online survey (N = 77). Stage 2 involved conducting individual structured interviews with a subset of survey respondents (N = 37). Normalisation Process Theory and the Theoretical Framework of Acce...
Chapter
Education represents the cornerstone of recent efforts to promote “clean sport” and curb the onset and use of performance enhancement drugs (PEDs) among both elite and amateur athletes and exercisers. Although several initiatives have been developed to promote relevant anti-doping and clean sport education over the last 10 years, there have been li...
Chapter
This paper presents the users’ evaluation results of TARGET (anTi-doping AwaReness Game for hEalthy lifesTyle), a Serious Game for supporting the Anti-Doping Awareness for a Healthy Lifestyle designed and implemented as part of GAME (A serious Game Approach in Mitigating performance Enhancement culture in youth). Particularly, the paper presents an...
Article
Background Healthcare professionals (HCPs) provide an important point of contact through which people who use performance and image enhancing drugs (PIEDs) could access reliable information, advice, and interventions on a range of PIEDs, their use and related harms. However, HCPs often report difficulties engaging and building rapport with people w...
Article
Abstract. The use of doping substances constitutes one of the most significant threats in sport. The present study aimed at examining the beliefs of football players about anti-doping education, as well as their behaviour related to nutritional supplement use and doping use. The sample consisted of 186 football players from sports clubs in Thessalo...
Article
Abstract. In volunteering, the keyword is “donation”, and the historical evolution of volunteering is directly linked to “selfless charity”. Sport is largely based on volunteering. This paper extends knowledge of the nature of sport volunteering by exploring the perspectives of sport volunteers based on self-reported questionnaires. The sample invo...
Article
Whistleblowing against anti-doping rule violations and related misconduct has been recognized as an important deterrent of doping behaviour in competitive sport. However, research on whistleblowing against doping is scarce and the available studies have focused on small samples using qualitative and inductive approaches. The present study used quan...
Article
Background The creation of the World Anti-Doping Agency in 1999 and the first implementation of the Anti-Doping Code in 2004 established institutional and legal level legitimacy for the anti-doping movement. Subsequently, a distinct line of research examining athletes’ perceptions of anti-doping has emerged. This study aims to review the literature...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: Coach-centred antidoping education is scarce. We tested the efficacy of a motivationally informed antidoping intervention for coaches, with their athletes' willingness to dope as the primary outcome. Methods: We delivered a cluster randomised controlled trial in Australia, the UK and Greece. This study was a parallel group, two-condi...
Chapter
Over the last decade, the European Commission, the World Anti-Doping Agency and the International Olympics Committee have made significant investments for the development of evidence-based anti-doping education. Although this is an important step towards eliminating doping in amateur and professional, elite sport, still most of the existing project...
Chapter
This paper presents both the experts and users evaluation results of the alpha version of TARGET (anTi-doping AwaReness Game for hEalthy lifestyle), a Serious Game for supporting the Anti-Doping Awareness for a Healthy Lifestyle. The game has been designed and implemented in the context of GAME (A serious Game Approach in Mitigating performance Enh...
Article
Full-text available
Match fixing represents a major threat to sport integrity and action is needed to tackle this phenomenon across levels and types of sport. The present study examined, for the first time, the psychological factors associated with athletes’ intentions to engage in match fixing, by utilizing the Theory of Planned Behaviour. Ninety nine athletes from t...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: We tested the effects of an autonomy-supportive intervention in physical education (PE) on high-school students’ autonomous motivation in PE, and their autonomous motivation, intentions, and physical activity (PA) behavior in a leisure time guided by the trans-contextual model. Method: PE classes in two schools were assigned to receive eit...
Article
Introduction Inclusion is among the greatest challenges facing educational systems throughout the world today. Parents’ attitudes play a key role in the successful implementation of inclusion. Therefore, there is a growing interest in comparing the attitudes towards inclusion among parents of children with and without disabilities. Objective The c...
Article
This chapter presents an overview of psychological research on doping behaviour and discusses its implications for future anti‐doping education in both elite and amateur sports. It provides a discussion on performance and appearance enhancing drugs (PAEDs) use by distinguishing betweendifferent forms of performance enhancement substances and discus...
Article
This study investigated the effects of a goal-setting intervention on students’ physical education and leisure-time physical activity motivation cognition. One hundred sixty-nine primary school pupils in fifth and sixth grades (11–12 years old) participated in the study and were randomly divided into two groups. Ninety-four students participated in...
Preprint
This study investigated the effects of a goal-setting intervention on students’ physical education and leisure-time physical activity motiva¬tion cognition. One hundred sixty-nine primary school pupils in fifth and sixth grades (11–12 years old) participated in the study and were randomly divided into two groups. Ninety-four students participated i...
Article
Objectives: The study investigated the moderating role of achievement goals and motivation regulations on the association between self-reported nutritional supplement (NS) use, doping likelihood, and self-reported doping behaviour among competitive athletes. Method: Four hundred and ninety seven competitive team sport athletes (64% males; M age=...
Article
Approach: The sample of the study included 1148 (565 boys and 583 girls, Mage = 11.27, SD = .32) Grade 5 Finnish PE students who completed a battery of questionnaires including motivational climate, basic psychological needs satisfaction, motivational regulations, goal orientations, perceived competence, enjoyment, and anxiety towards PE. Structura...
Article
Objectives The use of nutritional supplements has been associated with stronger doping intentions and actual use of doping substances, but there is limited research about doping risk communication among nutritional supplement users. The present study examined if using a self-affirmation manipulation a) changes intentions to use doping and b) influe...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
AIM: Salivary cortisol has been used in research for studying possible alterations in human mood after different types of exercise. Exercise intensity plays an important role in mood levels and salivary cortisol concentration. The purpose of the study was to find out if two swimming learning programs could affect the salivary cortisol concentration...
Article
Full-text available
Cyberbullying is associated with a wide range of mental health difficulties and behavioral problems in adolescents and research is needed to better understand psychological correlates of this behavior. The present study used a novel model that incorporated Social Cognitive Theory and the prototype/willingness model to identify the correlates of beh...
Article
Full-text available
The present study investigated athletes’ and coaches’ beliefs about the role of athletes’ entourage in deterring or promoting doping. Competitive athletes and coaches in Greece and Australia took part in semi-structured interviews. Our analysis of the interviews produced five main themes: coach influence, peer influence, doping stance, doping stigm...
Article
Objectives: Previous research documented that the construct of intentions related to physical activity participation by a linear function. As a consequence, researchers using linear analysis tacitly conclude that effects of unfavourable and favourable intentions on physical activity participation are exactly the same. In this study, we examined whe...
Article
Full-text available
Recent years have brought to the attention of sport specialists new challenges in education, aiming to defend ethics and integrity in sport. Doping, match fixing and corrupted sport governance represent ongoing threats to the integrity, good reputation, and societal welfare dimension of sport. At the same time, from the athletes’ perspective, abuse...
Article
Physical education in elementary education usually provides children’s first contact with sports. According to the trans-contextual model of motivation, physical education teachers can positively influence children’s beliefs toward and actual leisure time physical activity behavior. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of a dance-based p...
Article
Despite the World Anti-Doping Code’s 11-value Spirit of Sport statement being declared the universal ethical basis for global sporting practice, there is no empirical evidence whether the Spirit statement is the universal ethical basis for sport. Best-worst scaling surveys were completed by five independent (two Greek and three Australian) to deter...
Article
Full-text available
Bullying is a subset of aggressive behavior that has severe consequences in children’s psychosocial development. Bullying behaviors can be influenced by personal and social factors, such as gender, age, school type, and sport participation, as well as psychological constructs, such as moral disengagement. The present study was designed to investiga...
Chapter
Full-text available
Match-fixing is an ongoing threat to the integrity, reputation, and societal welfare dimension of sports. The present study aimed to develop an online educational tool against match-fixing by using the co-creation approach in the context of the “Fix the Fixing” Project. Participants were 18 young athletes from Greece who took part in the co-creatio...
Chapter
Considering the rise of reported instances of harmful irregularities in sport, it is of paramount importance to safeguard sport from unethical and illegal practices through whistleblowing. The present study aimed to develop an online educational tool to raise awareness about whistleblowing by using the co-creation approach, in the context of the “S...
Article
Full-text available
Field-based anti-doping interventions in sport are scarce and focus on athletes. However, coaches are recognized as one of the most significant source of influence in terms of athletes’ cognitions, affect, and behavior. In this paper, we present the protocol for a cluster randomized control trial which aims to contrast the relative effects of a ‘mo...
Article
Full-text available
Gender biases have been often observed in physical education classes, as many teachers adopted a male-biased perspective in teaching and learning. This might have affected their evaluation of students’ behavior, and may have led students to accept and reproduce gender biases in other social contexts. The aim of the present study was to examine whet...
Article
Full-text available
We brought together various lines of work on motivation, morality, and doping by testing a theory-based model prospectively linking contextual and personal motivational variables, moral attitudes, moral disengagement in doping, doping intentions, and doping use. Participants were 257 Greek athletes who completed a questionnaire pack at the beginnin...
Article
Full-text available
Numerous studies conducted in real-life have examined effect of different prioritisation states on physical activity participation.However, the majority of these studies do not discuss effects associated with equal prioritisation - a state that combines a strong intention to engage in physical activities and an equally strong interaction to engage...
Article
Full-text available
Doping use in recreational sports is an emerging issue that has received limited attention so far in the psychological literature. The present study assessed the lifetime prevalence of controlled performance and appearance enhancing substances (PAES), and used behavioral reasoning theory to identify the reasons for using and for avoiding using cont...
Article
The present study used an integrated theoretical framework based on the Theory of Planned Behaviour and the Prototype/Willingness model to examine the social cognitive predictors of leisure time physical activity intentions among Greek secondary school students (N = 254, M age = 13.59 years, SD = 1.18). A cross-sectional survey method was employed...
Article
Doping is increasingly becoming a problem in both elite and recreational sports. It is therefore important to understand the psychological factors which can explain doping behavior in order to prevent it. The present paper briefly presents evidence on the prevalence of doping use in competitive sports and the measurement approaches to assess doping...
Article
Objectives Anticipated affective responses influence decision-making processes in profound ways. The present study emphasized the role of anticipated regret and assessed the additive and interactive effects of anticipated regret in predicting doping intentions among adolescent athletes. Design Survey-based, correlational. Method Two hundred and six...
Article
Objective While seemingly utilizing different means and methods, traditional bullying and cyberbullying may be linked together in intriguing ways. The present study assessed whether the association between face-to-face bullying and cyberbullying in adolescents is explained in terms of trans-contextual experiences and role overlap among bullies and...
Article
Full-text available
Previous research documented that ‘extremely high prioritisation’ strategies that involved allocation of all resources for time or energy on pursuing goals related to leisure-time physical activity and none of available resources on competing behavioural goals were the most optimal in terms of yielding highest levels of participation in physical ac...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The aim of the present study was to examine by using a qualitative design, the effects of the implementation of the self-check and reciprocal teaching styles on students' enjoyment, effort and interest during physical education classes. Fifty two 5 th and 6 th grade primary school students participated in the study. Students were taught by two phys...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to investigate the differences in physical fitness between 10-12 year-old preadolescent boys and girls and whether these differences are affected by the children's background of involvement in sports. Preadolescent students (198 boys and girls) participated in the study. The basic components of physical fitness were me...
Article
Objectives: The main goal of this research focused on the development and validation of three instruments designed to assess athletes' self-regulatory efficacy in team contexts, team collective efficacy and team moral disengagement with relevance for doping use across three European countries. Design: The research relied on three distinct studies....
Article
The present study investigated the effectiveness of a school-based intervention in promoting an anti-doping culture in adolescents. Participants were 218 high school students attending Health Education programs in Greek secondary education. Students completed a questionnaire including measures of attitudes towards nutritional supplement and doping...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to implement the IAAF Kids Athletics (IAAF track and field teaching program) in an elementary school context (5th and 6th grade) and investigate the effect of the program on student’s motivation to participate in physical education, on their perceived enjoyment and effort, and their physical performance. The sample con...