Vasiliki Kassianidou

Vasiliki Kassianidou
University of Cyprus · Department of History and Archaeology

PhD
Professor of Environmental Archaeology and Archaeometry at the University of Cyprus, specializing in Archaeometallurgy

About

106
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Publications

Publications (106)
Article
Full-text available
Picrolite artefacts comprise some of the most distinctive material remains in the prehistory of the island of Cyprus, in the Eastern Mediterranean. Picrolite exploitation dates from at least 12,000 years ago for the manufacture of personal ornaments and items with a symbolic function. It is commonly assumed that picrolite nodules were collected in...
Article
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Predictive models have become an integral part of archaeological research, particularly in the discovery of new archaeological sites. In this paper, we apply predictive modeling to map high potential Pleistocene archaeological locales on the island of Cyprus in the Eastern Mediterranean. The model delineates landscape characteristics that denote ar...
Article
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Extensively worked in antiquity, Skouriotissa remains the only active copper mine on the island of Cyprus. The modern, open-cast operation, however, has almost completely obliterated the earlier mining landscape. Here the authors report the results of investigations, including dating, of the ancient topography of the mine. They incorporate spatial...
Article
Full-text available
The extraction and smelting of the rich copper ore deposits of Cyprus and the manufacture of copper objects on the island are thought to have begun during the Philia phase ( c . 2400–2200 BC). Here, the authors present the results of lead isotope analysis undertaken on Late Chalcolithic (2900–2400 BC) metal objects from the site of Chlorakas- Pallo...
Article
A collection of 206 copper-base artefacts coming from the Late Bronze Age settlement of Enkomi, located on the east coast of Cyprus, and dated to the 16th-11th centuries BC, was studied and non-destructively chemically analysed using a handheld pXRF instrument. The assemblage consists of various categories of objects, such as weapons, tools, orname...
Article
Full-text available
This paper challenges the conventional characterisation of glazed ware productions in the eastern Mediterranean, especially the ones which did not feature the use of opaque or tin-glazed technology, as technologically stagnant and unsusceptible to broader socio-economic developments from the late medieval period onwards. Focusing on the Cypriot exa...
Article
Full-text available
This paper discusses the results of an analytical study of the metallurgical ceramic assemblage recovered from the Late Bronze Age (LBA) urban settlement of Enkomi, Cyprus. The ceramic fabric and the slagged surfaces of a total of 106 tuyère and crucible samples from the workshops of Enkomi, Area III, have been analysed using a handheld pXRF spectr...
Poster
The poster is available online at EGU website: https://meetingorganizer.copernicus.org/EGU2020/EGU2020-19782.html | Particle flows animations are available at SaRoCy's website: http://sarocy.cut.ac.cy/news/particles-flow-animations/ | Maritime connectivity between Cyprus and other Eastern Mediterranean coastal regions on the mainland constitutes a...
Article
The elemental composition of 436 silver coins from a hoard of the fifth century BC, minted by the Iron Age Cypriot city-kingdoms of Kition, Idalion, Lapethos, Paphos and Salamis, as well as a small number of coins from unidentified mints, was determined by pXRF spectrometry in order primarily to study the silver alloys used for their manufacture. T...
Article
This paper presents the results of the compositional analysis conducted on carnelian beads from Aceramic Neolithic sites on the island of Cyprus. Carnelian is a rare raw material with alleged geological sources in the broader eastern Mediterranean–western Asia region. Most of these sources remain little explored and no detailed data concerning thei...
Chapter
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In this chapter I re-evaluate some of the hoards published by Catling in 1964 in Cypriot Bronzework in the Mycenaean World. The aim is not to offer a different theoretical model of interpretation, as this has been effectively done by others, but to share some information collected from the State Archives which enables the differentiation between ac...
Poster
Full-text available
MedSTACH is the acronym for an AGILE-supported Teaming Phase 1 project (one year duration) aiming to design a Cyprus-based Eastern Mediterranean Science and Technology Centre of Excellence for Archaeology and Cultural Heritage (CH).
Poster
MedSTACH is the acronym for an AGILE-supported Teaming Phase 1 project (one year duration) aiming to design a Cyprus-based Eastern Mediterranean Science and Technology Centre of Excellence for Archaeology and Cultural Heritage (CH). MedSTACH’s mission encompasses the development of the necessary scientific and technological environment for advancin...
Chapter
Full-text available
Thanks to rich copper ore deposits in the geological formation known as the Pillow Lavas in the Troodos Foothills, Cyprus is one of the richest countries in copper per surface area in the world. Because of this mineral wealth the island played a leading role in the metals trade of the Late Bronze Age. Production and export of copper developed signi...
Chapter
Full-text available
In 1936 the Cyprus Mines Corporation (CMC), an American Company which was established on Cyprus initially to exploit the rich copper ore deposits of Skouriotissa, opened up two new mines in the area of Mathiatis village. While working at the deposit of Mathiatis North, they discovered a hoard dating to the Late Bronze Age and consisting of oxhide i...
Article
Full-text available
The origins of copper-based metallurgy on the island of Cyprus, which became the main supplier of the metal in the Late Bronze Age in the Mediterranean and whose name became associated with the metal, is relatively obscure. While metal extraction and metal artefacts became increasingly important in the broader Near East, early metallurgy on Cyprus...
Poster
Full-text available
This session examines how exotic materials were circulated and used across the Mediterranean during the terminal Pleistocene – early Holocene. Of particular interest is the movement of exotic items across the Mediterranean seascape reaching the various Mediterranean islands from the neighbouring mainland. Case studies are welcome that show how soci...
Chapter
Full-text available
Since at least the 2nd millennium BC Cyprus was one of the main sources of copper for the Old World. This is of course a result of the island’s geology and mineral wealth. The mountain range of Troodos, which covers more than a third of the island, includes in its periphery some of the richest copper ore deposits per surface area in the world (Cons...
Poster
Full-text available
HHpXRF analysis performed on fresh-cut sections of Enkomi metallurgical ceramics
Poster
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HHpXRF and petrographical investigation of LBA and IA Kition refractories.
Article
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Excavations at Politiko Phorades: a Bronze Age copper smelting site on Cyprus - Volume 76 Issue 292 - A. Bernard Knapp, Vasiliki Kassianidou, Michael Donnelly
Article
Full-text available
Geomagnetic models based on direct observations since the 1830s show that the averaged relative change in field intensity on Earth's surface over the past 170 years is less than 4.8% per decade. It is unknown if these rates represent the typical behavior of secular variations due to insufficient temporal resolution of archaeomagnetic records from e...
Article
Full-text available
A collection of 157 copper alloy artefacts from the necropolis of Palaepaphos Skales, located in south-west Cyprus, dating to the 11th-8th centuries BC, was studied and chemically analysed with a handheld pXRF instrument to determine the alloy type that was used for their production. The collection consists of Cu-Sn binary alloys. The relative conc...
Poster
Full-text available
Cyprus is believed to have been a primary producer and exporter of copper in the Late Bronze Age Eastern Mediterranean. At the much discussed urban site of Kalavasos-Ayios Dhimitrios, dated to the 13th century BC and located along the south coast of the island, a fair amount of metallurgical remains was recovered. As the excavator argues, Ayios Dhi...
Article
Full-text available
Many museum educational programs and exhibitions worldwide, designed to communicate to the public the importance of archaeology, adopt a treasure hunt approach often inspired by emblematic mass culture figures, such as Indiana Jones or Lara Croft. Alternatively they organize exhibitions on the identification of fakes in the spirit of TV series such...
Book
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This book introduces the research work conducted in the four-year lifespan of the European Marie Curie Actions Initial Training Network (FP7-PEOPLE-Marie Curie Actions-ITN-Project no. 265010) New Archaeological Research Network for Integrating Approaches to ancient material studies, with the acronym NARNIA which has concluded after four years. This...
Article
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The paper presents the results of pXRF analysis of 48 gold coins, issued by the kings of Cyprus during the Classical period. The coins are preserved in Cyprus, in the collections of the Department of Antiquities of Cyprus (27 coins) and the Bank of Cyprus Cultural Foundation (21 coins). The objective of this project is to trace the amount of gold,...
Book
Full-text available
The fieldwalkers and specialists of the Troodos Archaeological and Environmental Survey Project investigated a wide variety of physical and cultural landscapes on the northern edge of the Troodos Mountains in central Cyprus over six field seasons. These landscapes range from the cultivated Mesaoria Plain in the north to the forested Troodos Mountai...
Book
Full-text available
The fieldwalkers and specialists of the Troodos Archaeological and Environmental Survey Project investigated a wide variety of physical and cultural landscapes on the northern edge of the Troodos Mountains in central Cyprus over six field seasons. These landscapes range from the cultivated Mesaoria Plain in the north to the forested Troodos Mountai...
Article
Full-text available
The exploitation of Cyprus's mineral wealth, mainly the copper deposits, and other natural resources, such as the forests, formed the basis of the island's economic prosperity and development from prehistoric times until Late Antiquity. The control of the metal resources of the island would have been a primary and pressing preoccupation of the king...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Many museum programs world-wide teach children the importance of archaeology, a detective-like story inspired by “Indiana Jones” or organize exhibitions on the identification of fakes and forgers in the spirit of “X-files”, but they usually avoid dealing with the “real” problem of illicit trafficking of antiquities. The hesitation of promoting this...
Article
Full-text available
For metallurgical processes in antiquity functional materials were required, which were sufficiently heat resistant. Commonly, ceramics were used for the production of furnaces, tuyères and crucibles. Because normal pottery usually could not withstand the extreme temperatures, which were needed for metallurgical operations, the ceramic production p...