Vartul Sangal

Vartul Sangal
Northumbria University · Department of Biomedical Sciences

Ph.D.

About

149
Publications
23,710
Reads
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3,045
Citations
Citations since 2017
55 Research Items
1821 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250300
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250300
Additional affiliations
November 2008 - August 2013
University of Strathclyde
Position
  • PostDoc Position
April 2005 - October 2008
Max Planck Institute for Infection Biology
Position
  • Doctoral Research Fellow

Publications

Publications (149)
Article
Full-text available
Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis is an important animal pathogen, which is also able to infect humans. An optimal treatment of infections with this pathogen is not available today and consequently, more research is necessary to understand the infection process. Here, we present a combined -omics and bioinformatics approach to characterize C. pseu...
Article
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Prokaryotic systematics is one of the most progressive disciplines that has embraced technological advances over the last century. The availability and affordability of new sequencing technologies and user-friendly software have revolutionised the discovery of novel prokaryotic taxa, including the identification and nomenclature of uncultivable mic...
Article
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The family Streptomycetaceae is a large and diverse family within the phylum Actinomycetota . The members of the family are known for their ability to produce medically important secondary metabolites, notably antibiotics. In this study, 19 type strains showing low 16S rRNA gene similarity (<97.3 %) to other members of the family Streptomycetaceae...
Article
Opinion 106 of the Judicial Commission has clarified the nomenclature of the taxon variously named Rhodococcus equi , ‘Prescottella equi ’ and Rhodococcus hoagii . As a consequence, we present here the genus name Prescottella and that of its nomenclatural type species, Prescottella equi comb. nov., for valid publication and propose the reclassifica...
Article
Full-text available
Notwithstanding their 3 to 5% mortality, the 2.7 million envenomation-related injuries occurring annually—predominantly across Africa, Asia, and Latin America—are also major causes of morbidity. Venom toxin-damaged tissue will develop infections in some 75% of envenomation victims, with E. faecalis being a common culprit of disease; however, such i...
Article
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The genus Corynebacterium encompasses many species of biotechnological, medical or veterinary significance. An important characteristic of this genus is the presence of mycolic acids in their cell envelopes, which form the basis of a protective outer membrane (mycomembrane). Mycolic acids in the cell envelope of Mycobacterium tuberculosis have been...
Article
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Advanced physicochemical and chemical absorption methods for chlorinated ethenes are feasible but incur high costs and leave traces of pollutants on the site. Biodegradation of such pollutants by anaerobic or aerobic bacteria is emerging as a potential alternative. Several mycobacteria including Mycolicibacterium aurum L1, Mycolicibacterium chubuen...
Article
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For many decades, research on biodesulfurization of fossil fuels has persevered amid a complete lack of knowledge of sulfur metabolism and its regulation in fuel-biodesulfurizing bacteria, which has impeded the development of a commercially viable bioprocess. In addition, lack of understanding of biodesulfurization-associated metabolic and physiolo...
Article
Full article freely accessible at The Conversation website: https://theconversation.com/we-discovered-whats-killing-the-worlds-rarest-penguin-and-it-could-help-us-make-a-vaccine-161913
Article
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Yellow-eyed penguins, Megadyptes antipodes, are an endangered species that are endemic to New Zealand. Outbreaks of diphtheritic stomatitis have caused significant mortality for this species, especially among young chicks. In this study, we isolated 16 Corynebacterium sp. isolates from the oral cavities of 2- to 14-day-old chicks at a range of infe...
Article
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Streptomyces thermoautotrophicus UBT1T has been suggested to merit generic status due to its phylogenetic placement and distinctive phenotypes among Actinomycetia. To evaluate whether ‘S. thermoautotrophicus’ represents a higher taxonomic rank, ‘S. thermoautotrophicus’ strains UBT1T and H1 were compared to Actinomycetia using 16S rRNA gene sequence...
Article
Full-text available
Diphtheria is a respiratory disease caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheriae . Although the development of a toxin-based vaccine in the 1930s has allowed a high level of control over the disease, cases have increased in recent years. Here, we describe the genomic variation of 502 C. diphtheriae isolates across 16 countries and territorie...
Article
A polyphasic study was undertaken to establish the taxonomic position of six representative streptomycetes isolated from an alkaline soil adjacent to a meteoric alkaline soda lake in India. Chemotaxonomic, cultural and morphological properties of the isolates were consistent with their classification in the genus Streptomyces. The isolates formed e...
Article
Full-text available
The genus Corynebacterium includes species of biotechnological, medical and veterinary importance. An atypical C. ulcerans strain, W25, was recently isolated from a case of necrotizing lymphadenitis in a wild boar. In this study, we have analysed the genome sequence of this strain and compared the phenotypic and virulence properties with other cory...
Article
Full-text available
Rhodococcus strain IGTS8 is the most extensively studied model bacterium for biodesulfurization of fossil fuels via the non–destructive sulfur–specific 4S pathway. This strain was initially assigned to Rhodococcus rhodochrous and later to Rhodococcus erythropolis thus making its taxonomic status debatable and reflecting the limited resolution of me...
Chapter
Diphtheria, a toxin-mediated disease of upper respiratory tract in humans caused by Corynebacterium diphtheriae, has been a global healthcare challenge responsible for a significant mortality in the pre-vaccination era and more recently, in the regions with poor immunization coverage. Historically, biochemical characteristics are used for subdividi...
Article
A polyphasic study was undertaken to establish the taxonomic provenance of a rapidly growing Mycolicibacterium strain, CECT 8783T, recovered from the plant Stellera chamaejasme L. in Yunnan Province, China. Phylogenetic analyses based upon 16S rRNA and whole-genome sequences showed that the strain formed a distinct branch within the evolutionary ra...
Article
Full-text available
Rhodococcus (Prescottella) equi causes pneumonia-like infections in foals with high mortality rates and can also infect a number of other animals. R. equi is also emerging as an opportunistic human pathogen. In this study, we have sequenced the genome of a novel R. equi isolate, B0269, isolated from the faeces of a bovine host. Comparative genomic...
Article
Full-text available
This study was designed to determine the plant growth promoting (PGP) potential of members of the genus Frankia. To this end, the genomes of 21 representative strains were examined for genes associated directly or indirectly with plant growth. All of the Frankia genomes contained genes that encoded for products associated with the biosynthesis of a...
Chapter
The genus Rhodococcus has had a long and complicated taxonomic history. With the advent of 16S rRNA gene sequence analyses and, subsequently, whole genome-based phylogenomic studies, the heterogeneity within the genus has become progressively more apparent and better resolved. We here review recent advances in the systematics of the genus, which cu...
Article
Full-text available
The genome of a novel nontoxigenic Corynebacterium diphtheriae, strain 5015, isolated from a patient with adenoid cystic carcinoma was sequenced and compared with 117 publically available genomes. This strain is phylogenetically distinct and lacks virulence genes encoding the toxin, BigA and Sdr-like adhesins. Strain 5015 possesses spaD-type and sp...
Article
Introduced for mass immunization in the 1920s, vaccines against diphtheria are among the oldest and safest vaccines known. The basic principle of their production is the inactivation of purified diphtheria toxin by formaldehyde cross-linking, which converts the potentially fatal toxin in a completely harmless protein aggregate, which is still immun...
Article
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Strains belonging to the genus Amycolatopsis are well known for the production of a number of important antimicrobials and other bioactive molecules. In this study, we have sequenced the genomes of five Amycolatopsis strains including Amycolatopsis circi DSM 45561T, Amycolatopsis palatopharyngis DSM 44832T and Amycolatopsis thermalba NRRL B-24845T....
Article
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A red pigmented actinobacterium designated G2T, forming extremely branched vegetative hyphae, vesicles and mutilocular sporangia, was isolated from Casuarina equisetifolia nodules. The strain failed to nodulate its original host plant but effectively nodulated members of actinorhizal Rhamnales. The taxonomic position of G2T was determined using a p...
Article
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A polyphasic study was undertaken to establish the taxonomic status of a Blastococcus strain isolated from an extreme hyper-arid Atacama Desert soil. The isolate, strain P6T, was found to have chemotaxonomic and morphological properties consistent with its classification in the genus Blastococcus. It was shown to form a well-supported branch in the...
Article
Full-text available
The taxonomic positions of two fast growing mycobacteria (CECT 8778T and CECT 8779T) were established using a polyphasic approach. The strains were shown to have chemotaxonomic, cultural and morphological properties consistent with their classification in the genus Mycobacterium. Multi-locus sequence analyses (MLSA) show that strain CECT 8778T form...
Article
Full-text available
The human Miro GTPases (hMiros) have recently emerged as important mediators of mitochondrial transport and may significantly contribute to the development of disorders such as Alzheimer’s and schizophrenia. The hMiros represent two highly atypical members of the Ras superfamily, and exhibit several unique features: the presence of a GTPase domain...
Preprint
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Animal venoms are considered sterile sources of antimicrobial compounds with strong membrane disrupting activity against multi-drug resistant bacteria. However, bite wound infections are common in developing nations. Investigating the oral and venom microbiome of five snake and two spider species, we evidence viable microorganisms potentially uniqu...
Article
Corynebacterium ulcerans is an important zoonotic pathogen which is causing diphtheria-like disease in humans globally. In this study, the genomes of three recently isolated C. ulcerans strains, 4940, 2590 and BR-AD 2649, respectively from an asymptomatic carrier, a patient with pharyngitis and a canine host, were sequenced to investigate their vir...
Article
A polyphasic study was undertaken to establish the taxonomic status of three representative Geodermatophilus strains isolated from an extreme hyper-arid Atacama Desert soil. The strains, isolates B12T, B20 and B25, were found to have chemotaxonomic and morphological properties characteristic of the genus Geodermatophilus. The isolates shared a broa...
Article
Full-text available
The genome sequence of the human pathogen Corynebacterium diphtheriae bv. mitis strain ISS 3319 was determined and closed in this study. The genome is estimated to have 2,404,936 bp encoding 2,257 proteins. This strain also possesses a plasmid of 1,960 bp.
Article
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There is a need to clarify relationships within the actinobacterial genus Micromonospora, the type genus of the family Micromonosporaceae, given its biotechnological and ecological importance. Here, draft genomes of 40 Micromonospora type strains and two non-type strains are made available through the Genomic Encyclopedia of Bacteria and Archaea pr...
Article
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Background Diphtheria remains a major public health concern with multiple recent outbreaks around the world. Moreover, invasive non-toxigenic strains have emerged globally causing severe infections. A diphtheria epidemic in the former Soviet Union in the 1990s resulted in ~5000 deaths. In this study, we analysed the genome sequences of a collection...
Article
Full-text available
Two rapidly growing mycobacteria with identical 16S rRNA gene sequences were the subject of a polyphasic taxonomic study. The strains formed a well-supported subclade in the mycobacterial 16S rRNA gene tree and were most closely associated with the type strain of Mycobacterium novocastrense. Single and multilocus sequence analyses based on hsp65, r...
Article
A polyphasic study was undertaken to establish the taxonomic position of a non-chromogenic, rapidly growing Mycobacterium strain that had been isolated from sputum. The strain, CECT 8775T, has chemotaxonomic and cultural properties consistent with its classification in the genus Mycobacterium and was distinguished from the type strains of closely r...
Article
Full-text available
Corynebacterium diphtheriae is the causative agent of diphtheria, a toxin mediated disease of upper respiratory tract, which can be fatal. As a member of the CMNR group, C. diphtheriae is closely related to members of the genera Mycobacterium, Nocardia and Rhodococcus. Almost all members of these genera comprise an outer membrane layer of mycolic a...
Research
Full-text available
Biochemistry: The in vitro turnover rate of H 2 O 2 by C. glutamicum catalase was measured and the results are shown in Fig 1A (main text). Fitting of the pseudo-linear portion of the data ([H 2 O 2 ] < 30mM) to the Michaelis-Menten model: m K S S V V + = ] [ ] [ max where V denotes the rate of reaction, [S] the substrate (H 2 O 2) concentration, V...
Article
Full-text available
Prokaryotic systematics provides the fundamental framework for microbiological research but remains a discipline that relies on a labour- and time-intensive polyphasic taxonomic approach, including DNA-DNA hybridization, variation in 16S rRNA gene sequence and phenotypic characteristics. These techniques suffer from poor resolution in distinguishin...
Article
Diphtheria is a debilitating disease caused by toxigenic Corynebacterium diphtheriae strains and has been effectively controlled by the toxoid vaccine, yet several recent outbreaks have been reported across the globe. Moreover, non-toxigenic C. diphtheriae strains are emerging as a major global health concern by causing severe pharyngitis and tonsi...
Article
A polyphasic study was designed to determine the taxonomic provenance of three Modestobacter strains isolated from an extreme hyper-arid Atacama Desert soil. The strains, isolates KNN 45-1a, KNN 45-2bT and KNN 45-3b, were shown to have chemotaxonomic and morphological properties in line with their classification in the genus Modestobacter. The isol...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Non-toxigenic Corynebacterium diphtheriae strains are emerging as a major cause of severe pharyngitis and tonsillitis as well as invasive diseases such as endocarditis, septic arthritis, splenic abscesses and osteomyelitis. C. diphtheriae strains have been reported to vary in their ability to adhere and invade different cell lines. To...
Article
Full-text available
spa-typing of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has been widely used in clinical diagnostics and epidemiological studies. We aimed to evaluate high-resolution melting (HRM) as a rapid and cost effective method, to replace DNA-sequencing, for spa-typing in a global collection of 50 MRSA isolates. The polymorphic X region of spa gene...
Article
Full-text available
Shigella sonnei, an emerging global cause of shigellosis, consists of four distinct lineages and the current pandemic involves several geographically associated, multidrug-resistant clones that belong to lineage III (1-3).…. Copyright © 2015, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.
Article
Rhodococcus defluvii strain Ca11T was isolated from a bioreactor involved in extensive phosphorus removal. We have sequenced the whole genome of this strain, and our comparative genomic and phylogenetic analyses confirm its close relatedness with Rhodococcus equi (Rhodococcus hoagii) strains, which share >80 % of the gene content. The R. equi virul...
Chapter
Next-generation sequencing has revolutionized modern research in all life sciences. It has been applied in studying evolution, global transmission and local adaptation of pathogens, microbial ecology, genetics and physiology. In this chapter, we have provided a brief summary of recent advances in sequencing technologies and easy to use bioinformati...
Chapter
Corynebacterium diphtheriae is the etiological agent of diphtheria; an acute toxin-mediated infection of the upper respiratory tract and skin. The toxin gene is encoded on a temperate bacteriophage, which during lysogeny is capable of toxin production. In this chapter, we will summarise current knowledge regarding corynephage, focusing on the lifec...
Article
Full-text available
Toxigenic Corynebacterium ulcerans is an increasingly reported cause of diphtheria in the United Kingdom and is often associated with a zoonotic origin (1,2). Here, we report a case of diphtheria caused by toxigenic C. ulcerans in a woman, 51 years of age, from Scotland, UK, who was admitted to a hospital in August 2013 with a swollen, sore throat...
Article
Rhodococcus equi ("Prescottella equi") is a pathogenic actinomycete primarily infecting horses but has emerged as an opportunistic human pathogen. We have sequenced the genome of the type strain of this species, R. equi strain C7(T) , and compared the genome with that of another foal isolate 103S and of a human isolate ATCC 33707. The R. equi strai...
Article
The differentiation of clinically important Corynebacterium diphtheriae into specific biovars is complex and phylogenetically unclear. Comparative genomic analyses of 17 strains indicate that the division of C. diphtheriae into different biovars does not correlate with the variation in the gene content in the relevant metabolic categories that are...
Article
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a Gram-negative opportunistic pathogen particularly associated with the inherited disease cystic fibrosis (CF). P. aeruginosa is well known to have a large and adaptable genome that enables it to colonise a wide range of ecological niches. Here we have used a comparative genomics approach to identify changes that occur dur...
Article
Full-text available
Determining the chemical and structural modifications occurring within a protein during fundamental processes such as ligand or substrate binding is essential to building up a complete picture of biological function. Currently, significant unanswered questions relate to the way in which protein structural dynamics fit within the structure-function...