Vangelis G Manolopoulos

Vangelis G Manolopoulos
Democritus University of Thrace | DUTH · Laboratory of Pharmacology

Ph.D

About

169
Publications
14,950
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
3,910
Citations
Additional affiliations
December 1998 - present
Democritus University of Thrace
Position
  • Head of Department
September 1995 - December 1998
Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
January 1992 - August 1995
University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee

Publications

Publications (169)
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: Pharmacogenomics can explain some of the heterogeneity of sulfonylurea (SU)-related hypoglycemia risk. Recently, a role of OATP1B1, encoded by SLCO1B1 gene, on SU liver transport prior of metabolism has been uncovered. The aim of the present study was to explore the potential association of SLCO1B1 c.521T>C polymorphism, leading to red...
Article
Objectives The fluoropyrimidine derivatives 5-Fluorouracil and Capecitabine are widely used for the treatment of solid tumors. Fluoropyrimidine metabolism involves a cascade of different enzymes, including MTHFR enzyme. MTHFR c.665C>T polymorphism, leading to decreased MTHFR activity, is a potential pharmacogenomic marker for fluoropyrimidine drug...
Article
Full-text available
Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is a highly heterogenous disease, including the proteinuric and the nonproteinuric pattern. Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) is progressively increased in DKD and causes direct damage to kidney tubular epithelial cells through a mechanism similar to that underlying the deleterious effect of lipid peroxides in...
Article
Aim: TYMS gene encodes for TS enzyme involved in 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and capecitabine (CAP) metabolism. This study assessed the association of TYMS-TSER and 3RG>C polymorphisms with 5-FU/CAP adverse event (AE) incidence. Materials & methods: TYMS-TSER and 3RG>C polymorphisms were analyzed by use of PCR/PCR-RFLP in 313 5-FU/CAP-treated cancer pati...
Article
The purpose of the present study is to investigate dynamics underlying drug abuse and identify statistical correlations/patterns of forensic findings and sociodemographic factors in a population of illicit substance users. The following long‐term studies were conducted: (a) a retrospective autopsy cohort study on autopsy incidents with available to...
Article
Full-text available
Proteinuria is characterized by low accuracy for predicting onset and development of diabetic kidney disease (DKD) because it is not directly associated with molecular changes that promote DKD, but is a result of kidney damage. Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) reflects oxidative stress and endothelial dysfunction, both underlying the devel...
Article
Full-text available
Soluble epoxide hydrolase 2 (EPHX2) is an enzyme promoting increased cellular apoptosis through induction of oxidative stress (OS) and inflammation. The EPHX2 gene which encodes soluble EPHX2 might be implicated in the pathogenesis and development of OS and atherosclerosis. We aimed to assess the possible association between two functional polymorp...
Article
Full-text available
DNA methylation plays an important role in breast cancer (BrCa) pathogenesis and could contribute to driving its personalized management. We performed a complete bioinformatic analysis in BrCa whole methylome datasets, analyzed using the Illumina methylation 450 bead-chip array. Differential methylation analysis vs. clinical end-points resulted in...
Article
Objectives Hypoglycemia is the most common adverse effect of sulfonylureas (SUs) and a major concern when using these drugs. Transcription factor 7-like 2 (TCF7L2) rs7903146 C>T polymorphism is an established and well characterized genetic marker of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) risk. The aim of the present study was to analyze the potential association o...
Article
Full-text available
There is considerable variation in disease course among individuals infected with SARS-CoV-2. Many of them do not exhibit any symptoms, while some others proceed to develop COVID-19; however, severity of COVID-19 symptoms greatly differs among individuals. Focusing on the early events related to SARS-CoV-2 entry to cells through the ACE2 pathway, w...
Article
Full-text available
AimThe COVID-19 pandemic caused by infection with the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 is urging the scientific community worldwide to intense efforts for identifying and developing effective drugs and pharmacologic strategies to treat the disease. Many of the drugs that are currently in (pre)clinical development are addressing late symptoms of the dis...
Article
Objectives Hypoglycemia is the most common adverse effect of sulfonylureas (SUs) and a major concern when using these drugs. Transcription factor 7-like 2 (TCF7L2) rs7903146 C>T polymorphism is an established and well characterized genetic marker of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) risk. The aim of the present study was to analyze the potential association o...
Article
Full-text available
Title: The need of the clinical implementation of pharmacogenetics in European health services for routine drug prescription. What’s next? An urgent clinical unmet need for patients. Authors: Miquel Taron1,2 , Adrián Llerena1,3,4, Vangelis G. Manolopoulos3,5, Cristina Rodriguez-Antona1,6, Sanja Stankovic2,7, Ron H.N. van Schaik2,8 Affiliations: 1 S...
Article
The Fourth European Society of Pharmacogenomics and Personalized Therapy biennial conference was organized in collaboration with the Italian Society of Personalized Medicine (SIMeP) and was held at Benedictine Monastery of San Nicolò l'Arena in Catania, Sicily (Italy) on 4-7 October 2017. The congress addressed the research progress and clinical im...
Article
Full-text available
Clinical pharmacology as a scientific discipline and medical specialty was unarguably born in the twentieth century. Whilst pharmacology—the science behind the treatment of disease—had been in evolution since at least medieval times, the clinical discipline of pharmacology has had a more recent genesis and rather insidious evolution. During the 190...
Article
Aim: The need for pharmacogenomic education is becoming more and more urgent. Our aim was to evaluate the progress in pharmacogenomics education since then, and to put forward further recommendations. Methods: A survey was sent to 248 schools of medicine, pharmacy, nursing and health professions around the world. Results: The majority of the study...
Article
In September 2018, the European Society of Pharmacogenomics and Personalised Therapy (ESPT), with the support of the Swiss Personalized Health Network (SPHN), organized its 4th biennial summer school, entitled 'Precision Medicine and Personalised Health' (Campus Biotech, Geneva, Switzerland; www.esptsummerschool.eu/ ). The school's comprehensive an...
Article
Background Cystathionine γ-lyase enzyme, which is encoded by the CTH gene, is responsible for hydrogen sulfide (H 2 S) production in the endothelium. The CTH 1364 G>T polymorphism may alter the CTH expression and H 2 S bioavailability, thus leading to atherosclerosis and coronary artery disease (CAD). We examined the potential association of the CT...
Article
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a multifactorial and common disorder affecting 10-17% of men and 3-9% of women. A low vitamin D serum concentration has been reportedly linked to OSAS susceptibility, but the underlying molecular genetic mechanisms are poorly understood thus far. We report here original findings on the ways in which vitami...
Article
Background: Numerous studies have indicated that obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), may contribute to the development of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and diabetes. Moreover, OSAS has been associated with lowered vitamin D (Vit D) levels, but reports are inconclusive. Aim of the study was to compare Vit D levels according to the presence of MetS...
Article
Full-text available
From the earliest times to the present, alcohol has evolved as part of life and culture. For most adults, moderate alcohol use is harmless, however, it lies at one end of a range that moves through alcohol abuse to alcohol addiction. Alcohol addiction is a serious and chronic psychiatric disorder that, on top of its heavy consequences on health, al...
Article
Pharmacogenomics is a promising approach in the field of individualized medicine in in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment that aims to develop optimized pharmacotherapy depending on the genetic background of each infertile woman, thus to ensure maximum effectiveness of the medication used, with minimal side effects. The unique genetic information...
Article
Sulfonylureas are insulin secretagogues which act in pancreatic β cells by blocking the KATP channels encoded by KCNJ11 and ABCC8 genes. In the present study, a pharmacoepigenetic approach was applied for the first time, investigating the correlation of KCNJ11 and ABCC8 gene promoter methylation with sulfonylureas-induced mild hypoglycemic events a...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Cardiovascular (CV) events are the first cause of death in patients with chronic renal disease (CKD) and in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2). The combination of CKD and DM2 elevates the risk of both cardiovascular disease (CVD) and death in this high-risk population. Besides traditional risk factors, such as dyslipidemia, smokin...
Article
Background: We have earlier developed a pharmacogenomic algorithm for acenocoumarol dose prediction in Greek patients that included CYP2C9/VKORC1 genetic information. This study aims at analyzing the potential effect of CYP4F2, CYP2C19, and CYP1A2 gene polymorphisms on acenocoumarol dose requirements and at further improving the Greek-specific pha...
Article
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a major global health burden whereby gene-by-environment-by-sex interactions play an important role. Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery involves patients with well-documented and severe CAD. Hence, the study of CAD in a context of the CABG surgery serves as an advantageous model for disease phenotype ascert...
Article
Aims We sought to determine the predictive value of Matrix Gla Protein MGP T-138C polymorphism in relation to all-cause mortality, cardiovascular mortality and cardiovascular events in patients with diabetic nephropathy (DN). Methods MGP T-138C polymorphism was assessed in 40 diabetic patients without nephropathy and 118 patients at different stag...
Article
Aim: International collaboration is needed to enable large-scale pharmacogenomics studies in childhood asthma. Here, we describe the design of the Pharmacogenomics in Childhood Asthma (PiCA) consortium. Materials & methods: Investigators of each study participating in PiCA provided data on the study characteristics by answering an online questio...
Article
Alcohol addiction or alcoholism is the most severe form of problem drinking. A variety of treatment methods for alcoholism are currently available that combine medications, behavioral treatment and peer support. The drugs that are currently approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for treatment of alcohol dependence are disulfiram, n...
Article
Background: The multicenter, single-blind, randomized EU-PACT trial compared safety and efficacy of genotype-guided and non-genetic dosing algorithms for acenocoumarol and phenprocoumon in patients with atrial fibrillation or deep venous thrombosis. The trial showed no differences in the primary outcome between the two dosing strategies. Objectiv...
Article
Full-text available
Adiponectin is an inflammatory cytokine produced by adipose tissue and its protective role has been recognized in the pathogenesis of obesity. A lower concentration in obesity patients is noted, in conditions of resistance to insulin, diabetes mellitus, and CKD. Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus have a potential risk of atherosclerosis, while...
Article
Aim: To generate and validate a pharmacogenomic-guided (PG) dosing algorithm for acenocoumarol in the Greek population. To compare its performance with other PG algorithms developed for the Greek population. Patients & methods: A total of 140 Greek patients participants of the EU-PACT trial for acenocoumarol, a randomized clinical trial that pro...
Article
Background: Age seemed to affect the interaction between coumarins and genotype in the acenocoumarol and phenprocoumon arm of the European pharmacogenetics of anticoagulant therapy (EU-PACT) trial. Objectives: To investigate the effect of genotype-guided dosing stratified by age and the potential factors causing a difference. Patients/methods:...
Conference Paper
Background: Genetic variation may partly explain heterogeneity in response to asthma treatment. Recently, the Pharmacogenomics in Childhood Asthma (PiCA) consortium was initiated to perform large-scale pharmacogenomics studies. Aims: To describe the characteristics of the asthmatic children currently included in PiCA and to assess treatment respons...
Article
Background Childhood asthma phenotype is the consequence of interaction between environment and genetic factors. Nitric oxide (NO) formation is affected by polymorphisms in nitric oxide synthase (NOS) enzymes, which play a significant role as inflammatory factors in the airways. This study was undertaken to estimate the correlation of -786C>T and 8...
Article
Full-text available
Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is a signaling molecule with protective effects in the cardiovascular system. To harness the therapeutic potential of H2S, a number of donors have been developed. The present study compares the cardioprotective actions of representative H2S donors from different classes and studies their mechanisms of action inmyocardial inju...
Article
Background: The reinforcing effects of alcohol are mediated through complex interactions between multiple neurochemical systems. Genes of dopaminergic (DRD2, DRD3 and DβH), opioid (OPRM1) and glutaminergic (GRIK1) systems mediate the dependent behavior via different mechanisms; however, they all target the serotonergic and dopaminergic pathways in...
Article
Background: The contribution of the CYP3A5 enzyme to the metabolism of clinically used drugs has been established only for a few CYP3A substrates, such as the immunosuppressant tacrolimus, while for drugs used in the field of psychiatry its role is still vague. Methods: We herein discuss all published data on the contribution of CYP3A5 and its p...
Article
Full-text available
The 7th Santorini Conference was held in Santorini, Greece, and brought together 200 participants from 40 countries in several continents, including Europe, USA but also Japan, Korea, Brazil and South Africa. The attendees had the opportunity to: listen to 60 oral presentations; participate in two lunch symposia; look at 103 posters, which were div...
Article
Variability in vitamin K antagonist (VKA) dosing is partially explained by genetic polymorphisms. We performed a meta-analysis to determine whether genotype-guided VKA dosing algorithms decrease a composite of death, thromboembolic events and major bleeding (primary outcome) and improve time in therapeutic range (TTR). We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE,...
Article
Full-text available
Aims: We sought to determine the association between levels of adiponectin and oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) in patients with diabetic nephropathy as well as their effect on carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT). Methods: Adiponectin and ox-LDL were determined in 25 diabetic patients without nephropathy and 94 patients at different s...
Article
Components of nicotine reward system can potentially influence smoking behavior. The μ-opioid receptor (OPRM1) binds the endogenous opioid peptide β-endorphin and mediates the reinforcing effects of nicotine, while the GluR5 kainate receptor subunit (encoded by GRIK1 gene), a binding site for known mediators of glutamate neurotransmission, potentia...
Article
Full-text available
In this work, we examined the impact of polymorphism in the cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A5 gene, CYP3A5*1 (6986A > G, rs 776746), on the reduction in the lipid levels caused by simvastatin and atorvastatin. We studied 350 hyperlipidemic patients who received 10-40 mg of atorvastatin (n = 175) or simvastatin (n = 175) daily. Genotyping for CYP3A5 was don...
Chapter
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is one of the most common chronic diseases and has been steadily gaining in prevalence worldwide in recent decades. Management of T2DM initially calls for lifestyle modifications (diet and exercise) and eventually pharmacologic treatment, which sooner or later becomes essential in most T2DM patients. The main classes...
Article
In children and adolescents with familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) pharmacotherapy with statins is the cornerstone in the current regimen to reduce low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDLc) and premature coronary heart disease risk. There is, however, a great interindividual variation in response to therapy, partially attributed to genetic factor...
Article
Abstract Vitamin D levels have been suggested as a marker of disease severity in asthmatic children. Our aim was to investigate possible associations between the vitamin D receptor (VDR) FokI, BsmI, ApaI, and TaqI polymorphisms and asthma susceptibility and control in children. 127 Greek children with asthma and 91 healthy controls were genotyped f...
Article
Background: Interindividual variability exists in statin lipid-lowering response, partially attributed to genetic factors. CYP3A4 intron 6 C>T polymorphism (CYP3A4*22 allele, rs35599367) has been recently identified and was associated with reduced CYP3A4 expression. We analyzed the association of CYP3A4*22 allele with response to atorvastatin and...
Article
Full-text available
The MDM2 promoter SNP285C is located on the SNP309G allele. While SNP309G enhances Sp1 transcription factor binding and MDM2 transcription, SNP285C antagonizes Sp1 binding and reduces the risk of breast-, ovary- and endometrial cancer. Assessing SNP285 and 309 genotypes across 25 different ethnic populations (>10.000 individuals), the incidence of...
Article
Full-text available
Observational studies have overwhelmingly shown that variants in the genes CYP2C9 and VKORC1 are significant determinants of individual dose of coumarin anticoagulants needed to maintain a therapeutic international normalized ratio (INR).1 Until recently, however, few randomized clinical trials had been performed relating to the use of genetic data...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Scholarship knows no geographical boundaries. This science diplomacy and biotechnology journalism article introduces an original concept and policy petition to innovate the global translational science, a Science Peace Corps. Service at the new Corps could entail volunteer work for a minimum of 6 weeks, and up to a maximum of 2 years, for...
Article
Abstract The cytochrome P450 (CYP450) enzyme family is involved in the oxidative metabolism of many therapeutic drugs and various endogenous substrates. These enzymes are highly polymorphic. Prevalence of CYP450 enzyme gene polymorphisms vary among different populations and substantial inter- and intra-ethnic variability in frequency of CYP450 enzy...
Article
Interindividual variability exists in statin lipid-lowering response, partially attributed to genetic factors. Organic anion-transporting polypeptide 1B1 (OATP1B1) encoded by SLCO1B1 gene (solute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B1) facilitates hepatic uptake of simvastatin and atorvastatin. SLCO1B1 polymorphisms are strongly associ...
Article
Full-text available
Background: One of the promises of human genetics is individualized therapy. Therefore, we evaluated the impact of CYP3A5 gene polymorphism on the effectiveness of simvastatin (a HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor). Methods: Patients (n = 191) with hypercholesterolemia were treated with simvastatin for at least 6 months and were genotyped for the CYP3A...
Article
Full-text available
It is previously shown that carriers of the defective allele CYP2C9*3 that leads to impaired sulfonylurea metabolism are at increased sulfonylurea-induced hypoglycemia risk due to diminished drug metabolism, whereas no effect of CYP2C9*2 allele was found. Recently, a polymorphism in P450 oxidoreductase (POR) gene, assigned as POR*28 allele, was ass...
Article
Inter-individual variability exists in the statin (HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor) lipid-lowering response, which is partially attributed to genetic factors. The polymorphic enzyme P450 oxidoreductase (POR) transfers electrons from nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) to cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A enzymes, which metabolize atorvastatin an...
Article
Full-text available
Alcohol dependence is a serious psychiatric disorder with harmful physical, mental and social consequences, and a high probability of a chronic relapsing course. The field of pharmacologic treatment of alcohol dependence and craving is expanding rapidly; the drugs that have been found to reduce relapse rates or drinking in alcohol-dependent patient...