Valeria Matranga

Valeria Matranga
Italian National Research Council | CNR · Institute of Biomedicine and Molecular Immunology "Alberto Monroy" IBIM

About

138
Publications
22,926
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4,831
Citations
Citations since 2017
21 Research Items
2018 Citations
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20172018201920202021202220230100200300
20172018201920202021202220230100200300

Publications

Publications (138)
Article
Echinoderms have an extensive endoskeleton composed of magnesian calcite and occluded matrix proteins. As biomineralization in sea urchin larvae is sensitive to the Magnesium:Calcium ratio of seawater, we investigated the effects of magnesium deprivation on development and skeletogenesis in the sea urchin Arbacia lixula. We focused on the localizat...
Article
The effects of ocean acidification, a major anthropogenic impact on marine life, have beenmainly investigated in laboratory/mesocosm experiments.We used the CO2 vents at Ischia as a natural laboratory to study the long-term effects of ocean acidification on the sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus population resident in low-pH (7.8±0.2) compared to tha...
Article
Widely appreciated in gastronomy, many harvested and farmed Crustacean species are a great economic re- source in the fishery business, throughout the world. Factors like pollutants and/or improper management in on- board/on-shore practices may adversely affect their edible quality and shelf-life. Recent studies from applied scientific research have b...
Article
Lithium (Li), Nickel (Ni), and Zinc (Zn) are metals normally present in the seawater, although they can have adverse effects on the marine ecosystem at high concentrations by interfering with many biological processes. These metals are toxic for sea urchin embryos, affecting their morphology and developmental pathways. In particular, they perturb d...
Article
The deep-water rose shrimp, Parapenaeus longirostris, is a target species of the Mediterranean fisheries mostly caught by trawlers offshore, processed, and frozen on board. The effects of thawing on shrimp muscle exudate collected at 0, 1, 2, 3 days after thawing were investigated. Seventy-kDa heat shock protein (Hsp70), alpha (α)-enolase, and mang...
Article
http://www.tandfonline.com/eprint/rFbz3XMTtVBrQvCaHPZW/full Polystyrene nanoparticles have been shown to pose serious risk to marine organisms including sea urchin embryos based on their surface properties and consequently behaviour in natural sea water. The aim of this study is to investigate the toxicity pathways of amino polystyrene nanoparticl...
Article
Full-text available
Carbonic anhydrases (CA) are zinc metalloenzymes that catalyze the reversible hydration of carbon dioxide to bicarbonate. In the sea urchin, CA has a role in the formation of the calcitic skeleton during embryo development. Here, we report a newly identified mRNA sequence from embryos of the sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus, referred to as Pl-can....
Article
Gadolinium (Gd), a metal of the lanthanide series used as contrast agent for magnetic resonance imaging, is released into the aquatic environment. We investigated the effects of Gd on the development of four sea urchin species: two from Europe, Paracentrotus lividus and Arbacia lixula, and two from Australia, Heliocidaris tuberculata and Centrostep...
Article
The sea urchin embryo is a well-recognized developmental biology model and its use in toxicological studies has been widely appreciated. Many studies have focused on the evaluation of the effects of chemical stressors and their mixture in marine ecosystems using sea urchin embryos. These are well equipped with defense genes used to cope with chemic...
Article
The sea urchin embryo toxicity test is classically used to assess the noxious effects of contaminated marine waters and sediments. In Italian guidelines on quality of dredged sediments, the standard toxicity criteria used for this assay are based on a single endpoint at 48 hours of development, corresponding to the pluteus stage. Different typologi...
Article
Full-text available
Galectin family members specifically bind beta-galactoside derivatives and are involved in different cellular events, including cell communication, signalling, apoptosis, and immune responses. Here, we report a tandem-repeat type galectin from the Paracentrotus lividus sea urchin embryo, referred to as Pl-GAL-8. The 933nt sequence encodes a protein...
Article
Strategies and technologies for the ecosafety assessment and design of engineered particles entering the marine environment are urgently needed. As the application of nanoparticles in science and technology grows, the need to understand their impact on the marine environment becomes increasingly important. This Editorial introduces a Special Issue...
Article
Full-text available
Titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2NPs) are one of the most widespread-engineered particles in use for drug delivery, cosmetics, and electronics. However, TiO2NP safety is still an open issue, even for ethical reasons. In this work, we investigated the sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus immune cell model as a proxy to humans, to elucidate a potentia...
Article
Carbonic anhydrases (CAs) are a family of widely distributed metalloenzymes, involved in diverse physiological processes. These enzymes catalyse the reversible conversion of carbon dioxide to protons and bicarbonate. At least 19 genes encoding for CAs have been identified in the sea urchin genome, with one of these localized to the skeletogenic mes...
Article
The innate immune response involves proteins such as the membrane receptors of the Toll-like family (TLRs), which trigger different intracellular signalling pathways that are dependent on specific stimulating molecules. In sea urchins, TLR proteins are encoded by members of a large multigenic family composed of 60-250 genes in different species. He...
Article
Human and natural activities release many pollutants in the marine environment. The mixture of pollutants can affect many organisms concurrently. We used the Paracentrotus lividus as model to analyze the effects on signal transduction pathways and stress genes expression in embryos exposed continuously to a double stress: i.e. Cadmium (Cd) from fer...
Article
The widespread use of engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) in a variety of technologies and consumer products inevitably causes their release into aquatic environments and final deposition into the oceans. In addition, a growing number of ENM products are being developed specifically for marine applications, such as antifouling coatings and environmenta...
Article
Growing evidence suggests that the transcription factors belonging to the Jun family are involved in many important cellular events, such as the control of bone development in mammalians. We have characterized for the first time a member of the Jun family from embryos of the sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus. The Pl-jun protein sequence includes all...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
La risposta immunitaria innata nel riccio di mare coinvolge proteine importanti come i recettori di membrana che attivano diverse vie di segnalazione intracellulare. La scoperta dei recettori Toll-like (TLR) in cellule immunitarie di invertebrati, come il riccio di mare, ha rinnovato l'interesse per l'immunità innata e la sua potenzialità in modell...
Poster
Full-text available
Sea urchin innate immune response involves important proteins such as membrane receptors which trigger different intracellular signaling pathways. The discovery of the Toll-like receptors (TLRs) in immune cells of invertebrates such as the sea urchin, has renewed the interest in innate immunity and its potentiality in invertebrate models. The sea u...
Article
There is no doubt that the natural environment is crucial for our daily life. Since seas and oceans occupy approximately 70% of the global surface, adverse changes in the marine environment sooner or later will have some type of impact on our society. The dynamic powerful marine environment provides us not only with material and concrete benefits,...
Article
The increase of UVB radiation reaching marine environment has harmful effects on living organisms. Paracentrotus lividus sea urchin embryos living in shallow water are exposed to radiations, providing a good model for studying the molecular mechanisms activated upon UV stress. Here, we report the modulated time- and dose-dependent expression of six...
Article
Metallothioneins (MTs) constitute a family of cysteine-rich, low molecular weight proteins, which generally provide protection against metal toxicity and oxidative stress counteracting the cell damage caused by essential and non-essential heavy metals. Equally important is the physiological role of MTs in the homeostasis of essential metals, which...
Article
Full-text available
Sea urchin embryos construct their skeleton following a precise gene-regulated time- and space-dependent programme, in concert with factors promoting cell adhesion and differentiation. The biomineral is deposited in a privileged extracellular space produced by the fused filopodia processes of the primary mesenchyme cells, the only cells producing a...
Article
Full-text available
P16 and P19 are two small acidic proteins involved in the formation of the biomineralized skeleton of sea urchin embryos and adults. Here, we describe the cloning and the embryonic temporal and spatial expression profiles of p16 and p19 mRNAs, identified for the first time in Paracentrotus lividus. Phylogenetic analysis showed a high degree of simi...
Article
Engineered nanoparticles (ENPs) have been produced by nano-biotech companies in recent decades to generate innovative goods in various fields, including agriculture, electronics, biomedicine, manufacturing, pharmaceuticals and cosmetics. The nano-scale size of the particles can confer novel and significantly improved physical, chemical and biologic...
Article
The potential toxicity of stannum dioxide (SnO₂), cerium dioxide (CeO₂) and iron oxide (Fe₃O₄) nanoparticles (NPs) in the marine environment was investigated using the sea urchin, Paracentrotus lividus, as an in vivo model. We found that 5 days after force-feeding of NPs in aqueous solutions, the three NPs presented different toxicity degrees, depe...
Article
The common sea star Asterias rubens represents a key-species of the North-Eastern Atlantic macro benthic community. The cells of their immune system, known as coelomocytes, are the first line of defence against environmental hazards. Here, we report the results of investigations on the immune cells response of sea stars exposed to marine environmen...
Article
Full-text available
Echinoderms have an extensive endoskeleton composed of magnesian calcite, a form of calcium carbonate that contains small amounts of magnesium carbonate and occluded matrix proteins. Adult sea urchins have several calcified structures, including test, teeth, and spines, composed of numerous ossicles which form a three-dimensional meshwork of minera...
Article
Full-text available
We used Paracentrotus lividus sea urchin embryos, a well-established model in developmental biology and ecotoxicology, for investigation on stress/anti-apoptotic protein expression elicited in response to harmful ionizing radiation, such as X-rays. We evaluated the acute effects of a high-dose exposure (5 Gy) on P. lividus analyzing by Western blot...
Article
Full-text available
Manganese (Mn) has been associated with embryo toxicity as it impairs differentiation of neural and skeletogenic cells in vertebrates. Nevertheless, information on the mechanisms operating at the cellular level remains scant. We took advantage of an amenable embryonic model to investigate the effects of Mn in biomineral formation. Sea urchin (Parac...
Article
Submersible sea-cages represent an alternative method to standard surface-based cages, and could help solve several production problems that exist in surface-based farming, such as heavy storms, algal and jellyfish blooms and attacks by predators. In this study, we investigated growth, haematological, biochemical and immunological parameters of Eur...
Article
Full-text available
Submersible sea-cages represent an alternative method to standard surface-based cages, and could help solve several production problems that exist in surface-based farming, such as heavy storms, algal and jellyfish blooms and attacks by predators. In this study, we investigated growth, haematological, biochemical and immunological parameters of Eur...
Article
Full-text available
Members of the 14-3-3 protein family are involved in many important cellular events, including stress response, survival and apoptosis. Genes of the 14-3-3 family are conserved from plants to humans, and some members are responsive to UV radiation. Here, we report the isolation of the complete cDNA encoding the 14-3-3 epsilon isoform from Paracentr...
Article
Full-text available
This editorial introduces a Special Issue on the topic "Alternative Models for Marine Toxicological Investigations". Today, the terrestrial and marine environments are being changed by anthropogenic activities at a very high rate. Rapid change, coupled with uncontrolled exploitation of natural resources e.g., lands, mines, waters, organisms etc., a...
Article
Pl-nectin is a component of the extracellular matrix that surrounds embryos of the sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus. Pl-nectin mediates adhesion of dissociated embryonic cells to substrates and interfering with ectodermic cells contacting Pl-nectin results in defects in skeleton growth and morphogenesis. Recently, we reported that Pl-nectin is a ne...
Article
Cadmium is a heavy metal that is toxic for living organisms even at low concentrations. The presence in the environment of this metal has grown because of its large employment in some industrial and agricultural activities. Although heavy metals are terrestrially produced, they flow into the sea through effluents and sewage or are directly discharg...
Article
Full-text available
A survey for immune genes in the genome for the purple sea urchin has shown that the immune system is complex and sophisticated. By inference, immune responses of all echinoderms maybe similar. The immune system is mediated by several types of coelomocytes that are also useful as sensors of environmental stresses. There are a number of large gene f...
Article
Full-text available
In the marine environment increasing concentrations of bio-available compounds often result from anthropogenic activities. Among metal ions, manganese represents a new emergent factor in environmental contamination. Here, we studied the effects of manganese on Paracentrotus lividus sea urchin embryos using biological and biochemical approaches for...
Article
Full-text available
The extracellular matrix protein Pl-nectin, a 210-kDa homodimer originally purified from sea urchin eggs, plays a crucial role in cell adhesion and embryonic morphogenesis. The compiled cDNA sequence, obtained by RT-PCR primer walking and 3' RACE, identified a 984aa product containing a 23aa signal peptide and including all six internal peptides id...
Article
Full-text available
International concern over environmental nuclear contamination of salt water fisheries and coastal resources has attracted the interests of ecologists, marine biologists and stakeholders. There are not many studies on the effects of X-rays, a component of radionuclides emissions, on embryonic development and gene expression. The sea urchin embryo i...
Chapter
The potential for regenerating tissues, organs and body parts, even the ability to reconstruct virtually a complete animal from a body fragment, is expressed to a maximum extent in echinoderms which provide fantastic and tractable models for the study of regeneration. Regenerative processes are common in all classes of the phylum, even though speci...
Chapter
In the last years, stem cells have been the subject of great interest. Although considerable progress has been made in this field, the signaling pathways and related molecules controlling stem cells behaviour still remain unclear. Among marine invertebrates, echinoderms have the attracting ability to regenerate parts of their bodies, involving stem...
Chapter
The remarkable ability to generate an embryo from a single fertilized oocyte and to regenerate tissues that are injured or going through natural physiological turnover, is the direct result of stem cells, nature’s gift to multicellular organisms. Only recently, studies on marine invertebrates have revealed the diversity of phenomena involved with t...
Article
Major yolk protein (MYP), a transferrin superfamily protein contained in yolk granules of sea urchin eggs, also occurs in the coelomic fluid of male and female adult sea urchins regardless of their reproductive cycle. MYP in the coelomic fluid (CFMYP; 180 kDa) has a zinc-binding capacity and has a higher molecular mass than MYP in eggs (EGMYP; 170...
Article
Studies on the effects of a variety of exogenous and anthropogenic environmental factors, including endocrine disruptors, heavy metals, UV light, high temperature, and others, on marine organisms have been presented at the 2nd Bilateral Seminar Italy-Japan held in November 2006. Reports were discussed in order to reveal the current situation of mar...
Article
Full-text available
Sea urchin embryos and larvae represent suitable model systems on where to investigate the effects of heavy metals on development and cell viability. Here, we tested the toxic effects of low (10−12M), medium (10−9M), and high (10−6M) cadmium chloride concentrations, mimicking unpolluted, moderately and highly polluted seawaters, respectively, on Pa...
Article
Manganese (Mn) is a naturally abundant metal in marine sediments where it mainly occurs as MnO(2). During hypoxic conditions it is converted into a bioavailable state, Mn(2+), and can reach levels that previously have shown effects on immune competent cells of the crustacean, Nephrops norvegicus. Here we investigated if Mn also affects circulating...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the present study was to investigate on the suitability of the sea urchin as a sentinel organism for the assessment of the macro-zoobenthos health state in bio-monitoring programmes. A field study was carried out during two oceanographic campaigns using immuno-competent cells, the coelomocytes, from sea urchins living in a marine protect...
Article
In the sea urchin embryo, primary mesenchyme cells (PMCs) are committed early in development to direct skeletogenesis, provided that a permissive signal is conveyed from adjacent ectoderm cells. We showed that inhibition of extracellular matrix (ECM)-ectoderm cells interaction, by monoclonal antibodies (mAb) to Pl-nectin, causes an impairment of sk...
Article
We describe the structure and function of the toposome, a modified calcium-binding, iron-less transferrin, the first member of a new class of cell adhesion proteins. In addition to the amino acid sequence of the precursor, we determined by Edman degradation the N-terminal amino acid sequences of the mature hexameric glycoprotein present in the egg...
Article
A number of studies aimed to assess the health of aquatic ecosystems have focused on the dangerous effects of ultraviolet B (UV-B) radiation on marine organisms, especially those living in shallow waters such as sea urchin embryos and their larvae. We studied the effects of UV-B radiation on Paracentrotus lividus embryos at early stages of developm...