Valentine Joseph Owan

Valentine Joseph Owan
University of Calabar | unical · Department of Educational Foundations Guidance and Counseling

NCE - Mathematics/Economics; Bachelor's degree - Educational Administration and Planning/Economics; M.Ed. in view Research, Measurement and Evaluation
Reliance on Golden Rules in Fit Assessment of CFA Structural Equation Models: A Systematic Review

About

144
Publications
301,282
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568
Citations
Introduction
Valentine Owan is a postgraduate student of Research, Measurement and Evaluation at the University of Calabar, Calabar – Nigeria. His research interests are Structural Equation Modelling, Research Policy, Item-Response Theory, Programme Evaluation, Psychological Testing, Educational Assessment, and Higher Education Research. His research has primarily been drawn from the philosophy of positivism; however, Owan is an epistemological pragmatist.
Additional affiliations
January 2015 - present
Ultimate Research Network, Calabar, Cross River State
Position
  • Consultant
Education
January 2015 - November 2018
University of Calabar
Field of study
  • Educational Administration and Planning

Publications

Publications (144)
Article
Full-text available
This study used a latent variable structural equation modelling to quantify how staff motivation, placement and retraining partially and grossly affect teachers' job commitment across three areas. The research was quantitative, and the design adopted was the ex-post facto. This study included 500 school managers from204 public secondary schools in...
Article
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A preponderance of empirical research in higher education exists on the use of electronic resources to promote university education and learning. This suggests that this area of research has attracted significant interest worldwide. However, there seems to be inadequate information on the association between specific electronic infrastructures, how...
Article
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Despite the changes in human behaviour and interactions occasioned by the COVID-19 pandemic, many institutions are yet to adapt to the new normal fully. While some educational institutions switched entirely to e-learning to promote teaching and learning, others could not offer education due to physical and social restrictions. Previous studies in A...
Article
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Introduction: Research has documented the prevalence of different HIV/AIDS prevention programs launched to reduce the spread of the virus. However, the extent to which the success or otherwise of these programs are achieved is rarely discussed. This study addresses this gap by analyzing the impact of three socioeconomic parameters on the evaluation...
Article
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BACKGROUND: Graduates' job performance has become a matter that needs urgent attention. This is because many stakeholders are increasingly becoming interested in understanding the extent schools are able to produce output that meets the yearnings of society. Along these lines, we examined the contributions of alcohol intake to the job performance o...
Article
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The state of the availability of digital resources and institutional compliance to COVID-19 mitigation measures was evaluated by the researchers in this study. Informed by the need to answer two research questions, the study adopted the descriptive survey design. A sample of 409 participants was drawn from a population of 2,410 academic staff at th...
Article
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This research examined the management of financial and non-financial resources by Calabar Metropolis' public secondary school principals in relation to the fulfillment of institutional goals. Null hypotheses were developed based on the two specific objectives guiding the study. The study used the ex-post facto research design under the quantitative...
Article
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Background: The National Youth Service Corps programme is, among other targets, aimed at promoting national inclusiveness and tolerance in a culturally heterogeneous society. Despite the importance of this programme, little has been done to evaluate its degree of success. Where evaluations are done, they are never made public. There is a need for t...
Article
Full-text available
This study used a partial least squares structural equation modelling (PLS-SEM) to estimate curriculum management's direct and indirect effects on university graduate programmes' viability. The study also examined the role of institutional effectiveness in mediating the nexus between the predictor and response variables. This is a correlational stu...
Article
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Objective: Food proteins provide amino acids (AAs) and serve as building blocks of all vital organs, muscles, hormones, and biological fluids such as blood. Eggs are known as a good source of protein. This study compared the protein quality of bird eggs (raw and boiled), using their AA scores since some individuals consume raw eggs for various rea...
Article
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Available reports provide an account of academic staff’s poor job performance in higher education institutions and universities in particular. Consequently, a growing body of research has been attracted to this area, including those seeking ways to understand the problem and others aimed at proffering solutions. This study contributes to the litera...
Article
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INTRODUCTION: Many higher education students indulge in risky eating behaviours which tend to affect their physical, psychological and academic health. Previous studies have tried to understand the trend in students' eating patterns without paying adequate attention to contributing factors. PURPOSE: This study evaluated the influence of selected ps...
Chapter
Technological advancement is gradually shifting the paradigm of how network records and transactions are processed and secured without third-party intervention. The importance of blockchain technology in performing these roles cannot be overstated. It has a wide application in the health, banking, insurance, real estate, media and transportation se...
Chapter
Searching and retrieving relevant research materials from electronic databases is difficult for many students and early career researchers. Many individuals have abandoned beneficial and exciting topics or research projects because they believe that related literature is unavailable to ground their work. This chapter was written to guide students,...
Chapter
This chapter discusses the Mendeley desktop application as a digital library in the hands of researchers, scientists, and scholars. The chapter presented an overview of a digital library and used the features of Mendeley to justify it as a digital library for researchers, scientists, and scholars. The chapter provided an extensive guide on how to w...
Chapter
This chapter discusses some of the contemporary trends and emerging technologies in research libraries. The chapter begins by explaining the concept of a research library and differentiating between the services offered in traditional versus digital research libraries. The contemporary trends and technologies discussed in this study include big dat...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The National Youth Service Corps programme is, among other targets, aimed at promoting national inclusiveness and tolerance in a culturally heterogeneous society. Despite the importance of this programme, little has been done to evaluate its degree of success. Where evaluations are done, they are never made public. There is a need for t...
Article
Full-text available
This research studied the interaction influence of demographic characteristics (marital status, job rank, gender and age) and occupational stress level, on the work performance of faculty members in Calabar Metropolis. The descriptive survey design was utilized for this investigation. A sample of 150 respondents was identified using the systematic...
Article
Full-text available
This dataset was collected from a total of 1,977 university lecturers across 24 African countries, that were purposively targeted due to their level of exposure to scholarly publications. The dataset was collected through an online survey that was sent to respondents through email, WhatsApp, and the Association of African Universities Telegram grou...
Article
Full-text available
Background/purpose-This study analyzed the contribution of three mentorship practices relatively and cumulatively to the research productivity of early-career academics in the field of educational psychology in universities. The study was conducted in the South-South region of Nigeria. Materials/methods-The research method adopted was the quantitat...
Article
This analysis examined the collaboration between schools and host communities using the leadership styles of principals and public relations skills as independent variables. As noted, and reported in the literature, the research was motivated by the conflicting links and alienative partnerships between schools and communities. The research followed...
Article
Full-text available
This dataset was collected from a total of 1,977 university lecturers across 24 African countries, that were purposively targeted due to their level of exposure to scholarly publications. The dataset was collected through an online survey that was sent to respondents through email, WhatsApp, and the Association of African Universities Telegram grou...
Article
Full-text available
This dataset was collected from a total of 1,977 university lecturers across 24 African countries, that were purposively targeted due to their level of exposure to scholarly publications. The dataset was collected through an online survey that was sent to respondents through email, WhatsApp, and the Association of African Universities Telegram grou...
Preprint
Existing literature on entrepreneurship education has continually highlighted its potential for job creation. However, much attention has not been paid to the restructuring of the curriculum that can enable entrepreneurship education to thrive for job creation. This study used a structural equation modelling approach to understand the mediating rol...
Preprint
A blockchain is a ground-breaking technique for connecting computer networks in a decentralised and distributed manner. It is a relatively new technology with many applications that could eventually affect the entire economy and be acknowledged as the most up-to-date general-purpose technology. This study aims to look at the growth and trends of bl...
Article
Full-text available
The study evaluated primary texts' availability and utilisation status in core subjects (English Language, Mathematics, Social Studies and Basic Science) in primary schools' libraries in Obubra Local Government Area of Cross River State. The researchers formulated six null hypotheses to guide the study. The study adopted the descriptive survey rese...
Article
Full-text available
Existing literature on entrepreneurship education has continually highlighted its potential for job creation. However, much attention has not been paid to the restructuring of the curriculum that can enable entrepreneurship education to thrive for job creation. This study used a structural equation modelling approach to understand the mediating rol...
Article
Full-text available
This study analyzed the monitoring and evaluation of HIV/AIDS prevention programs in Southern Senatorial District of Cross River State, Nigeria. The study considered different levels of care/support and tested for locational variations in the monitoring/evaluation of HIV/AIDs prevention programs. A descriptive survey research design was utilized. T...
Article
Full-text available
Existing literature on entrepreneurship education has continually highlighted its potential for job creation. However, much attention has not been paid to the restructuring of the curriculum that can enable entrepreneurship education to thrive for job creation. This study used a structural equation modelling approach to understand the mediating rol...
Article
Full-text available
This study linked strategic planning and staff management relatively and cumulatively to the effectiveness of postgraduate programmes at two public Nigerian universities. The study was directed by the formulation and testing of three null hypotheses. The entire population of 157 administrators (including 24 deans and 133 HODs) participated in a sur...
Article
Full-text available
There is a growing body of literature investigating the impact of retraining and motivation on employee work efficiency. However, little seems to be understood about the effects of employee placement on the commitment of teachers to their jobs. To the best of the researcher's awareness, the partial and composite impact of staff placement, retrainin...
Article
Full-text available
This study assessed the partial as well as the collaborative impact of age and gender on academic staff preparedness to adopt Internet tools for research sharing in African universities during Covid-19. Although evidence abounds in the literature on gender and age as they affect relatively, scholars’ utilisation of digital tools for research commun...
Article
Full-text available
This study assessed the professional variables of academic staff in African varsities and their readiness to Utilise Internet-Based Channels for Research Communication in an era of Covid-19. Drawing from Maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory, the study was guided by four null hypotheses. The quantitative research method based on the virtual cross-sect...
Article
Full-text available
This research assessed certain socio-demographic variables and how they affect students’ satisfaction with the study of ICT in secondary schools. The study adopted a survey research design and was guided by six specific objectives. A total of 4,484 senior secondary school students represented the study’s population, while a simple random sampling t...
Preprint
This study assessed the professional variables of academic staff in African varsities and their readiness to Utilise Internet-Based Channels for Research Communication in an era of Covid-19. Drawing from Maslow's hierarchy of needs theory, the study was guided by four null hypotheses. The quantitative research method based on the virtual cross-sect...
Preprint
Full-text available
This study assessed the professional variables of academic staff in African varsities and their readiness to Utilise Internet-Based Channels for Research Communication in an era of Covid-19. Drawing from Maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory, the study was guided by four null hypotheses. The quantitative research method based on the virtual cross-sect...
Preprint
Full-text available
This study assessed the partial as well as the collaborative impact of age and gender on academic staff preparedness to adopt Internet tools for research sharing in African universities during Covid-19. Although evidence abounds in the literature on gender and age as they affect relatively, scholars’ utilisation of digital tools for research commun...
Article
Full-text available
The literature is predominated by studies seeking to clarify the extent of the availability, functionality, accessibility and/or utilisation of library materials in schools at various levels. The extent of principals' management of library resources and their contribution to the lesson preparation activities of teachers seems to have been under-res...
Preprint
Previous studies tend to have assessed principals' demographic variables, but with other dependent variables such as administrative effectiveness, job performance, students' achievement and so on. From the literature, principals' demographic qualities and the misuse of material, capital appears to have been under-assessed. This study used a quantit...
Preprint
The study tested three forms of sitting to see how effective they were in restricting test-takers' malpractice behaviours in higher education. The researcher was primarily concerned with three study questions. In this study, data were collected using an observation inventory, together with eight sets of performance assessments, all conceived by the...
Article
Full-text available
With the rapid advancement of society, online learning has become more popular in the entire world due to Covid-19 pandemic. The pandemic offered almost a total paradigm shift to online teaching and learning across various educational platforms. This paper was aimed at reviewing the teaching and learning changes in higher education during COVID-19...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: There is a general agreement among previous studies that gender, merit and catchment area criteria allows for access to university education, but the pattern of these variables over the years has not been proven in these studies. Purpose: This study used a times series approach to evaluate the enrolment patterns in federally owned un...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: There is a general agreement among previous studies that gender, merit and catchment area criteria allows for access to university education, but the pattern of these variables over the years has not been proven in these studies. Purpose: This study used a times series approach to evaluate the enrolment patterns in federally owned uni...
Article
Full-text available
The use of impact factor (IF) in the scientific and academic world is not new. A phenomenon that has gained widespread recognition and utilization. However, in modern-day usage, there seems to be a trend in higher education where academics are evaluated based on the impact factor of journals where scholarly works are published. This trend is gradua...
Preprint
This study derived ten standardized causal statistical equations to model the association between various proxies of curriculum management and the viability of graduate programmes in universities, with indices of institutional effectiveness mediating the association. The study was guided by three specific research objectives. Quantitative data were...
Preprint
Full-text available
An assessment of the extent of the use of electronic platforms by African academic staff in universities to disseminate research was done in this study. The study is informed by the growing importance of online repositories and preprint servers in the scientific communication of scholarly output, especially in an era where the use of metrics for re...
Article
Full-text available
The exploration of the literature indicated that much studies abound in related areas. Much seems yet to be known about the nature of the relationship that exists between managerial variables and the sustainability of graduate programmes. To bridge this gap, we utilized a standardised multiple regression approach to build up linear models that exam...
Preprint
This study examined specifically, the effect of item sequencing on the academic performance in mathematics among SS3 students in Calabar Education Zone of Cross River State. One null hypothesis formulated by the researchers offered guidance to the study. The study followed the quasi-experimental research design using two experimental and one contro...
Article
Full-text available
An assessment of the extent of the use of electronic platforms by African academic staff in universities to disseminate research was done in this study. The study is informed by the growing importance of online repositories and preprint servers in the scientific communication of scholarly output, especially in an era where the use of metrics for re...
Article
Full-text available
This study assessed the professional variables of academic staff in African varsities and their readiness to Utilise Internet-Based Channels for Research Communication in an era of Covid-19. Drawing from Maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory, the study was guided by four null hypotheses. The quantitative research method based on the virtual cross-se...
Article
Full-text available
Recent studies tend to explain the importance of communication in the organisation as well as prescribing the most commonly practised techniques adopted by school managers. Studies on financial management are quite limited with the available ones suggesting that poor financial management is a source of conflict between school leaders and host commu...
Article
Full-text available
The literature is predominated by studies seeking to clarify the extent of the availability, functionality, accessibility and/or utilisation of library materials in schools at various levels. The extent of principals' management of library resources and their contribution to the lesson preparation activities of teachers seems to have been under-res...
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper is a brief discussion about the COVID-19 guidelines and their implications on road safety in Nigeria. Originally written for a National Contest for Serving Corps Members.
Article
Full-text available
This is a trend study of School Size, Location and Enrolment Figures of Junior secondary schools in Akwa Ibom State of Nigeria covering 2008-2016 with implications on sustainable development. The study was tailored to follow the ex-post facto research design. This study was a census, hence the entire population of 227 public secondary schools were...
Chapter
Full-text available
Chapter Objectives After reading this chapter, you should be able to: 1. explain the meaning of computer-administered testing; 2. mention at least three other terms related to computer-administered testing; 3. discuss six approaches to computer-administered testing; 4. state five advantages and disadvantages of using computer-administered tests in...
Chapter
Full-text available
Educational assessment is a core school activity that the teacher engages to establish the extent of gains made during the teaching-learning process in the traditional classroom environment or e-learning platform. The closure of schools for over three months running due to coronavirus (COVID 19) pandemic has affected the academic calendar of educat...
Data
This is a PowerPoint slide of a conference paper presented at the 8th European Conference on Education (ECE, 2020), organised by the International Academic Forum (IAFOR).
Conference Paper
Full-text available
There is currently an academic debate among researchers regarding the influence of age and gender on ICT utilisation generally among lecturers. This study was designed to contribute to this debate and open up new paths to areas on which researchers have focused little or no attention. This study examined lecturers' variables (gender, age, education...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The attitudes of many undergraduates towards practicum exercise is declining in each passing year, affecting the quality of educational leaders produced from higher education. Studies in the past, have documented that there is no significant difference in the attitudes of students with or without practicum experience towards academic ac...
Article
Full-text available
The relative contributions of gender, test anxiety and test items scrambling on performance in Mathematics has been widely assessed, although there is an inconclusive argument regarding the magnitude of such effects. This study was designed to contribute to this debate, while also being the first study to evaluate the interactive effects of the thr...
Article
Full-text available
The existing body of knowledge has witnessed gaps arising from the paucity of research literature on the quality of educational research output in higher education. This study shows how the management of data in higher education affects the quality of academic research conducted by university lecturers in South-South Nigeria. The study adopted a fa...
Article
Full-text available
This study was designed to develop and validate an instrument that can enable researchers and scholars to measure the attitudes of teachers towards learners with disabilities in an inclusive classroom. The study was grounded on the three-components theory of attitude. A series of steps were followed to ascertain the face and content validity of the...
Article
Full-text available
Economic diversification has been the glamour of successive administrations in Nigeria, especially amidst the dwindling oil-revenue in recent years, which has resulted from the fluctuations in world crude oil prices. This study aims at investigating the impact of diversifying the economy on the economic growth in Nigeria. Secondary data on GDP grow...
Article
Full-text available
The existing body of knowledge has witnessed gaps arising from the paucity of research literature on the quality of educational research output in higher education. This study shows how the management of data in higher education affects the quality of academic research conducted by university lecturers in South-South Nigeria. A sample of 602 lectur...
Article
Full-text available
In an attempt to curtail examination malpractice, the Joint Admission and Matriculation Board (JAMB) has been generating different paper types with a different order of test items in the Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME). However, the permutation of test items may compromise students' performance unintentionally because constructive...
Poster
Certificate of course completion
Article
Full-text available
Background: Social media technology has provided platforms for enhanced human communication and expanded opportunities for self-expression. Despite the numerous gains, this social networking media, come with myriads of limitations; one being the tendency to be abused and/or misused, especially by young people or the young at heart. This study exam...
Article
Full-text available
This study used a structural equation modelling approach to assess the association between employee work-life policies, psychological empowerment, and academic staff job commitment in universities in Cross River State, Nigeria. Three null hypotheses were formulated to guide the study following a descriptive survey research design. Multistage sampli...
Poster
Reviewer's certificate of Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education
Article
Full-text available
This study evaluated the relationship between participative management practices and institutional goal attainment among Nigerian universities, with University of Calabar in focus. To achieve the purpose of the study, two research questions and two null hypotheses where developed to guide the study. The descriptive survey research design was adopte...
Article
Full-text available
The high rate of mathematics education students" academic performance in universities has become unbearable. In an attempt to proffer solution to this menace, this study assessed Poll Everywhere eLearning platform, test anxiety, and undergraduates" academic performance in Mathematics in Cross River State, Nigeria. The study adopted a quasi-experime...
Article
Full-text available
The rationale of this study was to examine the interactive effect of gender, test anxiety, and test items sequencing on the academic performance in mathematics among SS3 students in Calabar Education Zone, Cross River State. Two formulated null hypotheses directed the study. The study adopted the quasi-experimental design. Simple random sampling te...
Article
Full-text available
A structural equation modelling approach was used to analyse 32 factors affecting students' attitudes towards test-taking in secondary schools. Data for the study were obtained from a sample of 1,276 students using the proportionate stratified random sampling technique. The instrument used for data collection was a Rating Scale on Factors Affecting...