Valentina Fabiano

Valentina Fabiano
University of Milan | UNIMI · Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences "Luigi Sacco"

MD

About

90
Publications
28,423
Reads
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1,278
Citations
Citations since 2017
41 Research Items
908 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
Additional affiliations
October 2014 - present
Ospedale dei Bambini Vittore Buzzi
Position
  • Medical Doctor
September 2013 - September 2014
Ospedale Luigi Sacco
Position
  • Medical Doctor
March 2013 - present
University of Milan
Position
  • Researcher

Publications

Publications (90)
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, the existing relationship between excess overweight and central precocious puberty (CPP) has been reported, especially in girls. Different nutritional choices have been associated with different patterns of puberty. In particular, the involvement of altered biochemical and neuroendocrine pathways and a proinflammatory status has be...
Article
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Background A severe multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) related to SARS-CoV-2 has been described after infection. A limited number of reports have analyzed the long-term complications related to pro-inflammatory status in MIS-C. We evaluated multiorgan impairment at the 6-month follow-up in MIS-C. Methods We enrolled 33 pediatric...
Article
Objectives: Acute COVID-19 infection has been shown to negatively affect body composition among adult and malnourished or obesity children. Our aim is to longitudinally evaluate body composition in children affected by the Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome (MIS-C). Methods: In this cohort study we recruited 40 patients affected by MIS-C, aged 2...
Article
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Obesity is associated with various dysfunctions of the organism, including musculoskeletal problems. In this narrative review, we aim to consider postural problems in children and adolescents with obesity, focusing on the relationship with its negative impact on physical activity, and to discuss the role of exercise as a therapeutic approach. The b...
Article
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Lipodystrophy is a general definition containing different pathologies which, except for those observed in insulin-treated subjects falling outside the scope of this paper, are characterized by total or partial lack of body fat, that, according to the amount of missing adipose tissue, are divided in generalized or partial lipodystrophy. These disea...
Article
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Thyroid function plays a crucial role in nervous system integrity and metabolic homeostasis. We evaluated the pattern of TSH, FT4 and FT3 release in children with neuromotor impairment (NI) in relationship with metabolic syndrome (MS). We enrolled 55 patients with NI and 30 controls. Clinical parameters, thyroid function and MS presence were record...
Article
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Background Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is an IgA-mediated small vessel vasculitis, typical of childhood. It’s a self-limiting disease and it affects different systems. HSP is characterized by dermatological, abdominal, joint and renal clinical manifestations. This condition usually occurs upon infections, mainly upper respiratory tract ones, med...
Article
Obesity remains one of the biggest health problems both in adults and children. Lifestyle modification, including diet and exercise, continues to be the mainstay of obesity prevention and treatment. Unfortunately, lifestyle modifications are often unsuccessful. Pharmacological treatment of obesity in pediatric patients can be applied in selected ca...
Article
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Background: In the Lombardy Region, Italy, HPV vaccination is recommended and offered free of charge to 12-years-old males since 2017. The expected vaccination thresholds are still far to be reached. Methods: A cross-sectional survey to investigate parents’ attitudes towards the HPV vaccine and knowledge about HPV was administered to parents of boy...
Preprint
Background Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is an IgA-mediated small vessel vasculitis, typical of childhood. It’s a self-limiting disease and it affects different systems. HSP is characterized by dermatological, abdominal, joint and renal clinical manifestations. This condition usually occurs upon infections, mainly upper respiratory tract ones, med...
Article
Full-text available
Aim: to characterize pediatric cases of antibiotic-associated neutropenia through a multidisciplinary approach, focusing on the temporal association between the wide spectrum of treatment options and the occurrence of this relatively uncommon but potentially clinically relevant adverse event. Methods: we carried out a pharmacoepidemiological analys...
Article
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Neuropsychiatric symptoms are rarely described as a manifestation of hyperparathyroidism, especially in children. We describe the case of an adolescent with hypercalcemia related to and hyperfunctioning parathyroid adenoma presenting with acute neuropsychiatric symptoms. A 14-year-old-girl presented into the Emergency Service Department because of...
Article
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Scabies is a skin infestation from the Sarcoptes scabiei. It is considered a public health issue causing concern in developing countries and is considered a “neglected tropical disease” by the World Health Organization (WHO). Scabies skin lesions may cause severe itching and can be the portal of entry for opportunistic and pathogenic bacteria, whic...
Article
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Intestinal colonization of the neonate is highly dependent on the term of pregnancy, the mode of delivery, the type of feeding [breast feeding or formula feeding]. Postnatal immune maturation is dependent on the intestinal microbiome implementation and composition and type of feeding is a key issue in the human gut development, the diversity of mic...
Preprint
Full-text available
Scabies is a skin infestation from the Sarcoptes scabiei. It is considered a public health issue causing concern in developing countries and is one of the World Health Organization (WHO) Neglected Tropical Disease. Scabies skin lesions may cause severe itch and can be the portal of entry for opportunistic and pathogenic bacteria which can cause ser...
Article
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The benefits of schools' closure, used as a containment strategy by many European countries, must be carefully considered against the adverse effects of child wellbeing. In this study, we assessed SARS-CoV-2 seroprevalence, which better estimates the real extent of the infection unraveling asymptomatic cases, among schoolchildren aged 3 to 18 in Mi...
Article
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The management of patients with spinal muscular atrophy type 1 (SMA1) is constantly evolving. In just a few decades, the medical approach has switched from an exclusively palliative therapy to a targeted therapy, transforming the natural history of the disease, improving survival time and quality of life and creating new challenges and goals. Many...
Article
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Purpose: COVID-19 disease may result in a severe multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C), which in turn may alter thyroid function (TF). We assessed TF in MIS-C, evaluating its impact on disease severity. Methods: We retrospectively considered children admitted with MIS-C to a single pediatric hospital in Milan (November 2019-Janua...
Article
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Obesity has been associated with several alterations that could limit physical activity (PA) practice. In pediatrics, some studies have highlighted the importance of enjoyment as a motivation to begin and maintain adherence in PA. Since self-reported physical (SRPF) fitness was related to motivation, the aim of this study was to investigate the exi...
Preprint
Full-text available
The management of patients with spinal muscular atrophy type 1 (SMA1) is constantly evolving. In just a few decades the medical approach has switched from an exclusively palliative therapy to a targeted therapy, transforming the natural history of the disease, improving survival time and quality of life, and creating new challenges and goals. Many...
Article
Introduction: Data on the effects of phytoestrogens soy exposure on pubertal timing have been equivocal. We reported a case of a girl who had eaten only soy and derivatives for her first 9 years of life and presented clinical manifestation of precocious pubertal development. Case presentation: A caucasian female infant, after 40 days of exclusive b...
Article
Introduction: Pallister-Killian syndrome (PKS) is a rare genetic disorder caused by a mosaic tetrasomy of the short arm of chromosome 12 (12p). PKS has a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations which vary in different age groups. However, in the up to date literature there are no reported cases of puberty disorder associated with this syndrome. We...
Article
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Altered level of consciousness (ALC) represents a neurological emergency, which demands a methodical approach to evaluation and treatment. Emergency departments’ Paediatricians dealing with children with ALC need a rapid and reliable diagnostic process to rule out life-threatening conditions. ALC can be caused by structural and non-structural condi...
Article
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An interaction between metabolic glucose impairment and coronavirus disease 2019 is reported. The development of a severe multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) related to SARS-CoV-2 infection has been described. We evaluated the impact of MIS-C on glycemic patterns in pediatric patients. A group of 30 children and adolescents affect...
Article
Full-text available
Objective To evaluate nutritional status of children and adolescents living in three Serbian enclaves in Kosovo and Metohija. Methods We conducted an observational cross-sectional, population-based study, enrolling children and adolescents who underwent a pediatric screening performed in the three Serbian enclaves of Gračanica, Gornje Kusce and Ve...
Article
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Background: Classical salt-wasting (SW) congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) and Gitelman syndrome (GS) are two genetic conditions in which dyselectrolytemia may occur. No association between the two conditions has been previously described. Case Presentation. We present the case of a boy with a neonatal diagnosis of SW-CAH who showed low potassiu...
Article
Aim: To investigate the statistical association between hypoglycaemia and β-blocker use and to define what patient and drug characteristics could potentially increase the risk for its occurrence. Methods: We investigated the relationship between pharmacological parameters of β-blockers and the occurrence of hypoglycaemia by conducting a case/non...
Article
Objective: We describe a case of severe hypoglycemia in a 14-month-old child as a suspected adverse drug reaction (ADR) to nadolol, and we performed an analysis of the FDA Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS) database. Although previous reports have identified the risk of severe hypoglycemia in children during treatment with β-blockers, little i...
Article
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Obesity is an inflammatory condition associated with metabolic alterations including insulin resistance. Recent researches suggested that gut microbiota plays a role in its pathogenesis. Obesity has been associated with lower bacterial diversity and higher Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes ratio (F/R ratio) compared to normal‐weight condition. The objective...
Article
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Obesity is a growing health problem in both children and adults, impairing physical and mental state and impacting health care system costs in both developed and developing countries. It is well-known that individuals with excessive weight gain frequently develop obesity-related complications, which are mainly known as Non-Communicable Diseases (NC...
Preprint
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Serological surveillance is necessary to the reestablishment of school activities in safe conditions and to avoid school-related outbreaks. In this study, DBS (Dried Blood Spots) have proven to be a simple, rapid and reliable sample collection tool for detecting antibodies against SARS-CoV-2 by ELISA test compared to matched serum samples from veno...
Article
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Aim The development of the gut microbiota occurs primarily during infancy and growing evidence has emphasised its positive role and implications for human health. The aim of this review was to provide essential knowledge about the gut microbiota and to describe and highlight the importance of the factors that influence the gut microbiota in early l...
Article
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Growth impairment has been reported in children with food allergies (FA). However, the available data on the dietary intake of FA children are controversial, and no data are available on their resting energy expenditure (REE). The aim of this study was to test whether REE differs between FA and healthy children. In this study, 30 FA children were m...
Article
We are grateful to Williams and Kumar Angurana (1) for their comments on our paper (2) in Acta Paediatrica and for providing the references to their own work on the use of probiotics for critically ill patients (3,4).However, the aim of our paper was to provide guidance to primary care paediatricians and physicians who face daily questions about wh...
Article
Aim: The use of probiotics has been covered by many guidelines, position papers and evidence-based recommendations, but few have referred to specific patient groups or clinical indications. This European study summarises recommendations and scientifically credited guidelines on the use of probiotics for children and provides practice points. Meth...
Article
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Guidelines on immunoprophylaxis for prevention of RSV infection recommend it in preterm babies born before 29 wGA; in babies affected by bronchopulmonary dysplasia or congenital heart defects; and in post-heart transplantation patients. On the contrary, immunoprophylaxis is not recommended in preterm babies born between 29 and 35 wGA. We evaluated...
Article
Acute osteomyelitis is characterized, especially in children, by high morbidity due to extension of the infectious process or its chronicization. No guidelines exist for the post-discharge follow-up of children affected by acute osteomyelitis, especially regarding the utility of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). To investigate if MRI is useful in t...
Article
Background: An involvement of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) in increasing the risk of malformations, neonatal withdrawal syndrome, has been suggested recently. Here, we aimed to investigate the contribution of individual pharmacogenetics of SSRI on infants' outcome. We also estimated the umbilical/maternal plasma SSRI concentrati...
Chapter
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La nutrizione,ed in particolare la nutrizione in età evolutiva,costituisce uno dei più importanti determinanti di salute- Il peso delle patologie strettamente correlate con l'alimentazione, anche se in modo non esclusivo,(obesità,diabete,malattie cardiovascolari) è sempre più oneroso,sia in termini di assistenza sanitaria e costi sociali,sia in ter...
Article
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The city of Milan is experiencing the great event of EXPO 2015 and heavy construction has been ongoing since 2012 over an area of more than 1 million meters squared in the north-west suburban area of the city. We compared the number of hospital admissions for upper and lower respiratory tract infections (URTI and LRTI) and acute asthma, in infants...
Article
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Among 469 women with a diagnosis of HIV in pregnancy, 74 (15.8%) presented with less than 200 CD4 cells per cubic millimeter. The only variable significantly associated with this occurrence was African origin (odds ratio: 2.22, 95% confidence intervals: 1.32 to 3.75, P = 0.003). Four women with low CD4 (5.6%), compared with none with higher CD4 cou...
Article
The use of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors in combination with diuretics is a common strategy used for the treatment of patients affected by heart failure. An infant affected by initial congestive cardiac failure, after starting the treatment with enalapril in association with furosemide, developed acute kidney injury (AKI). No under...
Article
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Neurologically impaired (NI) children are at increased risk of malnutrition due to several nutritional and non-nutritional factors. Among the nutritional factors, insufficient dietary intake as a consequence of feeding difficulties is one of the main issues. Feeding problems are frequently secondary to oropharyngeal dysphagia, which usually correla...
Article
Neisseria meningitidis serogroup B is the main cause for meningococcal invasive disease in many parts of the world. Since 2013, a new multicomponent vaccine against meningococcal serogroup B (4CMenB) has been licensed in Europe, Australia, Canada, Chile, Uruguay, USA and Brazil with different immunization schedules. Clinical trials involving adults...
Article
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Epidemiological data suggests suicide is uncommon in childhood but becomes an extremely serious issue among adolescents. Several risk factors have been identified and include the presence of psychiatric illness, a previous suicide attempt, family factors, substance abuse, sexual and physical abuse, disorders in gender identity or bullying. Pediatri...
Article
The ability of a quadrivalent human papilloma virus (HPV)-16/18/6/11 VLP vaccine (Gardasil) to elicit HPV-specific cell-mediated immune responses was evaluated in antiretroviral therapy (ART)-treated HIV-infected young adults. Results showed that, after three doses of vaccine, central memory and effector memory CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes, as well...
Article
Few epidemiological data are available after the introduction of the 13-valent pneumococcal vaccine (PCV13) in 2010. We performed repeat nasopharyngeal swabs and evaluated the serotype distribution of Streptococcus pneumoniae (SP) and its association with PCV13 vaccine status in healthy Italian children aged 3-59 months. SP serotypes were assessed...
Article
Reduced bone mineral density (BMD) and altered bone metabolism are common findings in HIV-infected patients. Increased bone formation has been described both in HIV-infected adults and children. Wnt ligands promote bone formation by stimulating osteoblast differentiation and their survival. Sclerostin and dickkopf factor 1 (DKK-1), Wnt antagonists,...
Article
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Incidence of tuberculosis is on the rise, mainly due to an increase of AIDS, shifting populations and modification of bacillus Calmette-Guerin immunization programs. Tuberculosis of the larynx is not as rare as generally reported. We described a case of active pulmonary tuberculosis with laryngeal involvement in an immunocompetent pediatric host, p...
Article
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A 8 months-old infant presented with acute onset of severe jaundice, anemia requiring transfusion and Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase deficiency. The infant did not take drugs, he did not consume fava beans, but fava beans DNA was found on pumpkin he consumed the day before jaundice onset. This is the first case of hemolysis triggered by ingestio...
Article
Anti-Ro antibodies appear to represent a direct pathogenic factor in neonatal lupus (NL) neutropenia. Resolution of NL neutropenia is expected when anti-Ro antibodies are cleared. In this report, we describe a case of persistent neutropenia in a baby born to an anti-Ro-positive mother. The initial diagnosis of NL neutropenia was later called into q...
Article
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BACKGROUND: Atazanavir and lopinavir represent the main HIV protease inhibitors recommended in pregnancy, but comparative data in pregnant women are limited. METHODS: Women from a national observational study, exposed in pregnancy to either atazanavir or lopinavir, were compared for glucose and lipid profiles, liver function tests, CD4 count, HIV R...
Chapter
Gluten-free diet (GFD) is the cornerstone treatment for celiac disease (CD). This condition is a chronic, systemic, autoimmune disorder caused by a permanent intolerance to gluten proteins in genetically susceptible individuals. In these subjects, the consumption of gluten causes damage of the small intestinal mucosa characterized by a dense lympho...
Article
Full-text available
Gluten-free diet (GFD) is the cornerstone treatment for celiac disease (CD). GFD implies a strict and lifelong elimination from the diet of gluten, the storage protein found in wheat, barley, rye and hybrids of these grains, such as kamut and triticale. The absence of gluten in natural and processed foods, despite being the key aspect of GFD, may l...
Article
Unlabelled: This is an 8-year cohort study of 24 HIV-infected patients aged 5-17 years to assess body composition and metabolic changes after switching from lamivudine + stavudine (d4T) + protease inhibitors (PI) to lamivudine + tenofovir (TDF) + efavirenz (EFV). Body composition (dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry) and cholesterol, high-density lip...
Article
Herpes zoster (HZ) is caused by the varicella-zoster virus (VZV) and is considered to be a reactivation of latent infection. The first clinical manifestation of VZV infection during infancy typically presents as chickenpox; however, HZ can be observed in infants and children without a history of symptomatic varicella. We report the case of a 4-year...
Article
Abstract This multicenter, prospective, observational study assessed the global economic impact of HIV care in a large cohort of HIV-infected children and adolescents in Italy. Three pediatric departments of reference participated on a voluntary basis. Centers were asked to enroll all their children during the period April 2010-March 2011. At enrol...
Article
Treatment with antiretroviral agents (ARVs) during pregnancy is important to prevent mother-to-child transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), but their use has been associated with low bone mineral density in adult patients. Currently, there are no data regarding the bone status of HIV-infected women who received ARV during pregnancy...
Article
Celiac disease (CD) is a chronic gluten-sensitive enteropathy. Life-long gluten-free diet (GFD) is the only therapeutic option; however, it may contribute to the consumption of an unbalanced diet. The present study aimed to evaluate the dietary intake of CD affected children on a GFD and compare it with non-celiac children and with Italian nutritio...
Article
Full-text available
There is increasing interest in the potential beneficial role of probiotic supplementation in the prevention and treatment of atopic diseases in children. Probiotics are defined as ingested live microorganisms that, when administered in an adequate amount, confer a health benefit to the host. They are mainly represented by Lactobacilli and Bifidoba...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose of the study: Vertical transmission of HIV can be almost eliminated by an appropriate combination of preventative measures, which include the use of combination antiretroviral therapy (ARV) during pregnancy, elective cesarean delivery, and avoidance of breastfeeding. Although current ARV demonstrated to be very effective to control virus in...
Article
Full-text available
Rotavirus vaccines have shown to be effective and well tolerated in clinical trials. However it's crucial to point out that immunization occurs in "real-word" conditions different from ideal clinical trial settings. Thus, the impact of rotavirus vaccines in terms of effectiveness and safety needs to be evaluated in real-world conditions. Post-licen...
Article
Gastroenteritis is one of the most common causes of morbidity and mortality in children worldwide accounting for 2 to 3 million deaths per year and viruses are their leading cause. Currently rotaviruses remain the most important pathogens causing diarrheal disease overall, killing 600.000 children annually, while noroviruses are the most common gas...