Valentina Bianco

Valentina Bianco
University of Udine | UNIUD · Department of Languages and Literatures, Communication, Education and Society

Pharmacy MSc; Human Movement PhD

About

51
Publications
6,391
Reads
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445
Citations
Citations since 2016
48 Research Items
432 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
Additional affiliations
November 2014 - present
Italian University of Sport and Movement "Foro Italico"
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (51)
Article
Objectives In this study, we aimed at evaluating the effects of cognitive-motor dual-task training (CMDT) on sport-specific athletic performance and cognitive functions of semi-elite basketball players. Further, we investigated the CMDT effects on reactive brain processing by employing event-related potential (ERP) analysis. Design: A randomized co...
Article
For proper action understanding we can infer action intention from the kinematic features of movement (the event in terms of sensorial evidence) and/or from the contextual scenario in which the action occurs. In line with predictive coding theories, the implicit learning of statistical regularities between events and contextual cues strongly biases...
Article
This study aimed to test the effects of specific sport practices on cognitive sensory-motor performance and underlying brain functions in children. Behavioral performance and event-related potentials (ERP) were investigated during a cognitive visuomotor task in 64 preadolescent children practicing racket (Rack) sports, martial arts (Mart), indoor c...
Article
Receiving feedback on action correctness is a relevant factor in learning, but only a few recent studies have investigated the neural bases involved in feedback processing and its consequences on performance. Several event-related potentials (ERP) studies investigated the feedback-related negativity, which is an ERP occurring after the presentation...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this research was to test the possible effects of cognitive–motor training (CMT) on athletes’ sport performance and cognitive functions. Namely, specific athletic tests, brain processes associated with anticipatory event-related potential (ERP) components and behavioral performance during a cognitive discrimination response task were eva...
Preprint
Full-text available
BACKGROUND It is unclear whether the Bereitschaftspotential (BP) recorded in humans during action preparation mirrors motor areas activation escalation, or if its early and late phases reflect the engagement of different functional networks. OBJECTIVE Here, we aimed at recording the TMS evoked-potentials (TEP) stimulating the supplementary motor a...
Article
Proactive and reactive brain activities usually refer to processes occurring in anticipation or in response to perceptual and/or cognitive events. Previous studies found that, in auditory tasks, musical expertise improves performance mainly at the reactive stage of processing. In the present work, we aimed at acknowledging the effects of musical pr...
Article
Full-text available
The brain is able to gather different sensory information to enhance salient event perception, thus yielding a unified perceptual experience of multisensory events. Multisensory integration has been widely studied, and the literature supports the hypothesis that it can occur across various stages of stimulus processing, including both bottom-up and...
Article
Full-text available
The Stroop task has been largely used to explore the ability to inhibit the automatic process of reading when reporting the ink color of incongruent color-words. Given the extensive literature regarding the processes involved in task performance, here we aimed at exploring the anticipatory brain activities during the Stroop task using the event-rel...
Article
Full-text available
The existence of neural correlates of spatial attention is not limited to the reactive stage of stimulus processing: neural activities subtending spatial attention are deployed well ahead of stimulus onset. ERP evidence supporting this proactive (top-down) attentional control is based on trial-by-trial S1–S2 paradigms, where the onset of a directio...
Article
In the present work, we evaluated the possibility to induce changes in the inhibitory control through non-invasive excitatory stimulation of the prefrontal cortex (PFC). To this aim, different montages of the trans-cranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) were adopted in three separate experiments, wherein different cognitive tasks were performed...
Article
Full-text available
Compelling literature has suggested the possibility of adopting hypnotic suggestions to override the Stroop interference effect. However, most of these studies mainly reported behavioral data and were conducted on highly hypnotizable individuals. Thus, the question of the neural locus of the effects and their generalizability remains open. In the p...
Article
In the present study, we investigated scalp-recorded activities of motor and cognitive preparation preceding stimulus presentation in relatively simple and complex visual motor discriminative response tasks (DRTs). Targets and non-targets were presented (with equal probability) in both tasks, and the complexity of the task depended on the discrimin...
Article
It is well established that task complexity can affect both performance and brain processing. Event-related potentials (ERPs) studies have shown modulation of the well-known N2 and P3 components. However, limited information is available on the recently described frontal components associated with processing within the anterior insular cortex. This...
Article
The anticipation of upcoming events is a key-feature of cognition. Previous investigations on anticipatory visuospatial attention mainly adopted transient and–more rarely–sustained tasks, whose main difference consists in the presence of transient or sustained cue stimuli and different involvement of top-down or bottom-up forms of attention. In par...
Article
Full-text available
Previous event-related potential (ERP) studies mainly from the present research group showed a novel component, that is, the prefrontal negativity (pN), recorded in visual-motor discriminative tasks during the pre-stimulus phase. This component is concomitant to activity related to motor preparation, that is, the Bereitschaftspotential (BP). The pN...
Article
Available literature shows sex-related differences in both anatomy and functions of the auditory cortex. However, only few data are available on passive listening. By means of event-related potentials (ERPs), we analyzed the proactive and reactive stages of processing related to passive listening in 36 healthy young participants, equally balanced b...
Article
The present study aims at identifying reliable markers of neural preparatory processes during hypnosis. To this goal, we recorded the electroencephalographic activity of 23 volunteers regardless of their hypnotizability score. Somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) were elicited while participants received non‐painful electrical stimuli on the left...
Article
Full-text available
Autism is associated with difficulties in making predictions based on contextual cues. Here, we investigated whether the distribution of autistic traits in the general population, as measured through the Autistic Quotient (AQ), is associated with alterations of context-based predictions of social and non-social stimuli. Seventy-eight healthy partic...
Article
Cognitive Reserve (CR) is a key factor to mitigate the cognitive decline during the aging process. Here, we employed ERPs to target the preparatory brain activities associated with different levels of CR during visuo-motor simple (SRT) and discriminative response tasks (DRT). EEG was recorded from 28 healthy old (Age: 72.2±4.7 years) and 14 young (...
Article
Event-related potentials (ERPs) are obtained from the electroencephalogram (EEG) or the magnetoencephalogram (MEG, event-related fields (ERF)), extracting the activity that is time-locked to an event. Despite the potential utility of ERP/ERF in cognitive domain, the clinical standardization of their use is presently undefined for most of procedures...
Article
Human locomotion is the product of complex dynamic systems, which rely on physical capacities as well as cognitive functions. In our daily life, we mostly experience forward walking, but also backward stepping can occur, as in protective stepping. In this work, we investigated the electroencephalographic (EEG) correlates of cognitive processing und...
Article
Full-text available
Human brain activity allows to anticipate future events and to prepare the next action accordingly; consistently, event-related potential (ERP) studies found action preparatory brain activities in the premotor and prefrontal cortex. In the present study, we investigated the preparatory activity in the sensory cortical regions. Slow cortical potenti...
Article
Full-text available
In the present study, we investigated neural correlates associated with gender differences in a simple response task (SRT) and in a discriminative response task (DRT) by means of event-related potential (ERP) technique. 120 adults participated in the study, and, based on their sex, were divided into two groups matched for age and education level. B...
Article
Full-text available
The literature on aerobic exercise and neurocognition reports acute post-exercise enhancement of neural activity linked to motor preparation in the premotor area and inhibitory control in the frontoparietal areas. However, the acute effect of vigorous-intensity aerobic exercise (VIAE) on the prefrontal, the insular, and the occipito-parietal activi...
Article
In the present study, we report the results from a large sample of participants (N = 136), selected based on their EEG quality, to obtain event-related potential (ERP) normative data. All participants were tested in Simple Response Task (SRT) and Discriminative Response Task (DRT). A subset of 36 participants was tested also in Passive Vision task....
Article
Background: The contribution of higher-order cognitive functions to postural control is poorly understood. It is recognized that the prefrontal cortex (PFC) is active after postural perturbations, however little is known about anticipatory PFC activity occurring before an upcoming perturbation. Here we aim at advancing our understanding on the con...
Article
The present study aimed at describing the effects of perceptual load on neurocognitive processes of decision-making. To this aim, we used a visual-motor discriminative task in which pairs of stimuli were assigned to either target or non-target categories. For each category, stimulus configuration was defined as simple or complex according to orient...
Conference Paper
Modality-Specific Sensory Anticipation of Upcoming Events Bianco V2, Perri RL1,3, Berchicci M1, Quinzi F2, Spinelli D1,2, & Di Russo F1,2 1Dept. of Movement, Human and Health Sciences, University of Rome "Foro Italico", Rome - Italy 2Santa Lucia Foundation IRCCS, Rome - Italy 3University of Rome “Niccolò Cusano”, Rome - Italy Abstract Background...
Article
Full-text available
The present work follows recent evidences of studies showing that visual stimuli evoke two early prefrontal event-related potentials (ERP) concomitant to the canonical occipital activities, but originating within the anterior insula (the pN1 and the pP1 components). To clarify the exogenous/endogenous nature of these components, we performed two ex...
Article
The Bereitschaftspotential (BP) and the P3 are well-known event-related potentials (ERP) usually observed during self-paced and externally-triggered tasks. Recently, the BP was detected also in externally-triggered tasks before stimulus onset. However, doubts have been raised about the authenticity of the BP in these tasks due to possible overlaps...
Article
Background: Motor and inhibitory control rely on frontal cortex activity, which is known to reach full maturation only in late adolescence. The development of inhibitory control has been studied using event-related potentials (ERP), focusing on reactive processing (i.e. the N2 and the P3 components). Scarce information exists concerning pre-stimul...
Article
Full-text available
Using two independent electrical neuroimaging techniques (BESA and sLORETA), we tested a fMRI-seeded source modeling indicating that in visual discriminative tasks the anterior insula (aIns) participates in the generation of three prefrontal ERP components: the pN1 (at 115 ms), the pP1 (at 170 ms), and the pP2 (at 300 ms). This latter component rep...
Poster
Full-text available
The contribution of the ERPs in the investigation of the insular processes of decision-making
Article
Both playing a musical instrument and playing sport produce brain adaptations that might affect sensory-motor functions. While the benefits of sport practice have traditionally been attributed to aerobic fitness, it is still unknown whether playing an instrument might induce similar brain adaptations, or if a specific musical instrument like drums...
Article
Proactive brain control optimizes upcoming actions and inhibits unwanted responses. In the present event-related potential (ERP) study, participants freely decided in advance whether to respond or not to an upcoming stimulus, then prepared or not the action according to their decision; finally, a stimulus was delivered, and subjects had to respond...
Article
Practicing sport at top level requires excellent physical and cognitive skills. The goal of the present study was to investigate whether specific sport practice may affect the preparation-perception-action stages of processing during a visuo-motor task requiring perceptual discrimination and fast response. We recruited 39 participants (two groups o...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Neuroimaging studies suggested that the anterior insula (aIns) might contribute to perceptual decision-making. A recent study suggested that the aIns is the neural source of a complex of prefrontal post-stimulus ERPs in the visuo-motor tasks: the pN1 (at 115 ms), the pP1 (at 170 ms), and the pP2 component (at 300 ms). In the present study, we emplo...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Aim: Regular participation in sport activity induces plastic changes in human brain. In well-trained adult athletes, has been found modulation of event-related potentials (ERP) reflecting preparation of voluntary actions sensory, perception and decision-making1. However, evidence concerning the effect of training in children is still at the early s...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Previous ERP studies revealed that the visual decision tasks evoke three prefrontal components within the 400 ms after the stimulus onset. The earliest component is a prefrontal negativity at 110 ms (pN1), while the other two are positive at 170 ms and 350 ms (pP1 and pP2, respectively). The pP2 has been extensively described as the correlate of th...
Conference Paper
In discriminative response tasks, researchers have largely debated about the meaning of the N2 component (which peaks approximately 250-300 ms after a stimulus) that is larger and more anterior for no-go than go stimuli (typically referred to as the “go/no-go N2 effect”). Most studies have pointed to the no-go N2 component as reflecting the respons...

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Project
This study investigated the acute effect of vigorous-intensity aerobic exercise on motor preparatory brain activity, cognitive preparatory brain activity, and post-stimulus brain activity linked to voluntary sustained visual attention, visual perceptual processing and executive control of visual attention by the means of EEG/ERP.