Valentín Villaverde

Valentín Villaverde
University of Valencia | UV · Departament de Prehistòria Arqueologia i Història Antiga

PhD

About

226
Publications
88,350
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5,075
Citations
Citations since 2016
90 Research Items
3026 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500
Additional affiliations
January 1998 - present
October 1979 - present
University of Valencia
Position
  • Professor (Full)
January 1979 - present
University of Valencia

Publications

Publications (226)
Article
Full-text available
The new phase of study and revision of the Palaeolithic art of the Cova de les Meravelles, as well as the advances made in the field of 3D documentation in recent years, have motivated a new documentation campaign on the main panel full of tiny engraved motifs. The difficulties involved in acquiring and processing data executed using fine and thin...
Book
Full-text available
The exhibition, PAST AND PRESENT. ONE HUNDRED YEARS DOING ARCHAEOLOGY AT THE UNIVERSITY OF VALENCIA, is conceived as a cultural event for the enjoyment of society. The aim is to show a glimpse of the history of the Laboratory of Archaeology, the addressed research topics and the knowledge generated over a century of work by all the people who have...
Chapter
L’utilisation récurrente des matières colorantes représente un des critères employés pour identifier une culture complexe en contexte archéologique. La couleur, en effet, joue un rôle central dans la perception du monde et dans la transmission d’information. Depuis le Paléolithique, différentes cultures humaines l’utilisent pour marquer, peindre et...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents the geochemical and petrographic characterization, along with the macroscopic observations, of several cherts from the central region of the Mediterranean Iberia. To determine the microfacies and microtextural features, thin-section samples were analyzed using polarizing light microscopy (PLM) and scanning electron microscopy co...
Article
Full-text available
The Aurignacian is documented in a large number of sites on the Iberian Peninsula, but the chronologies and characteristics of the technocomplexes associated with the first anatomically modern humans (AMHs) varies depending on the region. In the central-eastern Iberian Mediterranean region the well-dated stratigraphic series from several sites conf...
Article
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El Abric de la Ratlla del Bubo (Crevillent, Alicante) es uno de los yacimientos clave para el conocimiento del Paleolítico superior en el área central del Mediterráneo ibérico, especialmente en lo que a sus fases iniciales se refiere. El yacimiento ha sido objeto de varias intervenciones arqueológicas, tanto clandestinas como científicas. Sin embar...
Article
Neanderthals and modern humans from the Early Upper Palaeolithic had a highly developed knowledge of their environment, where they found the essential resources for their subsistence. Therefore, changes in the local landscape and available resources should have influenced their behaviour, as indicated by faunal and plant remains recovered from arch...
Chapter
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In recent years, the activity carried out within the framework of the HAR2017-85153-P and PROMETEO2017-060 projects has provided new information on the characteristics of the Middle Palaeolithic in the central Mediterranean region, mainly from the excavations carried out in Cova Negra and Abrigo de la Quebrada. Likewise, the excavations carried out...
Chapter
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Zooarchaeological and taphonomic analyses have been carried out on 89 equid remains coming from the Solutrean level XIII (18,9-16,7 ka BP) of Cova de les Cendres (Teulada-Moraira, Alicante). Despite the unsuccessful attempt to distinguish between wild horse (Equus ferus) and feral ass (Equus hydruntinus) within the sample, paleoclimatic information...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Zooarchaeological and taphonomic analysis has been performed on the Solutrean macromammals remains from Cova de les Cendres (Alicante, Spain). In this communication we present the results on the faunal assemblages of layers XIII and XIV, radiocarbon dated to ca. 18 and 20 kys BP respectively (Martínez-Alfaro et al. 2019; Villaverde et al. 2019). Th...
Chapter
Full-text available
This paper presents the first lithic raw material analysis results from Cova de les Malladetes level IX, dated to the Gravettian period. New survey works were developed in the surrounding area, where some Middle and Upper Palaeolithic sites—such as Cova del Parpalló, Cova de les Meravelles, Cova Negra, Cova de la Petxina, Cova del Bolomor, Barranc...
Article
Sourced from the Tyrrhenian Islands and exchanged over long distances, obsidian was used widely across prehistoric Western Europe. An obsidian core and bladelets from a newly discovered rockshelter site in south-eastern Spain, however, raised the possibility of an unrecognised mainland source of obsidian. EDXRF analysis of the Early Magdalenian fin...
Chapter
El incremento sustancial de dataciones absolutas obtenidas en los últimos años en los niveles gravetienses del ámbito valenciano y en el resto de la vertiente mediterránea ibérica, así como los datos industriales y secuenciales proporcionados por algunas excavaciones recientes permiten establecer una síntesis actualizada del Gravetiense en esta reg...
Conference Paper
La interacción entre los grupos humanos y los carnívoros terrestres a lo largo del Paleolítico responde a relaciones diversas de coexistencia y/o competencia que en ocasiones pueden llegar a la confrontación directa. Unos y otros coinciden, por un lado, en el uso de cuevas y abrigos como lugares de refugio temporal. En este sentido, el tipo de ocup...
Article
Full-text available
New excavations carried out at Cova de les Malladetes confirm and improve previous information on the archaeological sequence of this site. A total of 29 new dates allow to specify the chronology of the Aurignacian (levels XIVA–XII) and Gravettian (levels XI–VII). Furthermore, concerning the results obtained during the 1970 excavation, three new le...
Article
This study aims to obtain a chronological and cultural framework of the Evolved Aurignacian in the central Iberian Mediterranean basin and find agreement between this framework and other sequences of the Iberian southeast. Over the last few years, there has been remarkable progress in the research of the Evolved Aurignacian sites in the Valencian a...
Article
Full-text available
The presence of the genus Cuon (dhole) in Pleistocene deposits of the Iberian Peninsula has been determined mainly from cranial and dental remains, where the differences with respect to Canis are more evident. However, there is very little information on the post-cranial skeleton of these canids. In this paper, we present the morphological and metr...
Book
Full-text available
This book is a compendium of articles on archaeozoology and taphonomy studies of the Iberian Peninsula. With this volume, the Departament de Prehistòria, Arqueologia i Història Antiga (Universitat de València) wishes to pay tribute to Doctor Manuel Pérez Ripoll, who died recently. It reviews his career as a professor and researcher at the Universit...
Article
Rock art documentation is a complex task that should be carried out in a complete, rigorous and exhaustive way, in order to take particular actions that allow stakeholders to preserve the archaeological sites under constant deterioration. The pigments used in prehistoric paintings present high light sensitivity and rigorous scientific color degrada...
Chapter
Full-text available
This work analyses the diachronic evolution of dental and postcranial size in Pleistocene dhole (genus Cuon) populations from the Iberian Peninsula. Based on these data we consider two questions: is there a direct relationship between the decrease in tooth size and body size? Or is the process of tooth size evolution related to specific adaptations...
Article
Full-text available
In this article, we propose a methodology for the archaeological documentation of limestone plaquettes decorated with faint paintings and fine engravings. The plaquette number 16330 is presented, belonging to the portable art collection in Cova del Parpalló (Gandía, Spain), one of the most important Paleolithic sites in the UNESCO's Rock Art of the...
Article
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This paper focuses on the study of some Middle Palaeolithic assemblages from Mediterranean Iberia to examine Neanderthal occupation patterns and territory management strategies, paying special attention to raw material procurement and technological behaviours, zooarchaeological data and microspatial patterning. The site occupation types are variabl...
Article
Full-text available
The Abrigo de la Quebrada (Chelva, Valencia) stratigraphic succession comprises nine Middle Palaeolithic levels. Human selection of this rock shelter for occupation owes to its favourable location—at the gates of a blind valley where the trapping of large herbivores would have been practicable. The immediate environment is varied, with both abrupt...
Article
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This paper presents new data from the reinterpretation of the Cova Negra sequence from a chronological and stratigraphic perspective. The primary aim is to reorder the lithic industry from the excavations of the 1950s in light of the stratigraphic sequence, paying particular attention to raw materials, knapping methods and tools. The reconstruction...
Article
The integrity of the different levels that form a sequence and the formation processes of the archaeological deposit must be assessed as a previous step to the construction of behavioural, cultural and evolutionary interpretations. This is especially relevant when dealing with long sequences and cultural evolution constructed on them, as is the cas...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
En este trabajo se presentan los datos preliminares del estudio zooarqueológico y tafonómico de los macromamíferos correspondientes al nivel XIII (Solutrense evolucionado) de la Cova de les Cendres (Teulada-Moraira, Alicante). La muestra analizada procede del material recuperado en tres capas (10, 11, y 12), adscritas a un metro cuadrado (B20) del...
Chapter
Archaeological evidence of plant resource exploitation is scarce, but it must have been and essential component of the Palaeolithic huntergatherer economy. The Solutrean is a key period in this sense, as Last Glacial Maximum global climatic changes had an impact on landscapes and, therefore, on available natural resources. New archaeobotanical data...
Chapter
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Our paper focuses on plant use in the Lower Solutrean to Solutreogravettian sequence of La Boja, a rock-shelter in the Rambla Perea gorge, near Mula (Murcia, Spain). We report on 5692 fragments of charcoal collected (a) within, or in immediate proximity, of 19 fireplaces, or (b) scattered away from hearth features in the same occupation horizons. F...
Article
Full-text available
The site of Abrigo de la Quebrada (Chelva, Valencia) is a shelter with several levels with Middle Palaeolithic occupations. The level IV, with two dates of 43,930 ± 750 BP (Beta-244002) and >51.6 ka BP (OxA-24855), has a palimpsest structure and a high density of archaeological remains (lithic industry, fauna, charcoals and combustion structures)....
Article
Abrigo de la Quebrada (Chelva, Valencia) is a Middle Palaeolithic site with Neanderthal occupations, composed by nine archaeological levels that extend from MIS 3–5 in the upper levels (II-V), up to MIS 5 in the lower levels (VI-IX), with dates for level VI of 80.0 ± 4.7 ky and 83.2 ± 5.4 ka. Level IV show short and repeated human occupations, with...
Chapter
This paper presents a synthesis of the Evolved Solutrean level of Cova de les Cendres. We focus on the lithic assemblage. Techno-typology, raw materials, knapping process and retouched tools, among other elements, are analyzed. The main objective is to understand more precisely the characteristics of the human occupations in the cave during the dif...
Chapter
Full-text available
L a Cova de les Cendres posee una de las secuencias paleolíticas más completas y se sitúa como un punto clave dentro del contexto gravetienese mediterráneo. Se presenta el estudio del Nivel XVIA. La industria lítica destaca por la elevada presencia dentro de las piezas retocadas de soportes de dorso (laminitas de dorso, microgravettes). Muchos de e...
Chapter
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Abrigo de la Quebrada (Chelva, Valencia) is a site of Neanderthal occupation , which has contributed a sequence spanning from MIS 4-5, in the upper levels, to MIS 5, in the lower levels. Level IV shows short and repeated occupations, with a high density of finds related to hunting, and is representative of the upper part of the sequence. The lower...
Chapter
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Microstratigraphic study of the combustion process in the level VIII of Cova Negra (Xàtiva, València). The micromorphological study of Level VIII from Cova Negra has allowed to identify several combustion independent microfacies which present vegetable structures and vegetable compositions, also identified through phytolith analysis. After a period...
Chapter
Full-text available
In this contribution we present the results of a detailed technological analysis of Early Middle Palaeolithic lithic assemblages mostly of MIS 8 and 6 age from Cova Negra site, which are located in Mediterranean Iberia. The study of the lithic assemblages allow us to discuss between the possible shifts between Lower and Middle Palaeolithic. Applyin...
Chapter
Full-text available
Cova de les Cendres, located in the current coastline of Alicante (Spain), has a wide sequence with human occupations throughout the Upper Palaeolithic. That situation force us to make a taphonomic study to assess the integrity of the stratigraphy and know better the formation processes, with the goal of constructing a more reliable interpretation...
Article
Prehistoric rock art paintings, specifically rock-shelters exposed to environmental and anthropogenic factors, are usually faint and severely damaged, being them difficult to identify and understand by visitors. Augmented Reality (AR) supplements reality with virtual information superimposed onto the real world. This sensor-based technology in smar...
Article
Information about plant gathering by Palaeolithic hunter-gatherers in Europe is scarce because of the problems of preservation of plant remains in archaeological sites and due to the lack of application of archaebotanical analysis in many of them. Botanical macroremains ewood charcoal, seeds, fruits, leaves, etc. - provide information not only abou...
Article
The Abrigo de la Quebrada rock shelter was occupied by Neanderthal groups during the early Upper Pleistocene, yielding evidence for their subsistence practices and local resource exploitation. This paper focuses on the plant macroremains and the micromammals, which provide information about occupation patterns, the surrounding landscape, the use of...
Article
L'Abrigo de la Quebrada propose une séquence importante, avec neuf niveaux stratigraphiques dont sept présentent des preuves d'occupation appartenant au Paléolithique moyen. De plus, l'existence d'un niveau stérile, le VI, séparant les niveaux supérieurs (II à V) des niveaux inférieurs (VII à IX), permet d'évaluer, dans une perspective diachronique...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the Mediterranean Iberian region, the subsistence model during the Upper Palaeolithic and the Mesolithic has common characteristics: specialized hunting based on one medium-sized speciments (red deer or ibex), with a complementary consumption of other ungulates, carnivores and small preys (leporids), and even marine resources. At least from the...
Article
The spatiotemporal repartition of Neanderthal populations throughout the late Middle and early Upper Pleistocene is of great interest for our understanding of human evolution. Establishing a reliable chronology for human-bearing layers from prehistoric sites is thus essential for the study of Neanderthal population dynamics prior to modern human ar...
Article
Full-text available
Cueva de los Aviones (southeast Spain) is a site of the Neandertal-associated Middle Paleolithic of Europe. It hasvyielded ochred and perforated marine shells, red and yellow colorants, and shell containers that feature residuesvof complex pigmentatious mixtures. Similar finds from the Middle Stone Age of South Africa have beenvwidely accepted as a...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents a synthesis of the Early Upper Palaeolithic of Cova de les Cendres. Points of special attention are the sedimentary and micromorphological characterisation of level XVI, the analysis of the vegetal and animal resources and their incidence on the economy of the Gravettian human groups, and the characterisation of the landscape du...
Chapter
Full-text available
Carnivore predation among humans has been constant during human evolution, although it has been not widely researched. The cause of this is probably related with the difficulty this subject has when searching for attack evidences, and when trying to differentiate them with scavenging events. Nevertheless, identify and characterize carnivore attacks...
Article
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Carnivore damage on Neanderthal fossils is a much more common taphonomic modification than previously thought. Its presence could have different explanations, including predatory attacks or scavenging scenarios, which are both situations with important implications concerning Neanderthal behavior. In the present paper, we analyze several Neandertha...
Article
Full-text available
We present a case-study in Palaeolithic archaeology focusing on formation processes at cave- and rock-shelter-sites in a Mediterranean context and on the correlation between site deposits, Quaternary surface sediments and the morphology of the surrounding land. We study three sites located in the basin of River Mula (Murcia, Spain): the cave-site o...
Poster
Full-text available
Los restos de conejo (Oryctolagus cuniculus) son muy abundantes en los conjuntos de fauna de los yacimientos arqueológicos del Pleistoceno y Holoceno inicial del Mediterráneo ibérico. En este sentido se presenta una revisión de los datos disponibles sobre el consumo humano de este lagomorfo desde el Paleolítico medio hasta el Mesolítico en la zona...