Valentin Thouzeau

Valentin Thouzeau
Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle · Homme et Environnement

About

10
Publications
1,770
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139
Citations
Citations since 2016
10 Research Items
138 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022010203040
2016201720182019202020212022010203040

Publications

Publications (10)
Preprint
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High-quality early childcare structures are effective policy levers for reducing inequalities. However, underprivileged populations in developed countries access them the least. The reasons underlying this unequal access have been studied but not systematically. In addition, cognitive and behavioral factors (e.g., norms, decision heuristics, inform...
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From the 15th to the 19th century, the Trans-Atlantic Slave-Trade influenced the genetic and cultural diversity of numerous populations. We explore genomic and linguistic data from the nine islands of Cabo Verde, the earliest European colony of the era in Africa, a major Slave-Trade platform between the 16th and 19th centuries, and a previously uni...
Preprint
Imaginary worlds are one of the hallmarks of modern culture. They are present in many of the most successful fictions, be it in novels (e.g., Harry Potter), films (e.g., Star Wars), video games (e.g., The Legend of Zelda), graphic novels (e.g., One piece) and TV series (e.g., Game of Thrones). This appeal is worldwide (e.g., the worldwide success o...
Article
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Admixture is a fundamental evolutionary process that has influenced genetic patterns in numerous species. Maximum‐likelihood approaches based on allele frequencies and linkage‐disequilibrium have been extensively used to infer admixture processes from genome‐wide datasets, mostly in human populations. Nevertheless, complex admixture histories, beyo...
Preprint
Full-text available
Admixture is a fundamental evolutionary process that has influenced genetic patterns in numerous species. Maximum-likelihood approaches based on allele frequencies and linkage-disequilibrium have been extensively used to infer admixture processes from dense genome-wide datasets mostly in human populations. Nevertheless, complex admixture histories,...
Article
Full-text available
Significance Given its size and geographical extension, Sino-Tibetan is of the highest importance for understanding the prehistory of East Asia, and of neighboring language families. Based on a dataset of 50 Sino-Tibetan languages, we infer phylogenies that date the origin of the language family to around 7200 B.P., linking the origin of the langua...
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Historical linguistics highly benefited from recent methodological advances inspired by phylogenetics. Nevertheless, no currently available method uses contemporaneous within-population linguistic diversity to reconstruct the history of human populations. Here, we develop an approach inspired from population genetics to perform historical linguisti...
Article
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Linguistic and genetic data have been widely compared, but the histories underlying these descriptions are rarely jointly inferred. We developed a unique methodological framework for analysing jointly language diversity and genetic polymorphism data, to infer the past history of separation, exchange and admixture events among human populations. Thi...
Article
Menopause, the permanent cessation of ovulation, occurs in women well before the end of their expected life span. Several adaptive hypotheses have been proposed to solve this evolutionary puzzle, each based on a possible fitness benefit derived from an early reproductive senescence, but no consensus has emerged. The construction of a game theory mo...

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