Valentin Sinitsyn

Valentin Sinitsyn
Lomonosov Moscow State University | MSU · Radiology Chair

Professor

About

365
Publications
25,289
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
2,074
Citations
Introduction
A Head of Radiology Chair at the Faculty of Fundamental Medicine of Moscow Lomonosov State University A Head of Radiology Department in the University Hospital of Moscow Lomonosov State University
Additional affiliations
September 2007 - present
Lomonosov Moscow State University
Position
  • Professor (Full)
August 1984 - October 2008
Russian Cardiology Research and Production Complex
Position
  • Leading Researcher
Education
September 1978 - July 1984

Publications

Publications (365)
Article
Full-text available
Background The extent to which health care systems have adapted to the COVID-19 pandemic to provide necessary cardiac diagnostic services is unknown. Objectives The aim of this study was to determine the impact of the pandemic on cardiac testing practices, volumes and types of diagnostic services, and perceived psychological stress to health care...
Article
Long-duration spaceflight induces changes to the brain and cerebrospinal fluid compartments and visual acuity problems known as spaceflight-associated neuro-ocular syndrome (SANS). The clinical relevance of these changes and whether they equally affect crews of different space agencies remain unknown. We used MRI to analyze the alterations occurrin...
Article
Full-text available
Humans undergo extreme physiological changes when subjected to long periods of weightlessness, and as we continue to become a space-faring species, it is imperative that we fully understand the physiological changes that occur in the human body, including the brain. In this study, we present findings of brain structural changes associated with long...
Preprint
In recent years, there has been tremendous interest in the use of artificial intelligence (AI) in radiology in order to automate the interpretation. However, uncontrolled and widespread use of AI solutions may have negative consequences. Therefore, before implementing such technologies in healthcare, thorough training of personnel, adaptation of in...
Article
Full-text available
Left ventricular noncompaction (LVNC) is a highly heterogeneous primary disorder of the myocardium. Its clinical features and genetic spectrum strongly overlap with other types of primary cardiomyopathies, in particular, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Study and the accumulation of genotype–phenotype correlations are the way to improve the precision o...
Article
Introduction. Classical trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is a common disease, largely diagnosed by measuring the anatomical parameters of the trigeminal nerve and the adjacent artery using MRI. For an adequate assessment the significance of the identified changes, it may be necessary to adjust for the individual characteristics of the patient, such as gen...
Article
Full-text available
Background Acute post-ablation pericarditis is the most common complication of epicardial ablation of ventricular arrhythmias (VA), while regional pericarditis following an initially uneventful endocardial catheter ablation (CA) procedure is a rare and elusive diagnosis. Case summary We report a case of a 66-years old Russian female who developed...
Article
Full-text available
Russian Society of Cardiology (RSC) With the participation: Eurasian Association of Therapists (EUAT), Society of Specialists in Heart Failure (OSSN), Russian Scientific Medical Society of Therapists (RNMOT), Russian Society of Pathologists, Russian Society of Radiologists and Radiologists (RSR) Endorsed by: Research and Practical Council of the Mi...
Article
Full-text available
Left ventricular non-compaction is a heterogeneous heart disease with various phenotypic and clinical manifestations. The article presents the results of clinical, instrumental and molecular genetic investigations of a family with diagnosed left ventricular non-compaction (LVNC) with different clinical and phenotypic manifestations. As a result of...
Article
Full-text available
This study reviewed the head and neck cancer diagnosis publications using dual-energy computed tomography (DECT). The qualitative and quantitative analysis of the data was DECT obtained using intravenous contrast enhancement for localized tumors, which shows the importance of constructing iodine maps for obtaining additional diagnostic information....
Article
Objectives: to assess the possibility of using ¹⁸ F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) in patients with carcinoma of unknown primary (CUP); to determine the effectiveness of PET/CT for detecting a primary tumor lesion in patients with a histologically verified diagnosis of CUP and the contribution of PET/CT...
Article
Aim . To assess the diagnostic value of standard and modified ultrasound criteria for left ventricular noncompaction (LVNC). Material and methods . The study included 37 patients. All patients underwent echocardiography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Patients with any of the standard echocardiographic criteria for LVNC (Chin, Jenni, Stollber...
Article
Full-text available
Cavernous malformations of the brain have become an increasingly common pathology in recent years, thanks to the advancement of modern methods of neuroimaging. Despite the benign nature of the course in most cases, these formations can cause convulsions and serious neurological disorders. Typically, clinical manifestations are caused by hemorrhages...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives We aimed to explore the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on cardiac diagnostic testing and practice and to assess its impact in different regions in Europe. Methods The online survey organised by the International Atomic Energy Agency Division of Human Health collected information on changes in cardiac imaging procedural volumes between...
Article
Full-text available
Common diagnostic approach in patients with suspected cardiac amyloidosis includes cardiac magnetic resonance imaging and scintigraphy. We report the first clinical case of false-positive results of scintigraphy in a patient with Danon disease.
Article
Background . Cardiovascular diseases are one of the main causes of death among women, and current prevention paradigms may not be sufficient in this group. In this context, it has been suggested that the detection of breast vascular calcifications can improve the screening and assessment of the risk of cardiovascular diseases in apparently healthy...
Article
Full-text available
Left ventricular non-compaction cardiomyopathy (LVNC) is a rare heart disease, with or without left ventricular dysfunction, which is characterized by a two-layer structure of the myocardium and an increased number of trabeculae. Studying of familial forms of LVNC is helpful for risk prediction and genetic counseling of relatives. Here, we present...
Article
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to define the variability of maximal wall thickness (MWT) measurements across modalities and predict its impact on care in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). BACKGROUND: Left ventricular MWT measured by echocardiography or cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) contributes to the diagnosis of HCM...
Article
Breast vascular calcifications are a manifestation of calcinosis of the medial layer of the artery walls. This type of calcifications is well visualized on mammograms. Mammography is a widespread and affordable screening test for breast cancer. The studies published in recent years demonstrate a relationship of breast vascular calcifications to car...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives This study sought to quantify and compare the decline in volumes of cardiovascular procedures between the United States and non-US institutions during the early phase of the coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Background The COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted the care of many non-COVID-19 illnesses. Reductions in diagnostic cardi...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives The aim of this study was to define the variability of maximal wall thickness (MWT) measurements across modalities and predict its impact on care in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Background Left ventricular MWT measured by echocardiography or cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) contributes to the diagnosis of HCM,...
Article
The objective is to describe a case of hypofractioned skull base meningioma radiosurgery. Clinical case. For 5 years, female patient S., 55 years old, suffered from headaches. In 2012, magnetic resonance imaging of the brain showed petroclival meningioma on the left actively and homogenously accumulating the contrast agent. The patient refrained fr...
Article
Full-text available
The article presents the results of stenting of the left renal vein in 35 patients with proven hemodynamically significant compression of the vein in “aorto-mesenteric tweezers”. Clinical manifestations of lesions of the left renal vein are very diverse, and pathogenetic mechanisms remain not fully understood. Therefore, the determination of indica...
Chapter
Speech disfluencies are a notable component of natural discourse production and comprehension that may play a role of signals that control the flow of communication. Using task-based functional MRI, we examined how brain functional connectivity changes when listeners encounter a disfluency. Participants listened to fragments of audio recordings of...
Article
Full-text available
Aim. To analyze and demonstrate various phenotypes in patients with familial left ventricular noncompaction (LVNC). Materials and methods. In 2013 was created a multicenter registry of LVNC patients. On its basis 30 families with a familial LVNC were selected. Results. 30 LVNC families were selected from the register. From a total of 115 people (...
Article
Full-text available
Aim. To analyze diagnostic performance of cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) in patients, presented with myocardial infarction with nonobstructed coronary arteries (MINOCA). Materials ant methods. 46 consecutives patients presented with myocardial infarction without evidence of obstructive coronary disease on angiography between January, 1 20...
Article
Full-text available
About ~50% of patients with arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy (ACM) carry a pathogenic or likely pathogenic mutation in the desmosomal genes. However, there is a significant number of patients without positive familial anamnesis. Therefore, the molecular reasons for ACM in these patients is frequently unknown and a genetic contribution might be underes...
Article
Full-text available
Cavernous malformations of the brain are currently a fairly common vascular pathology, the number of detected cases has increased dramatically in recent years. This is due to the introduction into clinical practice and widespread dissemination of modern neuroimaging methods, such as computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. Before the adv...
Article
Actuality The course of the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is unpredictable. It manifests in some cases as increasing inflammation to even the onset of a cytokine storm and irreversible progression of acute respiratory syndrome, which is associated with the risk of death in patients. Thus, proactive anti-inflammatory therapy remains an open s...
Article
Full-text available
Aim. To assess the impact of the first wave of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic on the diagnosis of heart disease in the Russian Federation.Material and methods. Fifteen Russian medical centers from 5 cities took part in an online survey organized by the Division of Human Health of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), containi...
Preprint
Although working memory (WM) is crucial for intellectual abilities, not much is known about its brain underpinnings, especially the structural connectivity. We used diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to look across the whole brain for the white matter integrity correlates of the individual differences in the reading span (verbal WM capacity during read...
Article
Full-text available
Accuracy for computed tomography (CT) diagnosis of extrapancreatic perineural invasion (EPNI) in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), which is a significant cause of recurrence, has not been established. The aim of the study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of CT in detecting EPNI preoperatively in resectable PDAC of the pancreatic head....
Article
Full-text available
BACKGROUND:The 2019 coronavirus disease outbreak (COVID-19) quickly swept the world in just a month. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is used in the diagnosis of this disease, but this test has limitations related to false negative results, as well as PCR is a time-consuming procedure. Under these conditions, chest computed tomography (CT) can becom...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents a clinical case of a 39-year-old pregnant woman with respiratory signs of the novel coronavirus Covid-19 infection. Chest MRI showed bilateral lesions in basal segments. The PCR test was positive. A lung condition was assessed without loss of significant diagnostic information. Besides that, the absence of exposure to ionizing r...
Article
Full-text available
Here, we present a small Russian family, where the index patient received a diagnosis of left-ventricular non-compaction cardiomyopathy (LVNC) in combination with a skeletal myopathy. Clinical follow-up analysis revealed a LVNC phenotype also in her son. Therefore, we applied a broad next generation sequencing gene panel approach for the identifica...
Article
Full-text available
Background The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has adversely affected diagnosis and treatment of noncommunicable diseases. Its effects on delivery of diagnostic care for cardiovascular disease, which remains the leading cause of death worldwide, have not been quantified. Objectives The study sought to assess COVID-19’s impact on globa...
Preprint
Full-text available
Although working memory (WM) is crucial for intellectual abilities, not much is known about its brain underpinnings, especially the structural connectivity. We used diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to look across the whole brain for the white matter integrity correlates of the individual differences in the reading span (verbal WM capacity during read...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Until recently, Russia did not utilize noninvasive fractional flow reserve (FFR) assessment. We developed an automated algorithm for noninvasive assessment of FFR based on a one-dimensional (1D) mathematical modeling. Objective: The research aims to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of this algorithm. Methods: The study enrolled 80...
Article
Coronavirus infection COVID-19 is an acute respiratory viral disease caused by a novel beta-coronavirus SARS-CoV-2. In 81 % of cases, mortality in COVID-19 patients is associated with the development of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Another critical challenge associated with COVID-19 is the development of a cytokine storm, which is an...
Article
Introduction The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of a combination of bromhexine at a dose of 8 mg 4 times a day and spironolactone 50 mg per day in patients with mild and moderate COVID 19. Material and methods It was an open, prospective comparative non-randomized study. 103 patients were included (33 in the bromhexine and...
Article
Full-text available
The article presents the results of clinical, instrumental and molecular genetic tests of three generations of a family with inherited cardiomyopathy caused by a new variant in the MYBPC3 gene. A specific feature of this case is the phenotypic heterogeneity of the mutation — a combination of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and left ventricular non-comp...
Article
Full-text available
The article focuses on effective treatment of the novel coronavirus infection (COVID-19) at early stages and substantiates the requirement for antiviral therapy and for decreasing the viral load to prevent the infection progression. The absence of a specific antiviral therapy for the SARS-CoV-2 virus is stated. The authors analyzed results of early...
Article
Full-text available
Long-duration spaceflight causes widespread physiological changes, although its effect on brain structure remains poorly understood. In this work, we acquired diffusion magnetic resonance imaging to investigate alterations of white matter (WM), gray matter (GM), and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) compositions in each voxel, before, shortly after, and 7...
Article
Full-text available
Group problem solving is a prototypical complex collective intellectual activity. Psychological research provides compelling evidence that problem solving in groups is both qualitatively and quantitatively different from doing so alone. However, the question of whether individual and collective problem solving involve the same neural substrate has...
Article
Full-text available
Left ventricular non-compaction (LVNC) is a genetically determined cardiomyopathy characterized by different variants of the clinical course. LVNC family cases allow to study in more details the role of genetic factors in cardiomyopathy pathogenesis and prognosis, as well as to determine clinical course features. Aim. To demonstrate a case of LVNC...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the increasing popularity of neurofeedback, its mechanisms of action are still poorly understood. This study aims to describe the processes underlying implicit electroencephalographic neurofeedback. Fifty-two healthy volunteers were randomly assigned to a single session of infra-low frequency neurofeedback or sham neurofeedback, with electr...
Article
Introduction Coronavirus pneumonia not only severely affects the lung tissue but is also associated with systemic autoimmune inflammation, rapid overactivation of cytokines and chemokines known as “cytokine storm”, and a high risk of thrombosis and thromboembolism. Since there is no specific therapy for this new coronavirus infection (COVID-19), se...
Article
Full-text available
The paper presents Consensus Guidelines of Russian Society of Radiology (RSR) and Russian Association of Specialists in Ultrasound Diagnostics in Medicine (RASUDM) «Role of imaging (X-ray, CT and US) in diagnosis of COVID-19 pneumonia» (version 2) of the Russian Society of Radiology and the Russian Association of Specialists in Ultrasound Diagnosti...
Article
Full-text available
This article presents the results of studies on high prevalence of left ventricular noncompaction (LVNC) in patients with secondary hemochromatosis (SH). We also included case reports of patients with SH and LVNC and compared imaging data using modified modern criteria for LVNC and molecular genetic testing (MGT). In patients with cardiac hemochrom...
Article
Objective The dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) orchestrates other brain regions and plays a vital role for “the most uniquely human” executive functions (EFs), which are divided into distinct components. Components of EFs have been localized to different brain regions and at the same time the DLPFC was found to be involved in a majority of EF...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The T1 Mapping and Extracellular volume (ECV) Standardization (T1MES) program explored T1 mapping quality assurance using a purpose-developed phantom with Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and Conformité Européenne (CE) regulatory clearance. We report T1 measurement repeatability across centers describing sequence, magnet, and vendor...
Article
Objective: Goldberg, the author of the “novelty-routinization” framework, suggested a new pair of cognitive styles for agent-centered decision-making (DM), context-dependency/independency (CD/CI), quantified by the Cognitive Bias Task (CBT) and supposedly reflecting functional brain hemispheric specialization. To date, there are only three lesion...
Article
Full-text available
Aim. Comparative analysis of the diagnostic effectiveness of onedimensional (1-D) and three-dimensional (3-D) non-invasive methods for coronary fractional flow reserve (FFR) assessment based on the coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA).Material and methods. We carried out a retrospective analysis of CCTA data for 13 patients (men — 9, mea...
Article
The patients with gastric cancer (GC) sometimes have a very poor prognosis. In general, it depends on the time of GC verification, which dramatically changes prognosis and treatment plans. This article reflects current data on the epidemiology, mortality rate, and rates of the incidence of gastric cancer in different countries of the world. The mos...
Article
Full-text available
Theory of mind is a cognitive ability, which enables to understand intentions, emotions and beliefs of another person. Because of theory of mind, people are able to interpret behavior of others and adapt to it. Numerous psychiatric impairments are associated with damaged theory of mind and communication with others. The present review analyses the...
Article
Objective: to estimate the diagnostic value of the anatomical characteristics of the intracisternal portions of the trigeminal nerves and adjacent arteries in diagnosing classical trigeminal neuralgia (TN). Material and methods. Fast Imaging Employing Steady-state Acquisition (FIESTA) using an isotropic MRI sequence was used to analyze the anatomic...