Valentin Radu

Valentin Radu
Muzeul Naţional de Istorie a României · Centrul National de Cercetari Pluridisciplinare

PhD

About

119
Publications
25,765
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799
Citations
Citations since 2016
40 Research Items
497 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
Introduction
Valentin Radu currently works at the Centrul National de Cercetari Pluridisciplinare, Muzeul Naţional de Istorie a României. Valentin does research in Biological Anthropology and Archaeology. Their current project is 'ECHOES OF THE PAST REFLECTED IN THE PRESENT … AN ATTEMPT TO RECONSTRUCT THE NEOLITHIC SOCIETY THROUGH EXPERIMENTAL ARCHEOLOGY'.
Additional affiliations
August 1995 - February 2016
Muzeul Naţional de Istorie a României
Position
  • Senior Researcher

Publications

Publications (119)
Chapter
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L’étude archéozoologique de la zone 2 de Taraschina montre que l’élevage – principalement bovin et caprin – aurait joué un rôle primordial. Au fil de la séquence chrono-stratigraphique, on observe que l’importance de bovins augmente alors que celle des caprinés décroit. Le cochon – animal domestique élevé plus spécifiquement pour la consommation –...
Chapter
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La néolithisation de la zone située à l’est des Carpates s’opère durant la première moitié du 6e millénaire avant notre ère. Si la documentation archéologique s’y rapportant se concentre pour l’essentiel au nord-est de la Roumanie (départements de Iaşi et de Vaslui), on observe cependant la présence de nombreux habitats appartenant à la culture Sta...
Article
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Dogs are among the most variable species today, but little is known about the morphological variability in the early phases of their history. The Neolithic transition to farming may have resulted in an early morphological diversification as a result of changes in the anthropic environment or intentional selection on specific morphologies. Here, we...
Article
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Testudines are widespread reptiles in Eurasia, especially in steppe-climate areas. The presence of shell remains and other anatomical elements in household waste deposits at various prehistoric sites suggests that the tortoise may have been a source of food. It is also possible that, taking advantage of the natural shape of the carapaces, prehistor...
Conference Paper
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Investigations of the water in an archaeological context could be connected to natural water supply, hydrological conditions, and socio-cultural developments of human societies in the past is a real challenge for contemporary research. Unfortunately, the past human habitation was perceived as a terrestrial model for many years. Consequently, the ar...
Article
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Located in southwestern Romania in the Iron Gates Gorges, Icoana was among the sites submerged foiiowing the building of the Iron Gates I dam and hydro-power station. Eight trenches were excavated with a total area of 91m2 and a maximum depth ofca. 3 m between 1967 and 1969. According to the AMS 14C dates, Icoana saw two occupations, one between ca...
Chapter
In this study we have identified 33 taxa belonging to various classes of animal: mollusks, fish, reptiles, birds and mammals. The mammals dominate with 97.6% of the total remains, evidence of their importance for the Neolithic community at Aknashen. Among the mammals, the domestic animals are preponderant, which is evidence that animal husbandry wa...
Article
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In this paper was studied eight bivalve shells (with pigments traces) were collected from Cheia archaeological site (Eneolitihic site, dated between the end of the 6th millennium and the beginning of the 5th millennium cal BC, Romania), in order to establish correlations related to morphology, composition, longevity and belonging to the archaeologi...
Article
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Valves of the Unio sp. processed to be made into personal adornments are discovered from several settlements of Gumelnița culture (the second half of the 5th millennium B.C.). These assemblages includes pieces in different phases of transformation, from irregular splinters, to finished pieces in the shape of circular beads used as personal adornmen...
Article
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Rezumat: În urma cercetărilor arheologice de salvare de la Techirghiol Dealul Minerva - Paloda din cursul anului 2020, realizate de o echipă de arheologi de la Muzeul de Istorie Națională și Arheologie Constanța, au fost descoperite și numeroase resturi faunistice. În acest studiu prezentăm analiza preliminară a resturilor faunistice de mamifere, p...
Article
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Lucrările de implementare a proiectului BRUA au impus și realizarea evaluării arheologice a traseului magistralei pentru gaze naturale și, apoi, implicit, în funcție de situații, a cercetărilor arheologice preventive. În cele ce urmează, ne vom opri asupra unor rezultate punctuale din zona de traseu BRUA din centrul județului Giurgiu – Mirău (com....
Article
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Raw materials from aquatic environments were systematically used for domestic activities even before the appearance of modern humans. Here, the authors analyse the possible use of freshwater mussel valves of the Unio species, whose surfaces preserve marks resulting from their use. They consider the ways in which wear develops on these valves, start...
Article
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Abstract: The faunal material studied in this paper comes from the systematic archaeological researches carried out between 2001-2007 by the archaeologists from the Ialomița County Museum in La Movile point near Săveni village, Ialomița County. A number of 2368 faunal remains from the two archaeological levels of the Cernavodă I culture were analyz...
Article
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The tell settlement from “Măgura Gumelnița” is the eponymous site of the Eneolithic civilization with the same name. It is probably the most significant tell settlement north of the Danube, and it belonged to the Kodjadermen ‐ Gumelnița ‐ Karanovo VI cultural complex that occupied the Balkan area in the second half of 5th millennium BC. During 2018...
Chapter
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The manner in which marine valves have been circulated and processed in various forms during the Neolithic and the Eneolithic throughout the European continent is a pretext for numerous discussions among specialists. Efforts have been made to identify their original areas, the circulation routes and forms (raw material vs. finished item) used by so...
Article
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The faunal materials preserved from the Eneolithic tell-settlement of Căscioarele Ostrovel were an important source of information that contributed to the characterization of the animal paleo-economy of this site, as well as of the animal bone industry. In this presentation we analyse from a techno-functional point of view a series of dog mandibles...
Article
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Personal ornaments, especially those made from the shells of marine mollusks and animal teeth, have been recovered from many Mesolithic sites across Europe. This paper reviews the evidence of personal ornaments from the Meso¬lithic of the Iron Gates, where such finds were identified in five sites on the Romanian bank: the cave and rock shelter site...
Chapter
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The ornaments made by Spondylus shells play a significant role in evolution and development of human communities from the 5th millennium BC in the Balkans. This paper focuses on the Spondylus ornaments discovered in Southeastern Romania dated to the Eneolithic (c. 5000-3900 cal. BC). These items enabled identification of the same technological elem...
Article
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The ornaments played a significant role in the life of human communities during the Holocene. This paper explores various aspects (with reference to malacology, technology, function, use-wear, art and symbolism) of the perforated shells made of Lithoglyphus naticoides across Europe during prehistory, with a particular focus on the site of Sultana-M...
Article
Full-text available
The tell settlement from “Măgura Gumelnița” is the eponymous site of the Eneolithic civilization with the same name. It is probably the biggest tell settlement North of the Danube, and it belonged to the Kodjadermen ‐ Gumelnița ‐ Karanovo VI civilization that occupied in the Balkan area in the second half of 5th millennium BC. In 2017, a complex in...
Chapter
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The short and small-scale excavation at Răzvrata (Romania) in the Iron Gates revealed the traces of two houses, a hearth, portable artefacts and faunal remains. This paper presents a detailed account of the Mesolithic faunal collection, in the context of other studied assemblages from the Mesolithic Iron Gates sites. Although limited, the resulted...
Article
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Măgura 'Buduiasca' (‘Boldul lui Moș Ivănuș’) settlement has an important place among the Prehistoric settlements from the Balkans. It is characterised by continuous habitation from the Early Neolithic through to the Early Chalcolithic allowing an understanding of the development of utilitarian objects and personal adornments in respect of the raw m...
Chapter
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The techno-typological study of the tools made of osseous materials, consisting in the identification of the operational sequence, is essential in order to evaluate the different interactions between human/animal re- sources and environment but also to identify those activities implicated in the tools making. The functional level, having as objecti...
Chapter
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This contribution presents a preliminary comparative analysis of the archaeozoological data from two Neolithic sites in the plain of Ararat in Armenia: Aratashen and Khatunarkh-Aknashen, occupied during the 6th millennium BC. The Neolithic period is poorly known in Armenia from the point of view of subsistence modes. Comparison of the results of th...
Article
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The analysis of the fauna from Pianu de Jos-Lunca Pârâului reveals that livestock farming played an important role for the Wietenberg community here. Therefore, cattle are the most numerous, irrespective of how we quantify them (NR, MNI and W). They were exploited mainly for meat, milk and its derivates but also for traction. Suides and caprines sh...
Article
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The analysis of the fauna from Pianu de Jos-Lunca Pârâului reveals that livestock farming played an important role for the Wietenberg community here. Therefore, cattle are the most numerous, irrespective of how we quantify them (NR, MNI and W). They were exploited mainly for meat, milk and its derivates but also for traction. Suides and caprines sh...
Article
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The site of Şibot (Alba County) was investigated in 2012 and over 300 archaeological features were exposed. The excavations confirmed the presence of a medieval settlement dating to the 15th century and destroyed during the battle of Câmpul Pâinii. The present paper presents the results of the analysis of a dwelling from the medieval settlement, an...
Article
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From the Romanian Eneolithic, more precisely Gumelniţa culture, derives a significant lot of opercular bones of Cyprinus carpio, in different processing stages to turn into circular pearls. The origins of this raw material are local, the carp having an important weight in the alimentation of the communities from the Danube proximity. The experiment...
Data
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In south-eastern Romania, a prominent place was given to pigs in the Gumelniţa culture (Late Chalcolithic, second half of 5th millennium BC); as was the highly prized wild boar, one of a variety of species targeted for hunting. The wild boars’ ecological niche and the scale of pig husbandry were investigated during a stable isotope study of the Gum...
Article
Freshwater bivalve shells are frequently identified in faunal assemblages from Neo-Eneolithic tell settlements along the Danube River valley in South-East Romania (5th millennium BC). Up until now, significant accumulations of freshwater bivalve shells have been identified only in household refuse areas of the settlements, where they form consisten...
Book
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Fishing in the late Mesolithic and early Neolithic of the Russian Plain: the case of site Zamostje 2
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During 1991-1992 archaeological excavations at Satu Nou – Valea lui Voicu site, the remains of an EIA site ascribed to Babadag culture (10 th c. – early 8 th c. BC) were partially investigated. The complex consisted of several pits and one ditch that followed the western limit of the promontory. Skeletons or parts of human and animal skeletons, alo...
Article
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La faune étudiée provient des fouilles archéologiques préventives effectuées dans la place Sfântu Gheorghe (Saint George) à Timișoara (département Timiș) en 2013 (novembre et décembre) et 2014 (janvier-mars). Le matériel faunique provient de plusieurs niveaux stratigraphiques (culturels) notés du plus ancien au plus récent avec les dénominations Mé...
Chapter
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Studiul arheozoologic realizat la Pianu de Jos ne relevă că activitatea de creştere a animalelor joacă un rol important pentru această comunitate neolitică. Acest lucru este reliefat de procentajele extrem de mari ca NR (96,5%), greutate (94,3%) şi NMI (77,8%) deţinute de către aceste animale. Ponderea cea mai mare o au bovinele care sunt urmate la...
Article
Full-text available
La faune étudiée provient des fouilles archéologiques préventives effectuées dans la place Sfântu Gheorghe (Saint George) à Timișoara (département Timiș) en 2013 (novembre et décembre) et 2014 (janvier-mars).Le matériel faunique provient de plusieurs niveaux stratigraphiques (culturels) notés du plus ancien au plus récent avec les dénominations Méd...
Article
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Previously observed specialization in sheep/goat kill-off patterns from Romanian Eneolithic sites raises the question of a limited duration of the slaughtering period. In order to provide reliable month of death distribution for sheep/goats, the approach developed here takes into account uncertainties regarding the age-at-death and the month of bir...
Article
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Au cours des fouilles des années 2012-2014 dans le tell de Bordusani ont était étudié divers types de complexes, habitations (no. 19, 47, 50 et 56), ou C. 379 (zone de passage) et C. 394 (espace commun). Le Sondage I Est, pratique sur la côte Est de la Popina, au but de mettre en évidence la succession des séquences anthropiques, a permis l'observ...
Article
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Les recherches archéologiques de Harsova-tell en 2013 ont permis pour la première fois dans ce sit, l'étude d'une habitation bicellulaire (SL 109), incendiée, attribuée à la culture Boian, phase Spantov. Sont mise en évidence les données concernent les techniques et les matériaux mises en œuvre pour construire cette maison. Les recherches pluridisc...
Article
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The faunal remains were collected during the archaeological researches carried out in 1988 and 2000. The analysed assemblage consists of 902 remains, out of which four are human (Homo sapiens). The remains originate from fish, birds and mammals. The mammalian bones number 615 remains, out of which 397 were identified by species. The list of identif...
Article
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AFTER THE FLOOD: GEOMORPHOLOGICAL EVOLUTION OF THE DANUBE DELTA AFTER THE BLACK SEA - MEDITERRANEA RECONNECTION AND ITS IMPLICATIONS ON ENEOLITHIC / CHALCOLITHIQUE SETTLEMENTS In this work, we document the evolution of the upper Danube delta (i.e. blocked delta) using archaeological, geomorphological and geoarchaeological approaches, after the disc...
Article
In this work, we document the evolution of the upper Danube delta (i.e. blocked delta) using archaeological, geomorphological and geoarchaeological approaches, after the discovery, in the 90's, of the oldest human settlement (Eneolithic/Chalcolithic) close to Mila 23 district. In-site and out-site fieldwork allows us to refine the Danube delta earl...
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1 CNRS UMR 5602 Géode, Toulouse (France) 2 Institut de recherche éco-muséal de Tulcea (Roumanie) 3 Université de Strasbourg, Géode, Toulouse (France) 4 MNIR Musée National d'Histoire de la Roumanie, Bucarest (Roumanie)
Article
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Rezumat: Studiul arheozoologic realizat asupra faunei din aşezarea civilă de la Durostorum-Ostrov ne relevă faptul că activitatea de creştere a animalelor juca un rol important. Bovinele predomină ca număr de resturi şi număr de indivizi ele fiind urmate de către ovicaprine şi porcine. Calul era şi el consumat din punct de vedere alimentar. Vârstel...
Conference Paper
Dans ce travail, l'évolution de la zone interne du delta du Danube est appréhendée à partir de travaux géoarchéologiques et géomorphologiques réalisés dans le district de Mila 23, suite à la découverte de la plus vieille occupation humaine du delta. Les travaux sur site et hors site ont permis de préciser les stades précoces de l'évolution du delta...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The collaboration between the Institute of Archaeology of Yerevan (Academy of Sciences of Armenia) and the French “Caucasus” mission (MAEE - CNRS) is focused on the study of the cultures that developed in Armenia between the Palaeolithic and the end of the Chalcolithic, and on the defi nition of the exchanges which may have existed in these periods...
Chapter
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Les fouilles archéologiques conduites sur l'habitat Chalcolithique de Taraschina (com. Maliuc), permettent de jeter un regard nouveau sur la question du peuplement des zones littorales de la mer Noire durant le 5 ème millénaire avant notre ère. La mise au jour de cet habitat préhistorique, aujourd'hui partiellement submergé par les eaux du delta du...