Valentin Bazhanov

Valentin Bazhanov
Ulyanovsk State University · Department of Philosophy

PhD

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59
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114
Citations

Publications

Publications (59)
Article
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The article summarizes some results of the discussion, which has the goal to grope the prospects for science to acquire the status of a political actor in contest with the emergence of the phenomenon of post-normal science. Leaning upon the comments and considerations expressed by the participants in the discussion, questions raised for a further,...
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The goal of the article to assess and comprehend the legitimacy, advantages, and disadvantages of the idea of “post-normal” and “citizen science”, the problem of treating science as a political actor, as well as the potential “democratization” of contemporary science. The nature and epistemological status of “post-normal” and “citizen” science, the...
Article
From the standpoint of biocultural co-constructivism methodology, the article analyzes the phenomenon of musicality, which is understood as a set of intonation-rhythmic patterns that can act as predictors of a number of cognitive traits already in the process of neurogenesis. The authors claim that this phenomenon has the status of a universal of h...
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The article briefly outlines the idea of biocultural co-constructivism and, through its lens, provides insights into the interaction of society, culture and the brain as a holistic system with active mutual impacts of each component, which allows talking about the phenomenon of “social brain”. It is shown that socio-cultural factors have a signific...
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This paper assesses, from a philosophical point of view, the latest cultural neuroscience results that suggest the traditional interpretation of subject of cognition be essentially reconstructed. We must move from a universalistic interpretation of cognitive process (mostly manifested in a classical Kantian transcendentalism) to an interpretation t...
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Within the framework of the correspondence round table, the multidimensional problem of the philosopher’s self-determination was discussed, which has a very high relevance. K. Olimov, raising the question of the philosopher’s self-determination, notes that this process unfolds under the influence of many internal and external factors. Pointing to t...
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In the context of biocultural co-constructivism, the article analyzes the features and results of interaction between society, culture and the brain. We show that society, culture and the brain form an integral system, each element of which actively reconstructed under the influence of other elements, and at the same time determines the nature of t...
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The paper ponders over the phenomenon of religion from the standpoint of the modern neuroscience progress. The author claims that the emergence and expansion of different religions, as well as religious activity, has happened due to external (social and cultural) and internal (neurobiological) reasons. The results of neuroscience research testify t...
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The article try to comprehend the latest achievements in such a field of neuroscience as a neu-roaesthetic that explores the nature of music and musical creativity through the prism of ontogenetic features of the human brain. Numerous examples show that the key ideas of neuro-aesthetics generally correspond to the spirit of Kantian apriorism, reint...
Chapter
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The paper deals with intellectual legacy of Kazan University professor N.A. Vasiliev (June 29, 1880–December 31, 1940), the forerunner of modern non-classical logic. A thinker with a wide range of interests, he worked in poetry, philosophy, ethics, psychology, and history. N.A. Vasiliev’s path to imaginary logic is presented, along with the revival...
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The assessment of Soviet logic and philosophy of logic development in the 20th and even the dawn of the twenty-first century shows the tight correlation between state policy towards higher education and the official attitude towards these fields of research. Progressive stages of Russia’s/Soviet State evolvement are marked with positive treatment o...
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DILEMMA OF PSYCHOLOGISM AND ANTI-PSYCHOLOGISM The article deals with the dramatic opposition of psychologism and anti-psychologism. Due to the evident success of classical branches of mathematical logic in XX century psychologism was eliminated for its conceptual insufficiency. However, non-classical logics and recent neuroscience vigorous developm...
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In January 2016 the journal "Voprosy Filosofii" cooperatively with department of philosophy of MPSU held a round table "The Self-Integrity of Knowledge as a Problem of Modern Epistemology". Participants made an attempt of a complex consideration of a problem of value basis of knowledge in modern world: to reveal cultural, social, economical, techno...
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Problems in Philosophy 2016. № 8. С. 126–137. The article analyzes the impact of social and cultural revolution in neuroscience for the modern epistemology. The paper claim that this revolution in certain sense takes place in the context of Kant's research program, and urge to clarify the content of some key epistemological concepts. Moreover, it r...
Chapter
This paper reviews the conditions under which non-classical logic was historically promoted in Russia. It identifies those Russian scholars who, beginning in the second part of the nineteenth and in the turn of twentieth century, contributed most to the formation and development of non-classical logic along with the socio-cultural milieu crucial to...
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Phenomenon of transdisciplinarity was put into the fore of analysis rather recently. In the article an attempt is made to find out whether it is possible to attribute this phenomenon not only to a science (or even non-classical post-non-classical) of the 21st century, or we have here the case where some scientific realities come to the attention of...
Article
The article deals with the dramatic opposition of psychologism and anti-psychologism. Due to the evident success of classical branches of mathematical logic in XX century psychologism was eliminated for its conceptual insufficiency. However, nonclassical logics and recent neuroscience vigorous development have contributed to the renaissance of psyc...
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During the last quarter of the twentieth century, Soviet Russian philosophy did away with ideology in the fields of Science; but until the mid-1980s, scientists could not escape intense ideological scrutiny. A great number of Soviet scientists did their best to avoid this ideological supervision, and pursued their research, remaining neutral toward...
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This paper deals with ordering of various versions of mathematical realism (Platonism) and antirealism (nominalism) and vistas of synthesis of mathematical realism and antirealism in the form of emergence of 'third', medium line are outlined on the ground of triple determination idea of mathematical reality (mathematical objects).
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The paper justify the key role of russianborn the USA citizens (W. Malisoff and A. Blumberg) in favourable reception of logical positivism in this country and the emergence of philosophy of science studies. Leftist political inclinations of most logical positivists (W. Malisoff and A. Blumberg included) in post war period implied suspicion of J. Mc...
Book
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Translated from Russian. Sections: - Kant's theoretical philosophy - Kant's practical philosophy - The receptions of Kant’s philosophy - Logic and argumentorics - Neo-Kantianism - Research. Archives. Documents - Reviews - Conferences
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Abstractions play a crucial role in scientific knowledge representation. The author is going to analyze the nature and mechanisms of functioning of some scientific abstractions in the scientific knowledge representations as well as limitations that they placed upon the result of scientific knowledge acquisition. Abstraction is the process (and resu...
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The author analyzes proof and argumentation (mainly in mathematics and logic) as a form of appeal to a scientific community with deep ethical meaning. He presents proof primarily as an effort to persuade a scientific (sub) community rather than a search for true knowledge, as an instrument by which responsibility is taken for the correctness of the...
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The paper deals with the factors which enabled N. A. Vasiliev to put forward in 1910 - 12 the idea of logics free of the laws of contradiction and excluded middle, the idea of metalogic and to construct his imaginary logic as novel non-classical system. It is shown that background of Vasiliev's ideas lies deeply in Russia's culture and particular a...
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The paper reveals some mostly unnoticed and unexpected trends in reception of novel ideas in science. The author formulates certain principles of the reception of these ideas by scientific communities and justifies them by examples from modern mathematics and non-classical logic.
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The impact of social factors upon the philosophical investigations in a broad sense is quite evident. Nevertheless their impact upon epistemology as a branch of philosophy, logic, and history of science as fields of research with noticeable philosophical content is not evident enough. We are keen to claim that this impact exists within some limits,...
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In the XIXth century there was a persistent opposition to Aristotelian logic. Nicolai A. Vasiliev (1880–1940) noted this opposition and stressed that the way for the novel – non-Aristotelian – logic was already paved. He made an attempt to construct non-Aristotelian logic (1910) within, so to speak, the form (but not in the spirit) of the Aristotel...
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The life and work of the Russian scholar Ivan E. Orlov (September 1, 1886 - October 13, 1936) is described here in detail for the first time. Orlov is well known as one of the pioneers of relevant logic, but he was also interested in a wide variety of other topics including philosophy, chemistry, and music theory. This article shows that the sociop...
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The work deals with the origins and early stage of becoming of non-classical logic in Russia. The special attention is paid to the intellectual legacy of N. A. Vasiliev and his imaginary logic.
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This article presents the story of S. A. Yanovskaya's epiphany—particularly, her shift from hard-line communist orthodoxy and hostility towards 'bourgeois minded' Soviet-Russian mathematicians to vigorous support of mathematical logic. In light of this evidence, S. A. Yanovskaya (1896–1966) may be considered as a spiritual leader and administrative...
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The author argues that the decline of philosophical thought and research in Russia is over. He describes the state of present-day philosophy in Russia, its background, and prospects for development citing concrete examples and little known facts. Any survey of the state of the philosophy in post-Communist Russia is a complicated task requiring accu...
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On the basis of recently unknown archive and manuscript documents the article reveals the informal and heuristic prerequisites of N.A.Vasiliev's imaginary logic. N.A.Vasiliev's imaginary logic (1908 -1914) became precursor of paraconsistent logic. His path to imaginary logic was steep and toilsome. The starting point of his way to be found in youth...
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Vladimir Aleksandrovich Smirnov was a reputed pedagogue, historian and philosopher of logic with a strong interest in the methodology of science. Smirnov, who served он the author's doctoral dissertation committee, and with whom he worked since 1981, is remembered principally as a teacher and historian and philosopher of logic. From the standpoint...
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History of logic and "university" philosophy in Russia. The view from Kazan. On the basis of investigations of archival materials a picture is given of the conceptual and social history of "university" philosophy and logic in Russia (nineteenth to mid-twentieth centuries). Emphasis is placed on those features of Russian philosophy and logic which w...
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This article deals with conceptual parallels between N. I. Lobachevsky's and N. A. Vasiliev's ideas. The emphasis is placed on heuristic prompts connected with Lobachevsky's geometry which promoted construction of imaginary logic by N. A. Vasiliev.
Article
We deal with the heuristic influence of C.S. Peirce's logical ideas on the creation of imaginary, non-Aristotelian logic (logic free of the laws of contradiction and excluded middle) by Nikolai Aleksandrovich Vasil'ev (Vasiliev) in 1910-13 and with the circumstances that attended and made easier the creation of imaginary logic.
Article
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In February 1992, T. Ivanovic, working with the author in the archives at Kazan University discovered new material relating to the life and work of the logician P.S. Poretskij (1846-1907). These include: various documents related to Poretskij's lectures on mathematical logic for mathematics department students at Kazan University which were intende...
Article
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Kazan was an active center for the development of logic in the 19th and early 20th centuries. Logic courses were included in the philosophy and psychology curricula of Kazan University and the Theological Academy. Issues of logic were dealt with by Lubkin in his critical consideration of Kant and Kant's successor Kisewetter, and Lobachevskij review...

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