Václav Veverka

Václav Veverka
The Czech Academy of Sciences | AVCR · Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry

PhD

About

112
Publications
17,263
Reads
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2,543
Citations
Additional affiliations
February 2018 - present
Charles University in Prague
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
February 2012 - November 2021
February 2003 - January 2012
University of Leicester
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (112)
Article
Dimerization of many eukaryotic transcription regulatory factors is critical for their function. Regulatory role of an epigenetic reader lens epithelium-derived growth factor/p75 (LEDGF/p75) requires at least two copies of this protein to overcome the nucleosome-induced barrier to transcription elongation. Moreover, various LEDGF/p75 binding partne...
Article
Full-text available
Lens epithelium-derived growth factor/p75 (LEDGF/p75, or PSIP1) is a transcriptional coactivator that tethers other proteins to gene bodies. The chromatin tethering function of LEDGF/p75 is hijacked by HIV integrase to ensure viral integration at sites of active transcription. LEDGF/p75 is also important for the development of mixed-lineage leukemi...
Article
Full-text available
Lens epithelium-derived growth factor (LEDGF/p75) is an epigenetic reader and attractive therapeutic target involved in HIV integration and the development of mixed lineage leukaemia (MLL1) fusion-driven leukaemia. Besides HIV integrase and the MLL1-menin complex, LEDGF/p75 interacts with various cellular proteins via its integrase binding domain (...
Article
Transcription factor p53 protects cells against tumorigenesis when subjected to various cellular stresses. Under these conditions, p53 interacts with transcription factor Forkhead box O (FOXO) 4, thereby inducing cellular senescence by upregulating the transcription of senescence‐associated protein p21. However, the structural details of this inter...
Article
Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) deliver external cell communication signals, to regulate mammalian development, metabolism and homeostasis. Blocking the FGF interactions with their receptors at the cell membrane is one of the promising strategies for treatment of diseases related to dysregulated FGF signaling, such as cancer, metabolic syndromes,...
Article
During eukaryotic transcription elongation, RNA polymerase II (RNAP2) is regulated by a chorus of factors. Here, we identified a common binary interaction module consisting of TFIIS N-terminal domains (TNDs) and natively unstructured TND-interacting motifs (TIMs). This module was conserved among the elongation machinery and linked complexes includi...
Article
The proinflammatory cytokines IL-17A and IL-17F have been identified as key drivers of a range of human inflammatory diseases, such as psoriasis, which has led to several therapeutic antibodies targeted at IL-17A. The two cytokines have been shown to tightly associate as functional homo and hetero dimers, which induce signalling via the formation o...
Article
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While DNA encodes protein structure, glycans provide a complementary layer of information to protein function. As a prime example of the significance of glycans, the ability of the cell surface receptor CD44 to bind its ligand, hyaluronan, is modulated by N-glycosylation. However, the details of this modulation remain unclear. Based on atomistic si...
Article
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G-quadruplexes are noncanonical nucleic acid structures formed by stacked guanine tetrads. They are capable of a range of functions and thought to play widespread biological roles. This diversity raises an important question: what determines the biochemical specificity of G-quadruplex structures? The answer is particularly important from the perspe...
Article
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HDGF-related protein 2 (HRP-2) is a member of the Hepatoma-Derived Growth Factor-related protein family that harbors the structured PWWP and Integrase Binding Domain, known to associate with methylated histone tails or cellular and viral proteins, respectively. Interestingly, HRP-2 is a paralog of Lens Epithelium Derived Growth Factor p75 (LEDGF/p7...
Article
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The formation of a G-quadruplex motif in the promoter region of the c-MYC protooncogene prevents its expression. Accordingly, G-quadruplex stabilization by a suitable ligand may be a viable approach for anticancer therapy. In our study, we used the 4-(4-methylpiperazin-1-yl)aniline molecule, previously identified as a fragment library screen hit, a...
Research
Full-text available
Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is the causative agent of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). SARS-CoV-2 is a single-stranded positive-sense RNA virus. Like other coronaviruses, SARS-CoV-2 has an unusually large genome that encodes four structural proteins and sixteen nonstructural proteins. The structural nucleoca...
Preprint
Full-text available
Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is the causative agent of the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) which is currently negatively affecting the population and disrupting the global economy. SARS-CoV-2 belongs to the +RNA virus family that utilize single-stranded positive-sense RNA molecules as genomes. SARS-CoV-2, like ot...
Article
Two distinct conformers of the adenylate cyclase toxin (CyaA) appear to accomplish its two parallel activities within target cell membrane. The translocating conformer would deliver the N-terminal adenylyl cyclase (AC) enzyme domain across plasma membrane into cytosol of cells, while the pore precursor conformer would assemble into oligomeric catio...
Preprint
Full-text available
While protein function is largely encoded in DNA, it is also modulated by a complementary and often invisible layer of information encoded by glycans attached to the protein surface. The CD44-hyaluronan complex involved in inflammatory responses and cell migration is a prime example of the significance of glycans, as the ability of the cell surface...
Article
Full-text available
Magnesium homeostasis is essential for life and depends on magnesium transporters, whose activity and ion selectivity need to be tightly controlled. Rhomboid intramembrane proteases pervade the prokaryotic kingdom, but their functions are largely elusive. Using proteomics, we find that Bacillus subtilis rhomboid protease YqgP interacts with the mem...
Article
Apoptosis signal‐regulating kinase 1 (ASK1) is a ubiquitously expressed mitogen‐activated protein kinase kinase kinase 5, which mediates various stress signals including oxidative stress. The catalytic activity of ASK1 is tightly controlled by oligomerization and binding of several cofactors. Among these cofactors, thioredoxin stands out as the mos...
Article
Full-text available
FOXO transcription factors regulate cellular homeostasis, longevity and response to stress. FOXO1 (also known as FKHR) is a key regulator of hepatic glucose production and lipid metabolism, and its specific inhibition may have beneficial effects on diabetic hyperglycemia by reducing hepatic glucose production. Moreover, all FOXO proteins are consid...
Article
G-quadruplexes are noncanonical nucleic acid structures made up of stacked guanosine tetrads connected by short loops. They are frequently used building blocks in synthetic biology and thought to play widespread biological roles. Multimerization can change the functional properties of G-quadruplexes, and understanding the factors that modulate this...
Preprint
SETD2 contributes to gene expression by marking gene bodies with H3K36me3, which is thought to assist in the concentration of transcription machinery at the small portion of the coding genome. Despite extensive genome-wide data revealing the precise localization of H3K36me3 over gene bodies, the physical basis for the accumulation, maintenance, and...
Article
Transient and fuzzy intermolecular interactions are fundamental to many biological processes. Despite their importance, they are notoriously challenging to characterize. Effects induced by paramagnetic ligands in the NMR spectra of interacting biomolecules provide an opportunity to amplify subtle manifestations of weak intermolecular interactions o...
Article
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Activating mutations in NT5C2, a gene encoding cytosolic purine 5′-nucleotidase (cN-II), confer chemoresistance in relapsed acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Here we show that all mutants became independent of allosteric effects of ATP and thus constitutively active. Structural mapping of mutations described in patients demonstrates that 90% of leukemi...
Article
Molecular wires are functional molecules applicable in the field of transfer processes in technological and biochemical applications. Besides molecular wires with the ability to transfer electrons, research is currently focused on molecular wires with high proton affinity and proton transfer ability. Recently proposed peptidic proton wires (H-wires...
Article
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Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PI(4,5)P 2 ) is a critically important regulatory lipid of the plasma membrane (PM); however, little is known about how cells regulate PM PI(4,5)P 2 levels. Here, we show that the phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate (PI4P)/phosphatidylserine (PS) transfer activity of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER)–resident ORP5 a...
Article
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Mutation of SMARCA4 (BRG1), the ATPase of BAF (mSWI/SNF) and PBAF complexes, contributes to a range of malignancies and neurologic disorders. Unfortunately, the effects of SMARCA4 missense mutations have remained uncertain. Here we show that SMARCA4 cancer missense mutations target conserved ATPase surfaces and disrupt the mechanochemical cycle of...
Article
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CAS is a docking protein downstream of the proto-oncogene Src with a role in invasion and metastasis of cancer cells. The CAS SH3 domain is indispensable for CAS-mediated signaling, but structural aspects of CAS SH3 ligand binding and regulation are not well understood. Here, we identified the consensus CAS SH3 binding motif and structurally charac...
Article
The mitotic kinase Aurora-A and its partner protein TPX2 (Targeting Protein for Xenopus kinesin-like protein 2), are overexpressed in cancers and it has been proposed that they work together as an oncogenic holoenzyme. TPX2 is responsible for activating Aurora-A during mitosis, ensuring proper cell division. Disruption of the interface with TPX2 is...
Article
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The iron-regulated protein FrpD from Neisseria meningitidis is an outer membrane lipoprotein that interacts with very high affinity (Kd ~ 0.2 nM) with the N-terminal domain of FrpC, a Type I-secreted protein from the Repeat in ToXin (RTX) protein family. In the presence of Ca²⁺, FrpC undergoes Ca²⁺ -dependent protein trans-splicing that includes an...
Article
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Background Relapsed acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is one of the main causes of mortality in childhood malignancies. Previous genetic studies demonstrated that chemoresistant ALL is driven by activating mutations in NT5C2, the gene encoding cytosolic 5´-nucleotidase (cN-II). However, molecular mechanisms underlying this hyperactivation are stil...
Article
Full-text available
The eukaryotic Ddi1 family is defined by a conserved retroviral aspartyl protease-like (RVP) domain found in association with a ubiquitin-like (UBL) domain. Ddi1 from Saccharomyces cerevisiae additionally contains a ubiquitin-associated (UBA) domain. The substrate specificity and role of the protease domain in the biological functions of the Ddi fa...
Article
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Mixed lineage leukemia (MLL) fusion-driven acute leukemias represent a genetically distinct subset of leukemias with poor prognosis. MLL forms a ternary complex with the lens epithelium-derived growth factor (LEDGF/p75) and MENIN. LEDGF/p75, a chromatin reader recognizing H3K36me3 marks, contributes to the association of the MLL multiprotein comple...
Article
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Insulin and insulin-like growth factors I and II are closely related protein hormones. Their distinct evolution has resulted in different yet overlapping biological functions, with insulin becoming a key regulator of metabolism, while IGF-I/II are major growth factors. Insulin and IGFs cross-bind with different affinities to closely related insulin...
Article
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Although Ddi1-like proteins are conserved among eukaryotes, their biological functions remain poorly characterized. Yeast Ddi1 has been implicated in cell cycle regulation, DNA-damage response, and exocytosis. By virtue of its ubiquitin-like (UBL) and ubiquitin-associated (UBA) domains, it has been proposed to serve as a proteasomal shuttle factor....
Article
Calcium-binding RTX proteins are equipped with C-terminal secretion signals and translocate from the Ca(2+)-depleted cytosol of Gram-negative bacteria directly into the Ca(2+)-rich external milieu, passing through the "channel-tunnel" ducts of type I secretion systems (T1SSs). Using Bordetella pertussis adenylate cyclase toxin, we solved the struct...
Article
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Phosphatidylinositol 4-kinase beta (PI4KB) is one of four human PI4K enzymes that generate phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate (PI4P), a minor but essential regulatory lipid found in all eukaryotic cells. To convert their lipid substrates, PI4Ks must be recruited to the correct membrane compartment. PI4KB is critical for the maintenance of the Golgi a...
Article
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Venoms of hymenopteran insects have attracted considerable interest as a source of cationic antimicrobial peptides (AMPs). In the venom of the solitary bee Hylaeus signatus (Hymenoptera: Colletidae), we identified a new hexadecapeptide of sequence Gly-Ile-Met-Ser-Ser-Leu-Met-Lys-Lys-Leu-Ala-Ala-His-Ile-Ala-Lys-NH2. Named HYL, it belongs to the cate...