Uwe Schindler

Uwe Schindler
Mitscherlich Academy for Soil Fertility

Prof. Dr. agr. Dr. h.c. Dr. h.c.

About

157
Publications
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2,106
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Publications

Publications (157)
Article
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Eine umfassende Analyse von interaktiven Prozessen zwischen Boden, Wasser, Pflanze, Tiere und Atmosphäre für eine nachhaltige Landwirtschaft erfordert Kenntnisse von hydrologischen Parametern und Prozessen in unterschiedlichen Skalen. Methoden und Ergebnisse aus bodenhydrologischen Studien in Nordostdeutschland werden vorgestellt. Die Untersuchunge...
Chapter
This chapter presents the results of a long-term study on the dynamics of calcium and strontium in soil and plants when liming with chalk-containing strontium. The ameliorant used was a conversion chalk obtained as a by-product of the production of complex fertilisers and contained 1.5% stable strontium. Four experiments were conducted to study the...
Chapter
Soils, the thin skin of the earth, a living body, are the basis of all highly developed life and have ensured human existence and culture since millennia. Their functions and ecosystem services are crucial for the survival of humanity. Increasing pressure on soils through overuse and mismanagement has exceeded their capacity to perform, which is co...
Chapter
Physical soil degradation is a deterioration of the soil’s structure diminishing its functions and ecosystem services. It is mainly initiated and manifested by physical forces and processes, such as energy impacts of water, wind and mechanical pressure on soils, and it is accelerated by various kinds of anthropogenic pressure. This is a threat to m...
Chapter
Soil degradation is an exceedance of the capacity and resiliency of soil for providing functions and ecosystem services. It is a complex ongoing phenomenon threatening humans’ livelihoods and our future on earth. Knowledge gain can help to find solutions for monitoring, preventing and combating soil degradation. In this chapter we address the essen...
Chapter
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Due to the multiplicity of challenges facing all societies at the beginning of the twenty-first century, agricultural systems and rural landscapes are under pressure. Solutions for their optimization towards sustainability at high productivity are required. We address the majority of current agricultural systems and discuss approaches for assessing...
Chapter
Most vegetated land on earth has been used for agriculture for hundreds of years, shaping the land’s features and functions. Agricultural (rural) landscapes are the basis for feeding the global population and meeting their many other demands. In the globalised world of the twenty-first century, agriculture is facing some crucial challenges: feeding...
Chapter
Agricultural landscapes (rural landscapes, agrolandscapes) are territories shaped by agricultural production. They have enabled the development of human civilizations and are a cultural achievement. Peasants, farmers and agricultural enterprises feed society. They have created agricultural landscapes for their business and habitats for their life....
Article
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The fertile arable lands in the dry steppe zone of the Ural piedmont, which were intensively used for cereal production for 30 years of the last century, have been withdrawn from cultivation and abandoned for the last 20 years. The Republic of Kazakhstan's new strategy to restore the productivity of natural pasture presents a challenge to scientist...
Chapter
A new geological epoch has begun—the Anthropocene. Huge anthropogenic transformations of terrestrial landscapes over the past five decades have forced its declaration. Exploring of interaction of humans with nature in general, and with landscapes in particular, can be characterised properly by the terms ‘landscape research’ and ‘landscape science’....
Article
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One main criterion for evaluating the suitability of horticultural substrates for horticultural applications is their capability to store and transport water. The basic substrate hydraulic variables which provide this information are the water retention curve and the unsaturated hydraulic conductivity function. Substrate shrinkage and water repelle...
Article
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The paper presents a data base of 173 soil hydrological data (raw data) from 71 sites all over the world (Asia, Africa, Australia America and Europe). The samples were mainly collected and measured as part of research projects. The soils cover a wide range of texture classes and dry bulk densities. The data base consists of water retention and unsa...
Article
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Long-term soil hydrological studies were carried out at the ZALF Muencheberg Experimental Station. Muencheberg is located in a Pleistocene end moraine landscape in NE Germany about 50 km east of Berlin and 40 km west of the Oder river, the border with Poland. The soils are formed on Pleistocene parent material, classified as Haplic Albeluvisol with...
Article
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Global and climate changes influence the basic conditions for agriculture. Therefore there is not only a demand for a strict climate protection but also for an adaptation of agriculture to changing conditions. For a study region of 60x40 km within the moraine landscape of North-East Germany mainly used for agriculture, water balance, nitrogen and S...
Article
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A comprehensive study of interactive processes between soil, water, plant, animal and atmosphere to protect the natural resources requires knowledge of parameters and processes in different scales. Soil hydrological studies in North-East Germany were carried out in different scales, starting with laboratory, lysimeter measurements and in the field....
Article
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This review presentsthe methods used to assess soil, pore water and groundwater nutrient levels on farms and agricultural fields. The purpose of this catalog of methods is to provide a basis for evaluating the efficiency of measures for the control of water catchment areas. A Zone monitoring model (ZMM) which is a basis for appropriate monitoring s...
Article
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Facing the challenges of the European Water Framework Directive and competing demands requires a sound knowledge of the hydrological system. This is a major challenge in regions like Northeast Germany. The landscape has been massively reshaped during repeated advances and retreats of glaciation during the Pleistocene. This resulted in a complex set...
Article
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Besides nutrient composition, the hydraulic performance of horticultural substrates is a main issue for evaluating their quality for horticultural purposes. Their water and air capacity and their suitability for transporting water are important hydraulic quality indicators. Shrinkage and water repellency could have a negative impact on storing and...
Article
Full-text available
Horticultural substrates, also referred to as growing media, potting soils and gardening or soilless substrates, are widely used as a basis for vegetable and flower production in horticulture. They are created as a composition of different ingredients (bog peat, organic residuals, coir, perlite and other components). Hydraulic properties such as wa...
Article
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In recent years, the addition of microorganisms such as Plant Growth-Promoting Bacteria (PGPB) and mycorrhiza are becoming more popular, both in research as well as in practical use. While inoculants are usually not necessary for plants cultivated outdoors on biologically active soil, they can be useful on sterile substrates, newly created artifici...
Chapter
Siberia has experienced significant transformations over the past 70 years and particularly since the introduction of the market economy 25 years ago. This has caused implications for landscape processes and for the status of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. We review the role of science and technology in monitoring, understanding and developing...
Article
The following three passages and the respective references were not included in the published version. They should have been added to the paragraphs specified below. #### Third Paragraph of the Introduction [Schindler et al. (2010)][1] studied the effects of different land management practices on
Article
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Abstract: Besides nutrient composition, the hydraulic performance of horticultural substrates is a main issue for evaluating their quality for horticultural purposes. Their water and air capacity and their suitability for transporting water are important hydraulic quality indicators. Shrinkage and water repellency could have a negative impact on st...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract: Horticultural substrates, also referred to as growing media, potting soils and gardening or soilless substrates, are widely used as a basis for vegetable and flower production in horticulture. They are created as a composition of different ingredients (bog peat, organic residuals, coir, perlite and other components). Hydraulic properties...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract: Sustainable, environmentally friendly and resource-saving water and nutrient management in horticulture requires knowledge of the hydraulic suitability of horticultural substrates for each specific application. The aim of this study was to develop methods and a rating framework to assess the hydraulic performance of horticultural substrat...
Article
Full-text available
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/). Soil moisture is the essential control of water and energy dynamics at arable sites. Time series of soil moisture reflect the interplay of various processes, each of which influences the overall soil moisture dynamics. In th...
Chapter
Siberia is the backbone of the economy of modern Russia due to huge reserves of gas, oil, land and water. Not only resource extracting and processing industries, but also forestry and agriculture capitalize these resources with implications for local and global processes of nature and society. We analysed the state of land and water resources with...
Chapter
This chapter provides information about an emerging approach for rating agricultural soil quality (SQ) and crop yield potentials consistently over a range of spatial scales. We developed and tested the Muencheberg Soil Quality Rating (M-SQR), a straightforward, indicator-based overall method for agricultural SQ assessment. The aim of this chapter i...
Chapter
Monitoring and protecting the natural resources of soil and water, and their ecosystems, is intended to ensure the long-term conservation of their functions. To understand the reasons for resource degradation or ecosystem alterations and interactions, knowledge is required of processes and parameters on different scales of landscapes. Soil hydrolog...
Article
Full-text available
Sustainable, environmentally friendly and resource-saving water and nutrient management in horticulture requires knowledge of the suitability of horticultural substrates for each specific application. One specific element is their hydraulic performance. To meet this requirement, methods are needed (1) to measure the hydraulic properties and (2) to...
Article
Full-text available
Gardening substrates are produced for horticultural use as a mixture of different organic and mineral ingredients. 18 commercial gardening substrates were hydraulically investigated during this study. The aims of the study were (i) to examine the extended evaporation method (EEM) for quantifying the hydraulic properties of gardening media and (ii)...
Article
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In general, soils and their pore size systems are assumed to be rigid during the loss of water on drying. In reality, it is not the case for most soils, especially for soils with high quantities of clay or organic matter. As a result of shrinking, there are changes in the bulk density, the porosity, the pore size distribution, and the hydraulic pro...
Chapter
The chapter gives an overview of global land potentials, crop yields and their limiting factors, and of methods to evaluate the productivity potential of land. Maintaining the capacity of the global land resource to produce plant biomass which can be used for humans is one of the most challenging issues of the 21st century. We need methodologies to...
Chapter
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Grasslands and rangelands are very important ecosystems influencing natural cycles and human existence and well-being. Their functional status can be greatly affected by soil and water management. Grasslands are prone to degradation, but comprehensive frameworks and objective criteria for their monitoring are largely absent. Simple field methods of...
Chapter
A knowledge of soil hydraulic properties—the water retention curve and unsaturated hydraulic conductivity—is required for soil water modelling and for various studies of soil hydrology. Taking measurements using traditional techniques is time consuming, the equipment is costly and the results can be uncertain. The evaporation method is frequently u...
Chapter
Sustainable use of soils is a vital issue in the 21st century to meet global challenges of food security, demands for energy and water, climate change and biodiversity. Eurasia has reasons to tackle and solve these problems soon. It covers the largest landmass and has the highest population density of the earth. Tools for reliable, simple and consi...
Chapter
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Quantifying groundwater recharge to aquifers is necessary for agricultural and environmental research. Lysimeters are the main devices for monitoring and quantifying soil water and solute balances and transport processes. However, certain characteristics of lysimeters, high costs and limited flexibility act as restricting arguments. There is a lack...
Book
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There is a common need for reliable hydropedological information in Europe. In the last decades research institutes, universities and government agencies have developed local, regional and national datasets containing soil physical, chemical, hydrological and taxonomic information often combined with land use and landform data. A hydrological datab...
Article
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Knowledge about the soil hydraulic properties - water retention curve and unsaturated hydraulic conductivity - is required for soil water modelling and various soil hydrological studies. In general, soils and their pore size system are assumed to be rigid during the loss of water on drying. This is different from reality for many soils, especially...
Article
Large data sets containing time series of soil hydrological variables exist due to extensive monitoring work in the last decades. The interplay of different processes and influencing factors cause spatial and temporal patterns which contribute to the total variance. That implies that monitoring data sets contain information about the most relevant...
Article
Soil structure is an important aspect of agricultural soil quality, and its preservation and improvement are key to sustaining soil functions. Methods of overall soil quality assessment which include visual soil structure information can be useful tools for monitoring and managing the global soil resource. The aim of the paper is: (i) to demonstrat...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Ziel unserer Arbeiten ist die Klassifikation und funktionelle Bewertung von Agrarstandorten nach einheitlichen Kriterien. Solche Informationen könnten für die überregional vergleichende Bewertung und standortgerechte nachhaltige agrarische Nutzung von Böden hilfreich sein. Wir untersuchten mehr als 100 repräsentative Böden auf Versuchsstandorten in...
Article
Full-text available
This paper provides information about a novel approach of rating agricultural soil quality (SQ) and crop yield potentials consistently over a range of spatial scales. The Muencheberg Soil Quality Rating is an indicator-based straightforward overall assessment method of agricultural SQ. It is a framework covering aspects of soil texture, structure,...
Article
Full-text available
Knowledge of the soil hydraulic functions is required for various hydrological studies and for the simulation of water and solute fluxes in unsaturated soils. Sand/kaolin boxes are frequently used to determine these properties in the low-tension range. For higher tensions the pressure plate extractor is mainly applied. The extended evaporation meth...
Article
Hydrology is based on the observation that catchments process input signals, e.g., precipitation, in a highly deterministic way. Thus, the Darcy or the Richards equation can be applied to model water fluxes in the saturated or vadose zone, respectively. Soils and aquifers usually exhibit substantial spatial heterogeneities at different scales that...
Article
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Efficient water use and intelligent water management are essential for sustainable agricultural production. Long-term soil hydrological measurements were used to quantify deep drainage rates and nitrate losses from arable land managed under various farming regimes (integrated, integrated with irrigation, ecologic and low input) and tillage systems...
Article
The development and survival or disappearance of civilizations has been based on the performance of soils to provide food, fibre, and further essential goods for humans. Amongst soil functions, the capacity to produce plant biomass (productivity function) remains essential. This function is closely associated with the main global issues of the 21st...
Article
Full-text available
The development and survival or disappearance of civilizations has been based on the performance of soils to provide food, fibre, and further essential goods for humans. Amongst soil functions, the capacity to produce plant biomass (productivity function) remains essential. This function is closely associated with the main global issues of the 21st...
Article
Full-text available
Knowledge of hydraulic functions is required for various hydrological and plant-physiological studies. The evaporation method is frequently used for the simultaneous determination of hydraulic functions of unsaturated soil samples, i.e., the water-retention curve and hydraulic-conductivity function. All methodic variants of the evaporation method s...
Article
Full-text available
The paper presents a data base of soil physical and hydrological properties of North East and North Central German soils. Included are measured data of the soil water retention curve and the unsaturated hydraulic conductivity function. Information on geo-reference, soil type and horizon are given. Soil hydraulic functions were measured with the eva...
Article
Full-text available
The evaporation method is frequently used for simultaneous determination of soil water retention and hydraulic conductivity relationships. Tension is measured at two depths within a short soil column as water evaporates from its surface. Water content and flux are determined by weighing the column. Tensions, water contents, and fluxes are used to d...
Article
Full-text available
The paper presents a data base of soil hydrological properties of North East and Central German soils. Included are measured data of the soil water retention curve and the unsaturated hydraulic conductivity function. Information to geo reference, soil type and horizon are given. Additional soil physical data like particle size distribution, dry bul...
Chapter
Full-text available
Long-term soil hydrological measurements were used to quantify deep seepage and nitrate leaching in situ under undisturbed soil conditions. Deep seepage rates and nitrate losses from arable land managed under various farming regimes (integrated, integrated with irrigation, ecologic and low input) and tillage systems (plough and no-till) were quanti...
Article
The aim of the paper was to utilize methods of visual structure assessments in conjunction with soil physical measurements for the analysis of the impact of tillage, rotation and traffic on topsoil structure. The study was conducted in long-term-experiments on the Elora rotation (ER) and Elora Landscape (EL) sites in Canada, the Luancheng (LS) site...
Article
Visual observations of soil structure in the field offer the potential of semi-quantitative information for use in extension and monitoring. The aim of the study was to test the diagnostic value of different visual methods of soil structure assessment in relation to measurements of topsoil physical quality and yield of cereals.Visual methods that e...
Article
Natural hydrological systems are characterized by heterogeneous structures. The typical length scale of the relevant structures is smaller than the resolution of area-covering methods that are available at the catchment-scale. On the other hand these structures are too large to be treated as random effects and are often related to hydrological beha...
Article
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Modelling water dynamics in porous media requires an accurate knowledge of the hy- draulic properties, namely the relationship between the volumetric water content, θ, and the capillary pressure, h, and the hydraulic conductivity function K(θ). The multistep- outflow and the evaporation methods are the most popular among the transient experi- menta...
Article
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Starting in 1993, interactions between land use and precipitation have been investigated in three research areas of northeast Germany. The research based on continuous measurements of soil water tension and water content down to a depth of 5 m at 36 plots situated at diverse soils under different land use (arable land, forest, grass fallow). At ara...
Article
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The extended evaporation method and the accompanying HYPROP measuring system allow the simultaneous determination of desorption curves for water retention and hydraulic conductivity in the range between saturation and the permanent wilting point. We used this method to test for possible hysteresis effects. Water was added to the surface of the samp...
Article
Full-text available
The extended evaporation method and the accompanying HYPROP measuring system allow the simultaneous determination of desorption curves for water retention and hydraulic conductivity in the range between saturation and the permanent wilting point. We used this method to test for possible hysteresis effects. Water was added to the surface of the samp...
Article
Aim of the study was the evaluation of the present state and further development of drought risk to agricultural sites in Northeast (NE) and Central Germany in consideration of climate changes. Based on the Medium Scale Agricultural Site Map, soil-hydrological data were derived for heterogeneous soil areas. They refer to the landscapes in NE and Ce...
Chapter
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A 6-year experimental data set for three field plots located at the Müncheberg Experimental Station with mainly sandy soils and the soil type Eutric Cambisol is documented in detail. These plots were managed at different levels of intensity, such as intensive management on high level, organic management with- out chemicals in fertilization and pest...