Urszula Aleksander-Kwaterczak

Urszula Aleksander-Kwaterczak
AGH University of Science and Technology in Kraków | AGH · Department of Environmental Protection

dr hab. inż.

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65
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Publications

Publications (65)
Article
Full-text available
Lake Wigry is one of the best explored lakes in Poland, a feat which has been achieved thanks to the pas-sion and efforts of numerous scientists. This tremendous endeavour was supervised and coordinated by Professor Jacek Rutkowski and January 2021 marked the fifth anniversary of the professor’s death. To mark this occasion, a history of research o...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose The main objective of the study was the determination of the Cd, Cr, Cu, Pb, and Zn distribution in Wigry Lake sediments, as well as the contamination and ecotoxicological risk assessment on the basis of a large data set. Materials and methods Select metal concentrations were determined via AAS or ICP-MS. Contamination assessment was achie...
Article
Full-text available
The study attempted to map and predict the remobilization of metals in a floodplain which had been heavily affected by long-term Zn-Pb mining. This research, based on Zn, Cd, Pb, Ca and Fe speciation, mineralogy and the stratigraphy of sediments which had accumulated over the distance of a dozen or so km from the mine, revealed variable potential f...
Article
Full-text available
Heaps of waste material constitute a serious environmental problem in regions where the historical exploitation and processing of metal ores has taken place. The presented paper describes the trace metal distribution in selected heaps in the lead-zinc mining area of an abandoned mine in Poland, as well as the soil horizons beneath. The study aims...
Article
Full-text available
The original article has been published with some errors in tables. The corrected ones are given below.
Article
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Wastewater from the confectionery industry is characterized by daily and seasonal variability of composition and quantity which adversely affects the process of their disposal. Confectionery plants discharge about 300-500 m3 per month of technological wastewater. Sewage from the confectionery industry belongs to biologically degradable. It is chara...
Article
Full-text available
The urbanization of catchments is consistently accompanied by a decrease of the stream condition. The case study concerns one of the urban streams in Krakow (Poland). The aim was to show the pollutant load which can enter the Vistula River from even a very small inflow. Samples of water, suspended particulate matter and bottom sediment were collect...
Poster
Woda podziemna z ujęcia Wierchomlanka bardzo często spożywana jest przez turystów oraz przez mieszkańców okolicznych miejscowości. Nie została ona dotychczas objęta monitoringiem jakości wód. Wykonane zostały badania właściwości fizyczno-chemicznych tej wody, mające na celu określenie jej przydatności do spożycia. Uzyskane wyniki badań zestawiono z...
Article
Full-text available
The results of research conducted in recent years indicates that microplastic particles are widely distributed in the aquatic environment. The investigations are mostly focused on marine waters and there is still a lack of information about their presence in both surface water and groundwater. In this paper, preliminary results of research conducte...
Conference Paper
Plastic is a material commonly used in many different areas of our life. Due to the large quantities of plastics produced the risk of their released as a waste to the natural environment increases each year. The UV radiation and mechanical abrasion cause that plastic is transformed into smaller particles called microplastic which then get into envi...
Technical Report
Full-text available
After the flood in July 1997 ca. 60 samples of flood sediments were taken from the Odra river and its tributaries at the distans from Olza town (close to Czech border) to Slubice. These report presents the results for the tributaries - for Zn, Cd, Pb, Cu, and also Cr, Ni, Co, Mn, and Fe in the sediments of Odra river. There are also shown results f...
Article
Full-text available
This research was conducted in the lacustrine environment of Lake Wigry, one of the largest and deepest lakes in Poland. The main objective was to determine the relationship between the chemical composition of interstitial water, overlying water and bottom sediment in the different sedimentation conditions. Therefore, seven research positions were...
Article
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The presented work couples groundwater and sediment chemistry in the metal mining-polluted Przemsza River valley in southern Poland to reveal regularities in pollutant distribution and to relate them to sedimentary processes and surface water/groundwater exchange. Ten piezometers were installed in transects across the low-gradient, meandering losin...
Article
Full-text available
The concentrations of zinc and cadmium were determined in the sediment cores sampled from the floodplain and the channel in the middle reach of the Biała Przemsza River valley (southern Poland). The results were compared to the river water and groundwater chemistry in order to reveal the average extent of the hypor-heic flow. The loss of river wate...
Article
Full-text available
This research was conducted in the area of Wigry Lake, which is one of the largest and deepest lakes in Poland. It consists of several parts which differ in size, depth, number of islands, chemical composition of water and the nature of shores. To assess variations in chemical composition of the pore water and overlying water, seven research positi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The interface of groundwater and surface water, called the hyporheic zone, along the river channel is characterized by large gradients of nutrients and trace metal concentrations, and contrasting environmental conditions. The presented work couples groundwater and sediment chemistry in the metal mining-polluted Biała Przemsza River valley in southe...
Article
Full-text available
The pollution of urban soil with heavy metals caused by traffic activity is increasingly becoming a great threat to human health and environmental quality. This paper presents results of research of lead (Pb) and cad-mium (Cd) distribution in land on playgrounds situated near busy streets in Cracow (Poland). Samples of sand and soil were collected...
Article
Full-text available
Soil samples and snails – Helix pomatia Linnaeus, 1758 specimens were collected from the region of Małopolska. Research based on soil from this area showed a differentiated degree of environmental contamination , which influenced the composition of elements that build mollusc shells. Concentrations of Pb, Mn, Cd, Fe, Zn and Cu in the snail shells a...
Book
Full-text available
Powszechność występowania zanieczyszczenia metalami ciężkimi nawet w znacznej odległości od centrów przemysłowych i obszarów intensywnie użytkowanych gospodarczo stała się przyczyną zainteresowania wielu badaczy zarówno zawartością, rozmieszczeniem, formami występowania, jak i sposobami określania bezpiecznej zawartości tych pierwiastków w osadach....
Article
Full-text available
This paper reports on studies of the effect of heavy metals on the Chironomidae that inhabit the Matylda stream, which has been contaminated for about 100 years by discharge water from a zinc and lead ore mine. Stream sediment was strongly polluted by Cd, Pb, Cu and Zn. These metals did not affect the Chironomidae community but strongly changed the...
Data
Full-text available
Purpose The Matylda catchment, in southern Poland, was polluted by the discharge of mine waters from a lead and zinc mine that inundated parts of a valley floor and caused the accumulation of metal-polluted sediments. After a partial reclamation of the mine site in the early 1980s, polluted sediments continue to accumulate on downstream floodplains...
Article
Full-text available
The effects of the long-term contamination of water reservoirs with mine effluents were investigated at an abandoned mine site in Upper Silesia, southern Poland. The studies covered metal content and mobility in bottom sediments as well as water chemistry in relation to the content of metals in selected macrophytes and their physiology and the comp...
Article
Full-text available
Results of metals analyses in soil profiles sampled at two 18/19th century mine shafts of the Trzebinia lead-zinc ore mining region in southern Poland are presented. Waste dump sites located at these shafts exhibit initial pedogenesis with clear differences in zinc and cadmium content between soil horizons which changes in depth across each of the...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose The Matylda catchment, in southern Poland, was polluted by the discharge of mine waters from a lead and zinc mine that inundated parts of a valley floor and caused the accumulation of metal-polluted sediments. After a partial reclamation of the mine site in the early 1980s, polluted sediments continue to accumulate on downstream floodplains...
Article
Full-text available
Summary: Researches of soil profiles were conducted at Lgota in the southern part of Olkusz Upland in southern Poland, with a long history of mining and processing of zinc-lead ores. Profiles were outcropped at waste dump sites located at former shafts called " warpie ". The analyses exhibit high heavy metal concentrations, particularly of Zn (119...
Article
Full-text available
This investigation focused on plankton inhabiting fishponds, which previously received mine waters from the lead-zinc mine ‘Matylda’, located in southern Poland (Upper Silesia). The purpose of the investigation was to study the effects of chronic and persistent contamination of fishpond bottom sediments with heavy metals originated from the lead an...
Article
Full-text available
The importance of polluted alluvial soils as a potential diffuse source of heavy metals was investigated in a catchment of the Matylda stream affected by an abandoned lead and zinc ore mine in Upper Silesia, southern Poland. This was attempted by means of standard groundwater analyses performed together with measurements of Cd, Pb, Zn, Fe and Mn co...
Article
Full-text available
Analysis was performed for lead content in the sediments of Lake Wigry (NE Poland), taking into account lithology, basic chemical component content and physical characteristics of sediment, Several hundred sediment samples from different parts of the lake and peatland around the lake, were collected. Their locations were determined by GPS and the...
Chapter
Full-text available
This work presents an attempt to estimation of sediment, water and soils contamination in the Matylda valley (Upper Silesia, southern Poland) and its effect on selected water organisms. The estimation is carried out by comparison with existing classifications. It shows generally high, but spatially differentiated heavy metals contamination originat...
Article
Full-text available
Rivers and streams in cities are treated as urbanised watercourses because of their significant transformation. Their load, channeling and incorporation into the water-sewerage infrastructure are often so considerable that such watercourses can hardly be recognised as an intrinsic component of surface waters. Anthropopressure, as reflected in quant...
Article
Full-text available
Standard analyze of water and heavy metals content in waters, sediments and selected plant species were carried out in the fish ponds and the Matylda stream in proximity to former Zn-Pb ore mine Matylda in Chrzanów. Despite almost 40 years since closure of the mine, sediments, waters and plants are strongly polluted by Zn, Cd and Pb with sediment c...
Article
Full-text available
Changes of trace metals concentration in the long carbonate sediment cores from the Bryzgiel Basin (S part of the Wigry Lake) is presented, taking into a lithological study. The concentration of metals was generally higher in the upper part of cores, as the result of human activity, and in the deeper parts of cores, which is connected with the infl...
Article
Full-text available
The quality of the aqueous environment of watercourses in the surroundings of the flotation tailings pond Żelazny Most was assessed. Selected physicochemical (pH. Eh, PEW, heavy metals concentration) and biological methods (biotic index BMWPPL and biodiversity index (d) and the presence of EPT group organisms) were used for this purpose. Based on b...
Article
Full-text available
Status of WFD sediment issues in EU and requirements for decision-making for sediment management at the river basin scale are described. This work reviews the river sediments contamination with heavy metals from historical contaminated areas in Europe. The distribution of metals concentration in the Elbe, and Oder Rivers sediments showed that their...
Chapter
Full-text available
Sediments of Wigry Lake show high variability – clastic sediments and lacustrine chalk are found in littoral zone, while carbonate gyttjas are found in profundal zone. In the coastal area clastic sediments occur in the form of narrow belts at the base of high cliff coasts and they also occur in the bottom sediments. The clastic material derives fro...
Chapter
Full-text available
Current research has been focused on the distribution of main (Fe, Mg, Mn) and trace (Cd, Cr, Cu, Zn) metals in bottom sediments of Wigry Lake, located in the NE Poland within borders of Wigry National Park. Extraction of metals from samples was carried out in microwave oven using concentrated HNO3 and H2O2 and metals concentrations were determined...
Article
Full-text available
The study area (Szklary Massif, SW Poland) comprises three sites of different soil provenance: (1) natural serpentine Cambisol, (2) anthroposol situated on waste dump and (3) cultivated Inceptisol developed on glacial tills next to the dump. Potentially toxic elements (PTE) have either lithogenic or anthropogenic origins in these sites. The chemica...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introduction: The main sources of heavy metal pollutions in the river systems are Cu-mining and smelting industry at the Lower Silesia, Zn-Pb mining and smelting industry at Upper Silesia and chemical industry in southwest Poland. During the last 100-150 years, a considerable increase of heavy metals concentration in the river sediments has been ob...
Article
Full-text available
Background, aim, and scopeElevated levels of heavy metals in the aquatic and soil systems can be caused by the weathering of mineralized rocks. This enrichment is often considerably enlarged by historical and current mining and smelting activities. In Poland, the most contaminated river systems are those in the Silesia region. The metalliferous ore...
Article
Full-text available
Investigations of metals concentrations (Cd and Pb) in bottom sediments from Wigry Lake were carried. Vertical distribution of metals was studied in the sediment cores from the Hańczańska Bay area. The sediment cores sliced into segments according to the lithology were taken for analysis for metals study samples and digested in a microwave oven wit...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The main sources of heavy metals pollutionsin the river system are Cu-mining and smelting industry at the Lower Silesia and Zn-Pb mining and smelting industry at Upper Silesia. During the last 100-150 years, a conciderable increase of heavy metals concentration in the river sediments has been observed. The vertical distribution of selected metals a...
Article
Full-text available
As natural river-courses, according to the Act on Water Law (Dz.U. 2005.239.2019 (U)), are recognized: rivers, streams, brooks or other waters, flowing continually or periodically, in their natural river-beds. Urbanized water–courses, in turn, constitute streams and brooks, of draining character, within city areas (Osmulska-Mróz, 1990). Their avera...
Article
Flowing through the Upper Silesia region the Mała Panew River has still great environmental values although, these latter have been seriously decreased as a consequence of human activity. River-control, improper forest management and especially anthropogenic pollution, mostly associated with the Zn & Pb mining and smelting industry localized along...
Article
Full-text available
Extensive investigations of trace metals concentrations in water, suspended particulate matter (SPM) and bottom sediments of the whole Odra River system were carried out over the years 1997–2000. The vertical distribution of selected metals and their mobility were also studied in the sediment cores from upper and middle river sections. Significant...
Article
Full-text available
Sediment cores were taken from the mała Panew River at the Upper Silesia area to determine the heavy metal content in their different depth sections. The obtained results were used to estimate the distribution of metals Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn in the different depth profile.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Silty-sandy bottom sediments of the Odra River were studied (standard < 2 mm fraction, of diversified grain-size distribution). The heavy metals content was determined in various grain-size sub-fractions [mm]: < 0.2, < 0.1, < 0.06 and < 0.02. Samples contain variable amounts of Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb and Zn. Heavy metals concentrations incr...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Przemsza river is classified as one of the most polluted rivers in Poland. It has been studied carefully for the purpose of determining the extent of heavy metals contamination caused by the Zn-Pb mining and smelting industry located in the area. The project involved studying the bottom sediments of the Przemsza River catchment area. The labora...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Soon after the flood disaster in June 1997 ca. 60 samples of flood sediments were taken from the Oder River and its tributaries. There are also shown results from bottom sediments. The grain-size fraction was separated and the Zn, Cd, Pb and Cu concentrations were analyzed and in Annual Report 1998.

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Projects (2)
Project
Lake Wigry has been an object of scientific interest for many years. The lake sediments were thoroughly recognized thanks to physiochemical and cartographic and seismic surveys. The Holocene history of the Wigry Lake and its surroundings was reconstructed via the research of sediment cores and radiometric dating. Metals were widely studied for both total content and chemical speciation. The distribution of individual elements was also demonstrated using the methods of geographic information system and geostatistics.