Uri Lifshin

Uri Lifshin
Interdisciplinary Center Herzliya | IDC · School of Psychology

Ph.D.

About

45
Publications
17,301
Reads
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259
Citations
Citations since 2016
43 Research Items
256 Citations
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Additional affiliations
August 2017 - August 2018
Skidmore College
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
Education
August 2012 - August 2017
The University of Arizona
Field of study
  • Social Psychology

Publications

Publications (45)
Article
Full-text available
This research applied insights from terror management theory (TMT; Greenberg, Pyszczynski, & Solomon, 1986) to the world of sport. According to TMT, self-esteem buffers against the potential for death anxiety. Because sport allows people to attain self-esteem, reminders of death may improve performance in sport. In Study 1, a mortality salience ind...
Article
Full-text available
This research tested whether support for the killing of animals serves a terror management function. In five studies, death primes caused participants to support the killing of animals more than control primes, unless the participants’ self-esteem had been elevated (Study 4). This effect was not moderated by gender, preexisting attitudes toward kil...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: In two studies, we tested an anxiety-buffer disruption approach to depression, examining the effects of attachment insecurities, worldview threat, and death concerns on depression-related feelings. Method: In both studies, Israeli undergraduates reported on their attachment insecurities (anxiety, avoidance), were exposed to a worldvie...
Article
Introduction: We tested the hypothesis that feelings of helplessness — i.e., the perception that one is unable to control and prevent negative events — may serve a protective psychological function against fear and anxiety arousal in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: We conducted a large scale study with participants from different co...
Article
Full-text available
Terror Management Theory (Greenberg, Pyszczynski, & Solomon, 1986) defines self-esteem as the feeling that one is living up to the standards of their internalized cultural worldview and is consequently worthy of the symbolic and/or literal modes of death transcendence offered by that worldview. Although there is ample evidence for the death-anxiety...
Article
Full-text available
Building on the framework of learned helplessness, and applying a behavioural perspective, Boddez et al. theorise that consecutive failures in various life domains might be generalised and cause a general sense of helplessness, which leads to, and can be conceptualised as, human suffering. We argue that this perspective fails to address the complex...
Article
Resistance to the idea that non-human animals are sentient resembles erstwhile resistance to the theory that the earth is not the centre of the universe, or that humans evolved from “apes”. All these notions are psychologically threatening. They can remind people of their own creatureliness and mortality and might make them feel guilty or uncertain...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: According to the motivated helplessness hypothesis, thinking that there is nothing to do to avoid the coronavirus may make people less afraid of being infected (Lifshin et al., 2020). Previous correlational evidence indicated that high levels of helplessness were associated with diminished fear of COVID-19 (Lifshin et al., 2020; Lifsh...
Article
Full-text available
The current investigation tested if people's basic belief in the notion that human beings have developed from other animals (i.e., belief in evolution) can predict human-to-human prejudice and intergroup hostility. Using data from the American General Social Survey and Pew Research Center (Studies 1-4), and from three online samples (Studies 5, 7,...
Chapter
In this chapter, we utilize terror management theory to explain what self-esteem is, how the need for self-esteem develops, how people attain and maintain self-esteem, and why self-esteem is so important for psychological well-being. Then we briefly review empirical evidence supporting these ideas. First, we review evidence that reminders of death...
Article
Full-text available
According to terror management theory, humans avoid death anxiety by embedding themselves within cultural worldviews that allow them to perceive themselves as more than mortal animals. However, individuals also differ in their trait-like tendency to dissociate from other animals. In six studies, we tested whether individuals who perceive themselves...
Article
Full-text available
According to the motivated helplessness hypothesis, a sense of helplessness in coping with threats in a specific domain can serve an anxiety-buffering function. The purpose of this study was to test this hypothesis in the context of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic in Argentina, using data collected before and during the pandemic. Findings suppo...
Article
Full-text available
Research indicates that the memory of collective historical trauma may fuel current intergroup conflicts. In the present research, we examined in two experiments whether perpetrator desire for historical closure influences victim group attitudes in a current, seemingly unrelated, intergroup conflict. In Study 1 (N=122), participants texted with a G...
Article
We tested the hypothesis that if indefinite life extension (ILE) through medical technologies were to become a reality, then people may become harsher in their judgment of social transgressors. In support of this hypothesis, we found that higher positive attitudes towards ILE technologies related to harshness in judgment of social transgressions (S...
Chapter
Terror Management Theory (TMT; Greenberg et al., 1986) is a social psychological theory that examines the role of death awareness in human behavior. TMT examines the roles of self‐esteem and cultural worldviews in buffering humans against the threat of mortality. This entry describes the theory, major hypotheses, and individual differences in respo...
Code
SPSS Syntax Code for Motivated Helplessness in the Context of the Covid-19 Pandemic. Data file is available both here an on OSF: https://osf.io/63t94/ Read More: https://guilfordjournals.com/doi/10.1521/jscp.2020.39.6.479
Data
SPSS data file for: Motivated Helplessness in the Context of the Covid-19 Pandemic: Evidence for a Curvilinear Relationship Between Perceived Ability to Avoid the Virus and Anxiety The Syntax file with the code is also available on Research Gate and OSF (note that this file includes raw data and excluded participants and the filter should be used...
Preprint
Full-text available
According to the motivated helplessness hypothesis, a sense of helplessness in coping with threats in a specific domain can serve an anxiety-buffering function (Lifshin, Mikulincer, & Kretchner, 2020). The purpose of this study was to test this hypothesis in the context of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic in Argentina, using data collected befor...
Article
This research examines how existential isolation (EI) relates to dimensions of relational attachment. Drawing upon previous research examining the relationship between loneliness and attachment, as well as theorizing in the state-trait EI model, we predicted that EI would be positively associated with insecure attachment, but more associated with a...
Article
Full-text available
This research examines the motivational underpinnings of late bachelorhood through the lens of terror management and attachment theory. We hypothesized that although close relationships reduce existential concerns for most people, for avoidantly-attached singles thoughts of marriage may increase existential concerns. These hypotheses were tested in...
Chapter
Full-text available
In this chapter we reflect on how Mary Midgley’s views on the human-animal relationship relate to new directions in social psychology on attitudes towards animals as well as human outgroups. We present new research guided by terror management theory (TMT; Greenberg, Pyszczynski, & Solomon, 1986), which focuses on how the human concern with mortalit...
Article
The goal of this study was to examine the contribution of teachers’ attachment orientations to the teacher–child relationship and to children’s adjustment to school during first grade. We sampled 539 first-grade children and their homeroom teachers ( N = 58), measured teachers’ attachment orientations and children’s attachment to mother at the begi...
Article
Objectives: The main goal of these studies is to provide an experimental test of a core hypothesis based on attachment theory: Working models of mother are active in adults' minds and can bias their views of self and romantic partners. Method: In two studies, we conducted clinical interviews to identify positive and negative core traits that par...
Article
Three studies examined how existential isolation (EI) relates to death-thought accessibility (DTA). Drawing upon the state-trait EI model and terror management theory, we posited EI would be associated with greater DTA. Studies 1a and 1b found trait EI to be correlated with baseline DTA. Evidence for mediation by ingroup identity was mixed. Studies...
Article
Full-text available
Efforts are being made in the field of medicine to promote the possibility of indefinite life extension (ILE). Past research on attitudes toward ILE technologies showed that women and more religious individuals usually have more negative attitudes toward ILE. The purpose of this research was to investigate whether gender differences in attitude tow...
Chapter
Frankenstein portrays one modern way people have tried to transcend death. We present Terror Management Theory (Greenberg, Pyszczynski, & Solomon, 1986), which describes a number of ways in which people gain a sense of such transcendence and psychological protection from death. We then provide an overview of research on the conventional types of im...
Article
Full-text available
Prior research shows that the correlation between religiosity and support for animal rights can be positive, negative, or zero. We hypothesized that this relationship may actually be curvilinear, where a moderate degree of religiosity may reduce support for killing animals (compared with non-religiosity or atheism), but a very high degree of religi...
Article
Terror management theory and research indicate that humans cope with concerns about mortality by believing we are more than nonhuman animals. The current studies investigated whether this motivation plays a role in believing humans are more intelligent than other animals. Study 1 had participants think about mortality or another unpleasant topic. T...
Thesis
Full-text available
According to Terror Management Theory (TMT; Greenberg, Pyszczynski, & Solomon, 1986) a key function of cultural worldviews is facilitating people’s belief that they are different from animals and therefore more than physical creatures fated to obliteration upon death. We sought to investigate the relationship between peoples’ perceived similarity t...
Article
Full-text available
Three studies examined the effect of historical trauma reminders and criticism from international allies on attitudes toward current conflicts. In Study 1, Israeli participants (N = 116) were primed with the Holocaust, and read either that US President Obama supports Israel's right to defend itself and attack Iran, or that he opposes such action. T...
Method
Full-text available
Supplementary materials for: The Evil Animal: A Terror Management Theory Perspective on the Human Tendency to Kill Animals (Lifshin et al., 2017, PSPB). Includes different measures of support for killing animals.
Article
Full-text available
Strides are being made in medicine toward the possibility of indefinite life extension (ILE). Research shows that people cope with the prospect of mortality with various ways to feel transcendent of death, including investing in religion and afterlife beliefs. But how would these investments be affected by the possibility of ILE through medical sci...
Method
Full-text available
Fake articles supporting or arguing against the possibility of indefinite life extension through medical technologies. Supplementary materials from: Lifshin, U., Greenberg, J., Soenke, M., Darrel, A., & Pyszczynski T. (2018). Mortality salience, religiosity, and indefinite life extension: Evidence of a reciprocal relationship between afterlife bel...
Article
Full-text available
The death of a close other (DOCO) is perhaps the most difficult experience that people endure. According to terror management theory (TMT), people manage the potentially terrorizing awareness of their mortality by immersing in cultural worldviews that allow them to feel like valuable members of a meaningful universe who may have some existence or t...
Article
Five studies tested the effects that soul beliefs have on reactions to end-of-the-world scenarios. In Studies 1 and 2, participants who firmly believe in an immortal soul showed less resistance to an article predicting the end of humanity than those without such belief. However, in Studies 3 to 5, thoughts of symbolic immortality made soul believer...
Chapter
Terror management theory (TMT), based on the works of Ernest Becker, asserts that the fear of death contributes to many aspects of human thought and behavior. According to TMT, people use self-esteem and cultural worldviews to buffer awareness of death. In this short review paper we review fundamental research in TMT, including the findings that af...

Questions

Question (1)
Question
Dear Israeli students and researchers,
You are invited to post your studies on the subreddit for surveys/studies in Hebrew (for free):
Hopefully this website may become a useful resource for students.
Cheers!

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Projects

Projects (6)
Project
There are three main research goals: to examine the (1) role of individual-level factors in adopting beliefs in just war ; (2) universality (vs. cultural specificity) of beliefs related to just war; and (3) macro-level factors moderating the concept of just war across national and religious backgrounds. To examine the concept of just war we use three-dimensional model of beliefs in just war: (1) just war – restricted view on reasons and means of war, as self-defensive and targeted only toward military goals; (2) utilitarian war – unrestricted view on war reasons, accepting war as a way of intergroup conflicts resolutions; (3) dirty war – unrestricted view on war means, accepting any means useful in defeating the enemy.
Project
According to the motivated helplessness hypothesis, helplessness against threats in specific domains can serve an anxiety-buffering function, and protect people from experiencing fear, anxiety, guilt, or threats to self-esteem. The goal of this project is to develop, test and apply this hypothesis to various social-psychological phenomena.
Project
To understand how close relationships regulate existential concerns