Umma Habiba

Umma Habiba

PhD

About

49
Publications
36,802
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
975
Citations
Introduction
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (49)
Article
Full-text available
This study intends to explore the extent of the use of information and communication technology (ICT) in flash-flood-prone haor (wetland ecosystem) areas of north-eastern Bangladesh. Addressing the situation of severe flash floods in 2017 at the community level, this study aims to examine the constraints and challenges in using ICT for flash flood...
Article
Full-text available
Climate change may affect human health through multiple and interactive pathways that include safe water scarcity. However, impacts of climate change-induced water scarcity on health and well-being are complex. About 80% of illnesses in developing countries are attributed to unsafe drinking water and waterborne diseases. In Southwestern Bangladesh,...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The haor areas of Bangladesh regularly face flash floods because of heavy downpour in the Meghalaya and Asham regions. It happens in this area by sudden flow of water from the surrounding hills during the period of late March to May and causes significant losses of agriculture. Since the paddy fields in hoar area remain under water for half of the...
Article
Full-text available
The present study measures the current level of urban disaster resilience of Dhaka North City Corporation (DNCC) by assessing the challenges and potentialities in different aspects of urban system using Urban Disaster Resilience Index (UDRI) model. UDRI was developed based on Climate Disaster Resilience Index (CDRI) introduced by the International...
Chapter
Full-text available
The coastal area in Bangladesh constitutes about 32 % of the country. This one-third of the country’s land is recognized as a zone subject to intensive human use. Land use in the coastal Bangladesh is diverse, competitive, and conflicting. Over the last half-century, coastal land uses of Bangladesh have gone through major changes. Since the 1950s n...
Chapter
Climate change impacts and natural disasters are the leading cause of hunger and affect all dimensions of food security including access to food, availability and stability of supplies, and nutrition across the world. The global food crisis is exposing existing and potential vulnerabilities of households, governments, and the international system t...
Conference Paper
Let G be a graph of n vertices and k be a positive integer. We wish to label the vertices of G with positive integers such that each vertex receives a distinct integer and the difference of the labels of two adjacent vertices in G is at least k. We call such a labeling of G a k-safe labeling of G. We call the range from the smallest to the largest...
Chapter
Geographical location along with overall economic status and huge population, food security is a challenge for Bangladesh. Further different types of natural disasters disrupts/undermine local food production every year contribute to food insecurity, and create reliance on food aid. The link between population growth and food security in the face o...
Chapter
The global food crisis is exposing existing and potential vulnerabilities of households, governments and the international system to food and nutrition insecurity. Most of the rural poor are smallholder farmers whose capacities to benefit from high food prices are severely constrained by the lack of inputs, investment and access to market. Similarl...
Chapter
Globally, food security problem is identified that there is enough food in the world, but the distribution is deficient. Food security is not only about having enough production; it is also about having an equal chance of access to food for all. The problem is similar in case of Bangladesh. Food security is hindered by various climatic and anthropo...
Chapter
A series of recent events have stimulated broader interest in food security and food systems. About 850 million people in the world are undernourished, particularly in the developing countries. In spite of making considerable progress in food sufficiency, however, food security is a major concern in Bangladesh, as being over populated and disaster...
Chapter
Full-text available
Bangladesh has a primarily agrarian economy. Agriculture is the single largest producing sector of the economy. Soil is the predominant aspect for a successful crop production; whereas, good soil health is a prerequisite for sustainable agriculture and food security. On the other hand, more than 30 % of the cultivable land in Bangladesh is in the c...
Article
Full-text available
One of the most serious resource and health issues in coastal communities of Bangladesh is the scarcity of safe drinking water, triggered by the combined effects of salinity, arsenic, and drought. This article explores community perception of vulnerabilities in daily life, livelihood, and environment, and investigates how communities and institutio...
Article
Being an agrarian region, the northwest part of Bangladesh frequently experiences recurrent droughts over the last decade. To cope with this insidious disaster, the farmers in this region practice various adaptation measures through their own efforts with institutional support. But these efforts and support are not sufficient for farmers to survive...
Article
Of all the natural disasters, drought is the most gradual and the most hard to predict. However, this insidious disaster continually affects the lives and livelihoods of farmers living in drought-affected areas. The northwestern part of Bangladesh is recognized as being more severely affected by drought than the rest of the country, as drought is a...
Article
All over the world, Bangladesh is well known as a flood- And cycloneaffected country. But in the recent years the slow onset disaster of drought is more frequent in Bangladesh due to climatic as well as nonclimatic variability. As a consequence, agriculture along with its dependent farmers' livelihoods tremendously experience its adverse impacts. T...
Article
The northwestern region of Bangladesh has experienced drought more in recent years than earlier decades because of high rainfall variability accompanied by high temperature. As Bangladesh is an agro-based country, agriculture and its dependent farmers' livelihood face substantial impacts. To cope with drought, farmers of this region performed vario...
Article
Full-text available
Water insecurity is a big threat and a defining global challenge that causes social dilemma in the society. Analyzing all the previous chapters in this volume, this final chapter will discuss water use and its consequence of social dilemma, the key lessons and observations that trigger water insecurity, major challenges and success factors toward w...
Chapter
Full-text available
Water quality and quantity will become the principal limiting factor for sustainable development in many countries across the world. “Everything living is created from water” is an ancient quotation, which closely describes the importance of water. Water insecurity is a social dilemma in the recent decades because of several factors. Moreover, the...
Chapter
Full-text available
The Indus, Mekong, and Ganges River deltas, which have created one of the world’s largest delta and submarine fan system, currently contribute a major fraction of freshwater to East and South Asia. All these deltas are those regions in the world that face major challenges in their water sector due to population growth, urbanization, industrializati...
Chapter
Full-text available
Salinity is one of the major problems in the coastal region of Bangladesh that contributes to 20% of the total land area. About 53% of the coastal region is affected by different degrees of salinity. Salinity intrusion in this area is mainly derived through climate change as well as anthropogenic factors that make this region more vulnerable. Hence...
Book
It has been estimated that globally, 1.2 billion people live with acute shortage of water. Water scarcity, particularly in south and south-east Asian countries, is well known. However, the social dilemmas and insecurities related to water issues are often less discussed. In the case of south and south-east Asia, the distribution of available water...
Article
Droughts are very frequent in Bangladesh due to its geo-physical position and varying rainfall pattern. Drought is considered as devastating and causing substantial damage and loss to agriculture and allied sectors. Particularly the northwestern livelihood experiences its noteworthy impact on their daily because of the consequence of drought impact...
Chapter
During the last couple of decades, there has been an increase in the frequency and severity of disasters in Bangladesh, particularly those of hydro meteorological origin such as flood, cyclone and drought. To deal with disasters, Bangladesh has achieved significant progress in disaster preparedness and taken substantial steps forward in terms of ri...
Chapter
A number of disasters are very common in Bangladesh. Among them, flood, tropical cyclone and drought are the most catastrophic disaster, which has substantial effect on livelihood. In every disaster, people within the community suffer most the disaster impacts and they are the first front line responders to survive with disaster. During or after di...
Chapter
Full-text available
Climate change poses challenges on a new scale for humanity, particularly for the populations of lower income countries like Bangladesh. There has been relatively limited in-depth analysis of the gender dimensions of climate change to date, partly because of the uncertainties of climate change science and the lack of downscaled data. Therefore, it...
Chapter
The insidious disaster drought is common in Bangladesh. Particularly the Northwestern part is severe drought-prone area in Bangladesh due to high rainfall variability along with high temperature. Agriculture as well as farmer’s livelihood is badly affected due to the effect of drought. Therefore, different levels such as institution, community and...
Chapter
In recent years, natural disasters, particularly climate-related disasters have increased both in terms of frequency and magnitude. As a consequence of climatic disasters, agriculture and agricultural dependent livelihood of Bangladesh is facing its substantial impacts. Structural measures for disaster risk management are often found less effective...
Article
Full-text available
In spite of having a glorious history in the sericulture industry Bangladesh still is not a bright name in silk production and export. Although the agro-climatic situation in Bangladesh greatly favors the development of silk industry, Bangladesh produces very little amount of silk products every year, whereas India, situated beside Bangladesh, is t...
Article
Bangladesh, an agro based country that experiences drought more in recent years than earlier decades. Particularly, the northwestern Bangladesh is severe drought-prone area than other parts of country because of high rainfall variability. The average annual rainfall of this area is 1,329 mm whereas the country's average annual rainfall is 2,300 mm....
Article
Lycium barbarum L. Solanaceae a traditional medicinal plant of China has been accorded a very high safety value. It has been known to possess various benefi cial effects like reducti on of blood glucose and serum lipids in alloxan-induced diabetes models, anti-ageing, immuno-modulating, anti-cancer, anti-fatigue, and male fertility-facilitatory act...
Article
This study was conducted with 718 farmers of owner, owner-cum-tenant and tenant farmers of irrigated and non-irrigated villages at 14 upazila (sub-district) in two severe drought-prone districts of northwestern Bangladesh through a semi-structured questionnaire. It assessed farmer's perception and awareness, impacts and adaptation measures of farme...
Article
Full-text available
The southwest coastal region is part of an inactive delta of large Himalayan rivers and is protected from tidal surge by the Sundarbans mangrove forest. This area is the hub of all types of disasters such as cyclones, tidal surges, floods, drought, salinity intrusions, repeated waterlogging, and land subsidence. Cyclonic tidal surges and floods are...
Chapter
According to the Ministry of Environment and Forest (MoEF) (2008), Bangladesh is the most vulnerable country to natural hazards and disasters due to its geography, high population density, and poverty. The country is exposed to a variety of recurring natural hazards such as floods, cyclones, droughts, earthquakes, and riverbank erosion (Ministry of...
Article
Arid ecosystem covers one third of the Earth's surface and is the home town of majority of the population of the world. This ecosystem is also important because it has significant roles in land and water resources management. However, due to anthropogenic land use activities or shifting climate conditions, the features of the ecosystem change and c...
Article
Bangladesh, an agro based country that experiences drought more in recent years than earlier decades. Particularly, the northwest part of Bangladesh is severe drought-prone area than other parts of country because of high rainfall variability. The average annual rainfall of this area is 1,329 mm whereas the country's average annual rainfall is 2,30...
Article
Case studies from many countries indicate that even when rainfall is high drought can still occur. Droughts have been recorded in Bangladesh, where the rainfall is 2,300mm per year, and in Luang Prabang, Laos, where the annual rainfall is 3,200mm. Similarly, the highest Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI) value of 2.78 indicates a possibility of...
Article
Full-text available
Landscape of Dhaka city—one of the fastest growing mega cities in the world, is continuously changing due to un-planned urbanization. For example, the wetlands of the city have been shrinking. This study evaluates wetland changes in Dhaka Metropolitan Area (DMA), Bangladesh, between 1978 and 2009. Spatial and temporal dynamics of wetland changes we...
Article
Full-text available
In Bangladesh, drought is seasonal and can destroy crops, causing hardship to poor agricultural labourers and others who cannot find alternative sources of income. Droughts most commonly affect the northwestern region, which generally has less rainfall than the rest of the country. In this context, this study attempts to measure the existing level...
Chapter
Full-text available
According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) special report on the regional impacts of Climate Change (IPCC, 2007a), a drastic change in rainfall patterns in the warmer climate would occur in Bangladesh, and it may experience a 5% to 6% increase of rainfall by 2030 due to glacier melting and more intense monsoons, which will cr...
Article
The Monsoon Asian region has a much wider rainfall distribution than other regions of the world. The countries in this region are characterized mostly by floods and typhoons, which result from the interplay among the ocean, the atmosphere, and the land. Thus, many factors affect the strength of the rainfall, including sea surface temperatures in th...
Article
Many people as well as the government in Bangladesh perceive floods and cyclones as recurrent environmental hazards in the country. They also view that these two hazards are the main contributors to crop loss in the country. But, in reality, droughts afflict the country at least as frequently as do major floods and cyclones, averaging about once in...

Network

Cited By