Umile Giuseppe Longo

Umile Giuseppe Longo
Università Campus Bio-Medico di Roma | unicampus · Orthopaedics and Traumatology Unit

About

495
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Introduction

Publications

Publications (495)
Article
Full-text available
Virtual reality (VR) systems are becoming increasingly attractive as joint kinematics monitoring systems during rehabilitation. This study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of the Oculus Quest 2 in measuring translational and rotational displacements. As the Oculus Quest 2 was chosen for future applications in shoulder rehabilitation, the translation...
Article
Purpose: Objectives are (1) to evaluate the biomechanical effect of isolated medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction in the setting of increased tibial tuberosity-trochlear groove distance (TTTG), in terms of patella contact pressures, contact area and lateral displacement; (2) to describe the threshold of TTTG up to which MPFL recons...
Article
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The trend of Total Hip Arthroplasty (THA) is projected to grow. Therefore, it has become imperative to find new measures to improve the outcomes of THA. Several studies have focused attention on the influence of psychological factors and sleep quality on surgical outcomes. The consequences of depressive states may affect outcomes and also interfere...
Article
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The aim of this study was to have updated scrutiny of the influence of the humeral neck-shaft angle (HNSA) in patients who underwent reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA). A PRISMA-guided literature search was conducted from May to September 2021. Clinical outcome scores, functional parameters, and any complications were reviewed. Eleven papers were...
Article
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Shoulder Range of Motion (ROM) has been studied with several devices and methods in recent years. Accurate tracking and assessment of shoulder movements could help us to understand the pathogenetic mechanism of specific conditions in quantifying the improvements after rehabilitation. The assessment methods can be classified as subjective and object...
Article
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Background Idiopathic Scoliosis (IS) is the most common spinal deformity in adolescents, accounting for 80% of all spinal deformities. However, the etiology remains uncertain in most cases, being identified as Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS). IS treatments range from observation and sport to bracing or surgery. Several risk factors including...
Article
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Background The epidemiology of Pediatric Hip Arthroplasty (PHA) is unclear. Prevalence of PHA in Europe was reported in Scandinavian registries, but data on this procedure are not described in other countries. Therefore, it is challenging to redact a complete and valid epidemiological report on PHA in Europe. Nevertheless, national health statistic...
Article
Purpose: The purpose of this systematic review and metanalysis was to assess clinical and radiological outcomes of metaphyseal sleeves and cones and to identify their possible advantages and disadvantages. Methods: A comprehensive search from the inception of the databases to March 2021 was performed on Medline, Scopus, CINAHL, Cochrane, Embase,...
Article
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The CDK4/6 inhibitors (CDKi) palbociclib, ribociclib, and abemaciclib are currently approved in combination with anti-estrogen therapy for the treatment of advanced and/or metastatic hormone receptor-positive/HER2-neu-negative breast cancer patients. Given the high incidence of bone metastases in this population, we investigated and compared the po...
Article
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Objective Medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) injury occurs in the majority of the cases of acute patellar dislocation. The role of concomitant lateral retinaculum release with MPFL reconstruction is not clearly understood. Even though the lateral retinaculum plays a role in both medial and lateral patellofemoral joint stability in MPFL intact kn...
Article
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Risk prevention of sports-related lower limb musculoskeletal injuries in adult and youth athletes is an important topic encompassing health and economic factors. For example, muscle injuries in professional football players could expose these athletes to recurrence, creating a significant economic problem for the football club. Such observations ha...
Article
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Introduction: Percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) aims to restore vertebral shape and kyphotic spine angulation, reduce pain, and allow the patient early mobilization. Compared with percutaneous vertebroplasty (PV), PKP has been reported to reduce cement leakage, increase short-term pain relief, and improve kyphotic angle restoration. In addition, PKP h...
Article
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Background Flatfoot is a common condition in young patients, but usually resolves by adolescence. This study aimed to estimate annual trend hospitalizations for flatfoot in Italian paediatric population from 2001 to 2016. Methods Data of this study were collected from the National Hospital Discharge Reports (SDO) reported at the Italian Ministry o...
Chapter
This book was inadvertently published with a typo in the book title: the term “injures” has been corrected to “Injuries”
Article
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PurposeRecent research shows that major levels of psychological distress correlate with higher pain and reduced function in patients with shoulder and rotator cuff pathology. A systematic review updating a review published in 2016 was conducted to determine the degree of consistency and the strength of association between psychosocial factors and p...
Chapter
Bone is the skeletal system element which provides body shape, mechanical supports for muscles and soft tissues, allowing the movement. Its mechanical characteristics of stiffness and strength give it the ability to tolerate heavy load without failure. Bones participate in mineral homeostasis and endocrine metabolism processes, thanks to their comp...
Chapter
Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) is an important cause of failure after total knee replacement. Treatment options for PJI include long-term suppressive antibiotic treatment, debridement, antibiotics and implant retention (DAIR), one- or two-stage revision, resection arthroplasty, arthrodesis and amputation. DAIR approach is indicated in early p...
Chapter
The diagnosis of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) represents a significant clinical challenge. Prosthetic infections are an infrequent but potentially dramatic complication of joint replacements. PJIs occur in about 1–2% of all knee arthroplasty. The most common symptom of prosthetic infections is pain at rest. The typical presentation includes...
Chapter
Two-stage revision is the most commonly used procedure for prosthetic joint infection treatment. It consists of removing all foreign materials from the joint, making an extensive debridement of periarticular tissues and inserting a static or articulating spacer in the joint. This surgical procedure is followed by antibiotic therapy for an extended...
Chapter
The diagnosis of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) remains a clinical challenge, especially for subacute or chronic infections. The assessment of suspected PJI is made by microbiologic tests, laboratory tests, synovial markers, histologic tests, and imaging. The main imaging methods used are X-ray, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance (M...
Chapter
Periprosthetic joint infections (PJIs) after total joint replacement are dramatic complications. While more commonly observed in the postoperative period, PJIs may occur throughout life with negative physical and psychological repercussions on the patient, leading to potentially fatal consequences in the absence of treatments. Male gender, advanced...
Book
This book provides an in-depth overview of the aetiology, treatment and prevention of infections following knee arthroplasty. It presents up-to-date information on available techniques and salvage procedures for complex patients with infected, total knee arthroplasty. Divided into 5 sections, this book explores biomaterials, clinical manifestations...
Book
This volume offers a comprehensive guide to the prevention, management of injury, risk factor mitigation, and rehabilitation in track and field athletes. It serves as a valuable resource for the sports medicine community, including surgeons, sports medicine physicians, physical therapists, and athletic trainers. In addition to addressing current ma...
Article
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One of the original biomechanical principles of reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) is medialization of the center of rotation (COR) relative to the native level of the glenoid. Several authors have proposed the lateralized center of rotation, which is characterized by a lateralized (L) glenoid and medialized (M) humeral component. The aim o...
Article
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The primary methods for prenatal diagnosis of Clubfoot are ultrasound (US) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). An ultrasound is performed between the 1st trimester and the 28th week of pregnancy and it is reported to be used as a diagnostic method alone or in combination with MRI. So far, an international consensus on the most effective screening...
Preprint
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Background: Patient’s satisfaction after surgery was traditionally assessed by pre, and post-surgical scores and Patient-Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs) scales. Patients treated by Total hip arthroplasty (THA) usually perform well; therefore, it is useful to have a PROMs’ scale with a low ceiling effect as the Forgotten Joint Score-12 (FJS-12). P...
Article
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The first purpose of this study was to verify the association between Instability Severity Index Score (ISIS) and Recurrent Shoulder Dislocation (RSD) after a first episode treated conservatively. The second aim is to identify the risk factors associated with RSD after a primary acute shoulder anterior dislocation treated conservatively. A total of...
Article
Total ankle replacement (TAR) has gained popularity in recent years becoming the mainstream treatment for conditions like rheumatoid arthritis, posttraumatic arthritis and severe osteochondral lesions of the talus. The aim of the study was to assess the nationwide number of implants performed in a 15 year period (2001-2016) and to identify trends l...
Article
Wearable devices for physiological parameters monitoring are gaining broad acceptance due to their ease of use, comfortability, and reliability. Among all human joints, the knee joint is the most involved in day-to-day activities. Monitoring the knee joint movements may allow outlining an optimized and patient-specific rehabilitation process and ma...
Article
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Background Rotator cuff (RC) tears represent a common cause of shoulder pain and dysfunction in adults. The disease affects primarily women and occurs mainly in the postmenopausal period. This study aimed to investigate immunohistochemically the presence of estrogen receptor-alpha (ER-⍺), estrogen receptor-beta (ER-β) and progesterone receptor (PR)...
Chapter
A tendon is a closely compact band of connective tissue-fibers well organized in length and strength which connects to muscle and transmits the required force developed by the muscle. The musculoskeletal is such that bones are driven by tendons and produce joint motion in coordination with muscles activities. Each muscle connects to tendon which in...
Chapter
Biomechanics principles when applied to orthopedics have shown to lead better approach treatment modalities leading to better quality of life for patients. Biomechanics is now an integral part of orthopedic implant designs, and continues to evolve in the clinical diagnosis and evaluation of complex joint pathologies. Orthopedic biomechanics researc...
Article
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IntroductionThis study aimed to estimate separately in women and men the number of Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) procedures performed in Italy from 2001 to 2016, exploring specific gender-related characteristics and trends.Materials and methodsData of this study were collected from the National Hospital Discharge Reports (NHDR) reported at the Ital...
Article
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PurposePercutaneous vertebroplasty (PV) is a minimally invasive technique requiring the injection of polymethylmethacrylate cement into a collapsed or weakened vertebral body to stabilize the fracture. The present study aims to determine the trends in PV procedures over the recent years. The longitudinal analysis of national registers may help to u...
Chapter
The throwing shoulder requires a complex coordination of neuromuscular activity. Over time, this extreme repetitive motion results in changes in the shoulder. Some changes are considered adaptive and provide a biomechanical advantage in throwing performance. Other changes are pathologic and require specific injury treatment to return to play. In th...
Article
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The aim of this analysis was to assess the quality of reporting of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) relating to pain management in rotator cuff (RC) tears. This review evaluated the quality of the studies in the literature regarding this topic through the use of some factors and trends. The online databases used to search all RCTs on the topic o...
Article
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The aim of this review is to assess the use of biosensors in the diagnosis and monitoring of joint infection (JI). JI is worldwide considered a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in developed countries. Due to the progressive ageing of the global population, the request for joint replacement increases, with a significant rise in the risk...
Article
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Background Rotator cuff retear (RCR) is one of the main postoperative drawbacks. RCR can be considered a multifactorial issue, which causes are related either to biological than biomechanical factors. The aim of this study was to define the incidence of RCR after surgical treatment at different time points and to identify the main factors influenci...
Article
Monitoring scapular movements is of relevance in the contexts of rehabilitation and clinical research. Among many technologies, wearable systems instrumented by strain sensors are emerging in these applications. An open challenge for the design of these systems is the optimal positioning of the sensing elements, since their response is related to t...
Article
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The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) is a valid patient-reported outcome measure developed to assess sleep quality and disturbances in clinical populations. This study aimed to calculate the minimum clinically important difference (MCID) and the patient acceptable symptom state (PASS) for the PSQI in patients who underwent rotator cuff repair...
Article
Background & aim Probiotics in the gut have been suggested to have a beneficial effect on anxiety response and depressive disorder. Hence we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to summarize the effects of probiotics associated with or without pharmacological or psychological therapies in patients with depressive and/or anxiety symptoms...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a finite element (FE) model of the patellofemoral (PF) joint to characterize patellofemoral insability, and to highlightthe effect of lateral retinacular release in combination with tibial tuberosity transfer with respect to contact pressures (CP), contact area (CA) and kinematics during...
Article
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Background: The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to compare the conservative and accelerated rehabilitation protocols in patients who underwent arthroscopic rotator cuff repair in terms of clinical outcomes and range of motions at 3, 6, 12, and 24-month follow-up. Methods: According to PRISMA guidelines, a systematic review...
Article
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Osteoarthritis (OA) of the glenohumeral (GH) joint is a common cause of shoulder pain, resulting in considerable invalidity. Unfortunately, the study of its pathogenesis is challenging. Models of OA are necessary to identify specific targets for therapy and to be able to interfere with the development and evolution of OA. This study aims to assess...
Article
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Introduction The purpose of this study was to determine if “off-track” Hill-Sachs lesions in patients with dynamic anteroinferior instability were transformed into “on-track” lesions using iliac bone autografts with screw fixation. The secondary purpose was to observe if postoperative bony remodeling would occur over time, resulting in recurrent “o...
Article
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Purpose The aim of this article is to illustrate the recent framework necessary to standardize studies on groin pain and review the existing literature on groin pain in football. Methods The common pathological processes underlying groin pain such as muscle, tendon or ligament strain, bone injury or fracture, sport hernia, bursitis, osteitis pubis,...
Article
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Background Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (epiphysiolysis of the femoral head, SCFE) is the most common pediatric hip disease in 10–14 years old children. The most used procedure to correct a stable form of SCFE is in situ pinning. Instead, the proper treatment for unstable forms is controversial. The first purpose of this study was to estimate...
Article
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Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip (DDH) includes a broad spectrum of hip abnormalities. DDH requires early diagnosis and treatment; however, no international consensus on screening protocol and treatment is provided in the literature. Epidemiological studies are helpful to understand the national variation of a specific surgical procedure and comp...
Article
Temperature monitoring inside tissue undergoing minimally invasive thermal ablation is a primary goal to improve the clinical outcomes. Existing techniques for temperature measurements, classified as invasive or contactless, have limited clinical practice applications due to several practical issues. Fiber Bragg grating sensors (FBG) can be a valid...
Article
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Sleep disturbances are very common in patients with rotator cuff injury. Improvement of sleep quality in these patients can be considered a significant factor for healing in conjunction with surgery. The primary objective of this prospective study was to evaluate changes in sleep quality after surgery in patients with rotator cuff repair by analyzi...
Article
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Background: The application of virtual and augmented reality technologies to orthopaedic surgery training and practice aims to increase the safety and accuracy of procedures and reducing complications and costs. The purpose of this systematic review is to summarise the present literature on this topic while providing a detailed analysis of current...
Article
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Rotator cuff (RC) disease is a common musculoskeletal disorder of the shoulder entailing pain, with reduced functionality and quality of life. The main objective of this study was to present a perspective of the current scientific evidence about personalized, predictive, participatory, precision, and preventive approaches in the management of RC di...
Article
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Background and Objectives: Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) is a valid alternative to total knee arthroplasties (TKAs) in selected cases. After surgery, patients’ experience and satisfaction were traditionally evaluated by pre- and postsurgical scores and Patient-Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs). Otherwise, a statistically significant chan...
Article
Background Subtalar Joint Arthroereisis (SJA) is the most used technique for the treatment of flexible flatfoot. Limited data are reported to trends of hospitalisation for SJA. This study aimed to estimate annual admissions and the geographical distribution of SJA in young Italian patients from 2009 to 2016. Methods Data of this study were collect...
Article
PurposeUnicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty (UKA) recorded an increased incidence of around 30% per year in the United States. Patient’s experience and satisfaction after surgery were traditionally assessed by pre, and post-surgical scores and Patient-Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs) scales. Traditional scales as Western Ontario and McMaster Univers...
Article
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Background Our previous study on the 2016/2017 Serie A season showed that a greater likelihood of reaching the top positions in the Italian league “Serie A” seemed to be mainly related to sprint activity, goal attempts, total throws, target shots and assists. Therefore, we aim to evaluate the following season data in the same league to compare, con...
Article
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The Forgotten Joint Score-12 (FJS-12) is a valid patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) used to assess prosthesis awareness during daily activities after total hip arthroplasty (THA). The minimum clinically important difference (MCID) can be defined as the smallest change or difference that is evaluated as beneficial and could change the patient...
Article
Background: Hamstring diseases are one of the most widespread diseases in athletes, especially in runners, sprinters, and endurance athletes. Notwithstanding the importance of the problem, risk factors are still marginally known. This transversal study analyzes the correlation between Hamstring tendinopathy and hamstring strains and age, gender, w...
Article
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Background: The posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) is an essential element in knee stability. PCL reconstructions represent an under-investigated topic in the literature due to the rarity of this type of knee injury. This study aims to investigate the incidence of PCL reconstructive surgeries in Italy, following their trend during a 15-year period....
Article
Introduction The aim of this study is to estimate the annual number of shoulder dislocation hospitalizations in Italy from 2001 to 2014, to explore geographical variation in access to hospitalizations between the 3 macro-regions of Italy (North, Centre and South) and to perform statistical projections of hospitalizations volumes and rates based on...
Article
Full-text available
This systematic review aimed to assess the advantages of biosensors in detecting biomarkers for the early diagnosis of osteoarthritis (OA). OA is the most prevalent musculoskeletal disease and is a leading cause of disability and pain worldwide. The diagnosis of OA could be performed through clinical examinations and imaging only during the late st...