Uluhan Sili

Uluhan Sili
Marmara University · Department of Infectious Diseases

MD, PhD

About

61
Publications
9,825
Reads
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1,802
Citations
Additional affiliations
October 2012 - April 2016
Marmara University
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
January 1998 - April 2004
Baylor College of Medicine
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (61)
Article
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) status cannot be reliably predicted in anti-HCV positive/HCV-RNA negative individuals who may either have recovered spontaneously or have a false-positive test due to antibody cross-reaction. Investigating T lymphocyte responses in individuals with different HCV status may help understand the cellular immune mechanisms under...
Article
Background Herpes simplex virus (HSV) is one the most common causes of sporadic encephalitis worldwide. Objective We aimed to determine clinical characteristics and prognosis of HSV encephalitis (HSVE) cases reviewed retrospectively from several collaborating centers. Study design: We searched hospital archives of the last 10 years for patients wi...
Chapter
Herpesvirus infections rarely cause significant problems in the immunocompetent human host. However, in the immunosuppressed, for example, recipients of hematopoietic stem cell transplants (HSCT) (Rooney et al., 1998), solid organ transplants (SOT), or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals, viral infections/reactivations are commo...
Article
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Baylor College of Medicine. Dept. of Molecular Virology and Microbiology, 2004. Includes bibliographical references.
Article
Dendritic cells (DCs) have been shown to activate cytotoxic T-lymphocytes (CTLs) for many tumor and virus-associated antigens in vitro. In this study, the authors tested the feasibility of using DCs to expand polyclonal, cytomegalovirus (CMV)-specific CTL lines for adoptive immunotherapy. Two stimulations with DCs expressing pp65, the immunodominan...
Article
Context: The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted variability in intensity of care. We aimed to characterize intensity of care among hospitalized patients with COVID-19. Objectives: Examine the prevalence and predictors of admission code status, palliative care consultation, comfort-measures-only orders, and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) amon...
Article
Objectives We evaluated the antibody response, natural killer cell response and B cell phenotypes in healthcare workers (HCW) who are vaccinated with two doses of CoronaVac with or without documented SARS-CoV-2 infection and unvaccinated HCWs with SARS-CoV-2 infection. Methods HCWs were divided into four groups: vaccine only (VO), vaccine after SA...
Article
This prospective observational study describes the pharmacokinetic characteristics of favipiravir in adult patients hospitalized for mild to moderate COVID-19 with a positive RT-PCR test. Favipiravir was administered for 5 days, with a loading dose of 3200 mg and a maintenance dose of 1200 mg/day. Serial blood samples were collected on Day-2 and Da...
Article
Background A better understanding of innate and adaptive cells in COVID-19 is necessary for the development of effective treatment methods and vaccines. Methods We studied phenotypic features of innate and adaptive immune cells, oxidative burst, phagocytosis, and apoptosis. One hundred and three patients with COVID-19 were grouped according to the...
Article
Background The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends the surveillance of transmitted drug resistance mutations (TDRMs) to ensure the effectiveness and sustainability of HIV treatment programs. Objective Our aim was to determine the TDRMs and evaluate the distribution of HIV-1 subtypes using and compared next-generation sequencing (NGS) and Sa...
Article
Introduction Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a life-threatening condition of high relevance for co-morbid patients, such as those with baseline hematological malignancies (HM). One year after the diagnosis of the first COVID-19 case, at the end of 2020, the first vaccines against the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-...
Article
Full-text available
Background: COVID-19 infection may have multiorgan effects in addition to effects on the lungs and immune system. Recently, studies have found thyroid function abnormalities in COVID-19 cases which were interpreted as euthyroid sick syndrome (ESS) or destructive thyroiditis. Therefore, in this study, we aimed to evaluate the thyroid function statu...
Preprint
Full-text available
Favipiravir is one of the repurposed antiviral medications for the treatment of SARS-CoV-2 infection. Since the dosing regimen is a prominent factor for the success of the antiviral therapy, this prospective observational study aimed to characterize the pharmacokinetic characteristics of favipiravir in COVID-19 patients. Adult patients (n=21) hospi...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: This study aimed to identify the effect of tocilizumab (TCZ) on clinical outcomes in severe COVID-19 patients. Material and Methods: We included hospitalized COVID-19 patients with an initial WHO scale ≥4. We matched the patients with baseline characteristics by using propensity scores. Then, we selected patients with C-reactive protein...
Article
Herpes simplex virus encephalitis (HSE) is the most common sporadic fatal encephalitis. Although timely administered acyclovir treatment decreases mortality, neuropsychiatric sequelae is still common among survivors. Magnetic resonance imaging is frequently utilized for the diagnosis of HSE, which typically involves temporal lobe(s) and can be mixe...
Article
Purpuse The carbapenem-resistant Bacteroides fragilis group (CR-BFG) bacteria have been reported in several countries recently with increasing global attention. The high incidence of CR-BFG isolated from our hospitalized patients has become an important problem. Therefore, we aimed to determine the frequency and associated factors for intestinal co...
Preprint
Full-text available
As the COVID-19 pandemic caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) continues to spread around the globe, effective vaccination protocols are under deployment. Alternatively, the use of convalescent plasma (CP) therapy relies on the transfer of the immunoglobulin repertoire of a donor that has recovered from the disease...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) quickly spread worldwide to become a pandemic. This study aimed to define the predictors of critical illness development within 28 days postadmission. Methods We conducted a prospective cohort study including 477 PCR-positive COVID-19 patients admitted to a tertiary care hospital in Istanbul from Marc...
Preprint
A better understanding of the innate and adaptive cells in the COVID-19 disease caused by the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus is a necessity for the development of effective treatment methods and vaccines. We studied phenotypic features of innate and adaptive immune cells, oxidative burst, phagocytosis and apoptosis. One hundred and three patients with COVI...
Article
Introduction: The novel coronavirus severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is responsible for the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). First COVID-19 case was detected in March, 10, 2020 in Turkey and as of May, 18, 2020 148,067 cases have been identified and 4096 citizens have died. Tuberculosis (TB) is a worldwide public he...
Article
Full-text available
Background/Aims: mbitasvir/paritaprevir/ritonavir (OMV/PTV/r) ± dasabuvir (DSV) ± ribavirin (RBV) combination has demonstrated excellent rates of sustained virologic response (SVR) and a very good safety profile in patients with the chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1 or 4 infections. We aimed to investigate the effectiveness and safety of O...
Article
Introduction: While improvement of hand hygiene (HH) compliance is considered as the best approach to reduce healthcare-associated infections, the instructional interventions in HH among healthcare workers of intensive care unit (ICU) of our hospital was not successful enough. The following study was conducted to evaluate HH knowledge, perception,...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Studies indicate that adherence to hand hygiene guidelines is at suboptimal levels. We aimed to explore the reasons for poor hand hygiene compliance. Methodology: A qualitative study based on the Theory of Planned Behavior as a framework in explaining compliance, consisting four focus group discussions and six in-depth interviews....
Article
Background: Antiretroviral treatment (ART) reduces morbidity and mortality caused by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection; however, emergence of drug-resistant strains poses an important obstacle to treatment success. Using conventional sequencing methods to determine antiretroviral resistance, mutations present in ≥20% of quasispecies can...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose of Review Herpes simplex virus encephalitis (HSVE) is a rare, devastating infectious disease of the brain. We reviewed published case series to determine whether epidemiology, clinical characteristics, and prognosis of HSVE differed in geriatric patients. Recent Findings Geriatric patients have a higher incidence of HSVE and a worse progno...
Conference Paper
Objectives: The carbapenem-resistant Bacteroides fragilis group (BFG) bacteria have been reported in several countries recently with increasing global attention. Although phenotypic and molecular-based techniques are available for identifying carbapenemase producing aerobic bacteria, this is not case for anaerobes. The incidence of carbapenem resis...
Article
Full-text available
Invasive fungal infections (IFI) are on the rise due to increasing numbers of immunosuppressed and critically ill patients. A malignant-looking pulmonary nodule in an immunosuppressed patient may indeed be caused by a fungal organism. We report a patient, who was eventually diagnosed with an IFI caused by an agent of hyalohyphomycosis, Talaromyces...
Article
Full-text available
Background. The objective of this study was to assess the compliance of hand hygiene (HH) of healthcare workers (HCWs) in the neonatal and pediatric intensive care unit in a tertiary university hospital in Istanbul. Methods. An observational study was conducted on the compliance of HH for the five World Health Organization (WHO) indications. HCWs w...
Article
Different clinical outcomes of acute HBV infection have been partially explained by individual differences in immune response. In this study we investigated interferon gamma (IFN-γ) secretion of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) in vitro against specific (Hepatitis B core antigen; recombinant HB-cAg) and non-specific (CMV, EBV, Influenza pe...
Article
Candidal infections occur commonly in renal transplant recipients especially in genitourinary system. Although the epidemiology of candiduria has not been well characterized in renal transplant population, it is the most common cause of fungal infections. However, candidal psoas abscess is very rare in the literature. We report a 42-year-old male r...
Article
Infections with a range of common community viruses remain a major cause of mortality and morbidity after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. T cells specific for cytomegalovirus (CMV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and adenoviruses can safely prevent and infections with these three most common culprits, but the manufacture of individual...
Article
Full-text available
Brain abscess due to Nocardia infection is an acute medical emergency among immunocompromised patients. Delayed identification of the bacteria is responsible for the high mortality rate. It may be confused with intracranial tumors and requires long-term antibiotic therapy after drainage. We report a case of Nocardia cerebral abscess in an immunocom...
Article
The clinical manufacture of antigen-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) for adoptive immunotherapy is limited by the complexity and time required to produce large numbers with the desired function and specificity. The culture conditions required are rigorous, and in some cases only achieved in 2-cm wells in which cell growth is limited by gas e...
Article
Full-text available
Here, we report a case of disseminated Candida krusei infection in a patient who presented with arthritis. The infection was successfully treated with voriconazole after amphotericin B deoxycholate therapy had failed.
Article
Immunocompromised individuals are at high risk for life-threatening diseases, especially those caused by cytomegalovirus (CMV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and adenovirus. Conventional therapeutics are primarily active only against CMV, and resistance is frequent. Adoptive transfer of polyclonal cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) specific for CMV or EBV s...
Article
Human adenoviruses are ubiquitous lytic DNA viruses that can be divided into 51 different serotypes, grouped from A to F on the basis of genome size, composition, homology, and organization. Adenovirus infections, although frequent, are rarely fatal in immunocompetent individuals, due to potent innate and adaptive immune responses. By contrast, ade...
Article
Full-text available
Dendritic cells have been used effectively to select for human cytomegalovirus (CMV)-specific T cells for immunotherapy applications. The ability to process and present relevant major histocompatibility complex class I and II peptides to T cells makes them ideal for selecting CD4+ and CD8+ T cells regardless of HLA tissue type. This study compared...
Article
EBV-associated T/NK-lymphoproliferative diseases (LPD) are relatively rare but their prognosis is very poor. In order to understand the pathogenesis and rationalize immunotherapy, it is important to know whether EBV-infected T/NK cells have antigen-presenting capacities and how they escape the EBV-specific immunity that controls virus-infected B ce...
Article
Full-text available
Adenoviruses often cause lethal infections in immunocompromised individuals. Adoptive transfer of immune T cells offers a therapeutic option, but this strategy has been hindered by the paucity of information on molecular targets of cellular immunity and by the immunologic heterogeneity of the 51 human adenoviruses, which are grouped from A to F on...
Article
Full-text available
Adenovirus (Ad) infections are responsible for considerable morbidity and mortality, particularly in pediatric hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) recipients. To date there is no therapy. The present study was motivated by the potential for using adoptive immunotherapy as either prophylaxis or treatment for Ad infections and associated diseas...
Article
Full-text available
Circulating lymphocytes are important target cells for the treatment of HIV-related and autoimmune diseases and for stimulating anti-tumor immunity. To date, gene transfection of these nonactivated cells after intravenous delivery of viral or nonviral vectors remains low although these circulating cells are highly accessible. Optimized lentiviral v...
Article
Full-text available
Poor immune reconstitution after haplo-identical stem cell transplantation results in a high mortality from viral infections and relapse. One approach to overcome this problem is to selectively deplete the graft of alloreactive cells using an immunotoxin directed against the activation marker CD25. However, the degree of depletion of alloreactive c...
Article
Full-text available
In mice, activation of the Notch pathway in T cells by antigen-presenting cells overexpressing Notch ligands favors differentiation of regulatory T lymphocytes responsible for antigen-specific tolerance. To determine whether this mechanism operates in human T cells, we used Epstein-Barr virus-positive lymphoblastoid cell lines (EBV-LCL) as our (vir...
Article
Full-text available
The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-encoded LMP1 protein is expressed in EBV-positive Hodgkin disease and is a potential target for cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) therapy. However, the LMP1-specific CTL frequency is low, and so far the generation of LMP1-specific CTLs has required T-cell cloning. The toxicity of LMP1 has prevented the use of dendritic cells...
Article
EBV-associated malignancies with a Type II latency gene expression pattern, such as EBV-positive HD, or nasopharyngeal carcinoma, frequently express the EBV latency Ag LMP2a. Hence, they provide a potential target for adoptive immunotherapy using in vitro-generated LMP2a-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL). In this study, LMP2a-specific CTL were...
Article
Full-text available
There is now clear clinical evidence that adoptive cellular immunotherapy can eradicate hematologic malignancy and cure otherwise lethal viral infections. With this knowledge comes the challenge of improving the effectiveness and safety of the approach and of simplifying the methodologies required whilst still meeting appropriate federal regulatory...
Article
There is now clear clinical evidence that adoptive cellular immunotherapy can eradicate hematologic malignancy and cure otherwise lethal viral infections. With this knowledge comes the challenge of improving the effectiveness and safety of the approach and of simplifying the methodologies required whilst still meeting appropriate federal regulatory...

Projects

Projects (3)
Archived project
Project
Transmitted drug resistance (TDR) threatens the efficacy of anti-retroviral therapy for HIV. WHO recommends surveillance of TDR for determining the extent of the problem. We are working on a project using deep sequencing (Junior) for TDR determination.