Ulrik Wisloff

Ulrik Wisloff
Norwegian University of Science and Technology | NTNU · Department of Circulation and Medical Imaging

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478
Publications
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Introduction
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Publications

Publications (478)
Article
Full-text available
Objective The objective of this study was to investigate whether a 5-year exercise intervention and change in peak oxygen uptake ( $$V{\text{O}}_{{2{\text{peak}}}}$$ V O 2 peak ) is associated with cognitive function in older adults. Methods Nine hundred and forty-five participants (48% women, mean age at study end 78.2 ± 2.02 years) from the Gene...
Article
Full-text available
Aerobic fitness and exercise could preserve white matter (WM) integrity in older adults. This study investigated the effect on WM microstructural organization of 5 years of exercise intervention with either supervised moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT), high-intensity interval training (HIIT), or following the national physical activity...
Article
Funding Acknowledgements Type of funding sources: Public grant(s) – National budget only. Main funding source(s): Central Norway Regional Health Authority Norwegian Health Association Introduction Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death worldwide. Several studies have shown that low cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is a major ris...
Article
Full-text available
Aims: In heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), the reduction of nitric oxide (NO)-bioavailability and consequently endothelial dysfunction leads to LV stiffness and diastolic dysfunction of the heart. Besides shear stress, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) stimulates endothelial cells to increased production of NO via phosphorylatio...
Article
Background The effect of physical exercise on lipid content of coronary artery plaques is unknown. With near infrared spectroscopy we measured the effect of high intensity interval training (HIIT) on lipid content in coronary plaques in patients with stable coronary artery disease following percutaneous coronary intervention. Methods and Results I...
Article
Purpose: Low cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is a major risk factor for CVD and a stronger predictor of CVD morbidity and mortality than established risk factors. The genetic component of CRF, quantified as peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak), is estimated to be ~60%. Unfortunately, current studies on genetic markers for CRF have been limited by small sa...
Article
Physical inactivity has been identified as an important risk factor for dementia. High levels of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) have been shown to reduce the risk of dementia. However, the mechanism by which exercise affects brain health is still debated. Fractal dimension (FD) is an index that quantifies the structural complexity of the brain. Th...
Article
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Objectives: Low physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness are known risk factors for coronary artery disease, but how they affect the risk of undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery is not established. We explored how physical activity and estimated cardiorespiratory fitness affect the risk of coronary surgery and postoperative outcom...
Article
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Aims Iron deficiency (ID) is linked to reduced aerobic exercise capacity and poor prognosis in patients with heart failure (HF) with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF); however, data for HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is scarce. We assessed the relationship between iron status and diastolic dysfunction as well as aerobic exercise capaci...
Article
Background and aims Low cardiorespiratory fitness is a strong and independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Serum profiling of healthy individuals with large differences in cardiorespiratory fitness may therefore reveal early biomarkers of CVD development. Thus, we aimed to identify circulating lipoprotein subfractions differentiall...
Article
Full-text available
We investigated if a five-year supervised exercise intervention with moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) or high-intensity interval training (HIIT) versus control; physical activity according to national guidelines, attenuated the growth of white matter hyperintensities (WMH). We hypothesized that supervised exercise, in particular HIIT,...
Article
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia and there is currently no cure. Novel approaches to treat AD and curb the rapidly increasing worldwide prevalence and costs of dementia are needed. Physical inactivity is a significant modifiable risk factor for AD, estimated to contribute to 12.7% of AD cases worldwide. Exercise interve...
Article
Skeletal muscle displays remarkable plasticity upon exercise and is also one of the organs most affected by aging. Despite robust evidence that aging is associated with loss of fast-twitch (type II) muscle fibers, the underlying mechanisms remain to be elucidated. Here, we identified an exercise-induced long noncoding RNA, CYTOR, whose exercise res...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Low cardiorespiratory fitness (V̇O2peak) is highly associated with chronic disease and mortality from all causes. Whilst exercise training is recommended in health guidelines to improve V̇O2peak, there is considerable inter-individual variability in the V̇O2peak response to the same dose of exercise. Understanding how genetic factors c...
Article
Objective To prospectively investigate the association between personal activity intelligence (PAI) — a novel metabolic metric which translates heart rate during physical activity into a simple weekly score — and mortality in relatively healthy participants in China whose levels and patterns of physical activity in addition to other lifestyle facto...
Article
Full-text available
Aims: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of 5 years of supervised exercise training (ExComb), and the differential effects of subgroups of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) and moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT), with control on the cardiovascular risk profile in older adults. Methods and results: Older adults aged 7...
Article
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Background: Aerobic exercise is proposed to attenuate cognitive decline in aging. We investigated the effect of different aerobic exercise interventions and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) upon cognition throughout a 5-year exercise intervention in older adults. Methods: 106 older adults (52 women, age 70-77 years) were randomized into high-intensi...
Conference Paper
Background Exercise training improves peak oxygen uptake (VO2) in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), but the underlying mechanisms are unknown. In other cardiovascular diseases, exercise training improves vascular function and increases levels of circulating endothelium-repairing cells. We aimed to investigate the effects of mo...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To examine whether 5 years of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) increases high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) concentration more than moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) and control (CON) in older men and women. Methods: A total of 1567 older adults (790 [50.4%] women) were randomized (2:1:1) to either CON (n=...
Article
Aims: In patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), exercise training improves the quality of life and aerobic capacity (peakV·O2). Up to 55% of HF patients, however, show no increase in peakV·O2 despite adequate training. We hypothesized that circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) can distinguish exercise low responders (LR) fr...
Article
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Purpose: The aim was to examine the effect of a 5-year exercise intervention at different intensities on brain structure in older adults from the general population partaking in the randomized controlled trial Generation 100 Study. Participants and methods: Generation 100 Study participants were invited to a longitudinal neuroimaging study befor...
Article
Exercise training is generally beneficial for cardiovascular health, improving stroke volume, cardiac output, and aerobic capacity. Despite these benefits, some evidence indicates that endurance training may increase the risk of atrial fibrillation (AF), particularly in highly trained individuals. Among multiple mechanisms, autonomic tone changes a...
Article
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Background Personal Activity Intelligence (PAI) is a new metric for physical activity tracking, and is associated with reduced risk of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. We prospectively investigated whether PAI is associated with lower body weight gain in a healthy population. Methods We included 85,243 participants (40,037 men and 45,206 wo...
Article
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Objective: Investigate variability related to image acquisition and reading process for echocardiographic measures of left ventricular (LV) diastolic function, and its influence on classification of LV diastolic dysfunction (LVDD). Methods: Forty participants (19 women) mean age 62 (28-88) years underwent echocardiographic examinations twice by...
Article
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Background: Skeletal muscle (SM) alterations contribute to exercise intolerance in heart failure patients with preserved (HFpEF) or reduced (HFrEF) left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). Protein degradation via the ubiquitin-proteasome-system (UPS), nuclear apoptosis, and reduced mitochondrial energy supply is associated with SM weakness in HFr...
Article
Purpose: High-intensity interval training (HIIT) appears to be safe and effective in cardiovascular diseases. However, there is a paucity of data on the effect of HIIT for patients with acute pulmonary embolism (PE). The present randomized controlled trial (RCT) therefore examined the efficiency and safety of HIIT in patients with acute PE. Metho...
Article
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Purpose: To investigate the association between blood volume, hemoglobin mass (Hbmass), and peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) in healthy older adults. Methods: Fifty fit or unfit participants from the prospective randomized Generation 100 Study (n = 1,566) were included (age- and sex-specific VO2peak above or below average values). Blood, plasma, and er...
Article
Full-text available
Physical exercise has profound effects on quality of life and susceptibility to chronic disease; however, the regulation of skeletal muscle function at the molecular level after exercise remains unclear. We tested the hypothesis that the benefits of exercise on muscle function are linked partly to microtraumatic events that result in accumulation o...
Article
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Background MicroRNA (miR)-210 expression is induced by acute and chronic hypoxia and provides prognostic information in patients with aortic stenosis and acute coronary syndrome. We hypothesized that circulating miR-210 concentrations could provide diagnostic and prognostic information in patients with acute heart failure (HF). Methods We measured...
Article
Full-text available
Aims Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is an increasingly prevalent disease. Physical exercise has been shown to alter disease progression in HFpEF. We examined cardiomyocyte Ca²⁺ homeostasis and left ventricular function in a metabolic HFpEF model in sedentary and trained rats following 8 weeks of moderate‐intensity continuous...
Article
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Objectives Investigate if low cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) was associated with and acted as a mediator of excess all-cause mortality rate in persons suffering from rheumatoid arthritis (RA) compared with the general population. Methods All-cause mortality was analysed using Cox regression modelling in patients with RA (n=348) and controls (n=60...
Article
Importance: Endurance exercise is effective in improving peak oxygen consumption (peak V̇o2) in patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). However, it remains unknown whether differing modes of exercise have different effects. Objective: To determine whether high-intensity interval training, moderate continuous trainin...
Article
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Primary aim: Compare change in estimated cardiorespiratory fitness (eCRF change) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients with population-based age- and sex-matched controls during ~ 11-year follow-up and identify variables associated with eCRF change. Secondary aim: Compare eCRF level in RA patients and controls. eCRF change from the second (HUNT2 19...
Article
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There is an incomplete understanding of the underlying pathophysiology in hypertensive emergencies, where severely elevated blood pressure causes acute end-organ injuries, as opposed to the long-term manifestations of chronic hypertension. Furthermore, current biomarkers are unable to detect early end-organ injuries like hypertensive encephalopathy...
Article
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Background Heart rate follows a diurnal variation and slow heart rhythms occur primarily at night. Objective The lower heart rate during sleep is assumed to be neural in origin but here we tested whether a day-night difference in intrinsic pacemaking is involved. Methods In vivo and in vitro ECG recordings, vagotomy, transgenics, quantitative pol...
Article
Background Personal activity intelligence (PAI) is a metric developed to simplify a physically active lifestyle for the participants. Regardless of following today's advice for physical activity, a PAI score ≥100 per week at baseline, an increase in PAI score, and a sustained high PAI score over time were found to delay premature cardiovascular dis...
Poster
Background Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is established as an important prognostic factor for future health, and specifically for cardiovascular disease. Few large studies have examined the longitudinal change in the gold-standard measure of CRF, namely peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak), in free-living populations. Purpose To assess the age-related c...
Article
Background: Moderate intensity continuous training (MICT) ameliorates dysmetabolism in patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS). The impact of low- (1HIIT) versus high-volume high-intensity interval training (4HIIT) versus MICT on central adiposity, insulin resistance, and atherogenic dyslipidemia in patients with MetS has not yet been reported. Me...
Article
Higher levels of physical activity (PA) and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) are associated with lower risk of incident cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, the relationship of aerobic PA and CRF with risk of atherosclerotic CVD outcomes and heart failure (HF) seem to be distinct. Furthermore, recent studies have raised concerns of potential toxic...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To evaluate the effect of five years of supervised exercise training compared with recommendations for physical activity on mortality in older adults (70-77 years). Design: Randomised controlled trial. Setting: General population of older adults in Trondheim, Norway. Participants: 1567 of 6966 individuals born between 1936 and 194...
Article
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Background: Large longitudinal studies on change in directly measured peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) is lacking, and its significance for change of cardiovascular risk factors is uncertain. We aimed to assess ten-year change in VO2peak and the influence of leisure-time physical activity (LTPA), and the association between change in VO2peak and chang...
Article
Aims: Endurance training improves aerobic fitness and cardiac function in individuals with heart failure. However, the underlying mechanisms are not well characterized. Exercise training could therefore act as a tool to discover novel targets for heart failure treatment. We aimed to associate changes in Ca2+ handling and electrophysiology with mic...
Article
The cardiac benefits of exercise have been recognized for centuries. Studies have undisputedly shown that regular exercise is beneficial for the cardiovascular system in young, old, healthy and diseased populations. For these reasons, physical activity has been recommended worldwide for cardiovascular disease prevention and treatment. Although the...
Article
Full-text available
Importance Personal activity intelligence (PAI) is a novel activity metric that can be integrated into self-assessment heart rate devices, and translates heart rate variations during exercise into a weekly score. Previous studies relating to PAI have been conducted in the same populations from Norway where the PAI metric has been derived, limiting...
Article
Maternal exercise during pregnancy results in metabolic benefits for offspring, but how mothers transfer these benefits to newborns has been a mystery. A new study now shows that a breast-milk component transmits the metabolic effects of exercise to offspring
Article
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Objective We tested the hypothesis that exercise training would attenuate metabolic impairment in a model of severe cancer cachexia and we explored the mechanisms underlying these effects. Methods and Results Exercise training improved running capacity, prolonged lifespan, reduced oxidative stress, and normalized muscle mass and contractile functi...
Article
The increasing number of older adults has seen a corresponding growth in those affected by neurovascular diseases, including stroke and dementia. Since cures are currently unavailable, major efforts in improving brain health need to focus on prevention, with emphasis on modifiable risk factors such as promoting physical activity. Moderate-intensity...
Article
Full-text available
In genetic association studies, detecting phenotype–genotype association is a primary goal. We assume that the relationship between the data—phenotype, genetic markers and environmental covariates—can be modeled by a generalized linear model. The number of markers is allowed to be far greater than the number of individuals of the study. A multivari...
Article
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Aims: Atrial fibrillation (AF) confers higher risk of mortality and morbidity, but the long-term impact of physical activity (PA) and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) on outcomes in AF patients is unknown. We, therefore, examined the prospective associations of PA and estimated CRF (eCRF) with all-cause mortality, cardiovascular disease (CVD) morta...
Article
Full-text available
Background Left atrial ( LA ) size and cardiorespiratory fitness ( CRF ) are predictors of future cardiovascular events in high‐risk populations. LA dilatation is a diagnostic criterion for left ventricular diastolic dysfunction. However, LA is dilated in endurance athletes with high CRF , but little is known about the association between CRF and L...
Article
Introduction: Low maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) is a strong and independent risk factor for all-cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality. For other CVD risk factors, numerous genetic association studies have been performed, revealing promising risk markers and new therapeutic targets. However, large genomic association studies on VO2max a...
Article
Purpose: Cardiopulmonary exercise testing of peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) is the gold standard to measure cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF). For resource-intensive evaluation, equations estimating CRF (eCRF) may be used. The purpose was to investigate if an eCRF equation from a healthy population is useful in persons with rheumatoid arthritis (RA),...
Article
Objective: To begin the process of developing global reference standards for adults from directly measured cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF). Methods: Percentiles of maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) for men and women were determined for each decade from 20 through 79 years of age using International data from the Fitness Registry and Importance...
Article
Background: Cardiorespiratory fitness is associated with risk of dementia, but whether temporal changes in cardiorespiratory fitness influence the risk of dementia incidence and mortality is still unknown. We aimed to study whether change in estimated cardiorespiratory fitness over time is associated with change in risk of incident dementia, demen...
Article
Introduction: Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX) is the gold-standard approach to assessing cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF). The current study puts forth reference standards for peak oxygen (O2) pulse from the "Fitness Registry and the Importance of Exercise: A National Data Base" (FRIEND) Registry. Methods: The current analysis included 13,...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Low maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) is a strong and independent risk factor for all-cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality. Although physical activity is a major determinant of VO2maxlevel, genetics contribution is estimated to be ∼50%. Methods We performed a genetic association study on 123.545 single-nucleotide polymorphisms...
Article
Background MicroRNA (miR)-210 is induced by cellular hypoxia and circulating miR-210 concentrations are associated with clinical outcome in patients with myocardial infarction and aortic stenosis. Whether circulating miR-210 concentrations provide diagnostic and prognostic information in unselected patients with dyspnea is not known. Purpose To as...
Article
A large body of evidence demonstrates positive, graded effects of PA on cardiovascular disease (CVD) morbidity and mortality with increasing intensity compared with lower PA intensity. Running is often designated as a high-intensity PA with substantial evidence supporting its health benefits. Cross-country skiing is among the most demanding aerobic...
Preprint
In the human, there is a circadian rhythm in the resting heart rate and it is higher during the day in preparation for physical activity. Conversely, slow heart rhythms (bradyarrhythmias) occur primarily at night. Although the lower heart rate at night is widely assumed to be neural in origin (the result of high vagal tone), the objective of the st...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: To investigate the association between estimated cardiorespiratory fitness (eCRF) and risk of atrial fibrillation (AF), and examine how long-term changes in eCRF affects the AF risk. Methods: This prospective cohort study includes data of 39 844 men and women from the HUNT2 (August 15, 1995 - June 18, 1997) and the HUNT3 study (October...