Ulrick Sidney Kanmounye

Ulrick Sidney Kanmounye
Geisinger Health System | GHS · Department of Neurosurgery

About

197
Publications
13,154
Reads
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278
Citations
Introduction
Ulrick Sidney is the founding President of the Association of Future African Neurosurgeons and '19-'20 Global Neurosurgery research associate at Harvard Medical School. His interests include neurosurgery and medical education.
Additional affiliations
September 2021 - present
Geisinger Health System
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Description
  • Cerebrovascular Neurosurgery Research
January 2021 - present
Operation Smile
Position
  • Fellow
January 2020 - January 2021
International Student Surgical Network
Position
  • Lead

Publications

Publications (197)
Article
Background Every year, there are an estimated 22.6 million new neurosurgical consultative cases worldwide, of which 13.8 million require surgery. In 2016, the global neurosurgical workforce was estimated and mapped as open-access information to guide neurosurgeons, affiliates, and policymakers. Here we present a subsequent investigation for mapping...
Article
Full-text available
Social network analysis of bibliometric data evaluates the relationships between the articles, authors, and themes of a research niche. The network can be visualized as maps composed of nodes and links. This study aimed to identify and evaluate the relationships between articles, authors, and keywords in global neurosurgery. The authors searched gl...
Article
Introduction World Neurosurgery (WN) is among the most influential peer-reviewed neurosurgery journals, and has had an explicitly global focus historically. The goal of the current study was to perform quantitative bibliographic and social network analyses to identify key contributors and trends influencing article citation patterns. Methods WN ar...
Article
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Introduction Although the past decade has seen a substantial increase in African neurosurgeons' academic productivity, productivity remains low compared to their colleagues from other regions. Aspiring neurosurgeons can contribute to the academic neurosurgery workforce by taking care of less technical and time-consuming research tasks. Fortunately,...
Article
Introduction: There is no comprehensive report of neurosurgery postgraduate education in Africa. This narrative review aimed to map out the landscape of neurosurgery training in Africa while highlighting similarities and differences in training. Methods: The authors searched the keywords “neurosurgery,” “education,” and “Africa” on PubMed and Goo...
Article
Background: Traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI) is a subset of neurotrauma, which is a significant contributor to global trauma mortality and morbidity in children. The management and outcomes of paediatric TSCI in low-and-middle income countries (LMICs) is unknown. We conducted a scoping review to characterise the methods of management and outcom...
Article
Introduction Although randomized interventional studies are the gold standard of clinical study designs, they are not always feasible or necessary. In such cases, observational studies can bring insights into critical questions while minimizing harm and cost. There are numerous observational study designs, each with strengths and demerits. Unfortun...
Article
Background The National Institute of Health (NIH) has developed a new metric, the Relative Citation Ratio (RCR), to assess the impact of research articles and compare academic productivity across different fields. Global surgery, obstetrics, trauma, and anesthesia (SOTA) are young and increasingly popular fields attracting researchers and funding....
Article
Background Sub-Saharan African (SSA) neuro-oncologists report high workloads and challenges in delivering evidence-based care; however, these reports contrast with modeled estimates of adult neuro-oncology disease burden in the region. This scoping review aimed to better understand the reasons for this discrepancy by mapping out the SSA adult brain...
Article
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Collaboration and successful teamworking are important components of clinical practise, and these skills should be cultivated early in medical school. The breadth of current medical school curricula means that students often have limited exposure to clinical neurosciences. Since its inception in 2009, the Neurology and Neurosurgery Interest Group (...
Article
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Background Traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI) accounts for a significant proportion of deaths and disability worldwide and this is largely concentrated in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Though rare, a subset of TSCIs occurs in children, which can lead to long-term comorbidities if not managed within the optimal time frame. However, the...
Article
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This commentary discusses an article by Broekhiuzen et al. which assesses policy options for scaling up the SURG-Africa surgical team mentoring program in Malawi to increase access to surgical care. In modeling these scenarios, the authors assess the cost of scaling up surgical teams mentoring and the impacts of scaling the program on District and...
Presentation
Introduction Low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) account for 70% of all global burns. Due to this significantly disproportionate burden, it’s critical we identify barriers to burn care and prevention in LMICs. As a result, this study aimed to elucidate trends in LMIC-related burn research to create focused strategies for burn care training, re...
Article
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Introduction The armed conflict in the Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of Congo has caused close to 12,000 deaths. One of the most lethal weapons in armed conflicts is the high explosive hand grenade. The study aimed to describe the epidemiology, presentation, and outcomes of hand grenade blast injuries (HGBI) in the Kivu province. Method...
Article
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Introduction Low- and middle-income countries bear the majority of neurosurgical disease burden and patients face significant barriers to seeking, reaching, and receiving care. We aimed to understand barriers to seeking care among adult Africans by evaluating the public perception, knowledge of availability, and readiness to use neurosurgical care...
Article
Introduction Predatory journals (PJs) publish research with little to no rigorous peer review in exchange for money. It is unclear what proportion of researchers are vulnerable to PJs and which factors are associated with vulnerability. In this study, the authors evaluate the vulnerability of African neurosurgery researchers to PJs and identify the...
Article
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Background Low-and middle-income countries (LMICs) are disproportionately affected by neurosurgical burden of disease. This health inequity causes constraints in decision-making. Neurosurgical ethics helps us to assess the moral acceptability and effectiveness of clinical decisions. We aimed to assess ethical neurosurgical care and its effect on pa...
Poster
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Visual abstract summarizing the findings of the paper: Identifying barriers and facilitators to the improvement of healthcare delivery and ethics in 2 Cameroonian neurosurgical centers. Patients vs provider perspectives obtained from Laquintinie Hospital (LH) and Douala General Hospital (DGH). Multiple challenges to neurosurgical ethical care were...
Article
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Background: The principles of global surgery should be taught as a part of the core curriculum in medical schools. The need for medical students to be familiar with the topic is increasing in acceptance. There is, however, a paucity of data on how medical students are exposed to global surgery. This study aims to evaluate exposure of medical stude...
Article
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Background: Over the last decade, many advancements have been made in the management of low-grade gliomas (LGGs). Overall survival outcomes are correlated with factors such as postoperative residual volumes and specific tumor biomolecular profiles such as IDH mutation status. It is unclear whether these advancements have benefited LGG patients in...
Article
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Cleft lip and palate (CLP) comprise over 90% of the world's congenital anomalies and cause significant disability worldwide, while disproportionally burdening low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Research can help inform strategies that reduce disparities in accessing CLP care. We performed a scientometric analysis of CLP research in LMICs to...
Article
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Introduction: Neurosurgical equipment donation from high-income countries (HICs) to low-and-middle income countries (LMICs) exists. However, there is currently no published literature on whether there is a need for neurosurgical equipment donations or how to design equipment donation programmes that meet the needs of LMIC neurosurgeons. The primar...
Article
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Introduction Firearm-related injuries are deadly but avoidable. The case of Kivu, a region in the Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), is alarming. Decades of unresolved regional conflicts birthed armed groups that have massacred inhabitants and injured several children. This regional instability has also created barriers to seeking and obta...
Article
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Introduction Despite recent advancements in the management of low-grade gliomas (LGGs), there is a paucity in the data within the African landscape. We aim to evaluate the epidemiology, management, and outcomes of LGGs in Africa. Methods Systematic searches of MEDLINE, Embase and African Journals Online were performed from database inception to Ja...
Article
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To the Editor: Ahmed Azzam and Sherief Ghozy raise several key considerations for the criteria to be used when creating an alternative pathway to board certification in neurosurgery for internationally trained surgeons.1,2 Such a pathway can help reduce the predicted severe shortage of neurosurgeons and the currently existing disparities in neurol...
Chapter
Functional neurosurgery focuses on surgical treatment of a variety of neurologic disorders, including epilepsy; movement disorders, such as essential tremor (ET), Parkinson’s diseases (PD), and dystonia; psychiatric diseases, such as obsessive-compulsive disorders (OCD) and depression; and pain. The field flourished after the introduction of the st...
Article
Introduction: Pediatric aneurysms are uncommon but potentially deadly clinical conditions with varied etiology and outcomes. In low-resource countries, numerous barriers prevent the timely diagnosis and management of pediatric aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). Thus, this study aimed to assess the mortality of pediatric aSAH stemming from...
Article
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Background The present meta-analysis aimed to synthesize evidence from all published studies with head-to-head data on the outcomes of a direct aspiration first pass technique (ADAPT) and the stent-retriever (SR) in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients. Methods We searched PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled...
Article
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Background: A significant proportion of the public rely on the internet for their health information, and social media has emerged as the principal information source. YouTube is the world's largest and most popular video library, and it has emerged as a primary health information source because it offers animated and interactive content. However,...
Poster
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Introduction: Tranexamic acid (TXA) is an antifibrinolytic agent that can help to treat and control bleeding. Recently, many studies have looked at the benefits of TXA as an effective medication in traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients. However, there is a current controversy and debate, not only regarding the benefits of TXA use for TBI but also i...
Poster
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Background: The present meta-analysis aimed to synthesize evidence from all published studies with head-to-head data on the outcomes of direct aspiration first pass technique (ADAPT) and the stent-retriever (SR) in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients. Methods: We searched PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Global surgery is a growing movement worldwide, but its expansion has not been quantified. Google Search is the most popular search engine worldwide, and Google Trends analyzes its queries to determine popularity trends. We used Google Trends to analyze the regional and temporal popularity of global surgery (GS). Furthermore, we compar...
Article
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Introduction The Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has been the battleground for multiple armed conflicts, resulting in many fatal and nonfatal firearm injuries (F&NFFIs). Chronic insecurity has stressed the health system’s resources and created barriers to seeking, reaching, and receiving timely care further increasing the F&NFFI burden....
Article
Introduction: Post craniotomy pain management with opioids is challenging due to their side effects, which might mask neurological deterioration symptoms. Recently, intravenous (IV) acetaminophen has been tested in this population. This meta-analysis aimed to synthesize evidence from published randomized controlled trials (RCTs) about the efficacy...
Research
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Background Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) remains a significant problem in certain regions of the world but receives little attention despite its enormous burden. This discrepancy could consequently lead to various misconceptions among the general public. This study evaluated misconceptions about TBI in five African countries. Methods Data for this c...
Article
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Implementing health-system strengthening policies remains a challenge in Africa. Past successes, predictable but unanticipated flaws, underutilization of health services, traditional medicine, global inequity and poor practice by local stakeholders are some of the reasons many African countries have made little progress towards attaining global hea...
Presentation
A health policy analysis to identify strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and challenges for global surgery, obstetrics, trauma, and anaesthesia in Cameroon. The authors perused health policies on the Cameroonian Ministry of Health Policy database to identify stakeholders, funders, programs, and political avenues with the aim to foster cross-speci...
Article
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Introduction: Most cases of paroxysmal sympathetic hyperactivity (PSH) result from traumatic brain injury (TBI). Little is known about its pathophysiology and treatment, and several neuroprotective drugs are used including beta-blockers. The aim of our study is to collate existing evidence of the role of beta-blockers in the treatment of PSH. Met...
Article
Background: Despite the growing incidence of traumatic brain injury (TBI) in Sub-Saharan Africa, there is yet to be a study to map the current burden of the disease on the continent. This scoping review aims to outline the literature on TBI. Methods: This scoping review was conducted in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systemati...
Article
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The authors reply to the commentary titled “Research Equity in Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery (OHNS).” They identify stakeholders and influential themes in global OHNS. Their findings support Patterson et al.’s experience and will help inform the implementation of the global OHNS research equity framework.
Article
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Khalafallah et al. compared academic careers of US MD/DO graduates and international medical graduate (IMG) neurosurgeons trained in the US and identified factors predictive of academic success.1 They found that IMGs are more likely to complete pre-residency postdoctoral research fellowships (PPRFs) (OR= 9.19; P<0.0001) and pursue academic neurosur...
Article
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Introduction Social media (SoMe) is a powerful tool in the armamentarium of the modern-day physician. It can help advance education, research, and advocacy in neurosurgery. The African continent with a considerable burden of neurosurgical disease lacks the necessary human resources to meet neurosurgical needs. There is a lack of comprehensive analy...
Article
Introduction Global neurosurgery operates at the intersection of neurosurgery and public health. Although most global neurosurgery initiatives have targeted neurosurgeons and trainees, medical students represent the future of global neurosurgery. Methods A narrative review of the literature regarding research methodology, education, economics, hea...
Article
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common and aggressive primary adult brain neoplasm with an age-adjusted incidence rate of 3.22 per 100 000 individuals and a 5-yr survival rate of 6.8%.1 In 2005, Stupp and colleagues proposed maximal safe resection, concomitant temozolomide (TMZ) with radiotherapy, and adjuvant TMZ as the optimal treatment...
Article
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Background Before the COVID-19 pandemic, access to otolaryngology and head-and-neck surgery was limited in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The pandemic has increased the burden on LMIC health systems by causing unanticipated expenses, delayed care, and changes in research activity. We aimed to assess the landscape of global ENT research d...
Article
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Introduction: Intracranial suppurations account for a significant proportion of intracranial masses in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), particularly among children. The development of better imaging equipment, antibiotics, and surgical techniques has enabled significant progress in detecting and treating intracranial abscesses. However, it...
Article
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Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has caused a surge in research activity while restricting data collection methods, leading to a rise in survey-based studies. Anecdotal evidence suggests this increase in neurosurgical survey dissemination has led to a phenomenon of survey fatigue, characterized by decreased response rates and reducing the quality...
Presentation
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An overview of neurosurgical education in Africa: challenges, solutions, and opportunities
Article
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Background: Barriers to care cause delays in seeking, reaching, and getting care. These delays affect low-and middle-income countries (LMICs), where 9 out of 10 LMIC inhabitants have no access to basic surgical care. Knowledge of healthcare utilization behavior within underserved communities is useful when developing and implementing health pol...
Article
Full-text available
Background Africa has a large burden of spine pathology but has limited and insufficient infrastructure to manage these spine disorders. Therefore, we conducted this e-survey to assess the prevalence and identify the determinants of the availability of spine surgery navigation techniques in Africa. Materials and methods A two-part questionnaire wa...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Glioblastoma multiforme is the most common and aggressive primary adult brain neoplasm. The current standard of care is maximal safe surgical resection, radiotherapy with concomitant temozolomide, followed by adjuvant temozolomide according to the Stupp protocol. Although the protocol is well adopted in high-income countries (HICs), lit...
Article
Full-text available
Five million neurosurgical cases go untreated each year. This is in part due to the lack of neurosurgical care providers. The 12 World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies has spearheaded efforts to monitor the number of neurosurgical providers 13 around the globe since 2016. In this perspective, we discuss why, when, and how the neurosurgical wor...