Ulrich Trautwein

Ulrich Trautwein
University of Tuebingen | EKU Tübingen · Hector Research Institute of Education Sciences and Psychology

Dr. phil.

About

461
Publications
253,198
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24,375
Citations
Citations since 2017
139 Research Items
14954 Citations
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201720182019202020212022202305001,0001,5002,0002,500
201720182019202020212022202305001,0001,5002,0002,500
Additional affiliations
October 2008 - present
University of Tuebingen
January 1999 - September 2008

Publications

Publications (461)
Chapter
Motivation science has advanced tremendously in the past decade. However, it is now clear that future progress is going to be stalled by the extent of disagreement among motivation scientists to some basic, yet controversial, questions. To help move motivation science toward greater coherence, the editors recruited prominent scholars to debate thei...
Chapter
Motivation science has advanced tremendously in the past decade. However, it is now clear that future progress is going to be stalled by the extent of disagreement among motivation scientists to some basic, yet controversial, questions. To help move motivation science toward greater coherence, the editors recruited prominent scholars to debate thei...
Article
Motivation science has advanced tremendously in the past decade. However, it is now clear that future progress is going to be stalled by the extent of disagreement among motivation scientists to some basic, yet controversial, questions. To help move motivation science toward greater coherence, the editors recruited prominent scholars to debate thei...
Article
Objective: Although intelligence and personality traits have long been recognized as key predictors of students' academic achievement, little is known about their longitudinal and reciprocal associations. Here, we charted the developmental interplay of intelligence, personality (Big Five) and academic achievement in 3,880 German secondary school s...
Preprint
Full-text available
Early ability tracking increases inequalities in education. It has been proposed that negative school track-related stereotypes contribute to educational inequalities as they particularly hinder the thriving of students in lower, stigmatized tracks. The present study tested this assumption in a sample of 3,880 German secondary school students from...
Article
Full-text available
Prior research has shown that brief motivation interventions, such as interventions targeting students’ perceptions concerning relevance of the learning material, can have long-lasting effects on students’ motivation and performance. However, the educational contexts in which these interventions have been implemented have their own motivational aff...
Article
According to the internal/external frame of reference (I/E) model (Marsh, 1986), individuals’ academic self-concept is strongly influenced by comparing their achievement in one domain with their achievement in other domains and with the achievement of others. Research has typically found contrast effects such that high-achieving others have a negat...
Article
Cognitive ability is the most powerful predictor of academic achievement. However, increasing attention is being paid to the role of personality traits in students’ academic achievement. Results indicate incremental effects beyond cognitive ability, especially for conscientiousness. Investigating the interplay of conscientiousness and cognitive abi...
Article
Full-text available
Student ratings have become a standard way to assess teaching quality. However, little is known about whether using a we/us-addressee (“The teacher motivates us”) or an I/me-addressee (“The teacher motivates me”) makes a difference for the information that is obtained. In this study, we experimentally varied the addressee in teaching-quality items...
Raw Data
Die Untersuchung Aspekte der Lernausgangslage und der Lernentwicklung (LAU) ist eine Längsschnittstudie, die nahezu alle Hamburger Schüler*innen der fünften Klassen im Jahre 1996 bis zum Schulabschluss im Jahr 2005, jeweils im Abstand von zwei Schuljahren, erfasst hat. Getestet wurde die Lernausgangslage sowie die Lernentwicklung innerhalb der Schu...
Article
Full-text available
The present study was designed to test the CONscientiousness × Interest Compensation (CONIC) model in a longitudinal setting (four time points; N = 3,880 students). For this purpose, we first examined the power of conscientiousness (measured with student and parent reports) and interest in predicting perceived academic effort in three school subjec...
Article
Full-text available
Why does conscientiousness matter for education? How is conscientiousness conceptualized in the field of research on education? How do socio-emotional (SE) skills relate to conscientiousness? In an effort to help answer these questions, we review the current research on conscientiousness in education. Specifically, we examine (1) how conscientiousn...
Article
Full-text available
All around the world, there are numerous academic competitions (e.g., “Academic Olympiads”) and corresponding training courses to foster students’ competences and motivation. But do students’ competences and motivation really benefit from such courses? We developed and evaluated a course that was designed to prepare third and fourth graders to part...
Chapter
Randomisierte kontrollierte Feldstudien dienen der Überprüfung der Wirksamkeit von pädagogischen Interventionen in realen Lernkontexten und werden in der Bildungsforschung oftmals als „Goldstandard“ bezeichnet. In diesem Kapitel werden Designmerkmale und Qualitätskriterien vorgestellt, die wesentlich zur Aussagekraft solcher Studien beitragen, und...
Article
Full-text available
Zusammenfassung Die Motivationsforschung zeigt konsistent eine Abnahme der Motivation mit zunehmendem Alter sowie Geschlechterunterschiede in der Motivation für verschiedene Schulfächer. Weniger erforscht wurde bislang, wie solche Unterschiede mit der besuchten Schulform zusammenhängen. In dieser Studie wurde daher Heterogenität in Fähigkeitsselbst...
Preprint
Although intelligence and personality traits have long been recognized as key predictors of students’ academic achievement, little is known about their longitudinal and reciprocal associations. Here, we charted the developmental interplay of intelligence, personality (Big Five) and academic achievement in 3,880 German secondary school students, who...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding the main factors contributing to individual differences in fluid intelligence is one of the main challenges of psychology. A vast body of research has evolved from the theoretical framework put forward by Cattell, who developed the Culture-Fair IQ Test (CFT 20-R) to assess fluid intelligence. In this work, we extend and complement the...
Article
Immersive virtual reality (IVR) provides great potential to experimentally investigate effects of peers on student learning in class and to strategically deploy virtual peer learners to improve learning. The present study examined how three social-related classroom configurations (i.e., students' position in the classroom, visualization style of vi...
Research
Pre-registration: The Interact4School project investigates individualized learning as a component of institutionalized schooling through the use of an intelligent tutoring system for second language learning (namely, the online workbook FeedBook) in a multisite, cluster-randomized controlled field trial. The project systematically addresses the eff...
Article
The school environment is one key developmental context that is assumed to shape individual characteristics during adolescence. However, little is known about which school experiences are central to personality change or whether school experiences and personality co-shape each other over time. We address this gap by examining the longitudinal inter...
Chapter
Dem Geschichtsunterricht kommt insbesondere wegen der zahlreichen Orientierungsmöglichkeiten durch historisches Denken für die Teilhabe an der Gesellschaft und damit für die Umsetzung inklusiver Bildung eine große Bedeutung zu. Frühere Untersuchungen haben gezeigt, dass Lehrkräfte für eine wirksame und individuelle Unterstützung aller Lernenden ent...
Article
Full-text available
The goal of this research was to explore the relationships between four parenting dimensions (academic involvement, structure, cultural stimulation, and goals) and child personality development. Many theories, such as social learning, attachment theory, and the psychological resources principle assume that parenting practices influence child person...
Article
Student engagement is a key component of learning and teaching, resulting in a plethora of automated methods to measure it. Whereas most of the literature explores student engagement analysis using computer-based learning often in the lab, we focus on using classroom instruction in authentic learning environments. We collected audiovisual recording...
Article
In their situated expectancy-value theory, Eccles and Wigfield (2020) assume students’ competence and value beliefs to be situation-specific and thereby to be “situative” in nature. Even though motivation research has gradually been developing an understanding of this situative nature, for instance, by disentangling time-consistent and fluctuating...
Article
Full-text available
Relevance interventions have shown a great potential to foster motivation and achievement (Lazowski & Hulleman, 2016). Yet, further research is warranted to test how such interventions can be successfully implemented in practice. We conducted a cluster-randomized trial in ninth-grade mathematics classrooms to test the effectiveness of a relevance i...
Article
Full-text available
A central goal of physical education (PE) is to empower students to be physically active in a health-enhancing way. Therefore, using a competence-based approach, the objective of the health- and fitness-related PE intervention ‘Promotion of physical activity-related health competence in PE’ (GEKOS) was to address practical and theoretical content r...
Article
Full-text available
Vocational interests predict major life outcomes such as job performance, college major choice, and life goals. It is therefore important to gain a better understanding of their development during the crucial years of late childhood and early adolescence, when trait-like interests are starting to develop. The present study investigated the developm...
Article
Full-text available
Zusammenfassung Dieser Beitrag beleuchtet das Verhältnis von Basisdimensionen der Unterrichtsqualität (Modell der drei Basisdimensionen sowie Syntheseframework) aus der allgemeinen Unterrichtsforschung und geschichtsdidaktischen Modellbildungen. Zu diesem Zweck arbeiten wir das Fehlen einer vertieften theoretischen und empirischen Auseinandersetzun...
Article
Full-text available
We present the TüEyeQ data set - to the best of our knowledge - the most comprehensive data set generated on a culture fair intelligence test (CFT 20-R), i.e., an IQ Test, consisting of 56 single tasks, taken by 315 individuals aged between 18 and 30 years. In addition to socio-demographic and educational information, the data set also includes the...
Preprint
We tested how detracking school reforms, which abolish ability grouping and introduce mixed-ability classrooms, affect students’ math motivation. To do so, we made use of data from two unique natural experiments (N Study 1 = 78,376, N Study 2 = 2,257) and compared student cohorts before and after detracking. In both studies, we found low achievers’...
Preprint
Full-text available
Public speaking and presentation competence plays an essential role in many areas of social interaction in our educational, professional, and everyday life. Since our intention during a speech can differ from what is actually understood by the audience, the ability to appropriately convey our message requires a complex set of skills. Presentation c...
Preprint
Educational psychological research on the big fish little pond effect (BFLPE) suggests that selective learning environments, such as classrooms composed of high-achieving students, harm students’ academic self-concept due to social comparison processes. On the other side, the sociological neighborhood effects literature emphasizes the beneficial ef...
Preprint
Equally able students have lower academic self-concept in high achieving schools or classes, a phenomenon known as the big fish little pond effect (BFLPE). The class (more so than the school) has been shown to be the pivotal frame-of-reference for academic self-concept formation—a local dominance effect. However, many school systems worldwide emplo...
Preprint
Understanding the main factors contributing to individual differences in fluid intelligence is one of the main challenges of psychology. A vast body of research and numerous empirical findings are based on the framework of the Cultural-Fair IQ test 20-R (CFT 20-R). In this work, we extend and complement the current state of research by analysing th...
Preprint
In den vergangenen Jahren wurden zahlreiche Motivationsinterventionen entwickelt und auf ihre Wirksamkeit in der Förderung der Schülerinnen- und Schülermotivation überprüft. Dabei ist eine offene Frage, ob eine Motivationsintervention in Abhängigkeit motivationaler Unterrichtspraktiken im Regelunterricht in jeder Klasse gleichermaßen wirksam ist. D...
Article
Full-text available
Teachers must be able to monitor students’ behavior and identify valid cues in order to draw conclusions about students’ actual engagement in learning activities. Teacher training can support (inexperienced) teachers in developing these skills by using videotaped teaching to highlight which indicators should be considered. However, this supposes th...
Article
Full-text available
The main purpose of this cluster randomised controlled trial was to investigate the effects of a physical education (PE) intervention programme combining theoretical and practical components on students' knowledge, skills, abilities and motivation related to competence for a healthy active lifestyle. The intervention used learning tasks to combine...
Preprint
Equally able students have lower academic self-concepts in high-achieving classes—a phenomenon known as the big fish little pond effect (BFLPE). School grades have been speculated to contribute to the BFLPE as they provide relative class ranking information and increase competition. However, empirical evidence for this assumption is not conclusive...
Article
Full-text available
In an increasingly globalized and culturally diverse world, extended stays abroad during high school are considered important opportunities for acquiring and improving a variety of skills, most importantly, language achievement. This study examines both predictors and effects of studying abroad in an English-speaking country during high school, usi...
Preprint
Student engagement is a key construct for learning and teaching. While most of the literature explored the student engagement analysis on computer-based settings, this paper extends that focus to classroom instruction. To best examine student visual engagement in the classroom, we conducted a study utilizing the audiovisual recordings of classes at...
Article
Equally able students have a lower academic self-concept in high-achieving classrooms, the big fish little pond effect (BFLPE). Grading on a curve—providing the best grades to the best students in the class and the worst grades to the worst students—has been speculated to contribute to the BFLPE. However, empirical evidence for this assumption is n...
Article
Full-text available
Many students suffer from motivational problems when doing homework. To investigate whether an intervention that effectively promoted value beliefs in mathematics promoted students’ homework motivation and behavior, we analyzed data from a cluster randomized controlled study with two classroom-based relevance interventions (writing a text or evalua...
Chapter
In den vergangenen Jahren wurden zahlreiche Motivationsinterventionen entwickelt und auf ihre Wirksamkeit in der Förderung der Schülerinnen- und Schülermotivation überprüft. Dabei ist eine offene Frage, ob eine Motivationsintervention in Abhängigkeit motivationaler Unterrichtspraktiken im Regelunterricht in jeder Klasse gleichermaßen wirksam ist. D...
Preprint
The question of how field of study at university predicts later earnings is of great theoretical and practical relevance. However, when investigating the role of field of study for earnings, researchers often rely on descriptive data with only a few control variables. The present study went beyond such estimates by investigating how field of study...
Article
Full-text available
Vocational interests shape major life decisions and predict major life outcomes. Therefore, it is important to understand how vocational interests develop in young adulthood, a time when young people begin to make their own life decisions. In the present study, we investigated stability and change in vocational interests across a time span of 10 ye...
Preprint
In their situated expectancy-value theory, Eccles et al. (2020) assume students’ competence and value beliefs to be situation-specific and thereby to be “situative” in nature. Even though motivation research has gradually been developing an understanding of this situative nature, for instance, by disentangling time-consistent and fluctuating propor...
Article
Teachers can transmit their class-related values to their students and thus affect their students’ academic development in regular classes. This so-called value transmission has mostly been examined with respect to emotional contagion, that is, the transmission of rather affective values (e.g., enjoyment) from teachers to their students through tea...
Preprint
The multidimensional, hierarchical model of self-concept by Shavelson, Hubner, and Stanton (1976) is a cornerstone of modern self-concept research. Given the comprehensive research interest in it, it is surprising that one core aspect of this model has yet to be clarified: What is the best way to operationalize the elusive construct of global self-...
Preprint
Students’ academic achievement is a key predictor of various life outcomes. The two most prominent measures of academic achievement are grades and standardized test scores. Both measures are commonly used during selection processes as well as for educational monitoring and accountability. Research has suggested that grades and test scores are stron...
Article
States and traits are important concepts in psychological research. They can be operationalized (a) by using measures that employ different time frames and (b) by applying statistical models that decompose the variance. However, the effects of using variations in states and traits by applying measurement and modeling approaches have yet to be merge...
Article
Full-text available
Why do some students benefit from interventions and others do not? By investigating the antecedents and effects of students’ responsiveness to a classroom-based motivation intervention, the current study aims to shed light on the intervention processes that make educational interventions in real-life settings work. Using data from a cluster-randomi...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Educational track choices have far-reaching consequences because they are associated with long-term life success. Theoretical approaches and previous empirical research have nearly exclusively identified family background and achievement as determinants of these choices. Although students' educational track choices might fit their perso...
Preprint
Relevance interventions have shown a great potential to foster motivation and achievement (Lazowski & Hulleman, 2016). Yet, further research is warranted to test how such interventions can be successfully implemented in practice. We conducted a cluster-randomized trial in ninth-grade mathematics classrooms to test the effectiveness of a relevance i...
Conference Paper
This paper addresses the problem of understanding joint attention in third-person social scene videos. Joint attention is the shared gaze behaviour of two or more individuals on an object or an area of interest and has a wide range of applications such as human-computer interaction, educational assessment, treatment of patients with attention disor...
Article
Full-text available
The supply of STEM graduates is an issue in many countries—raising the question of why more students do not choose STEM careers. We aimed to address this question by drawing on two of the most prominent theories on career choices: Eccles et al. (1983) expectancy-value theory (EVT) and Holland (1997) theory of vocational interests. In a large longit...
Article
Full-text available
Zusammenfassung Erfolgreiche Interventionen sind sowohl wirksam als auch implementierbar. Um dies zu erreichen werden idealtypisch mehrere aufeinander aufbauende Phasen der Interventionsentwicklung und -überprüfung durchlaufen. Die damit einhergehenden Standards können jedoch oft nicht uneingeschränkt eingehalten werden, wenn Studien unter Praxisbe...
Preprint
Full-text available
Understanding students' and teachers' verbal and non-verbal behaviours during instruction may help infer valuable information regarding the quality of teaching. In education research, there have been many studies that aim to measure students' attentional focus on learning-related tasks: Based on audio-visual recordings and manual or automated ratin...
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper addresses the problem of understanding joint attention in third-person social scene videos. Joint attention is the shared gaze behaviour of two or more individuals on an object or an area of interest and has a wide range of applications such as human-computer interaction, educational assessment, treatment of patients with attention disor...
Preprint
Teachers can transmit their class-related values to their students and thus affect their students’ academic development in regular classes. This so-called value transmission has mostly been examined with respect to emotional contagion, that is, the transmission of rather affective values (e.g., enjoyment) from teachers to their students through tea...
Article
Full-text available
The present study investigated to what degree teachers’ personality traits, cognitive abilities, and academic abilities (high school GPA), which were assessed at the end of high school as well as grades from the first and second state examinations of teacher education, predict later instructional quality. The study combined ratings of instructional...
Article
Fairness can be affected by personality traits, situational factors, and person-situation interactions. Based on studies with adult samples, the present study investigated elementary school children’s (N = 164) social behavior in versions of the Dictator and the Ultimatum Game with actual incentives. Importantly, the Ultimatum, but not the Dictator...
Article
Previous research provides evidence that ratings from students and external observ-ers can deliver reliable and valid measures of teaching quality. However, there is still a lack of research on how stable these measures are across time and classes, which is particularly important when they are used for evaluations. We addressed this issue in 3 diff...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Coding as a practical skill and computational thinking (CT) as a cognitive ability have become an important topic in education and research. It has been suggested that CT, as an early predictor of academic success, should be introduced and fostered early in education. However, there is no consensus on the underlying cognitive correlates of CT in yo...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Academic self-concept, motivational beliefs, and attitudes towards a school subject are relevant for learning and educational achievement. A positive self-concept in science and mathematics is argued to motivate students to persist and advance in studying these subjects. In particular, self-concept, motivational beliefs, and attitudes towards STEM...
Article
The present study illustrates the utility of applying multilevel mixture models in educational research, using data on the homework behavior of 1,812 Swiss eighth-grade students in French as a second language. A previous person-centered study identified 5 homework learning types characterized by different patterns of high or low homework time and e...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Further developing students' thinking about knowledge and knowing in science (epistemic beliefs) is considered a normative goal of science education in many countries around the world, even for elementary-school-aged children. Aims: The goal of the present study was to introduce and evaluate a new intervention in science education ai...