Ulrich Schmutz

Ulrich Schmutz
Coventry University | CU · Centre for Agroecology, Water and Resilience

PhD

About

82
Publications
75,498
Reads
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1,413
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2013 - present
Coventry University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
January 2006 - December 2008
Free University of Bozen-Bolzano
Position
  • Professor
January 2003 - December 2014
Garden Organic (working name of Henry Doubleday Research Association)
Position
  • Economist

Publications

Publications (82)
Book
Full-text available
Abstract and Conclusions Categorising existing tools and searching for new insights. This handbook mainly reports on the first-hand experience the authors and members of the COST action have with sustainability assessment tools. This booklet is not a comprehensive review of all tools available and there are further tools which could not be covere...
Book
Full-text available
KEY RESULTS The application of ecological footprint tools such as the Metropolitan Foodscape Planner demonstrates that the land available around large cities such as London, Berlin, Rotterdam, Milan or Ljubljana offers sufficient productive land for feeding the respective urban populations (with the food that can be grown in their biogeographic zon...
Article
Ecology Letters (2010) 13: 858–869 There is increasing recognition that ecosystems and their services need to be managed in the face of environmental change. However, there is little consensus as to the optimum scale for management. This is particularly acute in the agricultural environment given the level of public investment in agri-environment s...
Book
Full-text available
The aim of this handbook of experimental guidelines is to help conduct experiments for organic horticulture in greenhouses throughout Europe. It considers vegetables, fruit and ornamental production. Using standardised research procedures for experiments will aid a comparison of results and dissemination of knowledge. The editors have tried to inco...
Article
Full-text available
The efficacy of soil conditioner (vermicompost tea), fertiliser (potassium silicate), and biological control agents (BCAs) as practical agroecological copper alternatives against olive leaf spot (Spilocaea oleaginea (Cast.) Hughe.) disease was investigated between 2018 and 2021 under organic management in a Mediterranean climate. In total, 9 agroec...
Article
Full-text available
Recent literature demonstrates the contribution of short food supply chains (SFSC) to regional economies and sustainable food systems, and acknowledges their role as drivers for sustainable development. Moreover, different types of SFSC have been supported by urban food policies (UFP) over the few last years and actors from the food chain became pa...
Article
Kir, A., Løes, A.K., Cetinel, B., Turan, H.S., Aydogdu, E., Pecenka, R., Dittrich, C., Cáceres, R., Lennartsson Turner, M., Rayns, F., Conroy, J. and Schmutz, U. (2021). Testing peat-free growing media based on olive wood residues for olive saplings. Acta Hortic. 1317, 23-32 DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2021.1317.4 https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2...
Article
Full-text available
Peat is a highly contentious input in agriculture. Replacing or reducing peat by substitution with lignocellulosic biomass processed into fibre by twin-screw-extrusion could contribute to more sustainable agriculture with regard to horticultural production. Therefore, plant wastes including pruning from Olea europaea L. and Vitis spp. L., residues...
Article
Full-text available
Circular Economy (CE) and nexus thinking are increasingly considered as promising solutions for resource sustainability. While CE aims to design out waste through reducing, reusing, recycling and recovery of materials, the Nexus approach is interested to minimise waste and inefficiencies by focusing on the interlinkages between resources. Both conc...
Article
This paper explores how dairy farmers attempt to navigate prescribed principles and fixed practices of environmental care in the context of Nitrate Vulnerable Zones (NVZ) and the EU Water Framework Directive. In contrast to agri-environmental schemes, farm-level compliance with NVZ regulations often involves substantial investment costs for the far...
Article
Full-text available
The use of several plant protection inputs of mineral origin, such as copper, sulphur or mineral oils is seen as contentious by many consumers and stakeholders within the organic sector. Although the use of these inputs is legal in organic systems and also applied in non-organic agriculture, their use by organic growers raises questions for organic...
Article
Full-text available
Numerous tree planting initiatives have been launched worldwide, based on the idea that carbon capture by trees can help to limit global warming. A recent study estimated the additional tree canopy cover that could be established given the growing conditions in every square kilometre of land on earth that is not already forested, urbanised, or used...
Article
Although the organic production concept is characterised by an efficient and environmentally sound production that is based on a few off-farm inputs as well as recycling organically grown products. Organic products are often perceived as safer and more promotive to consumers’ health as compared to products from conventional or integrated production...
Article
Full-text available
The debate on urban resilience and metabolism has directed increasing attention to the ecological footprint of food consumption, self-sufficiency as a means of food security, and regionalisation of food systems for shortening supply chains. Recently, metropolitan regions have proposed food policies that aim to foster local food systems connected to...
Article
Urban gardening is not a new phenomenon but it has received considerably more practical and academic interest in recent years. Studies on economic aspects such as crop yields, inputs and outputs of production, productivity, gross margins and the contribution to home economics are rare, especially in Europe. While urban gardening plays an important...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The report presents the findings of the EIP-AGRI Focus Group (FG) on 'Agroforestry: Integrating woody crops into specialised crop and livestock systems'. Agroforestry, here defined as the practice of integrating woody vegetation with crops and/or livestock systems, is a historical approach to farming that is being re-discovered. Agroforestry practi...
Article
Greater London has a vibrant food scene comprising of many different types of urban and peri-urban ‘short food supply chains’ (SFSCs). This paper reports on exploratory research, which used examples of SFSCs from London to build a more detailed understanding of different types of urban SFSC and their relative performance compared to each other. To...
Article
Full-text available
Urban Agriculture (UA) sounds similar to Urban Agroecology (UA+), but they may have little in common. Urban agriculture is like agriculture in general. It is a broad term including subsistence agriculture, organic agriculture, industrial agriculture and factory farming. Urban agriculture can also include subsistence farming in a city, urban allotme...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The aim of this work was to produce data that captures farmer and regulator opinions on both the current and potential future social, environmental and economic cost and opportunity of Nitrate Vulnerable Zones (NVZs) within Wales. The research findings reported here provide an independent evidence base to support future policy development. Notably,...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Nod y gwaith hwn oedd cynhyrchu data sy'n cyfleu ffermwr a'r rheoleiddiwr barn am y dyfodol cyfredol a phosibl chost cymdeithasol, amgylcheddol ac economaidd a chyfle Parthau Perygl Nitradau (NVZs) yng Nghymru. Mae canfyddiadau ymchwil a adroddir yma yn darparu sail tystiolaeth annibynnol i gefnogi datblygiad polisi yn y dyfodol. Yn nodedig, mae hy...
Article
Full-text available
Vegetarian and vegan diets have seen an increased interest in recent years all across the world. This is the case for ‘vegans’ who aim for 100% vegan food, but also for so-called ‘flexitarians’, meat and fish eaters including one or more vegan and vegetarian days in their weekly diets. This paper focuses specifically on vegan organic horticulture p...
Article
Full-text available
Wastewater from domestic developments, farms and agro-industrial processing can be sources of pollution in the environment; current wastewater management methods are usually machine-based, and thus energy consuming. When Permaculture Principles are used in the creation of water purification and harvesting systems, there can be multiple environmental...
Article
Full-text available
In the wider debate on urban resilience and metabolism, food-related aspects have gained increasing importance. At the same time, urban agro-food systems in city regions are facing major challenges with regard to often limited domestic supplies, resource-intensive producer-consumer relationships, and the competition for low-price products via globa...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Growing Health is a national project run by Garden Organic and Sustain to see how community food growing can be routinely used by the health and social care services as a way of promoting health and wellbeing. Why grow food for health? The health, wellbeing and social benefits of gardening, horticulture therapy and food growing are becoming better...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The project was managed by the Federation of City Farms and Community Gardens for the Groundwork-led Communities Living Sustainably (CLS) Partnership and funded by the Big Lottery Fund. The expertise and experience of CLS organisations, leading academics and a variety of other community growing groups was essential and gratefully received (but too...
Book
Full-text available
FOODMETRES has combined quantitative and qualitative methods and engaged with a variety of actors in metropolitan regions including food producers, civic food organisations, and government bodies. FOODMETRES defines metropolitan regions in the context of the land use impacts of cities on their surrounding areas. It hence considers phenomena such as...
Presentation
Full-text available
Initial sustainability assessment using SAFA, Sustainability Assessment for Food and Agriculture Systems by FAO on a certified biodynamic farm in conversion applying permaculture principles to increase sustainability
Technical Report
Full-text available
Objectives of the workshop 1. The workshop was organised by the Foodmetres project (www.foodmetres-kp.eu). The idea was to provide a “thought space” for building a better understanding of the potential and opportunities – as well as the barriers – to developing London’s Metropolitan Agro-Food System. 2. The workshop was aimed at a range of people i...
Article
Full-text available
FOODMETRES aims to describe, analyse and facilitate the development of short food supply chain (SFSC) innovations in metropolitan regions, including their rural, urban and periurban areas. The research carried out in this project covers questions of food production, processing and logistics; its focus is sustainable and resource-efficient soluti...
Article
Full-text available
Food chains considered to be sustainable are chains that produce food closer to the city, reduce the number of steps in the chain and use natural resources more efficiently. In the FOODMETRES project (see previous article), case studies were undertaken for six metropolitan regions – London, Rotterdam, Berlin, Milan, Ljubljana, and Nairobi – to show...
Article
Full-text available
The paper gives a brief overview of current urban greenhouse production and discusses its future potential in a world dominated by urbanisation and competition for growing spaces. It highlights production techniques used in different climates, and then studies the legal framework in selected countries. It describes different forms of regulation lik...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Growing health: Integration of food growing into the National Health Service. Session 53 - Innovative practice: 53.4 College of occupational therapists annual conference, 3-5th June 2014. Facilitated poster discussion presentation. Abstract published in proceedings.
Research
Full-text available
This poster outlines the early work of Growing Health for an Occupational Therapy audience
Book
Full-text available
This study reviews the extensive scientific literature that exists, examining the benefits of gardening and community food growing for both physical and mental health. The study presents a compelling case for action by health professionals and the NHS; local authority planners and Government planning policy specialists; and by communities themselve...
Article
Full-text available
The paper gives a brief overview of current urban greenhouse production and discusses its future potential in a world dominated by urbanisation and competition for growing spaces. It highlights production techniques used in different climates, and then studies the legal framework in selected countries. It describes different forms of regulation lik...
Book
Full-text available
The findings reported here, from an extensive Coventry University study, show the impact the scheme has on people involved for 12 months and, importantly, the continued impact for people involved for up to 36 months. The Master Gardener programme is important for another reason. This is not one of those projects which are parachuted in onto unsuspe...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The Social Return on Investment (SROI) method. This short technical report explains the methods and give a calculation example. It attempts to answer the following four questions: How does it work? What are the benefits? What is a social return? Why measure social returns in money?
Book
Full-text available
The challenge of feeding the world’s growing population without further damaging the natural resource base is becoming increasingly urgent, and must be met in ways that also allow adaptation to and mitigation of climate change. Agriculture provides not only food, but also fuel, fibre and a wide range of ecosystem services. This paper discusses the...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The present study aims at describing the state-of-play of short food supply chains (SFSC) in the EU understood as being the chains in which foods involved are identified by, and traceable to a farmer and for which the number of intermediaries between farmer and consumer should be minimal or ideally nil. Several types of SFSCs can be identified, for...
Article
In this paper we present a multi-disciplinary analysis of the potential impacts of undertaking, similar environmental actions on multiple farms in a small geographic area, using organic farming as a, proxy for a co-ordinated approach. Recent papers have called for more co-ordinated efforts between, farmers in terms of their environmental actions, b...
Article
Full-text available
Garden Organic has tried for over 50 years to develop a more sustainable approach to gardening and the garden industry. Although a lot was achieved, the fact remains that organic horticultural and agricultural production is still a niche albeit growing from a low level. Organic gardening as a non-commercial activity has seen a much better uptake an...
Article
Full-text available
Anaerobic digestion (AD) is not a new concept but in combination with stockfree organic farming and using it to enhance and recycle the fertility created on-farm it is a rather new and fascinating idea. It is also different from AD systems on organic farms where cattle manure is used. The term ‘vegan AD’ was coined in analogy to a vegan diet in whi...
Article
Full-text available
The paper gives an overview of protected cropping in the UK. It presents examples of economic data for strawberries, tomatoes, and cucumbers, the most important protected crops in the UK. The data are presented in a format as collected for the UK Organic Farm Management Handbook, but based on our generic knowledge of the industry and not collected...
Article
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Report for a IOTA study tour to Hessia and Bavaria in Southern Germany
Technical Report
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The concept of green manures is not new to agriculture or horticulture. The ancient Romans grew lupins to improve the soil. Green manure crops have been used deliberately for at least 300 years, when they were introduced into crop rotations to replace the fallow phase widely used during the Middle Ages. Before the industrial revolution, the first p...
Article
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A model has been developed which assesses the economic and environmental performance of crop rotations, in both conventional and organic cropping, for over 70 arable and horticultural crops, and a wide range of growing conditions in Europe. The model, though originally based on the N_ABLE model, has been completely rewritten and contains new routin...
Article
Full-text available
A new model EU-ROTATE-N has been written which enables the assessment of the economic and environmental performance of nitrogen applied to crop rotations in either conventional or organic cropping for a wide range of crops and growing conditions in Europe. The model can simulate root development, the mineralization and release of N from soil organi...
Article
Full-text available
Simultaneous analysis of economic and environmental performance of horticultural crop production requires qualified assumptions on the effect of management options, and particularly of nitrogen (N) fertilisation, on the net returns of the farm. Dynamic soil-plant-environment simulation models for agro-ecosystems are frequently applied to predict cr...
Article
Full-text available
Two publicly available crop/soil models were compared. These were the EU-Rotate_N model (www.warwick.ac.uk/go/eurotaten) and the NDICEA model (www.ndicea.nl). Each simulation was also compared to measured data from an organically managed site in the English Midlands. Results showed that, overall, EU-Rotate_N gave a better estimation of soil mineral...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This background information attempts to gather facts, ideas and knowledge gaps for objective 1 " Review facts and figures related to the role and potential of home food production in the UK " of the Garden Organic (GO) and London City University workshop " Gardening for Food Security " held 26th November 2008. It draws on information from a Mori po...
Article
Full-text available
A method is presented to model N leaching in crop rotations on a national scale. Representative crop rotations for different regions and soil types are used in the cross- disciplinary, plant, soil, environment & economics model EU-Rotate_N. By comparing contrasting farming systems (organic and conventional) in the UK, their strengths and weaknesses...
Article
Full-text available
A method is presented to model N leaching in crop rotations on a national scale. Representative crop rotations for different regions and soil types are used in the cross-disciplinary, plant, soil, environment & economics model EU-Rotate_N. By comparing contrasting farming systems (organic and conventional) in the UK, their strengths and weaknesses...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Fruchtfolgesysteme im Feldgemüsebau sind komplex und beinhalten eine große Anzahl verschiedenster Kulturpflanzen und Bewirtschaftungsmöglich- keiten. Umweltfreundliche und wirtschaftliche Düngestrategien für Stickstoff (N) müssen langfristige Übergabeeffekte in den Fruchtfolgen im Zusammenhang mit den Entnahmeeigenschaften der einzelnen Kulturen un...
Article
Full-text available
BACKGROUND: Organic field-scale vegetables are among the most profitable enterprises in organic farming systems. They are also some of the most nutrient-demanding crops, and many organic arable systems with field-scale vegetables are stockless. Without livestock manure inputs, nutrient supply depends on fertility-building crops, which generate only...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Aims and Objectives To quantify the environmental footprint of horticultural production and to assess the social and economic impact of that production. To compare the results with other agriculture sectors. The main objectives were to: • Identify and quantify the key inputs/outputs associated with horticultural and agricultural production and dete...
Book
Full-text available
Garden Organic (Henry Doubleday Research Association) members' experiment on measuring the ecological and carbon footprint of home and allotment gardens in the UK. The experiment sent out 136 questionnaire forms to Garden Organic members and 116 returns were received with represents a return rate of 85%. Results showed that the general lifestyle c...
Article
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We report from the South Tyrol region of Italy, where organic horticulture is reaping the rewards of favourable growing conditions, and helping supply its European neighbours with organically certified fruits, vegetables, and fine wines.
Article
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Selected results from the ongoing "EU- Rotate_N" research project are presented. This EU 5 th -framework project is developing a model-based decision support system to optimise nitrogen use in horticultural crop rotations across Europe. This paper introduces the economic and the fertility-building crops sub-models, and shows data from model valida-...
Article
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Summary A new computer model (EU-ROTATE_N) has been developed with the aim of improving nitrogen management on all farms across Europe which include fi eld vegetables in their rotations. It brings together aspects of many existing models and contains a number of features to make it applicable to organic producers (e.g. taking account of nitrogen fi...
Article
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Summary Interdisciplinary monitoring of an organic stockless farming system has been carried out over ten years on a fertile silty clay loam in the main vegetable production area of the UK. The results draw together economic outcomes with agronomy, soil science and agro-ecology. Organic management has been used at the Kirton research site since con...