Ulf Jeppsson

Ulf Jeppsson
Lund University | LU · Department of Biomedical Engineering

MSc Engineering Physics, PhD Industrial Automation, Associate professor Industrial Automation/Urban Wastewater Systems,

About

127
Publications
85,279
Reads
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5,559
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2008 - December 2013
Lund University
Position
  • Professor (Associate), deputy head of department
Description
  • In January 2014 the department changed name into Department of Biomedical Engineering
January 1989 - December 2007
Lund University
Position
  • Research Assistant
Description
  • In January 2008 the department changed name into Department of Measurement Technology and Industrial Electrical Engineering

Publications

Publications (127)
Chapter
Full-text available
This book describes theory and approach for a comprehensive and applied physicochemical model for wastewater treatment. These are reactions which occur without a biological mediator, and are critical to both the biology of wastewater treatment, and stand-alone chemical treatment units. The book includes description of acid-base theory, solution ion...
Chapter
Full-text available
Professor Gustaf Olsson has devoted countless hours over many years to Water Science and Technology, Water Supply and Water Practice and Technology as an author, reviewer, editor and Editor in Chief until finally stepping down from all functions in 2021. In order to honour Prof. Olsson's devotion and contribution to the journals, IWA Publishing has...
Chapter
Full-text available
Professor Gustaf Olsson has devoted countless hours over many years to Water Science and Technology, Water Supply and Water Practice and Technology as an author, reviewer, editor and Editor in Chief until finally stepping down from all functions in 2021. In order to honour Prof. Olsson's devotion and contribution to the journals, IWA Publishing has...
Chapter
Full-text available
Benchmarking has been a useful tool for unbiased comparison of control strategies in wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) in terms of effluent quality, operational cost and risk of suffering microbiology-related total suspended solids (TSS) separation problems. This chapter presents the status of extending the original Benchmark Simulation Model No...
Chapter
Full-text available
With increased commitment from the international community to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from all sectors in accordance with the Paris Agreement, the water sector has never felt the pressure it is now under to transition to a low-carbon water management model. This requires reducing GHG emissions from grid-energy consumption (Scope 2 emi...
Article
In this study, a plant-wide model describing the fate of C, N and P compounds, upgraded to account for (on-site/off-site) greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, was implemented within the International Water Association (IWA) Benchmarking Simulation Model No. 2 (BSM2) framework. The proposed approach includes the main biological N2O production pathways an...
Article
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Around 90% of the energy requirement for urban water systems management is for heating domestic tap water. In addition, the energy content of wastewater is mainly in the form of heat (85%). Hence, there is an obvious interest in recovering a large portion of this heat. However, city-wide scenario analyses that evaluate heat recovery at various loca...
Chapter
The International Water Association (IWA) Benchmark Simulation Models (BSM1 and BSM2) have been successfully used in both industry and academia to test and verify control strategies in wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). In this study, a new (plant- wide) benchmark simulation model, the BSM2-LT, is developed to evaluate monitoring algorithms. This...
Article
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The vast majority of the energy consumed for urban water services is used to heat tap water. Heat recovery from wastewater is consequently an area of rapidly growing concern, both in research and by commercial interest, promoting the path towards a circular economy. To facilitate a system-wide evaluation of heat recovery from wastewater, this paper...
Article
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Wastewater heat recovery upstream of wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) poses a risk to treatment performance, i.e. the biological processes. In order to perform a sustainability analysis, a detailed prediction of the temperature dynamics over the WWTP is needed. A comprehensive set of heat balance equations was included in a plant-wide process mo...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Modelling Industrial Symbiosis of Biogas Production and Industrial Wastewater Treatment Plants-Technical Report The present-day treatment of pulp and paper mill effluents can be significantly improved by incorporating biogas production in the context of industrial symbiosis. In this work a new industrial symbiosis concept is presented, the focus be...
Article
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There is a strongly growing interest for wastewater heat recovery (WWHR) in Sweden and elsewhere, but a lack of adequate tools to determine downstream impacts due to the associated temperature drop. The heat recovery potential and associated temperature drop after heat recovery on a building level is modelled for a case study in Linköping, Sweden....
Article
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Uncertainty analysis is important for wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) model applications. An important aspect of uncertainty analysis is the identification and proper quantification of sources of uncertainty. In this contribution, a methodology to identify an ensemble of behavioural model representations (combinations of input data, model structu...
Article
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Gas-liquid mass transfer in wastewater treatment processes has received considerable attention over the last decades both from academia and industry. Indeed, improvements in modelling gas-liquid-mass transfer can bring huge benefits in terms of reaction rates, plant energy expenditure, acid-base equilibria and greenhouse gas emissions. Despite thes...
Article
In this paper, a multi-scale model is used to assess the multiple mineral precipitation potential in a full-scale anaerobic granular sludge system. Reactor behaviour is analysed under different operational conditions (addition/no addition of reject water from dewatering of lime stabilized biomass) and periods of time (short/long term). Model predic...
Article
The objective of this paper is to present the main results of an engineering-research project dealing with model-based evaluation of waste streams treatment from a biotech company. This has been extensively done in domestic treatment systems, but is equally important, and with different challenges in industrial wastewater treatment. A new set of bi...
Article
Stringent phosphorus discharge standards (i.e. 0.15-0.3 g P.m-3) in the Baltic area will compel wastewater treatment practice to augment enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR) with chemical precipitation using metal salts. This study examines control of iron chemical dosing for phosphorus removal under dynamic loading conditions to optimize...
Article
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There is an increasing interest in modelling and control of integrated urban wastewater systems (UWS). Nevertheless, given the multiple interactions between the sub-systems – catchment, sewer system, wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) and receiving water system – the selection of effective control handles for improving receiving water quality is a m...
Conference Paper
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With the need to accommodate a rising population in cities and increasingly stricter effluent limits, wastewater treatment plants undergo major extensions. While traditional design approaches are the first step in determining the new required volumes and design, several other questions in terms of the operation of the future wastewater treatment pl...
Article
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Anaerobic co-digestion allows for under-utilised digesters to increase biomethane production. The organic fraction of municipal solid waste (OFMSW), i.e., food waste, is an abundant substrate with high degradability and gas potential. This paper investigates the co-digestion of mixed sludge from wastewater treatment plants and OFMSW, through batch...
Article
The objective of this paper is to present the model‐based optimization results of an anaerobic granular sludge internal circulation (IC) reactor. The International Water Association (IWA) Anaerobic Digestion Model No. 1 extended with phosphorus (P), sulphur (S) and ethanol (Et‐OH) is used to describe the main biological and physico‐chemical process...
Article
Full-text available
Multi-objective performance assessment of operational strategies at wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) is a challenging task. The holistic perspective applied to evaluation of modern WWTPs, including not only effluent quality but also resource efficiency and recovery, global environmental impact and operational cost calls for assessment methods in...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This technical report describes the literature review conducted on wastewater heat recovery (WWHR). As part of the urban water cycle, domestic hot water consumes the lion share – up to 90 % – of the total energy requirement for water management. Individual energy consumption of 780 to 1 150 kWh/cap/yr has been estimated in Sweden. Energy can be rec...
Article
The objective of this paper is to show the results of an industrial project dealing with modelling of anaerobic digesters. A multi-scale mathematical approach is developed to describe reactor hydrodynamics, granule growth/distribution and microbial competition/inhibition for substrate/space within the biofilm. The main biochemical and physico-chemi...
Article
This paper presents a freely distributed, open-source toolbox to predict the behaviour of urban wastewater systems (UWS). The proposed library is used to develop a system-wide Benchmark Simulation Model (BSM-UWS) for evaluating (local/global) control strategies in urban wastewater systems (UWS). The set of models describe the dynamics of flow rates...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
As the formal work of the IWA Task Group on Benchmarking of Control Strategies for Wastewater treatment Plants (WWTPs) has come to an end, it is essential to continue to disseminate the intense research in this field that is still carried out. In 2013 and 2014, all authors of the IWA Scientific and Technical Report on benchmarking came together to...
Article
The objective of this paper is to report the effects that control/operational strategies may have on plant-wide phosphorus (P) transformations in wastewater treatment plants (WWTP). The development of a new set of biological (activated sludge, anaerobic digestion), physico-chemical (aqueous phase, precipitation, mass transfer) process models and mo...
Article
Full-text available
The use of process models to simulate the fate of micropollutants in wastewater treatment plants is constantly growing. However, due to the high workload and cost of measuring campaigns, many simulation studies lack sufficiently long time series representing realistic wastewater influent dynamics. In this paper, the feasibility of the Benchmark Sim...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Multi-objective performance assessment of operational strategies at wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) is a challenging task. The holistic perspective applied to evaluation of modern WWTPs, including not only effluent quality but also, resource efficiency and recovery, global environmental impact and operational cost calls for assessment methods i...
Article
Anaerobic co-digestion is an emerging practice at wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) to improve the energy balance and integrate waste management. Modelling of co-digestion in a plant-wide WWTP model is a powerful tool to assess the impact of co-substrate selection and dose strategy on digester performance and plant-wide effects. A feasible proced...
Article
This paper proposes a series of extensions to functionally upgrade the IWA Anaerobic Digestion Model No. 1 (ADM1) to allow for plant-wide phosphorus (P) simulation. The close interplay between the P, sulfur (S) and iron (Fe) cycles require a substantial (and unavoidable) increase in model complexity due to the involved three-phase physico-chemical...
Research
Full-text available
Proceedings 11th IWA conference on instrumentation control and automation. September 18-20, Narbonne, France.
Article
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There is a growing interest within the Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP) modelling community to correctly describe physico-chemical processes after many years of mainly focusing on biokinetics. Indeed, future modelling needs, such as a plant-wide phosphorus (P) description, require a major, but unavoidable, additional degree of complexity when repr...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The water train of three WWTPs have been modelled following the procedures of the Benchmark Simulation Model (BSM) platform (Gernaey et al., 2014). Additionally the aeration system has been modelled to evaluate airflows and energy performance. The results for the airflow model are presented. The chosen airflow model is shown to be easy to apply and...
Article
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This paper examines the importance of influent fractionation, kinetic, stoichiometric and mass transfer parameter uncertainties when modeling biogas production in wastewater treatment plants. The anaerobic digestion model no. 1 implemented in the plant-wide context provided by the benchmark simulation model no. 2 is used to quantify the generation...
Article
Plant-wide models of wastewater treatment (such as the Benchmark Simulation Model No. 2 or BSM2) are gaining popularity for use in holistic virtual studies of treatment plant control and operations. The objective of this study is to show the influence of ionic strength (as activity corrections) and ion pairing on modelling of anaerobic digestion pr...
Article
Full-text available
It is common practice in wastewater engineering to extend standard activated sludge models (ASMs) with extra process equations derived from batch experiments. However, such experiments have often been performed under conditions different from the ones normally found in wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). As a consequence, these experiments might n...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The objective of this paper is to model the dynamics and validate the results of nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions from three Swedish nitrifying/denitrifying, nitritation and anammox systems treating real anaerobic digester sludge liquor. The Activated Sludge Model No. 1 is extended to describe N2O production by both heterotrophic and autotrophic denit...
Book
Wastewater treatment plants are large non-linear systems subject to large perturbations in wastewater flow rate, load and composition. Nevertheless these plants have to be operated continuously, meeting stricter and stricter regulations. Many control strategies have been proposed in the literature for improved and more efficient operation of wastew...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The need for integrated management of urban wastewater systems (UWS) is highly acknowledged in both research and industry. Modelling studies and practical experiences with integrated control of UWS clearly suggest the benefits of a holistic control approach. Given the success of benchmark simulation models (BSMs) in the study of control strategy op...
Article
Full-text available
Key developments of instrumentation, control and automation (ICA) applications in wastewater systems during the past 40 years are highlighted in this paper. From the first ICA conference in 1973 through to today there has been a tremendous increase in the understanding of the processes, instrumentation, computer systems and control theory. However,...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The success of many modelling studies strongly depends on the availability of sufficiently long influent time series-the main disturbance of a typical wastewater treatment plant (WWTP)-representing the inherent natural variability at the plant inlet as accurately as possible. This is an important point since most modelling projects suffer from a la...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Benchmarking WWTP/WRRF control strategies has turned out to be a very successful vehicle for development of consolidated models of whole facilities (Gernaey et al., 2014). Over the last year, a comprehensive think tank of researchers involved in this development has put together a wish list of future developments in WWTP/WRRF modelling. They want t...
Article
The objective of this paper is to demonstrate the full-scale feasibility of the phenomenological dynamic influent pollutant disturbance scenario generator (DIPDSG) that was originally used to create the influent data of the International Water Association (IWA) Benchmark Simulation Model No. 2 (BSM2). In this study, the influent characteristics of...
Article
Full-text available
As the work of the IWA Task Group on Benchmarking of Control Strategies for wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) is coming to an end, it is essential to disseminate the knowledge gained. For this reason, all authors of the IWA Scientific and Technical Report on benchmarking have come together to provide their insights, highlighting areas where knowl...
Article
Full-text available
are inherently dynamic because of the large variations in the influent wastewater flow rate, concentration and composition. Moreover, these variations are to a large extent not possible to control. The adaptive behaviour of the involved microorganisms imposes further difficulties in terms of time-varying process parameters. Mathematical models and...
Article
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This paper presents the results of a global sensitivity analysis (GSA) of a phenomenological model that generates dynamic wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) influent disturbance scenarios. This influent model is part of the Benchmark Simulation Model (BSM) family and creates realistic dry/wet weather files describing diurnal, weekend and seasonal va...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this paper is to apply the Virtual Reference Feedback Tuning (VRFT) to Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) control strategies in wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). Using the Benchmark Simulation Model No. 1 (BSM1) as a case study, the proposed data-driven approach provides reduced-order controllers only using a batch of input–o...
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines the effect of different model assumptions when describing biological nutrient removal (BNR) by the activated sludge models (ASM) 1, 2d & 3. The performance of a nitrogen removal (WWTP1) and a combined nitrogen and phosphorus removal (WWTP2) benchmark wastewater treatment plant was compared for a series of model assumptions. Thre...
Article
Full-text available
The activated sludge process is the main process in most urban wastewater treatment systems. It is considered complex in nature and building its mathematical model in practice becomes difficult. A simple and easy way to build the simulation models for the system is needed. In this paper, a LabVIEW based simulator for the system is presented. LabVIE...
Article
Activated Sludge Models are widely used for simulation-based evaluation of wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) performance. However, due to the high workload and cost of a measuring campaign on a full-scale WWTP, many simulation studies suffer from lack of sufficiently long influent flow rate and concentration time series representing realistic waste...
Article
Full-text available
As the work of the IWA Task Group on Benchmarking of Control Strategies for WWTPs is coming towards an end, it is essential to disseminate the knowledge gained. For this reason, all authors of the IWA Scientific and Technical Report on benchmarking have come together to provide their insights, highlighting areas where knowledge may still be deficie...
Article
Full-text available
The COST/IWA Benchmark Simulation Model No 1 (BSM1) has been available for almost a decade. Its primary purpose has been to create a platform for control strategy benchmarking of activated sludge processes. The fact that the research work related to the benchmark simulation models has resulted in more than 300 publications worldwide demonstrates th...
Article
Full-text available
The main objective of this paper is to evaluate the effect of filamentous bulking sludge on the predicted performance of simulated plant-wide WWTP control strategies. First, as a reference case, several control strategies are implemented, simulated and evaluated using the IWA Benchmark Simulation Model No. 2 (BSM2). In a second series of simulation...
Article
This paper views waste as a resource and anaerobic digestion (AD) as an established biological process for waste treatment, methane production and energy generation. A powerful simulation tool was developed for the optimization and the assessment of co-digestion of any combination of solid waste streams. Optimization was aimed to determine the opti...
Article
Mathematical modelling has proven to be very useful in process design, operation and optimisation. A recent trend in WWTP modelling is to include the different subunits in so-called plant-wide models rather than focusing on parts of the entire process. One example of a typical plant-wide model is the coupling of an upstream activated sludge plant (...