Tuomas T. Rissanen

Tuomas T. Rissanen
Pohjois-Karjalan Sairaanhoito · Heart Center

MD, PhD, Docent

About

100
Publications
8,130
Reads
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4,161
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2019 - present
Pohjois-Karjalan Sairaanhoito
Position
  • Head of Department
April 2012 - December 2018
Pohjois-Karjalan Sairaanhoito
Position
  • Head of Department
June 1998 - July 2006
University of Eastern Finland
Position
  • PhD Student and senior researcher
Description
  • Therapeutic angiogenesis Gene therapy Large animal model of myocardial and peripheral ischemia

Publications

Publications (100)
Article
Background The detection of atrial fibrillation (AF) is a major clinical challenge as AF is often paroxysmal and asymptomatic. Novel mobile health (mHealth) technologies could provide a cost-effective and reliable solution for AF screening. However, many of these techniques have not been clinically validated. Objective The purpose of this study is...
Article
Background: Patients at high-bleeding risk (HBR) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention represent a challenging patient population. The use of drug-coated balloon (DCB) allows shorter duration of dual antiplatelet therapy compared with drug-eluting stents (DES) and reduces thrombotic risk due to the absence of a permanent implant. The prese...
Article
Full-text available
Aim: Atrial fibrillation (AF) detection is challenging because it is often asymptomatic and paroxysmal. We evaluated continuous photoplethysmogram (PPG) for signal quality and detection of AF. Methods: PPGs were recorded using a wrist-band device in 173 patients (76 AF, 97 sinus rhythm, SR) for 24 h. Simultaneously recorded 3-lead ambulatory ECG se...
Article
Full-text available
Background Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common tachyarrhythmia and associated with a risk of stroke. The detection and diagnosis of AF represent a major clinical challenge due to AF’s asymptomatic and intermittent nature. Novel consumer-grade mobile health (mHealth) products with automatic arrhythmia detection could be an option for long-te...
Preprint
BACKGROUND The detection of atrial fibrillation (AF) is a major clinical challenge as AF is often paroxysmal and asymptomatic. Novel mobile health (mHealth) technologies could provide a cost-effective and reliable solution for AF screening. However, many of these techniques have not been clinically validated. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study is...
Article
Full-text available
Atrial fibrillation is often asymptomatic and intermittent making its detection challenging. A photoplethysmography (PPG) provides a promising option for atrial fibrillation detection. However, the shapes of pulse waves vary in atrial fibrillation decreasing pulse and atrial fibrillation detection accuracy. This study evaluated ten robust photoplet...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives To determine the anti-inflammatory effect and safety of hydroxychloroquine after acute myocardial infarction. Method In this multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled OXI trial, 125 myocardial infarction patients were randomized at a median of 43 h after hospitalization to receive hydroxychloroquine 300 mg (n = 64) or placebo (n = 6...
Article
Full-text available
Background Cardiac sarcoidosis (CS) and giant cell myocarditis (GCM) share many histopathologic and clinical features. Whether they are parts of a one‐disease continuum has been discussed. Methods and Results We compared medical record data of 351 CS and 28 GCM cases diagnosed in Finland since the late 1980s and followed until February 2018 for a...
Article
Full-text available
Background Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the major cause of stroke since approximately 25% of all strokes are of cardioembolic‐origin. The detection and diagnosis of AF are often challenging due to the asymptomatic and intermittent nature of AF. Hypothesis A wearable electrocardiogram (ECG)‐device could increase the likelihood of AF detection. The a...
Article
Funding Acknowledgements Goverment grant, Heart2save Ltd cooperation. Background/Introduction: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia and a fast-growing public health problem worldwide. Main and the most severe complication of AF is an embolic stroke. Approximately 25% of all strokes are caused by AF. AF is often symptomless and int...
Article
Full-text available
Although drug-eluting stents are still the default interventional treatment of coronary artery disease, drug-coated balloons (DCBs) represent a novel alternative therapeutic strategy in certain anatomic conditions. The effect of DCBs is based on the fast and homogenous transfer of antiproliferative drugs into the vessel wall during single balloon i...
Article
Background Drug-coated balloons (DCBs) are accepted treatment strategies for coronary in-stent restenosis and are under clinical investigation for lesions without prior stent implantation. A recently published meta-analysis suggested an increased risk of death associated with the use of paclitaxel-coated devices in the superficial femoral artery. T...
Article
Background and aims: Ischemic heart diseases are the main cause of death worldwide, therefore secondary prevention and treatment of coronary artery disease (CAD) are highly significant for public health and mortality. The objective of this study is to evaluate LDL cholesterol (LDL-C) levels as outcomes of secondary prevention of CAD in Finland up...
Article
In contemporary interventional cardiology, for typical elderly patients, the most severe radiation-related harm to patients can be considered to come from skin exposures. In this paper, maximum local skin doses in cardiological procedures are explored with Gafchromic film dosimetry. Film and reader calibrations and reading were performed at the Sec...
Article
Background Atrial fibrillation (AF) is often asymptomatic and intermittent making its detection a major clinical challenge. A photoplethysmography (PPG) wrist band with algorithm-based detection of AF provides a promising solution for screening of AF. However, the shapes of individual pulse waveforms vary in AF decreasing pulse detection accuracy....
Article
Full-text available
Aims: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common tachyarrhythmia and a significant cause of cardioembolic strokes. Atrial fibrillation is often intermittent and asymptomatic making detection a major clinical challenge. We evaluated a photoplethysmography (PPG) wrist band in individual pulse detection in patients with AF and tested the reliability...
Article
Aims: The present study was done to assess the role of sudden cardiac death (SCD) among the presenting manifestations of and fatalities from cardiac sarcoidosis (CS). Methods and results: We analysed altogether 351 cases of CS presenting from year 1998 through 2015 in Finland. There were 262 patients with a clinical diagnosis and treatment of CS...
Article
Background: The optimal technique of percutaneous coronary intervention in patients at high bleeding risk is not known. The hypothesis of the DEBUT trial was that percutaneous coronary intervention with drug-coated balloons is non-inferior to percutaneous coronary intervention with bare-metal stents for this population. Methods: The DEBUT trial is...
Article
The amount of interventional procedures such as percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI), pacemaker implantation (PI) and ablations has increased within the previous decade. Simultaneously, novel fluoroscopy mainframes enable lower radiation doses for patients and operators. Therefore, there is a need...
Article
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a significant cause of cardioembolic strokes. AF is often symptomless and intermittent, making its detection challenging. The aim of this study was to assess the possibility to use a chest strap (Suunto Movesense) to detect AF both by cardiologists and automated algorithms. A single channel electrocardiogram (ECG) from a...
Article
Full-text available
Background Prosthetic vascular grafts in humans characteristically lack confluent endothelialization regardless of the duration of implantation. Use of high-porosity grafts has been proposed as a way to induce endothelialization through transgraft capillarization, although early experiments failed to show increased healing in man. Objectives We hy...
Article
Background: Prosthetic vascular grafts in humans characteristically lack confluent endothelialization regardless the duration of implantation. Use of high-porosity grafts has been proposed as a way to induce endothelialization through transgraft capillarization, although early experiments failed to show increased healing in man. Objectives: We hypo...
Article
Objectives The aim of this single center all‐comers retrospective registry study was to assess the efficacy and safety of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) using drug‐coated balloon (DCB) in de novo lesions including large proximal coronary arteries. Methods A total of 487 PCIs were performed using paclitaxel‐coated DCB in 562 de novo lesio...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Recognition of out-of-hospital-cardiac arrests (OHCAs) at emergency medical communication centres is based on questions of OHCA symptoms, resulting in 50-80% accuracy rates. However, OHCAs might be recognized more promptly using 'rhythm-based' recognition, whereby a victim's cardiac rhythm is recorded with mobile phone technology that...
Article
Background: Symptomatic high-grade atrioventricular block (AVB) is the most common and often the only presenting manifestation (lone AVB) of cardiac sarcoidosis. Implantation of an intracardiac cardioverter defibrillator instead of a pacemaker is recommended, but the true risk of fatal arrhythmia, one incident to lone AVB in particular, remains po...
Article
Full-text available
Despite comprehensive national treatment guidelines, goals for secondary prevention of coronary heart disease (CHD) have not been sufficiently met everywhere in Finland. We investigated the recorded risk factor rates of CHD and their spatial differences in North Karelia Hospital District, which has a very high cardiovascular burden, in order to for...
Article
Full-text available
Aims We evaluated for the first time the effects of angiogenic and lymphangiogenic AdVEGF-DΔNΔC gene therapy in patients with refractory angina. Methods and results Thirty patients were randomized to AdVEGF-DΔNΔC (AdVEGF-D) or placebo (control) groups. Electromechanical NOGA mapping and radiowater PET were used to identify hibernating viable myoca...
Article
Objectives: We investigated the safety and efficacy of PCI using drug-coated balloon (DCB) after rotational atherectomy (rotablation) in a retrospective single center study in patients with calcified de novo coronary lesions. The majority of patients had an increased risk for bleeding. Background: DCB has been effective in the treatment of in-st...
Article
Background: Chronic total occlusions remain one of the biggest challenges for interventional cardiologists and the high risk of restenosis and stent thrombosis is still a major problem. Drug-coated balloons showed favorable results for the treatment of in-stent restenosis and other lesion types. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibilit...
Article
Objective Coronary heart disease remains a significant clinical problem, and new therapies are needed especially for patients with refractory angina for whom the current therapies do not provide sufficient relief. The aim of this study was to find out if angiogenic gene therapy using new members of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) fami...
Article
Background and aims: According to the heterogeneous results of previous studies, the prevalence of abdominal aortic aneurysm seems high among men with coronary artery disease. The associating risk factors for abdominal aortic aneurysm in this population require clarification. Our objective was to assess the prevalence of non-diagnosed abdominal ao...
Article
Powerful resuscitation may save the life of a person having cardiac arrest. Resuscitation measures may, however, cause injuries as well. We describe a patient, in whom a perforation of the gastric wall as a complication of resuscitation was detected, and upon imaging of the perforation, renal cell carcinoma was detected as an incidental finding. Th...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Recognition of cardiac arrest (CA) during an emergency call leans on questions concerning CA symptoms and is correct in 50-83% of cases. If the heart rhythm could be recorded and analysed over a mobile phone or transmitted during the emergency call to the dispatch centre and analysed there, using software identical to one in an automate...
Article
Full-text available
Highly increased blood flow and vascularity after angiogenic gene therapy have raised concerns of shunting and hemangioma-like blood pool formation that might decrease effective perfusion and ruin the beneficial effects of the therapy. Contrast enhanced ultrasound is a promising noninvasive tool for studying skeletal muscle perfusion. The objective...
Article
Background Cardiovascular patients suffer from reduced blood flow leading to ischemia and impaired tissue metabolism. Unfortunately, an increasing group of elderly patients cannot be treated with current revascularization methods. Thus, new treatment strategies are urgently needed. Hypoxia inducible factors (HIFs) upregulate the expression of angio...
Article
Full-text available
A large animal model of chronic myocardial ischemia and heart failure is crucial for the development of novel therapeutic approaches. In this study we developed a novel percutaneous 1- and 2-vessel model for chronic myocardial ischemia using a stent coated with a PTFE-tube formed in a bottleneck shape. The bottleneck stent was implanted in the prox...
Article
Purpose: Novel therapies are needed for patients who suffer from chronic myocardial ischemia but are not suitable for conventional treatments. Vammin is a snake venom derived vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and a selective VEGF receptor-2 ligand. The aim of this study was to determine whether an adenoviral vammin gene transfer induces ang...
Article
Occluded arteries and ischemic tissues cannot always be treated by angioplasty, stenting or by-pass-surgery. Under such circumstances, viral gene therapy may be useful in inducing increased blood supply to ischemic area. There is evidence of improved blood flow in ischemic skeletal muscle and myocardium in both animal and human studies using adenov...
Article
Full-text available
Vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A) induces strong angiogenesis and it has been widely used in proangiogenic gene therapy studies. However, little is known about long-term effects of VEGF-A expression in skeletal muscle. Here the long- term effects of adeno-associated virus (AAV) encoding human VEGF-A165 (AAV-VEGF-A) gene transfer in norm...
Article
Vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A) induces strong angiogenesis and it has been widely used in proangiogenic gene therapy studies. However, little is known about long-term effects of VEGF-A expression in skeletal muscle. Here the long- term effects of adeno-associated virus (AAV) encoding human VEGF-A(165) (AAV-VEGF-A) gene transfer in no...
Article
Full-text available
Currently, it is still unclear which mechanisms drive metabolic benefits after angiogenic gene therapy. The side-effect profile of efficient angiogenic gene therapy is also currently incompletely understood. In this study, the effects of increasing doses of adenoviral (Ad) vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A) were evaluated on vascular gro...
Article
Full-text available
Vascular endothelial growth factors (VEGFs) and their receptors (VEGF-Rs) are among the most powerful factors regulating vascular growth. However, it has remained unknown whether stimulation of VEGF-R1, VEGF-R2 or both of the receptors produces the best angiogenic responses in myocardium. The aim of this study was to compare the VEGF-R1-specific li...
Article
Full-text available
VEGF-B, a homolog of VEGF discovered a long time ago, has not been considered an important target in antiangiogenic therapy. Instead, it has received little attention from the field. In this study, using different animal models and multiple types of vascular cells, we revealed that although VEGF-B is dispensable for blood vessel growth, it is criti...
Article
Full-text available
New revascularization therapies are urgently needed for patients with severe coronary heart disease who lack conventional treatment options. We describe a new proangiogenic approach for these no-option patients using adenoviral (Ad) intramyocardial vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-B186 gene transfer, which induces myocardium-specific angio...
Article
Vessel stabilization and the inhibition of side effects such as tissue edema are essential in angiogenic gene therapy. Thus, combination gene transfers stimulating both endothelial cell and pericyte proliferation have become of interest. However, there is currently little data to support combination gene transfer in large animal models. In this stu...
Article
Full-text available
We investigated the effects of angiogenic gene therapy with adenoviral placental growth factor(131) (AdPlGF) on aerobic capacity and exercise tolerance in a rabbit hindlimb ischaemia model. We also assessed whether strong angiogenic changes such as capillary arterialization and formation of artery-venous shunts compromise oxygen transport to target...
Article
The purpose of this study was to test the feasibility of contrast pulse sequence (CPS) ultrasound imaging for high-resolution perfusion imaging after gene transfer (GT) for therapeutic angiogenesis. Imaging modalities capable of accurate and feasible perfusion measurement are essential for the preclinical and clinical development of therapeutic ang...
Article
Full-text available
Gene transfer for the therapeutic modulation of cardiovascular diseases is an expanding area of gene therapy. During the last decade several approaches have been designed for the treatment of hyperlipidemias, post-angioplasty restenosis, hypertension, and heart failure, and for protection of vascular by-pass grafts and promotion of therapeutic angi...
Article
We evaluated the therapeutic potential of adenovirus (Ad)-mediated human vascular endothelial growth factor-D (hVEGF-D) gene delivery in mice. Hind limbs of hypercholesterolemic mice ( n = 120) were injected with AdhVEGF-D, AdhVEGF-A, control AdLacZ (all at 1x10(11)viral particles) or saline. Animals were killed at 4, 7, 14, 28, and 42 days. Newly...
Article
Members of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) family are among the most powerful modulators of vascular biology. They regulate vasculogenesis, angiogenesis, and vascular maintenance during embryogenesis and in adults. Because of their profound effects on blood vessels, VEGFs have received much attention regarding their potential therapeu...
Article
The aim of this study was to determine dose-response effects of vascular endothelial growth factor A as delivered using an adenoviral vector on vascular growth and pathological changes in the rabbit eye. Moreover, we wanted to develop a large animal model for angioproliferative diseases in the eye. Seventeen New Zealand White rabbits were injected...
Article
Full-text available
Therapeutic angiogenesis in ischemic tissues with vascular endothelial growth factors (VEGF) is a promising application of gene therapy. The transient nature of non-integrating vectors such as adenoviruses does not yield permanent therapeutic effect. On the other hand, prolonged VEGF expression by integrating vectors includes the risk of insertiona...