Tuomas Martikainen

Tuomas Martikainen
University of Eastern Finland | UEF · School of Humanities

PhD
I teach cultural anthropology and do research on religion and migration with particular interest on neoliberalism.

About

103
Publications
16,854
Reads
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633
Citations
Citations since 2016
34 Research Items
452 Citations
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Introduction
My work revolves around three at times intersecting primary focus areas. First, how migration and religion create religious change and how religions change in a new social context? Second, many issues relating to international migration and migrant integration in Finland, including transnationalism and superdiversity. Third, global religious changes due to neoliberalism and consumer culture. Secondary areas of interest include religion and demographics as well as martial arts.
Education
January 1998 - June 2004
Åbo Akademi University
Field of study
  • Comparative Religion
August 1992 - December 1996
University of Turku
Field of study
  • Comparative Religion

Publications

Publications (103)
Book
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The book studies local religous diversity from a globalisation perspective in the City of Turku, Finland.
Article
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tiivistelmä Esitämme arvion maahanmuuttajien (1. sukupolvi) ja heidän lastensa (2. sukupolvi) uskonnollisesta jakaumasta Suomessa vuosina 1990-2019. Arvio perustuu Tilastokeskuksen valtiokohtaisiin syntymämaatilastoihin ja kansainvälisiin tilastoihin eri maiden uskontojakaumasta, jotka ekstrapoloimme Suomeen ja joita korjaamme saatavilla olevilla t...
Preprint
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This article discusses religiously motivated financial behaviour among young Muslims in Finland. The aim of the article is to provide empirical knowledge of Islam-based views on rejecting interest-based loans and its implications among Finnish Muslims: What are the reasons and motivations for rejecting interest-based bank loans? Are there alternati...
Article
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Internal migration is the most common form of address-changing migration in the world. Whilst international migration has been in the spotlight for several decades, country-internal migration has received less attention in the international scholarly arena. Internal Migration in the Developed World is an effort to bring internal migration into focu...
Book
Full-text available
The Marketization of Religion provides a novel theoretical understanding of the relationship between religion and economy of today’s world. A major feature of today's capitalism is ‘marketization’. While the importance that economics and economics-related phenomena have acquired in modern societies has increased since the consumer and neoliberal r...
Article
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The article discusses the historical growth and development of the Muslim population and its contemporary situation in Finland. Finland was annexed as a grand duchy by the Russian Empire in 1809, which led to the presence of Muslim military personnel on Finnish territory and later enabled the settlement of Tatar Muslims from central parts of Russia...
Research
Full-text available
Varsinais-Suomen maahanmuuttostrategia 2020-luvulle. Strategiapaperi. Varsinais-Suomen Elinkeino-, liikenne- ja ympäristökeskus 1 / 2020.
Book
Full-text available
Varsinais-Suomen maakunnan yhteistyöryhmä (MYR) hyväksyi kokouksessaan 15.10.2018 Varsinais-Suomen Elinkeino-, liikenne- ja ympäristökeskuksen (Varsinais-Suomen ELYkeskus) esityksen uuden maakunnallisen maahanmuuttostrategian laadinnasta osana maakuntauudistuksen valmistelua. Painopisteiksi strategiaan määritettiin maahanmuutto- ja kotouttamistyön...
Article
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Previous research has questioned the use of mosques as points of entry for research about Muslims in Europe. Part of the background has been a new emphasis on lived religion and a critique of a one-sided focus on religious institutions. We argue that some of this criticism is theoretically ill-founded and we also point out that some trends may make...
Article
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This article provides a critical appraisal of how the concept of the ‘market’ has been understood and employed in previous scholarship on religion and religious change in market society. The discussion focuses on the respective virtues and weaknesses of approaches that view ‘religious markets’ in terms of a de facto empirical entity on the one hand...
Article
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The contributions in this volume show a balanced ratio between – highly needed – theoretical discussions and analysis of empirical material. They also more or less equally distribute according to prevalence awarded to either consumerism or neoliberalism as a driving force for religious change. Far from being exhaustive or even representative, it is...
Article
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The current 28th volume of Scripta Instituti Donneriani Aboensis is based on a symposium arranged by the Donner Institute, the Migration Institute of Finland and the Åbo Akademi University in June 2017, under the title: ‘The Ethnic and Religious Future of Europe’. All the articles published in this volume were initially presented as papers at this...
Chapter
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This chapter looks at changes and reforms in postwar western welfare states that—it will be asserted—have led to unintended consequences in other areas of life, including religion. These changes have their roots in the global political economy. The chapter then looks at the developments in three key areas: church–state relations, the mediatization...
Book
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Siirtolaisuusinstituutti on vuodesta 1975 lähtien järjestänyt viiden vuoden välein Muuttoliikesymposiumin. Vuoden 2015 yhdeksännen symposiumin teemana oli Maassamuutto ja siirtolaisuus kehityksen moottoreina? Näkökulmia Suomen alueelliseen ja väestölliseen tulevaisuuteen. Esitelmöitsijöinä ja alustajina olivat alan asiantuntijat ja päätöksentekijät...
Article
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The questions of how western European states have related, and should relate, to their Muslim populations have in recent decades generated a rapidly growing body of research, aimed at answering the above questions from different theoretical perspectives. It has been argued that the main problem with the existing theories is their failure to take in...
Chapter
Studying religion in diaspora has become a prominent part of the study of contemporary religion and public debate since the early 2000s. The research field emerged somewhat differently in North America and Europe. The Americans were initially more interested in immigrant congregations and their activities in all their variety (e.g. Warner and Wittn...
Article
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This article examines Indian immigrant women's experience of changing family relationships and conjugality after settlement in Finland. The data consists of 14 thematic interviews of women originating in Northern India and living in the metropolitan area of Helsinki. The interviews were carried out in Hindi by a trained Indian anthropologist. The i...
Book
Back cover: Through exploring the diversity of contemporary religious phenomena, this volume sheds new light on religion in the twenty-first century: Is religion going through a decisive change? What are the resources that make religion so persistent and what happened to secularisation? How do the traditional religious institutions fare? How do peo...
Article
The authors provide a summary of three key developments that have brought change to the field of religious organizations in Finland: the emergence of new Lutheran communities (the St Thomas Mass, the so-called Nokia Revival and the fundamentalist Luther Foundation Finland); Ashtanga yoga as a form of spirituality; and the spread of migrant religiou...
Article
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The article addresses the question whether, with Finland as the case, the Nordic welfare state is undergoing profound change under the influence of neo-liberal global economics and new forms of governance. The article starts with a critique of Nancy Foner and Richard Alba’s (2008) comparison of the position of Muslims in the USA and Western Europe...
Article
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The starting point of this article is the observation that the new form of cultural political economy, which has emerged in the last half of the twentieth century and become dominant since the 1980s, has had profound consequences for religious belief, practice and expression worldwide. The rise of consumerism in the post-Second World War years, acc...
Article
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The starting point of this article is the observation that the new form of cultural political economy, which has emerged in the last half of the twentieth century and become dominant since the 1980s, has had profound consequences for religious belief, practice and expression worldwide. The rise of consumerism in the post-Second World War years, acc...
Book
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This book, together with a complementary volume 'Religion in Consumer Society', focuses on religion, neoliberalism and consumer society; offering an overview of an emerging field of research in the study of contemporary religion. Claiming that we are entering a new phase of state-religion relations, the editors examine how this is historically anch...
Book
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Presenting an overview of an emerging field in the study of contemporary religion, this book, together with a complementary volume Religion in the Neoliberal Age, explores issues of religion, neoliberalism and consumer society. Claiming that we have entered a new phase that implies more than the recasting of state-religion relations, the authors ex...
Article
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The author offers a commentary on Marion Maddox’s and Nicolas de Bremond d’Ars’s articles in this journal. He suggests that taking into account macro-level changes in political economy is the key to understanding many current debates in the sociology of religion. He situates the Maddox and de Bremond d’Ars texts in the context of contemporary schol...
Article
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The article discusses the opportunities and constraints in estimating the religious backgrounds of immigrants in Finland. It also estimates the religious backgrounds of first-generation immigrants from 1990 to 2009, based on information from the population structure statistics of Statistics Finland and the World Christian Database. According to the...
Book
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Article
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International migration has fundamentally changed local population demographics in many corners of the world. This article discusses the religious implications of an increase in the population of immigrant origin in the city of Turku, Finland, which serves as an example of a regional immigration centre. Migration started at the turn of the 1990s an...
Chapter
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Book
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Tämän musliminuoriin keskittyvän teemanumeron tarkoituksena on nostaa esille maahanmuuton sukupolvistumisen, uskonnon ja nuoruuden välisiä leikkauspisteitä. Kirjoitukset keskittyvät ensi sijassa uskonnolliseen toimintaan, ajatteluun ja laajemman yhteiskunnallisen tilanteen analyysiin, jossa islam tai "muslimius" toimivat prismana. Kirjoituksia void...
Article
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The article is a case study of activities taking place in the most important church of Finland, the Cathedral of Turku. The article seeks possibilities to understand contemporary religious change by using theoretical ideas developed in the sociology of consumption. This is done through analysing four cases of how the cathedral has been commodified...
Article
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Issues related to migration, security and integration are currently among the top priorities of European states. Lately, ‘religion’ has emerged as something separate from ‘culture’, ‘ethnicity’, ‘nationality’ and ‘race’ in the debate over integration and security. Collective religious activity is among the most common forms of the social organisati...
Article
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Pitkään jatkuvaan työperäiseen maahanmuuttoon liittyy olennaisena osana puolisoiden ja muiden perheenjäsenten muutto. Tutkimuksessa analysoitiin neljäntoista intialaisen ja kahden nepalilaisen työperäisen maahanmuuttajan puolison asettumista suomalaisille työmarkkinoille globaalisti lohkoutuneiden työmarkkinoiden näkökulmasta. Haastateltujen ensisi...
Article
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Turun tuomiokirkko on Turussa ja turkulaisille pohjattoman mielenkiinnon kohde. Paikallislehtiä seuraava huomaa nopeasti, että tuomiokirkosta pystyy kirjoittamaan lähes minkälaisesta perspektiivistä tahansa, eikä aihe kulu ikinä loppuun.
Article
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This article focuses on the collective efforts of immigrants with Orthodox background to pursue their religious lives in Finland. First, the article presents briefly Orthodox immigration and its history in Finland, including some remarks on existing scholarship. After that I shall clarify the theoretical framework in which the analysis takes place....
Chapter
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Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (4)
Project
This is a collection of research on Muslims in Finland.
Project
Religious traditions travel and change, this fascinated me.
Project
I have worked together with many people on this topic. Here I collect the diversity of this research published mainly in Finnish with the odd English texts.