Tung-Wu Lu

Tung-Wu Lu
National Taiwan University | NTU · Department of Biomedical Engineering

D.Phil. (Oxon)

About

255
Publications
51,657
Reads
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4,356
Citations
Introduction
Dr. Tung-Wu Lu was President of the Taiwanese Society of Biomechanics, and the 3D Analysis of Human Movement Technical Group of the International Society of Biomechanics. He is currently a council member of the World Council of Biomechanics and the International Society of Biomechanics, and co-President of the 9th World Congress of Biomechanics to be held in Taipei, July 10-14, 2022.
Additional affiliations
August 2012 - present
National Taiwan University
Position
  • Joint Professor
August 2007 - present
National Taiwan University
Position
  • Professor
August 2007 - August 2012
National Taiwan University
Position
  • Managing Director
Education
September 1993 - May 1997
University of Oxford
Field of study
  • Orthopaedic Engineering

Publications

Publications (255)
Article
Full-text available
Knowledge of mandibular growth and development is essential for diagnosis of malformation and early interception. A previous method of quantifying mandibular growth using the distances between selected anatomical landmarks over the growth period does not provide a complete, quantitative description of the continuous growth patterns. The current stu...
Article
Full-text available
Avascular necrosis of the hip (AVN) is one of the most severe complications of surgical reduction when treating developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). The current study identified the differences in the balance control during walking in terms of the inclination angle (IA) of the center of pressure (COP) to the center of mass (COM), and the rate...
Article
Full-text available
Older people are subject to an increased risk of falling compared to the young, especially during obstacle negotiation. This study aimed to quantify the effects of long-term Tai-Chi Chuan (TCC) practice on the balance control during obstacle-crossing in older people in terms of the inclination angles (IA) of the body’s centre of mass (COM) relative...
Article
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Losing balance or tripping during obstacle-crossing is one of the most frequent causes of falls in the elderly. As a low speed, low impact exercise, Tai Chi Chuan (TCC) can be promising in helping the elderly develop strategies for improved balance, inter-joint coordination, and end-point control during obstacle-crossing. This study investigates th...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Obstacle-crossing increases the risk of falls in older people. This study aimed to identify the effects of long-term Tai-Chi Chuan (TCC) practice on the control strategies for obstacle-crossing in older people. Methods: A multi-objective optimal control technique with measured gait data was used to identify the control strategies adopte...
Article
Older adults are at higher risk of falling following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, it remains unclear how long a full recovery of the balance control during gait post‐TKA will take. The current study aimed to bridge this knowledge gap via long‐term follow‐up gait analyses. Twelve older adults with severe bilateral medial knee osteoarthrit...
Article
Introduction About 1% of the newborn population has developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH), altering joint biomechanics, gait performance and balance control. Pemberton's osteotomy is used in early treatment but it remains unclear whether it will help the patient regain normal balance control during gait. The current study aimed to identify the c...
Article
Model-based 3D/2D image registration using single-plane fluoroscopy is a common setup to determine knee joint kinematics, owing to its markerless aspect. However, the approach was subjected to lower accuracies in the determination of out-of-plane motion components. Introducing additional kinematic constraints with an appropriate anatomical represen...
Article
Background: Genu valgum results in lower limb malalignment and altered joint mechanics. The study aimed to identify the effects of genu valgum on balance control and muscular work at the joints during gait in children. Research question: Would bilateral genu valgum affect balance control and muscular work at the joints during gait in children?...
Article
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Background: Statistical shape modeling based on computerized tomography datasets has enabled reasonably accurate reconstructions of subject-specific 3D bone morphology from one or two synchronous radiographs for clinical applications. Increasing the number of radiographic images may increase the reconstruction accuracy, but errors related to the te...
Article
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Obstacle crossing challenges balance and increases the risk of falls in older people. Knowledge of the control strategies adopted by older people will be helpful for the study of the mechanisms of falls during obstacle crossing and the development of fall-prevention approaches. A mechanical model of the body combined with measured gait data was use...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Mid-shaft clavicle fractures account for 35 to 44% of injuries to the shoulder girdle. There is increasing evidence to support surgical repair, but poor functional outcomes have been reported, and associated factors remain unclear. Methods: The three-dimensional poses of the shoulder bones during arm elevations were measured in 15 patie...
Article
Model-based three-dimensional(3D)/two-dimensional(2D) image registration methods have been widely applied in measuring 3D kinematics of the knee during dynamic activities. However, the combined effects of bone model compositions (radiodensity vs. homogeneous-density) and the number of fluoroscopic views on the measurement accuracy remained unclear....
Article
Long-term follow-up studies on children with surgically treated developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) have shown that not only the affected side progresses to premature osteoarthritis, but the unaffected side may also suffer from insidious hip dysplasia or osteonecrosis. The current gait analysis study identified the loading and unloading rates...
Article
Full-text available
Impaired motor control and musculotendon tightness in the lower extremities are characteristic features of patients with diplegic cerebral palsy (CP). Tendon release surgery (TRS) helps improve joint and leg stiffness, but the effects of TRS on inter-limb coordination in terms of the total leg stiffness, and the bilateral symmetry in leg stiffness...
Article
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Background: Assessment of the sole morphology provides a clinically useful measure of the foot condition, but existing methods are mostly limited to two-dimensional or non-weight-bearing conditions. The current study aimed to assess the reliability of a novel method called Single-Image-Based Pin-Array Impression Reconstruction Method (SIBPAIR) impl...
Article
Full-text available
About half of the elderly population has knee osteoarthritis (OA), showing altered gait patterns with increased fall risk. The current study aimed to identify the effects of severe bilateral medial knee osteoarthritis on gait balance control, in terms of the inclination angle (IA) of the center of pressure to center of mass vector, and the rate of...
Preprint
Full-text available
Long-term follow-up studies on children with surgically treated developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) have shown that not only the affected side progresses to premature osteoarthritis, but the unaffected side may also suffer from insidious hip dysplasia or osteonecrosis. The current gait analysis study identified the loading and unloading rates...
Article
Full-text available
Biomechanical deviations at individual joints are often identified by gait analysis of patients with cerebral palsy (CP). Analysis of the control of joint and leg stiffness of the locomotor system during gait in children with spastic diplegic CP has been used to reveal their control strategy, but the differences between before and after surgery rem...
Article
Full-text available
Model-based tracking of the movement of the tibiofemoral joint via a biplane X-ray imaging system has been commonly used to reproduce its accurate, three-dimensional kinematics. To accommodate the approaches to existing clinical asynchronous biplane fluoroscopy systems and achieve comparable accuracy, this study proposed an automated model-based in...
Article
Objectives To measure in vivo three-dimensional kinematics of the mandible and associated end-point trajectories and to quantify their relationships during temporomandibular joint activities using 3D fluoroscopy. Methods A novel fluoroscopy-based 3D measurement method was used to measure motions of the mandible and the associated end points (i.e....
Article
Full-text available
Background Soft tissue artifacts (STAs) are a source of error in marker-based gait analysis in dogs. While some studies have revealed the existence of STAs in the canine hindlimb, STAs and their influence on kinematic gait analysis remain unclear. Methods Thirteen healthy Taiwan dogs affixed with twenty skin markers on the thigh and crus were recr...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Skin marker-based three-dimensional kinematic gait analysis were commonly used to assess the functional performance and movement biomechanics of the pelvic limb in dogs. Unfortunately, soft tissue artefact would compromise the accuracy of the reproduced pelvic limb kinematics. Multibody kinematics optimization framework was often emplo...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Altered trunk shape and body alignment in Lenke 1 thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) may affect the body's balance control during activities. The current study aimed to identify the effects of Lenke 1 thoracic AIS on the balance control during level walking in terms of the inclination angles (IA) of the center of mass (CO...
Article
Full-text available
Deviations are often identified at individual joints in the gait analysis of patients with cerebral palsy. Previous gait studies on hemiplegic cerebral palsy (HCP) have focused mainly on deviations of the affected side. The current study aimed to quantify and compare the joint and leg stiffness, the contributions of skeletal and muscular components...
Article
Full-text available
Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is the most common spinal deformity during adolescence, leading to altered postural control with compromised stability. To identify the effects of AIS on whole-body balance control during obstacle-crossing, 14 adolescents with Lenke 1 thoracic AIS and 14 healthy controls were compared in terms of the inclinatio...
Article
Background and objectives: Minimally-invasive total knee arthroplasty (MIS-TKA) has demonstrated very good short-term success, but its mid- to long-term results remain inconclusive. The success may be related to the tradeoff between a small incision and accurate positioning of the implant components. Patient-specific instrumentation (PSI) aims to...
Article
Skin marker-based motion analysis has been widely used to evaluate the functional performance of canine gait and posture. However, the interference of soft tissues between markers and the underlying bones (soft tissue artefacts, STAs) may lead to errors in kinematics measurements. Currently, no optimal marker attachment sites and cluster compositio...
Article
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to propose and evaluate a slice-to-volume registration (SVR) method integrating an advanced dual-slice real-time magnetic resonance image (MRI) and three-dimensional (3D) MRI volume of the tibiofemoral joint for determining their 3D kinematics. Methods: The real-time and 3D MRI of the knee were collected fro...
Article
Introduction: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is the most common three-dimensional spinal deformity pathology during adolescence, often accompanied with sensory integration and proprioception problems, which may lead to abnormal postural control and altered end-point control during functional activities. This paper identifies the effects of...
Article
Objectives Our aim was to investigate the role of age, sex, and location on MR T2* values of the knee cartilage in asymptomatic controls and patients with osteoarthritis (OA). Methods A total of 100 participants, including 40 with OA and 60 asymptomatic controls, were enrolled in this study. Patients with OA were compared to age- (≥ 41 years old)...
Article
Full-text available
Background Three-dimensional joint kinematics during canine locomotion are commonly measured using skin marker-based stereophotogrammetry technologies. However, marker-related errors caused by the displacement of the skin surface relative to the underlying bones (i.e., soft tissue artifacts, STA) may affect the accuracy of the measurements and obsc...
Article
Introduction: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is the most common type of three-dimensional spinal deformity. Identifying the postural adjustments or changes for different phases and events is needed for developing programs to improve the AIS gait, but such information has been limited. The current study aimed to fill the gap via three-dimensi...
Article
Purposes: To propose a new model-based tracking method for measuring 3-D dynamic joint kinematics using a clinical alternating biplane x-ray imaging system; and to quantify in vitro its errors in measuring ankle and knee motions at different motion speeds. Methods: A new model-based tracking method based on motion component partition and interpo...
Article
Objective: To quantify the effects of initial hip angle and angular hip velocity settings of a lower-limb wearable robotic exoskeleton (WRE) on the balance control and mechanical energy requirements in patients with paraplegic spinal cord injuries (SCI) during WRE-assisted sit-to-stand (STS). Design: Observational, cross-sectional study. Settin...
Article
Accurate measurement of the three-dimensional scapular kinematics is essential for a better understanding of the mechanical interactions between the scapula and the other segments of the shoulder complex. The purposes of the study were: (i) to development a marker-based scapular locator for measuring scapular poses, and (ii) to determine the intra-...
Article
Neuromuscular impairments in Parkinson’s disease (PD) alter the mechanics and control of the body, leading to an increased risk of falling during more challenging functional tasks such as obstacle-crossing. However, little is known about these changes. The current study aimed to bridge the gap by quantifying the motion of the body’s center of mass...
Article
Full-text available
Preferred walking speed (PWS) reflects the integrated performance of the relevant physiological sub-systems, including energy expenditure. It remains unclear whether the PWS during over-ground walking is chosen to optimize one’s balance control because studies on the effects of speed on the body’s balance control have been limited. The current stud...
Article
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Background Cephalometric radiography has been used for orthodontic and surgical treatment planning and assessment, and for quantifying mandibular growth. However, it remains unclear how head positioning errors and the level of examiner experience affect the reliability of such morphometric measurements. The current study aimed to bridge the gap by...
Article
Full-text available
Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACL-R) surgery can improve knee joint stability; however, altered sensory feedback after reconstruction surgery might affect the movement control which is required by proper multijoint coordination to compensate for the impaired sensorimotor function. The purpose of this study was to determine how interjoi...
Article
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Treadmill-based training protocols have played an important role in gait and balance training in rehabilitation settings, and the position of the body’s center of mass (COM) relative to the base of support provides an important measurement of postural stability. With the advance in wearable technology, the movement of the COM has been estimated usi...
Article
The posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) plays an important role in the structural stability and sensory feedback at the knee. Altered structural and proprioceptive function at the PCL-deficient knee may affect the joint motions and the end-point control during functional activities. The current study identified the effects of unilateral PCL deficienc...
Article
Soft tissue artefact (STA) represents one of the main obstacles for obtaining accurate and reliable skeletal kinematics from motion capture. Many studies have addressed this issue, yet there is no consensus on the best available bone pose estimator and the expected errors associated with relevant results. Furthermore, results obtained by different...
Article
Treadmills have been used in rehabilitation settings to provide convenient protocols and continuous monitoring of movement over multiple cycles at well-controlled speeds for gait and balance training. However, the potential differences in the movement control may affect the translation of the training outcomes to real life over-ground walking (OW)....
Article
Treadmills are often used in clinical settings to improve walking balance control in patients with gait impairments. However, knowledge of the effects of belt speed on balance control remains incomplete. The current study determined such effects in terms of inclination angles (IA) and the rate of change (RCIA) of the center of mass (COM) motion rel...
Article
Knee osteoarthritis (OA) often leads to altered balance control, joint motion and loading patterns during gait. Acupuncture has been proven to be effective in pain relief but its effects on inter-joint load-sharing for body balance have not been reported. The current study bridged the gap by quantifying the immediate effects of acupuncture on the i...
Article
Full-text available
Background Clinical success of total ankle arthroplasty depends heavily on the available information on the morphology of the bones, often obtained from measurements on planar radiographs. The current study aimed to evaluate the intra-rater, inter-rater and inter-session reliability and the validity of radiograph-based measurements of ankle morphol...
Article
Date Presented 4/8/2016 Older and younger adults have different reaching-to-lifting movement performances under unexpected conditions. Also, older adults could develop different strategies to adapt to unpredictable conditions. The finding could help occupational therapists to design training sessions for clients to improve upper-extremity function....
Article
Full-text available
The use of multi-body optimisation (MBO) to estimate joint kinematics from stereophotogrammetric data while compensating for soft tissue artefact is still open to debate. Presently used joint models embedded in MBO, such as mechanical linkages, constitute a considerable simplification of joint function, preventing a detailed understanding of it. Th...
Article
Full-text available
Background Robot-based joint-testing systems (RJTS) can be used to perform unconstrained laxity tests, measuring the stiffness of a degree of freedom (DOF) of the joint at a fixed flexion angle while allowing the other DOFs unconstrained movement. Previous studies using the force-position hybrid (FPH) control method proposed by Fujie et al. (J Biom...
Article
High-heeled shoes increase the risk of falling during walking, especially in the presence of obstacles. The study aimed to compare the end-point (foot/shoe) trajectories and joint angles of the lower extremities in 12 healthy females crossing obstacles of different heights while barefoot and when wearing narrow-heeled shoes (heel heights: 3.9, 6.3...
Article
Several approaches have been used to devise a model of the human tibio-femoral joint for embedment in lower limb musculoskeletal models. However, no study has considered the use of cadaveric 6x6 compliance (or stiffness) matrices to model the tibio-femoral joint under normal or pathological conditions. The aim of this paper is to present a method t...
Article
Full-text available
Although Pemberton osteotomy has shown a high success rate even in older children, the occurrence of osteonecrosis (ON) remains one of the most severe complications, leading to premature osteoarthritis. Patients with type II ON are characterized by a valgus deformity of the proximal femur with altered musculoskeletal conditions, affecting the abili...
Article
Instrumented treadmills (IT) are used to measure reaction forces (RF) and center of pressure (COP) movements for gait and balance assessment. Regular in situ calibration is essential to ensure their accuracy and to identify conditions when a factory re-calibration is needed. The current study aimed to develop and calibrate in situ an IT using a por...
Article
People with type II diabetes mellitus (DM) are at a high risk of falling especially during more challenging locomotor tasks such as obstacle-crossing. The current study aimed to identify the risk factors for tripping in these patients during trailing-limb obstacle-crossing. Fourteen patients with type II DM with or without mild peripheral neuropath...
Article
Full-text available
Individual joint deviations are often identified in the analysis of cerebral palsy (CP) gait. However, knowledge is limited as to how these deviations affect the control of the locomotor system as a whole when striving to meet the demands of walking. The current study aimed to bridge the gap by describing the control of the locomotor system in chil...
Data
Data contains the stiffness-related variables of CP and the controls during four phases of gait cycle. (CSV)
Article
Background: Axial rigidity and postural instability in people with Parkinson's disease (PD) may contribute to turning difficulty. This study examined the rotation of axial segments and gait instability during turning in people with PD. Methods: Thirteen PD and twelve age-matched healthy adults were recruited. Participants performed the timed Up-...