Tsz Leung Yip

Tsz Leung Yip
The Hong Kong Polytechnic University | PolyU · C.Y. Tung International Centre for Maritime Studies

BEng PhD MBA

About

144
Publications
38,269
Reads
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1,966
Citations
Additional affiliations
July 2014 - present
The Hong Kong Polytechnic University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
February 2007 - June 2014
The Hong Kong Polytechnic University
Position
  • Research Assistant
May 2005 - present
The Hong Kong Polytechnic University
Education
January 2002 - December 2004
June 1993 - December 1997
The University of Hong Kong
Field of study
  • Maritime Engineering

Publications

Publications (144)
Article
Maritime piracy has become a core subject in maritime security and safety. Using ICC International Maritime Bureau data from 2002 to 2009, we use binary choice models to estimate the success/failure of pirate attacks as a function of vessel type, flag, vessel operation, number of pirates, boarding methods, and arms type. Rather than forecasting the...
Article
Connections between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans are vital for international trade. Since 1914, the Panama Canal has provided ships with a direct interoceanic canal for crossing the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. The geographical advantage of the Panama Canal allows it to enjoy an exclusive position in international seaborne trade. Passage demand...
Article
Purpose This study aims to analyse the observation that the economics of many countries have boomed after the input of substantial investments into physical and social infrastructures. Design/methodology/approach A structural equation model is formulated to examine the effect of transportation infrastructure on the relationship between institution...
Article
Purpose This paper aims to explore one question: to what extent does urban rehabilitation impact the housing search cost of the low-income tenants. Design/methodology/approach This paper adopts the fixed effects time-on-market (TOM) model and pricing model to study the research question. Findings Urban rehabilitation lifts the subdivided units (S...
Article
Full-text available
Tropical cyclones are highly destructive weather systems, especially in coastal areas. Tropical cyclones with maximum sustained winds exceeding 74 mph (≈119 kph) are classified as typhoons in the Northwest Pacific, whilst the term ‘hurricanes’ applies to other regions. This study aims to investigate the general characteristics of the most devastati...
Article
Transit-induced gentrification is a popular topic of research and a pressing concern worldwide. However, little attention is paid to the connection between rail transit development and the movement of low-income residents. To investigate this important issue, this paper studies the development of the Mass Transit Railway (MTR) in Hong Kong between...
Article
In marine insurance, the identification of the distribution of the claim size processes from given observations is of major importance. We evaluate the claim amounts due to accidental oil spill volume from tankers. Previous studies on oil spills were mainly concentrating on the relation between spill amounts and some accident factors. The trend of...
Chapter
The megatrend of rebalancing of global economic power from the West to the East has transformed the management of international business. Since 2017, the conflict and competition between two superpowers—the United States and China—in multiple arenas have intensified. The dramatic change in the United States foreign policy has turned China as a “str...
Article
This study firstly explores dynamic volatility spillovers across bunker fuel markets in shipping industry. Volatilities in bunker markets are measured by using the dynamic conditional correlation GARCH model. And then bunker volatility spillovers across markets are studied. Our analysis provides an evidence of unidirectional volatility spillovers w...
Article
This paper summarises the advanced techniques adopted for the analysis of human and organizational factors, which are the predominant factors in maritime accidents, and the various attempts that have been made to reduce human errors by identifying the existing challenges. Advanced techniques for human and organizational factor modelling, including...
Article
Ports, as the main components of global maritime transportation, have attracted attention from both industry and academia in relation to their safety management. Identifying the important ports of a maritime shipping network is necessary and significant for the recovery of ports when encountering severe disasters, especially with limited emergency...
Article
The feasibility problem is at the core of the modeling of many problems in various areas, and the quasi-convex function usually provides a precise representation of reality in many fields such as economics, finance and management science. In this paper, we consider the quasi-convex feasibility problem (QFP), that is to find a common point of a fami...
Article
Full-text available
Hong Kong is a densely populated international metropolis with ∼7.5 million residents living in a small geographic area of ∼1,100 km². Like some major cities around the world, it has a vast public transportation system that moves ∼12.4 million passengers per day, ∼42% of which is attributable to the Mass Transit Railway's (MTR's) extensive network...
Article
This paper studies performance-based regulation of train service delays in Hong Kong. Motivated by the criticism that the Mass Transit Railway (MTR) offers fare rebates deemed too small for long service delays, our logit analysis of a stated choice experiment’s data collected from 1,559 MTR users in Q4:2020 yields the following findings: (1) the di...
Article
In response to global sulfur emission restrictions, China has established sulfur emission control areas in its coastal areas. This has a huge impact on China's coastal shipping ships. These ships can adopt the following three sulfur abatement options to deal with it: (1) using low-sulfur fuel, (2) using an exhaust gas cleaning system, and (3) using...
Article
Shipowners face the challenge of selecting shipyards to build a new ship, as shipyards are highly similar in terms of capacity and capability but highly heterogeneous with a variety of incentives to shipowners. Building a new ship takes at months and is very expensive, and selecting a prospective shipyard demands the shipowners to have a wealth of...
Article
Human and organizational factors are the contributing factors for collision accidents from the historical data. To discover the key influencing factor, a human factor analysis and classification system based Bayesian Network model is proposed in this paper. The kernel of this proposed model is first to derive the unsafe acts from the perspective of...
Article
To mitigate risk and enhance safety in oil ports, this study proposes a method to analyse the civil liability risk and criminal liability risk of oil spills in oil ports. Based on scenario analysis and data analysis, the probability, spill size, number of casualties, actual compensation and total spill cost are estimated for different scenarios, in...
Article
The spot freight market in the liner shipping industry has developed significantly in recent years and interplays with the long-term contract between carriers and shippers. Under this background, this paper presents a Stackelberg games model by taking into account both the carrier’s long-term decision (on freight rate) as well as the shipper’s long...
Article
Collision accident accounts for the largest proportion among all types of maritime accidents, emergency decision-making is essential to reduce the consequence of such accidents. This paper proposes a novel Bayesian Network based emergency decision-making model for consequence reduction of individual ship-ship collision in the Yangtze River. The ker...
Article
Offshore wind power is an important renewable energy source and plays an essential role in optimizing the energy structure worldwide. Simultaneously, offshore wind turbine (OWT) selection is a complicated process since it concerning various variables and optimization scenarios. In this paper, a novel fuzzy Bayesian network-based model for multiple-...
Research
A special issue of Journal of Theoretical and Applied Electronic Commerce Research (ISSN 0718-1876). (Impact Factor: 3.049) Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 July 2022. https://www.mdpi.com/journal/jtaer/special_issues/Supply_Chain_Digitalization
Article
Full-text available
COVID-19 is a global disease that has quickly shaken the world economy since the beginning of 2020 and consequently has significantly affected the shipping industries development (including shipping operators, port operators, government authorities, shippers, seafarers, passengers, supply chain operators, etc.). Currently, the clinical management o...
Article
Insufficient land supply and housing shortage limit the development in Hong Kong. To tackle such obstacles, the Hong Kong government launched a new housing initiative in June 2018, that is, to reallocate private housing sites for public housing in East Kowloon. Yet, the initiative may give rise to two important questions: (1) how does this initiati...
Article
Full-text available
This paper extends the EVAMIX (EVAluation of MIXed Data) as an exemplary multi-criteria decision-making method in three perspectives. First, the problem is investigated in a fuzzy environment. Secondly, multiple decision-makers involve in decision-making process. It allows the moderator to benefit the opinions of multiple experts. Third, experts ar...
Article
The COVID-19 reported initially in December 2019 led to thousands and millions of people infections, deaths at a rapid scale, and a global scale. Metropolitans suffered serious pandemic problems as the built environments of metropolitans contain a large number of people in a relatively small area and allow frequent contacts to let virus spread thro...
Article
This paper investigates the contribution of investor domicile effects to second-hand bulk transaction price formation. The dataset covers transactions for Handysize bulk carriers between 1996 and 2016. We apply a two-stage regression approach, first capturing the effects of vessel age and market conditions in a non-parametric model and, in a second...
Article
Full-text available
In 2013, China announced the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), which aims to promote the connectivity of Asia, Europe, and Africa and deepen mutually beneficial economic cooperation among member countries. Past studies have reported a positive impact of the BRI on trade between China and its partner countries along the Belt and Road (B&R). However, l...
Article
Full-text available
Oil spill from ships poses a serious threat to the marine environment and can cause great losses of energy resources. The emergency response to oil spill from ships is challenging owing to the time limitation and resource constraint, together with the lack of historical data. This paper proposes a quantitative decision-making model for early emerge...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this study, characteristics of maritime accidents caused from human factor and the lessons learnt are investigated. 19175 human factor related maritime accidents among 31412 unique reports in which the data for occurrences from 1993 and reported to Marine Accident Investigation Branch (MAIB) by the end of April 2012 are analysed in detail. The c...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this study, characteristics of maritime accidents caused from human factor and the lessons learnt are investigated. 19175 human factor related maritime accidents among 31412 unique reports in which the data for occurrences from 1993 and reported to Marine Accident Investigation Branch (MAIB) by the end of April 2012 are analysed in detail. The c...
Article
Full-text available
Unlike the studies of freshmen entrants, the learning experiences of community college transfer (CCT) students in the receiving university is a topic that has only started to gain attention in recent decades. Little is known about the differences between CCT and freshmen entrants with regard to their study workload stress and its relationship with...
Article
Full-text available
Decision-making in ship investment is a complex and difficult process with trade-offs. The purpose of this study is to guide the decisions on the purchase of dry bulk carriers based on a Fuzzy Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (Fuzzy TOPSIS) multi-criteria decision analysis algorithm. A set of criteria and a set of alte...
Article
Full-text available
More frequent cruisers prefer attractive cruising destinations, excellent geographical locations, diversified oriental cultures, local wildlife, rich tourism resource and exotic experiences in Asia for western travellers. Cruising in the Asian regions has considered as a potential growth in the transport and tourism industry. In this paper, we aim...
Article
Full-text available
As nonrecourse project finance (rather than financing on a sovereign basis) is becoming more prevalent worldwide, financing institutions have to collaborate more closely with firms to optimize capacity‐investment and financing decisions. Under this background, this paper presents a stylized Stackelberg games model, taking into account the firm's ca...
Article
This paper proposes a fuzzy logic-based intelligent decision-making approach for navigation strategy selection in the inland traffic separation scheme. The dynamic characteristics of navigation process, including free navigation, ship following and ship overtaking, are further analysed. The proposed model can be implemented in the decision support...
Chapter
Is Hong Kong best suited for the “super-connector” role in the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), forging stronger links among partnering countries to deepen multilateral economic cooperation? Taking clothing industry as a case in point, this study examines how Hong Kong can play that role by leveraging its strengths to enhance sustainable clothing tr...
Chapter
Full-text available
The global supply chains in the Textile and Clothing (T&C) industry have been shaped by various forces, among them the economic development policy is one of the strongest. Amid the rollout of the Chinese’s new national development strategy—the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), major T&C companies see both opportunities and challenges in optimizing an...
Article
Navigational accidents (collisions and groundings) account for approximately 85% of mari-time accidents, and consequence estimation for such accidents is essential for both emergency resource allocation when such accidents occur and for risk management in the framework of a formal safety assessment. As the traditional Bayesian network requires expe...
Article
Full-text available
Starting from the late 1960s, the cruise industry has appeared in two key regions, namely Europe and North America. However, the cruise industry has undergone fundamental changes which implies that the number of frequent cruisers is growing, with western travelers supposedly travelling to diverse cultures, attractive cruising destinations and exoti...
Article
This paper proposes a fuzzy logic based approach for ship-bridge collision alert by considering ship particulars, bridge parameters and natural environment. It can be implemented in the decision support system for safe navigation or be included in the process of autonomous navigation. The ship-bridge collision conditions are analysed by considering...
Article
Traffic flow theory has been applied to the study of marine traffic flow and underpins the phenomena being studied. This paper is intended to demonstrate the uses of classical fundamental diagrams, which are developed previously on the basis of highway traffic, by conducting empirical tests on marine traffic data. Marine traffic data are extracted...
Article
Full-text available
The global supply chains in the Textile and Clothing (T&C) industry have been shaping by various forces, among them economic development policy is one of the strongest. Amid the rollout of the Chinese’s new national development strategy—Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), major T&C companies see both opportunities and challenges in optimizing and restr...
Article
We develop an advanced portfolio analysis method to determine the optimal ship mix for a portfolio. A typical business model of a ship leasing firm is to acquire ships for charter income. However, transportation assets (such as ships and aircraft) are different from financial assets (e.g. stocks and bonds) as they are tangible and have a limited us...
Article
Full-text available
Considering the surge in e-learning growth over the last decade and the proliferation of mobile devices in the Bring Your Own Device generation, this paper reviews selected use cases of Bluetooth beacons in educational situations. We review the contribution of Bluetooth beacons to a mixed pedagogy that uses digital and physical learning spaces, and...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose The role of clusters in the development and growth of local and national economies has been extensively studied and discussed in global literature. Different methodologies are used for analysing the impact these have in national and regional economies, such as the input–output (IO) and gravity models. This paper aims to detail the methodol...
Article
The transportation of hazardous material (hereinafter referred to as Hazmat) is different from general cargo. If a Hazmat road transportation accident occurs, it will not only cause significant casualties and road network damage but also threaten the safety of the lives and property of the residents near the road. Therefore, a quantitative vulnerab...
Article
Full-text available
Concerns have been raised around pilotage in Korea due to a rise in marine accidents in the 2010s. Since the late 2000s, a debate has been sparked on the most suitable age of retirement for Korean pilots. The debate has focused on the extension of retirement age of pilots from 65 to 68 and whether this will affect the probability of marine accident...
Article
Purpose This study aims to investigate the efficiency changes of 23 major Asian container ports for the period from 2000 to 2007. In addition to assess the general trend, it also attempts to decompose the overall efficiency change into technological efficiency change, technical efficiency change and scale efficiency change to help port authorities...
Article
Full-text available
This paper formulates the empty container repositioning (ECR) problem, which is one of the most important issues in the container shipping industry, by running a model to generate the service route of feeder shipping in a dynamic environment. The objective is to reduce the disequilibrium of laden and empty containers. This paper first provides a li...
Article
To reduce CO 2 emissions, the Chinese government has established a carbon emissions trading scheme, with industrial enterprises being allocated free emissions quotas and buying permits on the carbon market for over-quota emissions. Enterprises, including container terminals, must also progressively reduce their carbon emissions intensities and will...
Article
Fatality estimation is beneficial for improving the safety of fireproofing in ship design and ensuring a quick response to fire accidents. This paper proposes a probabilistic method for fatality estimation of fire accidents caused by critical temperature and critical smoke in terms of comparing the available safe egress time and the required safe e...
Conference Paper
The Belt and Road (B & R) Initiative, which was put forth by Chinese President Xi Jinping in 2013, has entered its fifth year and attracted widespread support from more than 80 countries and international organizations. The B & R Initiative provides fresh impetus to the global economy in the 21st century and creates exciting opportunities for diffe...
Article
This paper is the pioneer research considering impacts of new residential stamp duty on TOM. This paper covers space and time information of property transaction via spatial–temporal model, which overcomes the deficits of previous studies by only capturing temporal information. A spatial model selection scheme is adopted in this paper which largely...
Article
Purpose This paper aims to forecast inbound and outbound container throughput for Bangkok Port to 2041 and uses the results to inform the future planning and management of the port’s container terminal. Design/methodology/approach The data used cover a period of 16 years (192 months of observations). Data sources include the Bank of Thailand and...
Article
The shipping market is volatile. In general, the shipping market cycle shows four stages, through—recovery—peak—collapse, while a upward trend lasts for 7~8 years and a downward trend for another 7~8 years. So the market’s bubble is not sustainable but always ends in a recessionary trend. The economic cycle is common knowledge and an axiom of the s...
Article
This paper presents pioneering research investigating the effects of semi-obnoxious facilities on subdivided units (SDUs) via a spatial econometric method. It overcomes the shortcomings of previous studies by employing a spatial-temporal model with the best fit. The paper also considers the effects of the Hong Kong Urban Renewal Authority's propose...
Article
This article discusses the proposed Kra Canal and its impacts on the tanker market from an economic perspective. We forecast tanker size distributions and further analyze the impacts of toll structures on tanker traffic. The forecast for tanker size distributions is based on distance savings for tankers as potential users of the Kra Canal. The data...
Article
This paper models shipping lines' operational costs and CO2 emissions under alternative geographic network configurations when an emission charge is imposed on operations from Asia to Europe. Our modeling results suggest that shipping firms' network configuration is influenced by emission charge, fuel price, port loading and unloading cost, and dem...
Article
Full-text available
The Korean aviation industry (KAI) has been expanded significantly, because the Incheon International Airport opened in 2001 and low cost carriers (LCC) entered the KAI market. But following the KAI's growth, flight departure delays (FDDs) have increased six-fold during the past decade. In terms of these situations, this study firstly adds the FDD...
Article
Full-text available
Food is important for liner shipping companies (LSCs) in their efforts to support daily lives and fulfil seafarer demand. Food issues are addressed in the International Labour Organization’s (ILO’s) Food and Catering (Ships’ Crews) Convention 1946 (No. 68), amended 2006. Moreover, the enforcement of the Maritime Labour Convention (MLC) Regulations...
Article
Distinguishing investors into speculators and operators, and classifying the former group into momentum and contrarian investors, we develop a heterogeneous agent model (HAM) to examine the dynamics of price of second-hand dry bulk ships. The results suggest that momentum strategies based on short-term measures of earnings perform significantly bet...
Article
Groundings are frequently occurring accidents that pose a serious risk in inland waterways. This paper proposes a flexible decision-support solution for grounded ships in the Yangtze River. The basis of the proposed method is to develop an influence diagram based on a three-layer decision-making framework, to consider the effectiveness of the inter...
Article
This paper investigates the impacts of Emission Control Areas (ECAs) on aspects of global shipping. As the direction and degree of climate change have become increasingly well documented, emissions from ships have received more attention from the shipping industry. By using data for the Asia–Europe route, we model the route-choosing behaviour of li...
Article
The purpose of this paper is to develop an improved version of the conventional fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (FAHP) methods, and investigate the shipping technology management problem for dynamic capability. There exist many FAHP applications in the recent literature, but most of these use triangular or trapezoidal fuzzy numbers rather than Gau...