Tsunehiro Otsuki

Tsunehiro Otsuki
Osaka University | Handai

About

53
Publications
27,892
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3,412
Citations
Citations since 2017
9 Research Items
1260 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200

Publications

Publications (53)
Article
In the past decade, product-related environmental regulations (PRERs) aimed at environmental protection and consumers’ health and safety were actively introduced in developed countries, led by the EU. This study examined the impact of two PRERs released by the EU—RoHS and REACH—on Malaysian and Vietnamese firms’ compliance. The first analysis focus...
Article
Since their implementation in 1995, the agreements on the application of sanitary and phytosanitary measures and technical barriers to trade of the world trade organization have played an increasingly important role in the conduct of international negotiations. This study employs the method of moments estimator proposed by Berry et al. (RAND J Econ...
Article
Environmental protection is an issue that all developing countries must cope with when inviting foreign direct investment (FDI). However, the high correlation between FDI and pollution does not necessarily indicate that foreign firms are to blame. In this study, we apply firm-level panel data from Vietnam and unique information on waste discharge t...
Preprint
Full-text available
Since their implementation in 1995, the Agreements on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures and Technical Barriers to Trade of the World Trade Organization have played an increasingly important role in the conduct of international negotiations. This study employs the method of moments estimator proposed by Berry, Levinsohn, and Pak...
Preprint
This study examined the impact of two PRERs released by the EU-RoHS and REACH-on Malaysian and Vietnamese firms' compliance. The analysis considers productivity as a realization of innovations and examines the R&D enhancement effect of PRERs. The effect of PRERs on productivity is also broken down into direct and indirect effects through R&D enhanc...
Chapter
This chapter examines demand-side effects of EU restriction on hazardous substances (RoHS) and REACH regulations in terms of enhancing export market access by firms exporting from Malaysia and Vietnam. The analysis finds that firms’ compliance with the RoHS and REACH regulations promotes access to the EU export market. However, compliance is also a...
Chapter
This chapter examines the impact of EU restriction on hazardous substances (RoHS) and REACH regulations on the production costs of firms in Malaysia and Vietnam using two firm-level survey data. The primary purpose of chemical safety regulations is to ensure consumer safety, but they may impose costs on producers by requiring greater effort to meet...
Article
This study examined the survival of multinational enterprises (MNE) in Vietnam during 2000–2011 using Cox hazard models. The characteristics and ownership structure of firms and the nationality of foreign partners are found to be associated with the probability of firm exit, with a firm having greater capital share of foreign partners surviving lon...
Article
Full-text available
We introduce a standards restrictiveness index to analyze the impact that food safety standards have on international exports of agricultural products. Our new measure of standards restrictiveness is created using maximum residue levels of pesticides for 61 importing countries and 66 different products. The index accounts for both the number of pes...
Article
The expansion of food safety standards in regulations has introduced new complexity in trade policy dialogues and efforts to expand trade in agricultural products. A loss of competitiveness due to the costs required to comply with these standards has arisen concern among exporting firms, particularly those in developing countries. This chapter revi...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this study is to discuss the progress and challenges of South Asia in trade liberalization and facilitation, and to quantitatively demonstrate the potential benefits of trade facilitation in South Asia. Design/methodology/approach The quantitative study simulates the trade gains to the region based on the gravity model estim...
Article
We estimate the impact on production costs of firms in developing countries from conforming to regulations imposed by major importing countries, using firm-level data from 16 developing countries. The findings indicate that standards increase variable production costs by requiring additional labor and capital. A 1% increase in initial investment to...
Article
We estimate the impact of regulatory heterogeneity on agri‐food trade using a gravity analysis that relies on detailed data on non‐tariff measures (NTMs) collected by the NTM‐Impact project. The data cover a broad range of import requirements for agricultural and food products for the EU and nine of its major trade partners. We find that trade is s...
Article
This article develops a simple, but informative, approach to measure technical changes by applying the Malmquist index framework using data envelopment analysis (DEA). A set of directional vectors is used to capture complete information regarding the overall shift in the technology frontier; we then visualize the DEA frontiers in the output space....
Article
Many of the most important food safety issues in international trade today impact on developing countries. These countries, especially those in Sub-Saharan Africa, seek to expand access to international agricultural markets and integrate more fully into the global trade system. Questions of how to balance risk, expanding trade in agricultural produ...
Article
Full-text available
We outline new data on non-tariff measures (NTMs) in agricultural trade collected as part of the NTM-Impact project. The data cover product and process standards, conformity assessment measures, and country requirements for the EU and 10 other countries. We create a Heterogeneity Index of Trade (HIT) regulations to aggregate data on different measu...
Article
Full-text available
This study estimates the response of Japanese consumersf demand for poultry meat to the food safety regulations at the border using the almost ideal demand system (AIDS) with a particular focus on the maximum residue limits (MRL) on pesticides and veterinary drugs. The AIDS model allows for differing demand response to the food safety regulations a...
Article
Full-text available
Growing number of firms in developing countries have earned certifications such as International Standards Organization (ISO) as it enhances reputation of their company or brand and attract buyers particularly in export market. This study evaluates the effect of international standards certification on firm's export performance in Europe and Centra...
Article
Full-text available
This paper assesses the performance and progress of the ASEAN economies in trade facilitation, and the effect of improved trade facilitation on the regionfs manufacturing trade with a focus on port efficiency, customs environment, regulatory environment and service sector infrastructure. Under a scenario of raising the below-average countries halfw...
Article
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This study investigates the effects of adopting agroforestry and other soil conservation technologies (SCTs) on agricultural productivity in Kenya, using plot-level data on agricultural production. Using a treatment effects model, it is found that adopting agroforestry methods, as well as manure, chemical fertilizer, and terracing/trenching, increa...
Article
Full-text available
The sample-specificity and path-dependence of the data envelopment analysis (DEA) based technical change index as a component of Malmquist indexes prevent us from obtaining overall and systematic information on technical change. This paper develops a pathindependent method to estimate technical change using a systematized set of controlled input- o...
Article
Standards and technical regulations set in importing countries have become a rising concern to exporters, especially to those in developing countries. This paper examines the importance of various types of standards in developing-country firms' export decisions. Drawn from the World Bank Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Survey database, we find th...
Article
Full-text available
The trade performance of countries in South Asia over the past two decades has been poor relative to other regions. Exports from South Asia have doubled over the past 20 years to approximately USD 100 billion. In contrast, East Asia's exports grew ten times over the same period. The low level of intraregional trade has contributed to weak export pe...
Article
Full-text available
Standards and technical regulations are an increasingly prominent part of the international trade policy debate. In particular, there has been considerable discussion of whether standards and regulations affect trade costs and export prospects for developing countries. In this paper the authors examine how meeting foreign standards affects firms'ex...
Article
Full-text available
Standards and technical regulations exist to protect consumer safety or to achieve other goals, such as ensuring the interoperability of telecommunications systems, for example. Standards and technical regulations can, however, raise substantially both start-up and production costs for firms. Maskus, Otsuki, and Wilson develop econometric models to...
Article
This paper estimates the relationship between trade facilitation and trade flows using a panel of disaggregated manufactured goods for the 2000-2001 period for 75 countries. Four categories of trade facilitation are defined, measured and assessed for their impact on bilateral trade flows using a gravity model. The four measures of trade facilitatio...
Article
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The main purpose of this chapter is to provide an overview and context of the country studies on Information Technology (IT) for Trade Facilitation (TF) in Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs).
Article
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Food safety and the trade-off between precaution and increased agricultural exports are at the forefront of policy debate. Moreover, how international standards are set for food safety, can have a profound effect on export prospects for the least developed countries. This study examines the impact of adopting international food safety standards and...
Article
Full-text available
The authors analyze the relationship between trade facilitation, trade flows, and GDP per capita in the Asia-Pacific region for the goods sector. They define and measure trade facilitation using four broad indicators. These are constructed using country-specific data for port efficiency, customs environment, regulatory environment, and electronic-b...
Article
Full-text available
There have been a number of high profile food safety disputes in trade over the past decade. These include the widely publicized case at the World Trade Organization between the US and EU over hormone-treated beef. In particular, consumers in some industrialized countries have expressed concern over the health implications of consuming beef produce...
Article
"Growing concern over health risks associated with food products has prompted close examination of sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) standards in industrialized countries. Standards are employed to protect human health from toxic additives, contaminants, toxins, or disease-causing organisms in foods and beverages, as well as to protect animal and pl...
Article
This article analyzes the relationship between trade facilitation and trade flows in the Asia-Pacific region. Country-specific data for port efficiency, customs environment, regulatory environment, and e-business usage are used to construct indicators for measuring trade facilitation. The relationship between these indicators and trade flows is est...
Article
Full-text available
How to address the link between environmental regulation and trade was an important part of discussions at the World Trade Organization Ministerial in Doha, Qatar in November 2001. Trade ministers agreed to launch negotiations on trade and the environment, specifically clarification of WTO rules. The authors address an important part of the backgro...
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines the effects of the Brazilian governments title granting policies on the efficiency of agricultural and timber production in the Brazilian Amazon. A two-stage procedure is used that combines Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) and a Tobit regression. Provision of private land titles before 1995 is found to positively affect the techn...
Article
How governments regulate food safety and environmental protection, including pesticide residue levels, has important implications for trade. This paper explores food safety standards and whether regulations on pesticide residues in food have an effect on trade flows. We examine regulatory data from 11 Organization for Economic Cooperation and Devel...
Article
Full-text available
Food safety standards, and the tradeoff between these standards, and agricultural export growth, are at the forefront of the trade policy debate. How food safety is addressed in the world trade system, is critical for developing countries that continue to rely on agricultural exports. In a fragmented system of conflicting national food safety stand...
Article
Food safety and the trade-off between precaution and increased agricultural exports is at the forefront of policy debate. Discussions of food safety standards and their relation to trade have been prominent in many of the position papers developed in advance of the World Trade Organization (WTO) Ministerial in Doha set for November 2001, for exampl...
Article
A growing concern over health risks associated with food products has prompted close examination of sanitary and phytosanitary standards in industrialized countries. This paper quantifies the impact of a new harmonized aflatoxin standard set by the EU on food exports from Africa. We employ a gravity model to estimate the impact of changes in differ...
Article
Full-text available
The effects of varying regulatory standards on trade in agricultural products are at the forefront of policy debate. This paper employs a gravity model to estimate the impact of changes in aflatoxin standards on trade flows of groundnut products using trade data for Europe and Africa during 1989–1998. Results suggest that a 10 per cent tighter afla...
Article
Full-text available
Growing concern over health risks associated with food products is at the forefront of trade policy debate. At the heart of this debate is the"precautionary principle,"which holds that precautions should be taken against health, safety, and environmental risks even whenscience has not established direct cause-and-effect relationships--as with, for...
Article
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This paper examines how the stringency of environmental regulations impact international trade patterns. It explores the hypothesis that environmental regulation does not have a significant impact on trade. An econometric analysis is conducted for 24 countries ranging from highly developed to extremely poor to investigate whether environmental regu...
Article
Full-text available
There has been increasing use of technical regulations as instruments of commercial policy in the context of multilateral, regional, and global trade. These nontariff barriers are of special concern to developing countries, which may bear additional costs in meeting mandatory standards. Many industrial and developing countries express frustration w...
Article
Full-text available
This study assesses the impact of adopting international food safety standards and regional harmonization of standards on global trade patterns of cereals, dried fruits and nuts. The paper develops econometric models to estimate the effect of aflatoxin standards in 15 importing countries on the export from 31 (21 developing ) countries in the world...
Article
Full-text available
Food safety and the trade-off between precaution and increased agricultural exports is at the forefront of policy debate. Discussions of food safety standards and their relation to trade have been prominent in many of the position papers developed in advance of the World Trade Organization (WTO) Ministerial in Doha set for November 2001, for exampl...
Article
Full-text available
totsuki@worldbank.org The findings, interpretations, and conclusions expressed in this paper are entirely those of the authors. They do not necessarily represent the view of the World Bank, its Executive Directors, or the countries they represent.

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