Troels Jacob Hegland

Troels Jacob Hegland
Aalborg University · Centre for Blue Governance

Ph.D. in Planning (Fisheries and Marine Governance)

About

41
Publications
6,110
Reads
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442
Citations
Introduction
15+ years' experience with social science on the EU Common Fisheries Policy and national fisheries management systems + broader issues of marine governance and fish as food. Current areas of interest: * Sustainable and climate-friendly fisheries of the future, incl. certification. * Marine governance and -planning, particularly the balance between nature and fisheries activities. * Democratic participation in marine issues. * Sustainable coastal communities, incl. issues around ITQs.
Additional affiliations
November 2012 - January 2016
Aalborg University
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
November 2008 - January 2012
Aalborg University
Position
  • PhD Student
July 2007 - October 2008
Aalborg University
Position
  • Research Assistant
Education
November 2008 - May 2012
Aalborg University
Field of study
  • Planning and Development
September 2001 - May 2004
Aalborg University
Field of study
  • European Studies
September 1995 - June 1999
Aalborg University
Field of study
  • Public Administration and Social Science

Publications

Publications (41)
Article
In 2020, the Danish Ministry of Environment and Food launched a new state-led ecolabelling scheme for fish originating from small-scale, ‘low-environmental-impact’ fisheries; “NaturSkånsom”. The label was introduced to a domestic market where the vast majority of the fish landed by Danish vessels was already certified by the global leader in certif...
Article
While European policies have progressed towards an Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries Management (EAFM), limited attention has been paid to the implications for its advisory system. This paper analyses the advisory landscape in the European Union (EU) by addressing two questions: to what extent can the needed advice be provided? how prepared is the ma...
Article
Full-text available
The profile of small-scale fisheries has been raised through a dedicated target within the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDG14b) that calls for the provision of ‘access of small-scale artisanal fishers to marine resources and markets’. By focusing on access to fisheries resources in the context of European Union, in this article we...
Chapter
The Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) is rooted in the Treaty of Rome. After its completion in 1983, the policy framework was gradually reformed through decennial reviews in 1993, 2003, and 2014. Due to geopolitical, physiographic, and historical reasons, the EU implementation of the CFP is most developed in the North Atlantic Ocean, the North Sea, and...
Article
Any ecosystem based fisheries management system is necessarily faced with the problem of multiple objectives that trade-off against one another. Typically, objectives such as the maximization of yield, employment or profit or minimizing environmental impacts will be optimized in different parts of the decision space, which is formed of the fishing...
Article
Full-text available
I de senere år har ændringer i dansk fiskeriforvaltning ført til drastiske omvæltninger i erhvervet. Forandringerne har manifesteret sig i en betydelig koncentration og konsolidering af flåden, hvilket på landsplan har medført forskydninger i den geografiske fordeling af fiskeriaktiviteter; især til ulempe for mindre kystsamfund. Gennem et kvalitat...
Chapter
This chapter provides an introduction to the main factors behind increasing ocean use, which—more often than not—tend to lead to increasing pressure on the marine environment. In this way, it aims on a very general level to account for the root causes of the different developments that have led to the need for specific management and governance int...
Article
The International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES) occupies a central role in the advice system to support the implementation of an ecosystem approach to fisheries management (EAFM) in the European Union (EU). Despite improvements, its capacity to deliver ecosystem advice seems to be far from a fully functional operational framework. T...
Article
In recent years, there has been a proliferation in environmental, market-based product certification schemes. Typically, certifying bodies provide labels that assure that the products have been extracted or produced using environmentally (and sometimes socially) responsible practices. Ideally, consumers can then make informed choices and select cer...
Article
This study compares the details and performance of fisheries management between the EU and a selection of other countries worldwide: Iceland, New Zealand, and Australia, which are considered in many respects to be among the most advanced in the world in fisheries management. Fisheries management in the EU, Iceland, Australia, and New Zealand has de...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The Myfish project aimed to provide science on the challenges of Maximum Sustainable Yield (MSY) management that was both high level and highly relevant to the managers, industry representatives, NGOs and scientists who would make use of it. To ensure this, the project was designed to be inclusive all the way from the proposal writing phase to the...
Research
Full-text available
Department of Development and Planning, Aalborg University, Publication series, No. 2009-6.
Research
Full-text available
Master Thesis, 2004. MA European Studies, Department of International Affairs, Aalborg University, Denmark
Research
Full-text available
Synthesis part of PhD Thesis entitled 'Fishing for Change in EU Governance - Excursions into the Evolution of the Common Fisheries Policy', 2012 (excl. articles published elsewhere). Innovative Fisheries Management - an Aalborg University Research Centre, Department of Development and Planning, Aalborg University, Denmark.
Research
Full-text available
Institute for Fisheries Management and Coastal Community Development, Working Paper, No. 1, 2006.
Article
This article reviews early experiences with what is commonly referred to as 'regionalisation'. Initially, the article briefly recalls the shortcomings of the traditional, highly centralised governance structure of the Common Fisheries Policy of the European Union, for which regionalisation was widely perceived as a solution, while at the same time...
Article
This article deals with the implementation of ecosystem-based marine management in the Baltic Sea. It explores and documents in particular the preliminary lessons from environmental and fisheries management with reference to the Helsinki Commission Group for implementation of the ecosystem approach and the Baltic Sea Fisheries Forum, both examples...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report evaluates the Faroe Islands’ Fisheries Governance System: Objective Setting and Implementation. The report is part of a European Union (EU) FP7 project ‘Maximizing yield of fisheries while balancing ecosystem, economic and social concerns’ (Acronym: Myfish). It is one case study for Task 1.2, which aimed to review existing and proposed...
Article
Full-text available
The Faroe Islands are currently struggling to find their feet in a new context of globalisation and changing international requirements on fishery management best practices, as exemplified by United Nations protocols and agreements. We introduce the Faroese fisheries effort management system for cod, haddock and saithe, which represents an innovati...
Article
Full-text available
The 2002 Common Fisheries Policy (cfp) reform introduced the Regional Advisory Councils (racs) to enhance stakeholder involvement and correct one of the policy’s primary deficiencies, its lack of legitimacy, arising in part from low stakeholder involvement. While some criticize the 2002 reform as not going far enough to alleviate problems of laggin...
Article
Full-text available
It is the contention of this special issue that regionalisation, in the sense of focusing important aspects of governance on the scale of marine eco-regions, can make a valuable contribution to the reform of the European Union’s Common Fisheries Policy (cfp). Despite recent trials and tribulations associated with the current reforms, we remain firm...
Article
Full-text available
Regionalisation has in recent years been intensely discussed as a possible path for the future Common Fisheries Policy of the European Union. However, the motivations for moving in this direction are as varied as the perceptions of what regionalisation as a mode governance would entail in practice. To draw implications for policy, we explore these...
Article
Full-text available
The idea of putting together a special issue of MAST on the issue of regionalisation of the Common Fisheries Policy (CFP), was born in late 2010. Having participated in an EU funded research project looking into how an eco-system based approach to fisheries management could be operationalised in the European Union (EU) with particular focus on regi...
Article
Full-text available
The concept of regionalisation, as it has been employed in connection with the Common Fisheries Policy (CFP), is both ambiguous and multidimensional in the sense that it can have different meanings to different people and subsumes several discussions under one heading. Similarly, the perceived benefits of regionalisation can vary. In this article w...
Article
The ability to transform historical learning into institutional reform is a key to success in the management of common pool natural resources. Based on a model of institutional inertia and a comparative analysis of Northeast Atlantic fisheries management from 1945 to the present, the paper aims to identify drivers and obstacles to learning-based in...
Article
Full-text available
In 2006 the stakeholders of the Pelagic Regional Advisory Council (Pe-lagic rac) contacted scientists with expertise on western horse mackerel and asked them to assist the rac in developing a long-term management plan. This article reports on that process and contributes to the knowledge of best practices for interactive processes between scientist...
Chapter
The focus of this chapter is the experience and attitudes of individual scientists within the fisheries advisory system. Most of the information is taken from the survey of fisheries scientists, but we have added a number of quotes from meetings and in-depth interviews where this helps give a fuller picture. One important task is to compare the exp...
Chapter
The Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) of the European Union (EU) has for long been accused of being unable to provide sustainable fisheries or actually in itself being an obstacle to this. Not least the inability of the CFP to achieve a sustainable balance between available resources and fishing capacity has been an issue of debate. By looking at the h...
Chapter
This chapter discusses implementation as a policy instrument in terms of fishery resource conservation. Implementation is primarily a means of pursuing established political goals. However, it is also a potential means of deliberate subversion or change of political goals. The chapter describes the development of multiple goals in fisheries managem...
Chapter
Denmark is among the more loyal European Union (EU) member states when it comes to national implementation of the Common Fisheries Policy (CFP). However, even in Denmark several mechanisms contribute to sub-optimal implementation of the CFP. Looking at implementation problems for a relatively loyal member state, this chapter sheds critical light on...
Chapter
The traditional view of public intervention theory placed the regulator in the role of a mere specialist intermediary among collective wills and their technical and scientific transformation into practical public policies. Public action was considered absolutely neutral and technocratic. Thus, social capital and legitimacy was always based on the f...
Chapter
The institutional set-up for production and use of knowledge in relation to fisheries management in Europe is complex and involves a number of actors. The two most prominent actors in the system are the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES) and the European Union (EU). ICES is the intergovernmental agency— the center of a syst...
Chapter
The fisheries sector is tremendously important for Iceland: the export of fish products accounts for a large part of the value of exported goods. Fisheries policy in Iceland is, consequently, of national importance to a degree that is not comparable to any of the EU member states. Demersal fish species (including cod (Gadus morhua), haddock (Melano...
Article
"The theoretical debate over the dynamics of European integration is today, it can be argued, dominated by a (liberal) intergovernmentalist perspective stressing the centrality of the state and an alternative multi-level governance perspective stressing the extent to which new power centres, actors and interdependencies are emerging - with diminish...

Network

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Projects

Projects (3)
Archived project
SOCIOEC made comprehensive analyses of the wide range of current and emerging management measures in the current Common Fisheries Policy (CFP). It developed possible new future measures to be introduced in order to achieve a more profitable and efficient fishing sector that provides sustainable employment, support society’s aims, and contributes to societal well being. SOCIOEC specifically targeted the failures of the CFP and worked with the people involved in fisheries to prevent future failures.