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Tri Harso Karyono

Tri Harso Karyono
Tanri Abeng University · Architecture

PhD

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78
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Publications

Publications (78)
Article
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p>Penelitian kenyamanan termal pada ward (bangunan rawat inap rumah sakit) belum banyak dilakukan. Isu pokok penelitian ini mencakup aspek kenyamanan termal dan aspek konsumsi energi listrik ward di wilayah tropis lembap. Tujuan penelitian ini mengungkap relasi tingkat kenyamanan termal dan tingkat konsumsi energi listrik ward di wilayah tropis lem...
Chapter
The general thermal comfort theory assumed that there are only six parameters which affect the thermal sensation of a person. However, some studies show that a different group of people might be comfortable at different thermal conditions. Thermal comfort researchers predict that there might be other factors, such as adaptation, which affect human...
Chapter
The development of the Indonesian economy has changed the capability of its people to use more modern technology and equipments. The use of the new technology has changed people’s behaviour. More people tend to abandon using bicycle and foot to go to work and school; they started to use motorized vehicles. More buildings and houses are now air-cond...
Chapter
As a developing country, Indonesia needs to develop its facilities and infrastructure to improve its people’s wellbeing. As a consequence of the development, much of its energy sources, particularly its fossil fuels, have to be consumed, emitting a huge amount of carbon dioxide, accelerating global warming and climate change. In many cases, develop...
Chapter
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Due to global warming and climate change, floods have occurred quite often in many places in the world, including Jakarta. As the capital of Indonesia, Jakarta has suffered from floods since a long time ago, even before the Dutch colonized this country. The recent floods in this capital are likely caused by more complex factors compared to the prev...
Chapter
Global warming is melting the polar ice, raising the sea levels. Frequent floods occur in many coastal cities, including coastal settlements, even on sunny days. The Muara Angke fishing settlement in North Jakarta is no exception. Flooding is occurring more frequently at any time, resulting serious problems for the entire inhabitants. The floods co...
Chapter
The coastal city of Jakarta experiences frequent floods, particularly during the rainy season. The main areas which suffer from the floods are those on the riverbanks. The Ciliwung river, flowing in the middle of this capital city, is likely to be the main cause of flooding when its upstream water flows through the capital during the rainy season....
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Conference Paper
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A thermal comfort study has been conducted in two primary schools in Tangerang, West Java, Indonesia. The first school was a state school with all of its classrooms were naturally ventilated (NV). The second one was a private school with its classrooms was air conditioned (AC). Climatic parameters, i.e. air and globe temperatures, relative humidity...
Article
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Lack of adequate building codes in Indonesia has led architects and builders to build buildings without considering local climate. Designing buildings merely aims to satisfy clients’ aesthetical needs, whilst, on the other hand, sacrificing indoor thermal comfort and wasting energy. Measurements in two different buildings in Indonesia showed that t...
Article
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Many thermal comfort studies have been conducted in offices, classrooms and dwellings, but few in public buildings such as cathedrals, museums and markets. A recent thermal comfort study has been conducted in three naturally ventilated (NV) buildings, a cathedral, a museum and a market, in Jakarta, between March and April 2014. There is a curiosity...
Article
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Many thermal comfort studies have been conducted in offices, classrooms and dwellings, but few in public buildings such as cathedrals, museums and markets. A recent thermal comfort study has been conducted in three naturally ventilated (NV) buildings, a cathedral, a museum and a market, in Jakarta, between March and April 2014. There is a curiosity...
Article
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Indonesia has no reliable thermal comfort standard that is based on research works. The current national standard (SNI 6390:2011) states only a single range of comfort temperature that is 25.5 °C T a , with a range of +1.5 °C T a. Previous thermal studies in a number of different buildings in Indonesia showed that the neutral (comfort) temperatures...
Article
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Many have said that technology helps people to improve their lives. In most Indonesian cities, many old buildings have been demolished, roads are widened and motorized vehicles are replacing delman (horse carts), bajaj (three-wheeled pedicabs) and bicycles. In Indonesia, people tend to think that going to work or to school by bicycle is backward, o...
Conference Paper
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Modern technology provides a better opportunity for people to live easily and conveniently. Using a car is faster than taking a walk or riding a bicycle and tends to be more convenient. People started to change the transport mode from riding a horse to use the train when this modern technology was invented; people change their behaviours to be more...
Article
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Recent thermal comfort studies conducted in two private universities, namely Universitas Tarumanagara (Untar) and Universitas Mercu Buana (UMB) in Jakarta, Indonesia, showed a result that is fairly different from the previous thermal comfort studies carried out in this country. This study involved 90 students and collected 900 thermal votes. Studen...
Conference Paper
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Tropical countries lie on the equator belt possess a warm ambient environment. Most of these countries were used to be the colony of some of the developed nations. Shortly after gaining the independence in 1950's and 60's, most of these countries remained poor, still undeveloped, indicating by their low gross domestic product (GDP) and human develo...
Article
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Recent news reports stated that the Dutch were ready to help find a solution to Jakarta's severe annual flooding. Coastal development is being considered to prevent the capital from being inundated by seawater. Due to global warming, millions of people worldwide who live in coastal cities like Jakarta will face increasingly serious floods as sea le...
Conference Paper
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The developing countries, popular as the Third World, contains a group of poor Underdeveloped nations with low consumption of earth resources, emit a small portion of the world carbon dioxide (CO 2). However, these nations have shared the world problems these countries never created: global warming and climate change. The global warming is created...
Article
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The recent flooding in Jakarta should not have had such a severe impact had the city's authorities anticipated the disaster, which occurs annually during rainy season. There are three main aspects associated with the cause of flooding in Jakarta: Global, regional and local. In the global aspect, Jakarta and all coastal cities in the world face a hi...
Conference Paper
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Technology affects the way people live and their behaviour. Human behaviour determines the consumption of earth resources and the emission of carbon dioxide. Traditional technology mainly operated by human labour and animal muscles emits lower carbon dioxide than modern technology which is highly dependent on fossil fuels. Modern and rich people li...
Article
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While British people are talking about the weather, Jakartans prefer transportation to start a conversation. We breathe more and more polluted air every day and take more time to move from one place to another. The lack of a proper public transportation system has kept people reliant on private cars, which pack dense roads and create more traffic a...
Article
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The most recent data from the International Energy Agency (IEA) and the CIA show that in 2008 every Indonesian spent no more than 572 kilowatt-hours (kWh) compared to neighbors in tropical countries like Malaysia (3,428 kWh), Singapore (8,185 kWh) and Brunei (8,472 kWh). While some developed countries in temperate regions, such as New Zealand, cons...
Article
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More than 350 different ethnic groups inhabit Indonesia. Many of them are still maintaining their own local traditions and cultures, and some are still living in their own vernacular houses. About 80% of Indonesian region is rural, minimising urbanisation process like conserving these vernacular houses is one of the appropriate way to achieve susta...
Conference Paper
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There are a number of housing problems in Indonesia. Indonesia lacks of building code to guide architects and builders to build sustainable housing. Most of the modern houses and housing in Indonesia are not comfortable. The houses are designed improperly to adapt to the local climate. They tend to consume much of energy and highly dependent on air...
Article
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The green movement has spread across many fields, such as architecture, engineering and economics. The movement aims to push back global warming by minimizing the consumption of the earth's resources, which is caused by human activities. To achieve the objective, living in a modest way is perhaps the only solution. In their 2009 book Time to Eat th...
Article
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The success of the green movement in architecture is now begining to look questionable. A number of green building standards may be unable to significantly reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions as had been expected before. Buildings which received the highest green marks, such as " Platinum " , from American green building standards of LEED (Leader...
Conference Paper
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Article
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1. PENDAHULUAN Lonjakan harga bahan baker minyak (BBM) dan listrik tampaknya tidak dapat dielakan lagi dalam masa mendatang. Hal ini disebabkan oleh semakin menipisnya cadangan minyak bumi di Indonesia. Konsekuensinya, sejumlah besar bangunan tinggi dan bangunan lainnya di kota besar akan kesulitan menutup beaya operasional gedung untuk suplai list...
Article
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Artikel dalam buku Arsitektur dan Kota Tropis Dunia Ketiga: Suatu Bahasan tentang Indonesia, PT Raja Grafindo Pengertian arsitektur tropis (lembab) pada umumnya mengarah pada dominasi bentuk atap yang lebar yang berfungsi sebagai penahan cucuran hujan dan radiasi langsung sinar matahari, di manan keduanya dianggap sebagai faktor-faktor dominan ikli...
Article
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Tiga di antara sasaran yang perlu dipenuhi oleh suatu karya arsitektur adalah: pemenuhan tuntutan estetika, pemenuhan tuntutan kenyamanan (psikis maupun fisik) dan pemenuhan tuntutan hemat energi. Aspek estetika perlu dipenuhi karena arsitektur merupakan bagian dari ilmu seni. Apek kenyamanan perlu dipenuhi karena arsitektur juga merupakan bagian d...
Article
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Kertas pelapis nampan Mc Donalds di Inggris perlu mencantumkan label " tidak dibuat dari material hutan tropis ". Pembeli " merasa nyaman " tidak bersalah turut merusak hutan tropis sebagai andalan utama penyerap karbondioksida terbesar di dunia. Produk kosmetik perlu mencantumkan label " tidak menggunakan hewan percobaan " agar produk dibeli masya...
Article
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Indonesia lacks of adequate building codes. There are no such sufficient codes to guide architects and builders to build buildings to be energy efficient. Many buildings have been built in such a way without considering local climate. Designing buildings merely aims to satisfy clients' aesthetical needs, whilst, on the other side sacrifices indoor...
Conference Paper
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ABSTRAK Permukiman ramah lingkungan (eco settlement) merupakan permukiman berkonsep hijau atau berkelanjutan. Eco settlement merupakan langkah untuk merespons permasalahan lingkungan permukiman yang muncul di berbagai belahan dunia. Penurunan kualitas lingkungan, emisi karbondioksida secara berlebihan menimbulkan berbagai permasalahan kehidupan man...
Article
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Bencana alam melanda hampir setiap tempat disemua penjuru dunia. Hal ini merupakan gejala atau fenomena alam yang dapat terjadi di manapun dan kapanpun. Kepentingan hidup manusia terusik. Besarnya dimensi dan frekuensi bencana alam diduga erat terkait dengan perubahan pola aktifitas manusia serta pertambahan populasi manusia di dunia. Gejolak alam...
Article
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Lonjakan harga minyak dunia menimbulkan berbagai krisis kehidupan di berbagai tempat. Kenyataannya, ketergantungan manusia terhadap energi tidak lagi dapat dielakkan. Celakanya, porsi terbesar energi masih dibangkitkan dari bahan bakar fosil. Selain cadangannya semakin menipis, pembakaran fosil mengemisi karbondioksida (CO2) yang menyebabkan pemana...
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Article
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A thermal comfort study was conducted in October 2005 at the School of Architecture, Institute of Technology Bandung (ITB), at Bandung, Indonesia. The warm humid tropical city of Bandung is located at the 7° south latitude and situated at about 700m above sea level. Twenty participants of ten males and ten female students were voluntarily studied f...
Article
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Ringkasan Bentuk arsitektur di suatu tempat atau negara erat hubungannya dengan kondisi pendidikan arsitektur di negara tersebut. Pendidikan Arsitektur di sejumlah negara berkembang seperti Indonesia sangat dipengaruhi oleh perkembangan ilmu pengetahuan dan teknologi di negara maju, atau tepatnya negara barat. Pendekatan-pendekatan estetika cenderu...
Article
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Konferensi Dunia Perubahan Iklim di Bali Desember 2007 masih menunggu waktu, namun pemanasan bumi tidak dapat ditunggu lagi. Bencana melabrak tempat di manapun tanpa pandang bulu: negara maju atau terbelakang, kaya atau miskin. Gelombang panas melanda Jepang, Perancis, dan beberapa negara Eropa lainnya. Banjir melanda Korea, Inggris, Sulawesi, Kali...
Conference Paper
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ABSTRAK Pemanasan bumi mengakibatkan perubahan cuaca global. Belakangan ini banyak dijumpai anomali cuaca di berbagai tempat di dunia. Hujan lebat turun tidak pada waktunya, gelombang panas melanda tempat yang tidak pernah mengalami sebelumnya. Pemanasan bumi diduga keras akibat dari emisi gas karbon dioksida (CO 2) secara berlebihan ke atmosfir. P...
Article
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Tidak lazim bagi bangunan di koridor Thamrin, Jakarta, memalingkan 'wajahnya' dari jalan protokol termewah di Indonesia ini. Gedung Kedutaan Perancis, Inggris dan Jerman melakukan hal ini. Kedutaan Perancis menghadap Jalan Sunda, Kedutaan Inggris ke Jalan M. Yamin, dan Kedutaan Jerman berpaling dari utama ini, dan tidak satupun di antaranya menghad...
Conference Paper
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INTISARI Perubahan iklim global membawa dampak terhadap semua sendi kehidupan manusia. Perubahan iklim secara langsung atau tidak langsung merubah lingkungan fisik manusia di mana mereka tinggal dan melakukan kegiatan kesehariannya. Perubahan iklim global memberikan dampak terhadap perubahan parameter iklim (suhu udara, suhu radiasi, kelembaban, ke...
Article
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Manusia hidup dalam alam ini memiliki kemampuan beradaptasi terhadap berbagai jenis dan variasi iklim. Meskipun demikian adaptasi yang sifatnya alamiah dalam pengertian tanpa membutuhkan peralatan tambahan atau pakaian khusus hanya dapat dilakukan dalam rentang yang relatif sempit - dibanding rentang variasi iklim yang lebar. Sebagai contoh, manusi...
Article
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A thermal comfort study was conducted at the School of Architecture, Institute of Technology Bandung (ITB) at Bandung - Indonesia, on the 8 th October 2005. Bandung is the capital of West Java province and is located at the 7 o South Latitude. Situated at about 700m above sea level, this city possesses a warm humid tropical climate with an average...
Article
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Regular escalation of the state electricity price gives an impact to the increase of operational cost of any high-rise building in Indonesia. To be a rental office, the twin 31-floor buildings of Jakarta Stock Exchange (JSX) or Bursa Effect Jakarta (BEJ - in Indonesian terms) had no ex- ception. The twin buildings were suffered from the impact of t...
Article
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Peringatan 54 tahun Universitas Gajah Mada (UGM) Jumat, 19 Desember 2003 diwarnai aksi demonstrasi mahasiswa yang menuntut dihentikannya praktik komersialisasi mahasiswa, termasuk komersialisasi penerimaan mahasiswa baru. Sebagai perguruan tinggi (PT) yang memiliki 18 fakultas, menyelenggarakan pendidikan di hampir semua jenis bidang keilmuan, dan...
Article
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The current standard for thermal comfort in Indonesia is based on ASHRAE 55 -1992 (the American Standard). This standard recommends a neutral temperature of 24.0 oCTo with the range of comfort between 22 and 26 oCTo Results from a thermal comfort study done by the author in Jakarta - in which some of 596 office workers from seven multi-storey offic...
Article
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Almost all the Indonesian cities are designed someway in which local climate, environmental aspect and energy conservation have been paid little inttention by the architecs and urban designers. The result is that most of the Indonesian cities have provided no good place for people living in. This articles tries to explore all the possibility aspect...
Article
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This paper discusses the potential use of solar energy in building as an alternative solution of energy resources to reduce the negative impact in burning fossil fuels to the environment. It higlights the positive aspects in environment by generating solar energy and also discusses the aesthetical values in employing solar panels on buildings. Abst...
Conference Paper
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Mlaten housing was designed as a low-cost housing complex located in the area called Mlaten. It consists of 663 houses, of which only about 25% remain in the shape they were originally initially built. The area of housing was divided into two parts: east and west blocks, by Cisadane street. A thermal comfort study was carried out between June and O...
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PENIPISAN cadangan minyak nasional akan menempatkan Indonesia sebagai negara pengimpor sumber daya energi ini dalam waktu dekat. Salah satu sektor penting yang sangat berpengaruh terhadap penggunaan bahan bakar minyak adalah bangunan, umumnya mengonsumsi BBM dalam bentuk energi listrik sekitar 30-60 persen dari total konsumsi BBM di suatu negara. U...
Article
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TUKANG becak dilabrak petugas. Terjadi perlawanan dan benturan. Korban jatuh-seorang anggota hansip tewas. Semua pihak merasa benar dan mengesahkan tindakan apa pun yang mereka lakukan. Mengapa ini terjadi? Mengapa becak harus digusur? Lalu, mengapa tukang becak dan masyarakat kecil keberatan dengan penggusuran itu? Ada dua alasan utama mengapa bec...
Article
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ANGKUTAN umum kota (angkot) dimaki sebagai biang kemacetan. Menyodok jalur lain dikala macet. Pemilik kendaraan pribadi bersitegang, mengumpat sopir angkot penyebab kemacetan itu. "Kalau macet antre dong, pernah sekolah enggak sih?" Meskipun kadang merasa tidak bersalah, sopir angkot biasanya tidak menggubris karena sibuk mengejar setoran. Barangka...
Article
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Ketika hujan berkepanjangan, terjadi bencana tanah longsor. Sementara saat cuaca cerah, penduduk kota merasakan panasnya udara dan gangguan polusi udara. Tanah longsor, udara panas, polusi udara meningkat, seluruhnya bersumber dari satu sebab yang mirip berkurangnya vegetasi secara signifikan persatuan luas lahan tertentu. Berkurangnya tumbuhan, me...
Article
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MANUSIA tropis seperti yang berdiam di Indonesia, selalu menghindari hujan dan panas radiasi matahari. Payung selalu digunakan bukan saja pada saat hujan, namun juga saat langit cerah. Kondisi langit mendung-di mana manusia tropis tidak memerlukan payung-hanya 40 hari dari 365 hari per tahun. Fakta ini ditambah lagi, sebagian besar penduduk kota di...
Article
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Sejarah memberikan pembelajaran kepada kita bahwa Arsitektur yang memiliki identitas kuat dan stabil eksistensinya adalah arsitektur yang lahir dalam masyarakat dengan tradisi serta peraturan-baik lisan ataupun tertulis-yang mapan, dalam arti tidak dalam masa transisi atau proses perubahan yang berarti. Arsitektur tradisional merupakan satu contoh....
Article
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Satu di antara sederet alasan mengapa manusia membuat bangunan adalah karena kondisi alam atau iklim di mana manusia berada, tidak selalu dapat menunjang aktifitas yang dilakukannya secara baik. Kadangkala alam menurunkan hujan lebat, kadang menjatuhkan sengatan matahari yang sangat tajam, atau menghembuskan angin yang terlalu keras. Sementara akti...
Article
A field study on thermal comfort and building energy has been carried out in Jakarta—the capital city of Indonesia. Some 596 office workers working in seven multi-storey office buildings participated in this study. This paper examines the neutral temperature of the whole sample, and also examines the neutral temperatures of the sub group sample, su...
Article
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Perbedaan mencolok antara tindak laku warga dunia ketiga dengan dunia pertama adalah tingkat kedisiplinan dan kepatuhan mantaati aturan. Di negara maju, pendidikan formal merupakan cara untuk meningkatkan pengetahuan dan keakhlian sesorang, sementara di negara dunia ketiga pendidikan formal masih merupakan alur untuk mendapatkan ijazah. Ijazah meru...
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Secara sederhana pengertian arsitektur tropis (lembab) adalah suatu rancangan arsitektur yang mengarah pada pemecahan problematik iklim tropis (lembab). Sementara iklim tropis lembab sendiri dicirikan oleh beberapa faktor iklim (climatic factors) sebagai berikut: 1. Curah hujan tinggi sekitar 2000-3000 mm/tahun (Jakarta + 2000 mm/th atau rata-rata...
Article
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Dalam ilmu bahasa, pathologi berarti ilmu tentang penyakit, dengan pengertian ini, ilmu tersebut dianggap tidak ada sebelum 'sang penyakit' itu muncul. Demikian pula dalam konteks bangunan, pathologi bangunan tidak akan dibicarakan atau dibahas sebelum ada bukti bahwa bangunan itu menimbulkan suatu gangguan kesehatan terhadap penghuni atau pemakain...
Article
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Ada tiga sasaran yang seharusnya dipenuhi oleh suatu karya arsitektur (baca: bangunan). Pertama, bahwa bangunan harus merupakan produk dari suatu kerja seni (work of art). Kedua, bahwa bangunan harus mampu memberikan kenyamanan (baik psikis maupun fisik) kepada penghuninya. Dan yang terakhir, bahwa bangunan perlu hemat terhadap pemakaian energi [1]...
Article
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The current ISO and ASHRAE standards for thermal comfort, recommend universal values for comfort temperatures. They do not distinguish between people living in temperate climates such as Europe and those in warm-humid climates such as the South East Asia region.This paper tries to assess whether the current standards on thermal comfort, which were...
Article
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Karya arsitektur atau bangunan dalam abad modern ini setidaknya harus dapat memenuhi tiga sasaran. Pertama, bangunan harus merupakan produk dari suatu kerja seni (work of art). Kedua, bangunan harus mampu memberikan kenyamanan fisik, baik itu kenyamanan ruang (spatial comfort), kenyamanan termal (thermal comfort), kenyamanan suara (auditorial comfo...
Article
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SYNOPSIS Many field studies on thermal comfort have been reported to show a discrepancy between the actual (observed) and predicted votes. A field study on thermal comfort in the capital city of Jakarta, Indonesia, has been demonstrating some agreement with other field studies and has shown that PMV and PPD predicts higher than the actual votes.
Article
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This research study tries to establish the neutral temperature and comfort range for the workers engaged in light office work. Some 596 office workers from seven multi‐storey office buildings in Jakarta participated in the study.
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