Tove Kirkegaard

Tove Kirkegaard
Zealand University Hospital · Department of Surgery

Doctor of Philosophy

About

59
Publications
4,957
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2,882
Citations
Citations since 2017
11 Research Items
909 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150
2017201820192020202120222023050100150

Publications

Publications (59)
Article
Full-text available
Resistance to endocrine therapy in estrogen receptor-positive (ER ⁺ ) breast cancer is a major clinical problem with poorly understood mechanisms. There is an unmet need for prognostic and predictive biomarkers to allow appropriate therapeutic targeting. We evaluated the mechanism by which minichromosome maintenance protein 3 (MCM3) influences endo...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Colon cancer is one of the most commonly diagnosed types of cancer with surgical resection of the tumor being the primary choice of treatment. However, the surgical stress response induced during treatment may be related to a higher risk of recurrence. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of surgery on adhesion of cultured c...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Myocardial injury after non-cardiac surgery (MINS) increases the risk of cardiovascular events and deaths, which anticoagulation therapy could prevent. Dabigatran prevents perioperative venous thromboembolism, but whether this drug can prevent a broader range of vascular complications in patients with MINS is unknown. The MANAGE trial...
Article
Background: Cell culture studies have disclosed that the mitotic Aurora kinase A is causally involved in both tamoxifen and aromatase inhibitor resistant cell growth and thus may be a potential new marker for endocrine resistance in the clinical setting. Material and methods: Archival tumor tissue was available from 1323 Danish patients with estrog...
Article
Full-text available
Background The perioperative period is important for patient outcome. Colorectal cancer surgery can lead to metastatic disease due to release of disseminated tumor cells and the induction of surgical stress response. To explore the overall effects on surgically-induced changes in serum composition, in vitro model systems are useful. Methods A syst...
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Screenshot from (A) PubMed and (B) EMBASE showing the full search strategy used in the study
Data
The rationale for conducting the systematic review and the contribution that the systematic review makes
Article
A majority of estrogen receptor positive (ER+) breast cancers are growth stimulated by estrogens. The ability to inhibit the ER signaling pathway is therefore of critical importance in the current treatment of ER+ breast cancers. It has been reported that 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 down-regulates the expression of the CYP19A1 gene, encoding the arom...
Article
Background: Adjuvant endocrine therapy has significantly improved survival of estrogen receptor α (ER)-positive breast cancer patients, but around 20% relapse within 10 years. High expression of ER-stimulated proteins like progesterone receptor (PR), Bcl-2 and insulin-like growth factor receptor I (IGF-IR) is a marker for estrogen-driven cell growt...
Article
Purpose: Resistance to endocrine therapy in estrogen receptor-positive (ER+) breast cancer remains a major clinical problem. Recently, the CDK4/6 inhibitor palbociclib combined with letrozole or fulvestrant was approved for treatment of ER+ advanced breast cancer. However, the role of CDK4/6 in endocrine resistance and their potential as predictiv...
Article
Full-text available
We have previously shown that stromal cells desensitize breast cancer cells to the anti-estrogen fulvestrant and, along with it, downregulate the expression of TMEM26 (transmembrane protein 26). In an effort to study the function and regulation of TMEM26 in breast cancer cells, we found that breast cancer cells express non-glycosylated and N-glycos...
Article
Full-text available
Background Resistance to antiestrogen therapy is a major clinical challenge in the treatment of estrogen receptor α (ER)-positive breast cancer. The aim of the study was to explore the growth promoting pathways of antiestrogen resistant breast cancer cells to identify biomarkers and novel treatment targets. Methods Antiestrogen sensitive and resis...
Article
Full-text available
The underlying mechanisms leading to antiestrogen resistance in estrogen-receptor α (ER)-positive breast cancer is still poorly understood. The aim of this study was therefore to identify biomarkers and novel treatments for antiestrogen resistant breast cancer. We performed a kinase inhibitor screen on antiestrogen responsive T47D breast cancer cel...
Article
Full-text available
Antiestrogen resistance is a major problem in breast cancer treatment. Therefore, the search for new therapeutic targets and biomarkers for antiestrogen resistance is crucial. In this study, we performed a kinase inhibitor screen on antiestrogen responsive MCF-7 cells and a panel of MCF-7-derived tamoxifen- and fulvestrant-resistant cell lines. Our...
Article
Full-text available
Breast cancer cells can switch from estrogen receptor α (ER)- to human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER)-driven cell growth upon acquiring antiestrogen resistance. HER ligands are cleaved by metalloproteinases leading to release of active HER ligands, activation of HER receptors and consequently increased cell growth. In this study, we investi...
Article
Introduction: Estrogen is the main driver of growth of the majority of breast cancers and many patients benefit from endocrine therapy. However, both innate and acquired resistance is a major problem. In order to study resistance mechanisms and to explore targeted treatment options for endocrine resistant breast cancer, we have developed cell cultu...
Article
In this study, T47D cell lines resistant to the antiestrogen fulvestrant were established and analyzed to explore, whether a switch to HER signaling, as seen in fulvestrant resistant MCF-7 cell lines, is a general resistance mechanism. We find that parental T47D cells depend on ER and HER signaling for growth. Fulvestrant resistant T47D cells have...
Article
To study the mechanisms behind treatment resistance, we have previously established a large panel of antiestrogen resistant breast cancer cell lines based on the estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer cell line, MCF-7. It seems to be a general phenomenon that MCF-7 cells switch from ER driven to human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER) d...
Article
The AKT family is implicated in cancer progression. There are three mammalian AKT isoforms located on chromosomes 14, 19 and 1, respectively. The aim of the study was to investigate genetic alterations of AKT in breast and prostatic cancers using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). In oestrogen receptor(ER)-positive breast carcinomas, AKT1 w...
Article
The majority of breast cancers are estrogen responsive, but upon progression of disease other growth promoting pathways are activated, e.g., the ErbB receptor system. The present study focuses on resistance to the pure estrogen antagonist fulvestrant and strategies to treat resistant cells or even circumvent development of resistance. Limited effec...
Article
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have been implicated in tissue damage associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).As the role of the intestinal epithelium in this process is unknown, we determined MMP expression and enzyme activity in human colonic epithelial cells (CEC). MMP mRNA expression was assessed by reverse transcription-polymerase ch...
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The expression and activation of the Ras/Raf-1/mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway plays an important role in the development and progression of cancer, and may influence response to treatments such as tamoxifen and chemotherapy. In this study we investigated whether the expression and activation of the key components of this pathway in...
Article
Uncontrolled growth of cancer cells can be related to dysfunctional cell cycle control, including entry into S-phase, initiating cell division. Cyclin CCND3 and CCNE1 along with CDK2 and CDK6 regulate this checkpoint, and genetic changes, detectable by fluorescence in situ hybridization, are hypothesized to increase the aggressiveness of breast can...
Article
Full-text available
Tumor necrosis factor alpha converting enzyme (TACE) mediates shedding of human epidermal growth factor receptor-4 (HER4). Recent data suggest that released HER4 intracellular domain (4ICD) induces apoptosis in breast cancer. TACE expression, as measured by immunohistochemical analysis, was observed in 183 of 383 breast carcinomas, 39 of 217 ovaria...
Article
CCND1 and EMSY, on 11q13, are frequently amplified in breast cancer. CCND1 is implicated in cell cycle progression and EMSY is a BRCA2-associated repressor protein. The aim was to investigate gene copy numbers of CCND1 and EMSY and to determine if CCND1 amplification is associated with reduced survival of tamoxifen-treated breast cancer patients. F...
Article
Full-text available
Today, the decision to treat breast cancer patients with endocrine therapy relies solely on tumor expression of two predictive factors, the estrogen receptor and the progesterone receptor. Expression of these hormone receptors are, however, not a guarantee for a response to treatment and patients who experience response at first may become resistan...
Article
Activation of the PI3K/Akt signal transduction pathway has been linked to endocrine resistance in tamoxifen treated breast cancer patients. Activation of the PI3K/Akt pathway causes phosphorylation of Bad leading to modulation of cellular apoptosis. The present study was carried out to test the hypothesis that disruption of apoptosis in breast canc...
Article
Full-text available
Amplified in breast cancer 1 (AIB1) is a member of the p160/steroid receptor coactivators family and is involved in estrogen-dependent gene transcription by reducing the antagonistic activity of tamoxifen-bound estrogen receptor-alpha (ER-alpha). The present study was carried out to test the hypothesis that AIB1 protein expression and/or gene ampli...
Article
Immunohistochemical analysis of protein expression is central to most clinical translational studies and defines patient treatment or selection criteria for novel drugs. Interobserver variation is rarely analysed despite recognition that this is a key area of potential inaccuracy. Therefore our aim was to examine observer variation and suggest the...
Article
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Pharmacodiagnostics is an expanding discipline with major potential for improving patient care during the early part of the 21st century. The principle behind pharmacodiagnostics is the specific linking of a treatment outcome (response/toxicity/resistance) to a key molecular alteration, e.g. protein overexpression or gene amplification, within a di...
Article
Oestrogen receptor (ERalpha) expression is a strong predictor of response to endocrine therapy. The PI3K/AKT/mTOR signal transduction pathway has been implicated in endocrine resistance in vitro. The present study was carried out to test the hypothesis that AKT activation mediates tamoxifen resistance in clinical breast cancer. Immunohistochemistry...
Article
Genetic diseases and knockout mice stress the importance of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in skeletal turnover. Our study aims at clarifying which MMPs are expressed by osteoclasts. Previous analyses of this basic question led to conflicting reports in the literature. In the present study, we used a variety of approaches: PCR, Northern blots, Sl...
Article
Fistulae are a troublesome complication of Crohn's disease but little is known of the final effector molecules responsible for matrix degradation. Although matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have been strongly implicated in tissue injury in Crohn's disease, their role in fistula formation is unknown. Aim: To determine the expression pattern of MMPs a...
Article
Full-text available
Background Fistulae are a troublesome complication of Crohn’s disease but little is known of the final effector molecules responsible for matrix degradation. Although matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have been strongly implicated in tissue injury in Crohn’s disease, their role in fistula formation is unknown. Aim To determine the expression patter...
Article
Osteoclasts require matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity and cathepsin K to resorb bone, but the critical MMP has not been identified. Osteoclasts express MMP-9 and MMP-14, which do not appear limiting for resorption, and the expression of additional MMPs is not clear. MMP-12, also called metalloelastase, is reported only in a few cells, includi...
Article
Tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha converting enzyme (TACE) releases biologically active, soluble TNF-alpha from transmembrane pro-TNF-alpha and has attracted interest as a specific therapeutic target in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Strong immunoreactivity for TACE protein was demonstrated recently in human colonic epithelium, but the function...
Article
Tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α converting enzyme (TACE) releases biologically active, soluble TNF-α from transmembrane pro-TNF-α and has attracted interest as a specific therapeutic target in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Strong immunoreactivity for TACE protein was demonstrated recently in human colonic epithelium, but the function is unknown....
Article
Full-text available
Although RANK-L is essential for osteoclast formation, factors such as transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) are potent modulators of osteoclastogenic stimuli. To systematically investigate the role of TGF-beta in human osteoclastogenesis, monocytes were isolated from peripheral blood by three distinct approaches, resulting in either a lymphoc...
Article
ADAMs (A Disintegrin And Metalloprotease domain) are metalloprotease-disintegrin proteins that have been implicated in cell adhesion, protein ectodomain shedding, matrix protein degradation and cell fusion. Since such events are critical for bone resorption and osteoclast recruitment, we investigated whether they require ADAMs. We report here which...
Article
Full-text available
Anti-tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) antibodies are effective in Crohn's disease and perhaps ulcerative colitis but antigenicity and the high cost have raised interest in other strategies to block TNF-alpha. These include the TNF-alpha converting enzyme (TACE) which releases soluble TNF-alpha from transmembrane pro-TNF-alpha. To investigat...
Article
Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) is a potential target for anti-thrombotic and anti-cancer therapy. It circulates in plasma in a complex with vitronectin (VN). We have studied biochemical mechanisms for PAI-1 neutralisation and its modulation by VN, using site-directed mutagenesis and limited proteolysis. We demonstrate that VN, besides de...
Article
The serpin (serine proteinase inhibitor) family is of general protein chemical interest because of its ability to undergo large conformational changes, in which the surface-exposed reactive centre loop (RCL) is inserted as strand 4 in the large central β-sheet A. Loop insertion is an integral part of the inhibitory mechanism and also takes place at...
Article
Some monoclonal antibodies against plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) are able to inhibit its reaction with its target proteinases. We have characterized the effect on PAI-1 of two monoclonal antibodies, Mab-2 and Mab-6, with overlapping epitopes in a sequence encompassing beta-strand 1A, alpha-helix F, and the loop connecting alpha-helix F...
Article
Bone resorption is critical for the development and the maintenance of the skeleton, and improper regulation of bone resorption leads to pathological situations. Proteinases are necessary for this process. In this review, we show that this need of proteinases is not only because they are required for the solubilization of bone matrix, but also beca...
Article
The serpin (serine proteinase inhibitor) family is of general protein chemical interest because of its ability to undergo large conformational changes, in which the surface-exposed reactive centre loop (RCL) is inserted as strand 4 in the large central beta-sheet A. Loop insertion is an integral part of the inhibitory mechanism and also takes place...
Article
Distinct binding interactions between cell-surface receptors and extracellular matrix components are characteristic of multifunctional adhesion proteins such as vitronectin. The close proximity of binding sites for alpha(v)-integrins and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) on vitronectin may have consequences for cell adhesion and migration,...
Article
The role of the N-terminal part (Gln321-Lys325) of β-strand SA (s5A) in the inhibitory function of PAI-I has been investigated. As we showed earlier, coldinduced (0-4°C) substrate behaviour of PAI-1 is associated with increased susceptible of sSA to non-target proteinases, indicating increased flexibility of the strand. In the PAI-1 X-ray crystal s...
Article
We have studied the role of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PA1-1) in cell migration. The migration of human amnion WISH cells and human epidermoid carcinoma HEp-2 cells was inhibited by active, but not latent or reactive centre-cleaved PAI-1, both in an assay measuring migration from microcarrier beads and in a modified Boyden-chamber assay. Th...
Article
A number of monoclonal anti-PAl-1 antibodies are able to interfere with the reaction between PAI-1 and its target proteinases We have characterized the effect on PAI-1 of two monoclonal antibodies, Mab-2 and Mab-6, both with an epitope localized to a sequence encompassing β-strand l A, a-helix K and the loop connecting a-helix F and β-strand 3A (th...
Article
Cell migration involves the integrins, their extracellular matrix ligands, and pericellular proteolytic enzyme systems. We have studied the role of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) in cell migration, using human amnion WISH cells and human epidermoid carcinoma HEp-2 cells in an assay measuring migration from microcarrier beads and a modifi...

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Project (1)
Project
The aim of the enhanced perioperative oncology (EPEONC) consortium is to integrate principles of optimized surgical, anesthesiological and oncological treatments in order to improve the short- and long-term outcomes of patients undergoing cancer surgery. The proposed project includes proof of concept clinical studies determining the most effective combination for reducing post-operative stress and maximizing the immune system stimulation. In parallel, in vitro and in vivo experiments as well as epidemiological studies will be carried out, to gain insight into cellular mechanisms and global co-factors affecting these processes.