Topaz Kreiser

Topaz Kreiser
Tel Aviv University | TAU · Department of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology

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15
Publications
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80
Citations

Publications

Publications (15)
Article
Full-text available
Controlling the infectivity of respiratory RNA viruses is critical, especially during the current SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. There is an unmet need for therapeutic agents that can reduce viral replication, preferably independent of the accumulation of viral mutations. Zinc ions have an apparent activity as modulators of intracellular viral RNA replicatio...
Article
Full-text available
Argininosuccinate lyase (ASL) is essential for the NO-dependent regulation of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) and thus for catecholamine production. Using a conditional mouse model with loss of ASL in catecholamine neurons, we demonstrate that ASL is expressed in dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta, including the ALDH1A1 + subpopul...
Article
Full-text available
The formation of amyloid-like structures by metabolites is associated with several inborn errors of metabolism (IEMs). These structures display most of the biological, chemical and physical properties of protein amyloids. However, the molecular interactions underlying the assembly remain elusive, and so far, no modulating therapeutic agents are ava...
Preprint
Full-text available
Supramolecular architecture formation by the self-assembly of proteins and nucleic acids is well studied. Yet, the spontaneous organization of oligosaccharides, the most common polymers in nature, is less explored. Here, using inulin as a model, we identify the "sweet spot" length for oligosaccharide assembly. Inulin forms discrete spheres in a con...
Article
Significance The accumulation of homocysteine, a key metabolite, is considered a risk factor for Alzheimer’s disease. This work demonstrates the ability of homocysteine to form ordered fibrillar structures. The toxicity of these structures is demonstrated in a yeast model that accumulates homocysteine. We further show the association of this observ...
Article
Full-text available
Biomolecule luminescence in the visible range of the spectrum has been experimentally observed upon aggregation, contrary to their monomeric state. However, the physical basis for this phenomenon is still elusive. Here, we systematically examine all coded amino acids to provide non-biased empirical insights. Several amino acids, including non-aroma...
Preprint
Full-text available
It has been experimentally observed that various biomolecules exhibit clear luminescence in the visible upon aggregation, contrary their monomeric state. However, the physical basis for this phenomenon is still elusive. Here, we systematically examine all coded amino acids to provide non-biased insights into this phenomenon. Several amino acids, in...
Article
The skin is a key site for drug administration because of its large surface area and noninvasive accessibility. However, the dermal architecture serves as an excellent barrier, protecting from external mechanical, chemical, microbial, and physical perturbations. Most drugs display poor permeability through this barrier, thus making dermal and subde...
Article
Full-text available
Antimicrobial peptides are important modulators of host defense against bacterial, fungal, and viral pathogens in humans and other multicellular organisms. Two converging paradigms point to a link between antimicrobial peptides that self-assemble into amyloid-like nanoassemblies and classical amyloidogenic peptides that often have potent broad-spec...
Article
Full-text available
The formation of metabolite fibrillar assemblies represents a paradigm shift in the study of human metabolic disorders. Yet, direct clinical relevance has been attributed only to metabolite crystals. A notable example for metabolite crystallization is calcium oxalate crystals observed in various diseases, including primary hyperoxaluria. We unexpec...
Article
Full-text available
The amino acid tyrosine forms cytotoxic amyloid-like fibrils by molecular self-assembly. However, the production of antibodies towards tyrosine assemblies, reflecting their presentation to the immune system, was not demonstrated yet. Here, we describe the production of antibodies that specifically recognize tyrosine in its fibrillated form. The ant...
Article
Full-text available
The intercellular spreading of protein assemblies is a major factor in the progression of neurodegenerative disorders. The quantitative study and visualization of cell-to-cell propagation using tagged-proteins is challenging due to the steric effect of relatively large fluorescence tags and the risk of ‘false positive’ identification when analyzing...

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