Tony Attwood

Tony Attwood

About

44
Publications
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Publications

Publications (44)
Article
Full-text available
The Questionnaire for Autism Spectrum Conditions (Q-ASC; Attwood, Garnett & Rynkiewicz, 2011) is one of the few screening instruments that includes items designed to assess female-specific ASD-Level 1 traits. This study examined the ability of a modified version of the Q-ASC (Q-ASC-M; Ormond et al., 2018) to differentiate children with and without...
Article
Full-text available
Parents of children with ASD who had attended an Australian emergency department (ED; n = 421) completed a questionnaire relating to their experiences in the ED, including (1) child’s reason for presentation and existing comorbidities, (2) quality of care during the visit (3) child's behaviour during visit, e.g. sensory responses to the ED environm...
Article
Full-text available
Most people do not realize how common the phenomenon of neurodiverse relationships is worldwide. There does not yet exist a broad clinical and public awareness of autistic men in a long-term relationship nor enough information about the well-being of typical women in such relationships. This topic has received very little attention in the literatur...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background There are very few studies which look into the ways in which autism spectrum disorder (ASD) impacts romantic relationships. The existent sources of information indicate that women in neurodiverse relationships experience extreme emotional deprivation and suffer from severe harm to their physical and mental well-being. The aim of the pres...
Article
Full-text available
Comorbid anxiety disorders are prevalent in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), but only a minority receive adequate treatment for anxiety. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has been shown to be effective in treating anxiety disorders. The objectives of the present pilot study were to test the feasibility of the CBT program “Less stress...
Article
Full-text available
Background: There is growing recognition that autistic females present with more diverse gender and sexual identities than their non-autistic counterparts. Likewise, autistic females are also at an increased risk of adverse sexual experiences. As higher rates of sexual victimisation are observed in individuals with diverse sexual identities in the...
Article
This study aimed to explore the structure of a modified version of the Girls Questionnaire for Autism Spectrum Condition (GQ-ASC; Attwood et al. 2011) to test its utility as an autism screening measure for adult women. We recruited 672 cisgender and trans women aged between 18 and 72 online. The sample contained 350 autistic women (M age = 36.21, s...
Article
Full-text available
Individuals with neurodevelopmental disorders, including Autism (ASD) and intellectual disability (ID), have a right and need for appropriate sexuality and relationship education (SRE). These individuals often have the same desires as typically-developing people to express their sexuality and form intimate relationships; and may have an increased r...
Poster
The aim of the present study was 1. To test the feasibility of the “Less stress” program for children with ASD and anxiety. 2. To present preliminary results on whether reduction of anxiety was found after treatment.
Article
Full-text available
The Questionnaire for Autism Spectrum Conditions (Q-ASC) was developed by Attwood et al. (2011) to identify gender-sensitive profiles of autism symptomatology; prioritise and adjust the direction of clinical interventions; and support positive psychosocial outcomes and prognosis into adulthood. The current research piloted the Q-ASC with parents of...
Poster
Full-text available
Background: Highlighted differences in the clinical research literature among children and adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) reflect a unique presentation of ASD among females, demonstrated by greater compensatory capacity and ability in social masking, camouflaging and imitation. It is argued that such presentation may have an inhibi...
Article
Full-text available
Reciprocal communication between couples is central to sustaining strong intimate relationships. Given that Asperger’s Syndrome (AS) affects communication and social reciprocity, adults with this disorder are vulnerable to experiencing difficulties in relating to their “neurotypical” (NT) partner. As reported in a previous paper, prompt dependency...
Article
The extent to which parental traits of autism are related to parenting efficacy has yet to be explored. Parents of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) were studied in three groups: (a) families in which both the parent and the child had a DSM-IV-TR ASD diagnosis (n = 109); (b) families in which only the child had a DSM-IV-TR ASD diagnosis...
Article
Full-text available
Many children on the autism spectrum are dependent on prompts provided by adults for staying on-task, completing activities and transitioning between activities in the home, school and community environments (Bryan & Gast, 2000; Milley & Machalicek, 2012). Yet, prompt dependency beyond childhood has received little attention. This study explored th...
Article
Children with Asperger's syndrome are often reported by their parents as having difficulties communicating affection. This study aimed to develop a valid measure of affectionate behaviour that could be used to investigate and quantify these anecdotal reports and then be used in further intervention research. Using parent and expert focus groups, th...
Article
Individuals with Asperger syndrome (AS) can have difficulty understanding, receiving and expressing appropriate affectionate behavior (Attwood, 2007). The purpose of the current study was to further evaluate the effectiveness of a cognitive–behavioral intervention program aimed at improving affectionate communication and friendship skills in childr...
Article
There is considerable debate about the sociocognitive features of autism spectrum conditions (ASC), and a tool for profiling the sociocognitive profiles of children and adolescents with ASC is needed. The aim of this research was to evaluate the psychometric properties of a new questionnaire—The Australian Scale for Autism Spectrum Conditions (ASAS...
Article
Interventions for Anxiety Evaluation of “Exploring Feelings” Concluding Remarks
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background: Research has indicated that there are as many as four times the numbers of males diagnosed with High Functioning Autism (HFA) than females. The growing body of research which focuses on girls with HFA questions the assumption of gender invariance in HFA. Clinical observations suggest that HFA girls superficially demonstrate better socia...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background: Given clinicians working with Autistic Spectrum Disorders (ASD) and some in clinics specialising in Assisted Reproduction Techniques (ART) report an anecdotal association of ASD with the use of an ART, it is important to establish if ART is a concern for ASD. A number of studies to date have undertaken assessment of the relationship bet...
Article
Full-text available
The study was conducted to examine relationships between affectionate behavior in children with Asperger syndrome and variables likely to influence its expression (e.g., tactile sensitivity, social ability). It also evaluated the impact of a cognitive behavioral intervention that aimed to improve a child's understanding and expression of affection....
Article
Full-text available
The Ritvo Autism Asperger Diagnostic Scale-Revised (RAADS-R) is a valid and reliable instrument to assist the diagnosis of adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). The 80-question scale was administered to 779 subjects (201 ASD and 578 comparisons). All ASD subjects met inclusion criteria: DSM-IV-TR, ADI/ADOS diagnoses and standardized IQ testi...
Article
We have been exploring the nature of autism, as described by Leo Kanner, for nearly 60 years. He described a severe form of autism, typified by the silent and aloof child. We have only been exploring the profile of autism described by Hans Asperger for about 15 years. The children he described had speech and were active participants in social inter...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background: To date, there has been very little research conducted on the female profile of autism, particularly at the high functioning end of the spectrum. This group has been largely overlooked in research. The focus upon the male profile has continued despite the absence of clear genetic or neuroanatomical evidence in support of the reported s...
Article
This study examines the potential impact of family conflict and cohesion, and peer support/bullying on children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). While such impacts have been established for a range of non-ASD childhood disorders, these findings may not generalize to children with ASD because of unique problems in perspective-taking, understandi...
Article
Children with autism-spectrum disorders (ASD) often fail laboratory false-belief tests of theory of mind (ToM). Yet how this impacts on their everyday social behavior is less clear, partly owing to uncertainty over which specific everyday conversational and social skills require ToM understanding. A new caregiver-report scale of these everyday appl...
Article
The purpose of the study described was to evaluate the effectiveness of a cognitive behavioural intervention for anger management with children diagnosed with Asperger syndrome. Forty-five children and their parents were randomly assigned to either intervention or wait-list control conditions. Children in the intervention participated in six 2-h we...
Article
This paper provides a brief overview of research, knowledge and practice regarding Asperger's syndrome, an autistic spectrum disorder that has only recently been acknowledged by clinicians. The paper reviews our knowledge of the degree and nature of the impairments of social understanding of such individuals, especially their problems with making a...
Article
The aim of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a brief CBT intervention for anxiety with children diagnosed with Asperger syndrome (AS). A second interest was to evaluate whether more intensive parent involvement would increase the child's ability to manage anxiety outside of the clinic setting. Seventy-one children aged ten to twelve ye...
Article
Asperger's syndrome is a relatively newly diagnosed developmental disorder within the autistic spectrum. Children and adults with Asperger's syndrome have an intellectual ability within the normal range but due to their unusual profile of cognitive, social and emotional abilities are vulnerable to the development of a secondary mood disorder. This...
Article
Bullying can start in a child's early school years, and this paper initially explains the distinct profile of behaviour and abilities of young children with Asperger Syndrome and why they can be more vulnerable than their peers to being the target of bullying. The paper subsequently describes a range of strategies designed to reduce the frequency a...
Article
This article examines two frameworks for behavioral interventions, namely the developmental stages in friendship skills with remedial strategies for each stage, and modifications to Cognitive Behavior Therapy to accommodate the unusual profile of cognitive skills of people with Asperger disorder.

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