# Tony john george ApollaroUniversità della Calabria | Università della Calabria · Department of Physics

Tony john george Apollaro

PhD in Physics

## About

50

Publications

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1,332

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Introduction

Additional affiliations

September 2011 - present

January 2011 - present

**Università degli Studi di Firenze**

## Publications

Publications (50)

The transfer of quantum information between different locations is key to many quantum information processing tasks. Whereas, the transfer of a single qubit state has been extensively investigated, the transfer of a many-body system configuration has insofar remained elusive. We address the problem of transferring the state of n interacting qubits....

Quantum information processing protocols are efficiently implemented on spin-$\frac{1}{2}$ networks. A quantum communication protocol generally involves a certain number of parties having local access to a subset of a larger system, whose intrinsic dynamics are exploited in order to perform a specific task. In this chapter, we address such a scenar...

Variational quantum algorithms aim at harnessing the power of noisy intermediate-scale quantum computers, by using a classical optimizer to train a parameterized quantum circuit to solve tractable quantum problems. The variational quantum eigensolver is one of the aforementioned algorithms designed to determine the ground-state of many-body Hamilto...

Teleporting an unknown qubit state is a paradigmatic quantum information processing task revealing the advantage of quantum communication protocols over their classical counterpart. For a teleportation protocol using a Bell state as quantum channel, the resource has been identified to be the concurrence. However, for mixed multi-partite states the...

In this work we study the single-qubit quantum state transfer in uniform long-range spin XXZ systems in high-dimensional geometries. We consider prototypical long-range spin exchanges that are relevant for experiments in cold atomic platforms: Coulomb, dipolar, and van der Waals-like interactions. We find that in all these cases the fidelity increa...

The transfer of excitations between different locations of a quantum many-body system is of primary importance in many research areas, from transport properties in spintronics and atomtronics to quantum state transfer in quantum information processing. We address the transfer of n > 1 bosonic and fermionic excitations between the edges of a one-dim...

We investigate the transfer of genuine multipartite entanglement across a spin-12 chain with nearest-neighbour XX-type interaction. We focus on the perturbative regime, where a block of spins is weakly coupled at each edge of a quantum wire, embodying the role of a multiqubit sender and receiver, respectively. We find that high-quality multipartite...

We investigate the transfer of genuine multipartite entanglement across a spin-1/2 chain with nearest-neighbor XX-type interaction. We focus on the perturbative regime, where a block of spins is weakly coupled at each edge of a quantum wire, embodying the role of a multiqubit sender and receiver, respectively. We find that high-quality multipartite...

In this work we study the single-qubit quantum state transfer in uniform long-range spin XXZ systems in high-dimensional geometries. We consider prototypical long-range spin exchanges that are relevant for experiments in cold atomic platforms: Coulomb, dipolar and van der Waals-like interactions. We find that in all these cases the fidelity increas...

The coherent transfer of excitations between different locations of a quantum many-body system is of primary importance in many research areas, from transport properties in spintronics and atomtronics to quantum state transfer in quantum information processing. We address the transfer of $n>1$ bosonic and fermionic excitations between the edges of...

Generating high-quality multiparticle entanglement between communicating parties is the primary resource in quantum teleportation protocols. To this aim, we show that the natural dynamics of a single spin chain is able to sustain the generation of two pairs of Bell states—-possibly shared between a sender and a distant receiver—which can in turn en...

The out-of-equilibrium dynamics of many body systems has recently received a burst of interest, also due to experimental implementations. The dynamics of observables, such as magnetization and susceptibilities, and quantum information related quantities, such as concurrence and entanglement entropy, have been investigated under different protocols...

Generating high-quality multi-particle entanglement between communicating parties is the primary resource in quantum teleportation protocols. To this aim, we show that the natural dynamics of a single spin chain is able to sustain the generation of two pairs of Bell states - possibly shared between a sender and a distant receiver - which can in tur...

The out-of-equilibrium dynamics of many body systems has recently received a burst of interest, also due to experimental implementations. The dynamics of both observables, such as magnetization and susceptibilities, and quantum information related quantities, such as concurrence and entanglement entropy, have been investigated under different proto...

We study the non-equilibrium evolution of a one-dimensional quantum Ising chain with spatially disordered, time-dependent, transverse fields characterised by white noise correlation dynamics. We establish pre-thermalization in this model, showing that the quench dynamics of the on-site transverse magnetisation first approaches a metastable state un...

In this paper we discuss the implementation of 2-qubit quantum state transfer (QST) in inhomogeneous spin chains where the sender and the receiver blocks are coupled through the bulk channel via weak links. The fidelity and the typical timescale of the QST are discussed as a function of the parameters of the weak links. Given the possibility of imp...

We study the creation and distribution of entanglement in disordered $XY$-type spin-$1/2$ chains for the paradigmatic case of a single flipped spin prepared on a fully polarized background. The local magnetic field is set to follow a disordered long-range-correlated sequence with power-law spectrum. Depending on the degree of correlations of the di...

We study finite size scaling for the magnetic observables of an impurity residing at the endpoint of an open quantum Ising chain in a transverse magnetic field, realized by locally rescaling the magnetic field by a factor $\mu \neq 1$. In the homogeneous chain limit at $\mu = 1$, we find the expected finite size scaling for the longitudinal impurit...

Universality is key to the theory of phase transition stating that the equilibrium properties of observables near a phase transition can be classified according to few critical exponents. These exponents rule an universal scaling behaviour that witnesses the irrelevance of the model's microscopic details at criticality. Here we discuss the persiste...

Ultracold atoms can be used to perform quantum simulations of a variety of condensed matter systems, including spin systems. These progresses point to the implementation of the manipulation of quantum states and to observe and exploit the effect of quantum correlations. A natural direction along this line is provided by the possibility to perform q...

We compare the irreversible work produced in an infinitesimal sudden quench of a quantum system at zero temperature with its ground state fidelity susceptibility, giving an explicit relation between the two quantities. We find that the former is proportional to the latter but for an extra term appearing in the irreversible work which includes also...

We study the generation and propagation of local perturbations in a quantum many-body spin system. In particular, we study the Ising model in transverse field in the presence of a local field defect at one edge. This system possesses a rich phase diagram with different regions characterized by the presence of one or two Majorana zero modes. We show...

We numerically study the dynamics of entanglement entropy, induced by an oscillating time periodic driving of the transverse field, h(t), of a one-dimensional quantum Ising chain. We consider several realizations of h(t), and we find a number of results in analogy with entanglement entropy dynamics induced by a sudden quantum quench. After short-ti...

The emerging field of quantum thermodynamics is contributing important
results and insights into archetypal many-body problems, including quantum
phase transitions. Still, the question whether out-of-equilibrium quantities,
such as fluctuations of work, exhibit critical scaling after a sudden quench in
a closed system has remained elusive. Here, we...

We consider a coupled-cavity array, where each cavity interacts with an atom
under the rotating-wave approximation. For a staggered pattern of inter-cavity
couplings, a pair of field normal modes each bi-localized at the two array ends
arise. A rich structure of dynamical regimes can hence be addressed depending
on which resonance condition between...

The transfer of an unknown quantum state, from a sender to a receiver, is one
of the main requirements to perform quantum information processing tasks. In
this respect, the state transfer of a single qubit by means of spin chains has
been widely discussed, and many protocols aiming at performing this task have
been proposed. Nevertheless, the state...

We investigate the influences of quantum many-body effects, such as
criticality and the existence of factorisation fields, in the thermodynamic
cost of establishing a bonding link between two independent quantum spin
chains. We provide a physical interpretation of the behavior of irreversible
work spent in such process by linking the phenomenology...

We investigate the fidelity of the quantum state transfer (QST) of two qubits
by means of an arbitrary spin-1/2 network, on a lattice of any dimensionality.
Under the assumptions that the network Hamiltonian preserves the magnetization
and that a fully polarized initial state is taken for the lattice, we obtain a
general formula for the average fid...

We discuss the thermodynamics of closed quantum systems driven out of
equilibrium by a change in a control parameter and undergoing a unitary
process. We compare the work actually done on the system with the one that
would be performed along ideal adiabatic and isothermal transformations. The
comparison with the latter leads to the introduction of...

We analyse the nature of the statistics of the work done on or by a quantum
many-body system brought out of equilibrium. We show that, for the sudden
quench, it is in general possible to retrieve the whole non-equilibrium
thermodynamics via single projective measurements of observables. We highlight
in a physically clear way the qualitative implica...

We study the competing effects of simultaneous Markovian and non-Markovian
decoherence mechanisms acting on a single spin. We show the existence of a
threshold in the relative strength of such mechanisms above which the spin
dynamics becomes fully Markovian, as revealed by the use of several
non-Markovianity measures. We identify a measure-dependen...

Spin chains are promising media for short-haul quantum communication. Their
usefulness is manifested in all those situations where stationary information
carriers are involved. In the majority of the communication schemes relying on
quantum spin chains, the latter are assumed to be finite in length, with well
addressable end-chain spins. In this pa...

Efficient quantum-state transfer is achieved in a uniformly coupled spin-1/2
chain, with open boundaries, by application of local magnetic fields on the
second and last-but-one spins, respectively. These effective \textit{barriers}
induce appearance of two eigenstates, bi-localized at the edges of the chain,
which allow a high quality transfer also...

We perform an extensive study of the properties of global quantum
correlations in finite-size one-dimensional quantum spin models at finite
temperature. By adopting a recently proposed measure for global quantum
correlations [C. C. Rulli, and M. S. Sarandy, Phys. Rev. A, 84, 042109 (2011)],
called global discord, we show that critical points can be...

Two different models for performing efficiently routing of a quantum state
are presented. Both cases involve an XX spin chain working as data bus and
additional spins that play the role of sender and receivers, one of which is
selected to be the target of the quantum state transmission protocol via a
coherent quantum coupling mechanism making use o...

Some of the recent developments concerning the propagation of quantum
correlations across spin channels are reviewed. In particular, we focus on the
improvement of the transport efficiency obtained by the manipulation of few
energy parameters (either end-bond strengths or local magnetic fields) near the
sending and receiving sites. We give a physic...

Quantum-state transfer with fidelity higher than 0.99 can be achieved in the
ballistic regime of an arbitrarily long one-dimensional chain with uniform
nearest-neighbor interaction, except for the two pairs of mirror symmetric
extremal bonds, say x (first and last) and y (second and last-but-one). These
have to be roughly tuned to suitable values x...

High-quality quantum-state and entanglement transfer can be achieved in an
unmodulated spin bus operating in the ballistic regime, which occurs when the
endpoint qubits A and B are coupled to the chain by an exchange interaction
$j_0$ comparable with the intrachain exchange. Indeed, the transition amplitude
characterizing the transfer quality exhib...

Effective quantum-state and entanglement transfer can be obtained by inducing a coherent dynamics in quantum wires with homogeneous intrawire interactions. This goal is accomplished by optimally tuning the coupling between the wire endpoints and the two qubits there attached. A general procedure to determine such value is devised, and scaling laws...

We study the transport of quantum correlations across a chain of interacting
spin-1/2 particles. As a quantitative figure of merit, we choose a symmetric
version of quantum discord and compare it with the transported entanglement,
addressing various operating regimes of the spin medium. Discord turns out to
be better transported for a wide range of...

Using recently proposed measures for non-Markovianity [H. P. Breuer, E. M.
Laine, and J. Piilo, Phys. Rev. Lett. {\bf 103}, 210401 (2009)], we study the
dynamics of a qubit coupled to a spin environment via an energy-exchange
mechanism. We show the existence of a point, in the parameter space of the
system, where the qubit dynamics is effectively M...

The capability of faithfully transmit quantum states and entanglement through quantum channels is one of the key requirements for the development of quantum devices. Different solutions have been proposed to accomplish such a challenging task, which, however, require either an ad hoc engineering of the internal interactions of the physical system a...

We study the dynamical behavior of two initially entangled qubits, each
locally coupled to an environment embodied by an interacting spin chain. We
consider energy-exchange qubit-environment couplings resulting in a rich and
highly non trivial entanglement dynamics. We obtain exact results for the
time-evolution of the concurrence between the two q...

We show that a local control of the effective magnetic field in a spin chain allows for an efficient storage of bipartite entanglement and for its transmission ``on demand'' towards a selected receiving site.

We study the ground-state entanglement properties of an XX spin 1/2 chain in transverse field, in its quasi-long-ranged ordered phase, with a magnetic impurity, represented in terms of an additional transverse magnetic field located at one precise site. For such a system, we show that a control of the ground state entanglement can be achieved by ac...

We study the effects of an impurity on the magnetic response and the entanglement properties of the infinite S=(1)/(2) XX chain in a transverse field h in its quasi-long-range ordered phase, i.e., below the critical point h=1 . We show that regardless of the sign of the exchange coupling, and for whatever value of the applied field, the impurity ge...

In a ferromagnetic spin chain, the control of the local effective magnetic field allows us to manipulate the static and dynamical properties of entanglement. In particular, the propagation of quantum correlations can be driven to a great extent so as to achieve an entanglement transfer on demand toward a selected site.

We describe a chain of qubits with always on exchange interaction in the presence of a spatial inhomogeneity in the qubit
level spacing. Similarly to the phenomenon of Anderson localization, this system has a localized eigenstate which can be used
to store or trap quantum information. We discuss both the fidelity of storage and the leakage of infor...

We discuss the effect of a single diagonal defect on both the static and
dynamical properties of entanglement in a spin chain. We show that entanglement
localizes at the defect and discuss its localization length, arguing that this
can be used as a mean to store entanglement. We also show that the impurity
site can behave as an entanglement mirror...