Tõnis Mets

Tõnis Mets
University of Tartu · School of Economics and Business Administration

PhD

About

101
Publications
69,222
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770
Citations
Introduction
Current research interests: Entrepreneurship; technology entrepreneurship; entrepreneurial process and journey; industrial property management. Methodology: Process approach; qualitative research before quantitative; models based on systems and temporal approach. Working on entrepreneurial journey within technology startups.
Additional affiliations
September 2003 - present
University of Tartu
Position
  • Professor (Full)
Education
September 1970 - June 1976
Tallinn University of Technology
Field of study
  • Industrial Electronics

Publications

Publications (101)
Article
Full-text available
Although entrepreneurship at the university level has constantly been evolving, little research has been done on what competencies should be developed in entrepreneurship education (EE) and how EE relates to the core of entrepreneurship—the entrepreneurial process competence. This article seeks to develop and empirically measure the entrepreneurial...
Article
Full-text available
The entrepreneurial idea and opportunity are formed in the entrepreneurial process, which is characterized by entrepreneurial learning. During the entrepreneurial journey, the entrepreneur repeatedly reassesses the maturity of his business/venture idea and venture creation process to enter the market. The entrepreneur’s decisions are influenced by...
Book
Full-text available
The book is devoted to supporting entrepreneurship in Poland, Slovakia and Estonia from the perspective of local authorities of each country, solutions available from the perspective of the central level, as well as the involvement of the institutional environment in creating conditions for initiating and running a business.
Preprint
Understanding the entrepreneurial journey has become essential for both start-up entrepreneurs and policymakers within the ecosystem of technology start-ups, functioning as engines of growth in new economies and exports. Often they are Born Global (BG) High Technology Small Firms (HTSFs). The entrepreneurial journey, often used as a metaphor in the...
Article
Associated with global climate agreements and the European Union’s focus on climate-neutral goals by 2050, the development of Green Transformation competencies in society has become topical. This viewpoint paper proposes a conceptual model for applying Entrepreneurship Education (EE) to designing an integrated transdisciplinary, Green Transformatio...
Article
Understanding the entrepreneurial journey has become essential for both start-up entrepreneurs and policymakers within the ecosystem of technology start-ups, functioning as engines of growth in new economies and exports. Often they are Born Global (BG) High Technology Small Firms (HTSFs). The entrepreneurial journey, often used as a metaphor in the...
Article
Full-text available
This study examines the relationship among experiential entrepreneurship pedagogy, entrepreneurial competencies and employment status of business graduates in two European countries. A proposed model relies on the adapted Bloom’s taxonomy, human capital theory, and experiential learning theory. The model examines knowledge, skills, and attitudes as...
Article
Full-text available
This paper empirically substantiates a novel tripartite framework for measuring learning outcomes of entrepreneurship education (EE) by employing structural equation modeling. Three types of learning outcome are estimated—cognitive, skill-based, and affective—following Bloom’s (1956) taxonomy of educational objectives. The study is based on a sampl...
Article
Full-text available
This paper aims to investigate how sustainable entrepreneurs innovate in business models to overcome their hybridity-related tensions to achieve environmental, social, and financial goals. A case study was conducted on 12 organizations in seven countries from October 2018 to June 2019 through observation visits, interviews, and secondary data colle...
Article
Full-text available
Language technology provides several possibilities to commercialise collected language resources (data) in the form of providing access to databases, dictionaries, translation, text analysis and localisation services, storage of documents and personal language data, software, and other types of digital content. This article focuses on the contractu...
Article
The present paper aims to develop an understanding of interconnections between the entrepreneurial ecosystem and entrepreneurial opportunity. The first step of this research was to disclose the development of the ecosystem within two higher (efficiency- and innovation-driven) stages of economic development and the transition between them according...
Article
Full-text available
In order to promote sustainable entrepreneurship, it is necessary to understand the sustainable entrepreneurial process. To address this gap in the literature, this study aims to investigate how entrepreneurs generate ideas, as well as recognize, develop, and exploit opportunities in the context of sustainable development. A case study was carried...
Conference Paper
The theoretical relevance of opportunities for entrepreneurship research has not been met with proportional empirical research endeavors. Perceived entrepreneurial opportunities (PEO) is believed to be a key construct to identify entrepreneurship favorable contexts, however, empirical evidence regarding its determinants is still scarce. This paper...
Article
Full-text available
Entrepreneurial opportunities and the entrepreneurial process have long been understood as the foundation and heart of entrepreneurship. In this article, using systems thinking and a systems approach, we reshape the dynamic stage model of the entrepreneurial process to create a novel method for the configuration and metrics of progression of the en...
Article
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Suna Løwe Nielseni, Kim Klyveri, Majbritt Rostgaard Evaldi ja Torben Bageri raamat "Entrepreneurship in theory and practice: Paradoxes in play" on hea sissejuhatus valdkonda. See mitte üksnes ei paku teoreetilist vaatenurka distsipliinile, vaid ka suunab lugejat kriitiliselt analüüsima ettevõtluse pakutavaid võimalusi ning avardab kaasuste ja parad...
Article
The authors address the transformation of research data into open data. The article draws on the experience in four countries: Sweden, Finland, Estonia and Lithuania. The transformation process presents several challenges where legal, organizational and individual aspects influence the process. Research data often contain personal data. Research da...
Book
Full-text available
The process of the transition to a market-oriented economy for countries from Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) started some 25 years ago. A new technology base triggered the fast growth of new investments into intangible assets by global economic leaders at the beginning of the 1990s, providing the b...
Chapter
Entrepreneurship as a private economic initiative in Estonia became legal with Gorbachev Perestroika at the end of the long period of Soviet occupation. Therefore, political agenda of transition from command to market economy also marks entrepreneurship development trajectory. Efforts of the Estonian government, for ICT development, from the 1990s,...
Chapter
The Singing Revolution led to regaining independence after 50 years of Soviet occupation and created a new socioeconomic situation in Estonia in 1991. One of the first steps, of the Estonian government, was a telecommunication concession to the private company Eesti Telekom, in 1992. In 1995–1998, the Estonian government launched the national ICT s...
Article
Full-text available
The importance of evaluating the outcomes of entrepreneurship education (EE) has been widely acknowledged, but how to approach the evaluation and what models and measures to use are still subjected to academic debate. In this article, the authors present an application of the European Competence Framework (ECF) – the knowledge–skills–attitude triad...
Chapter
Full-text available
The empirical study presented in this chapter addresses a major gap in entrepreneurship education (EE) research: the lack of empirical evidence that the experiential approach to teaching is associated with superior outcomes in comparison to the traditional approach. It focuses on perceived learning outcomes specifically and applies the tripartite c...
Article
Full-text available
The strategies of the European Union and its Member States suppose that intellectual property (IP) created as a result of R&D is the engine of economic growth and welfare in society. Studies based on the European Regional Innovation Scoreboard (RIS) have demonstrated that R&D investments, support to the high technology industry and patenting intens...
Article
Full-text available
The authors explore different models of transfer of industrial property on a comparative basis. The article demonstrates that these models differ on a country level and several models may be in use in one legal system. The authors analyze strengths and weaknesses and legal implications of these models in the three Baltic States both at the regulato...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper analyzes the entrepreneurial process and journey suggesting dynamic stage model approach. Theoretical models are tested in a quasi-experiment. Empirical facts related to stages of the process and strategic factors and their patterns are mapped using the case studies of three high-technology start-ups. Value creation has seen the primary...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Preliminary evaluation of the contribution of technology companies into job creation and welfare in Europe and USA says that technology sector induce more jobs in other sectors. Very little is known how these high potential technology firms are born. The role of the leadership in small technology companies able to globalize from inception or after...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Understanding the content of the entrepreneurial process is essential for creating better policy and practical training of nascent entrepreneurs, especially for accelerating the growth of new companies. Some studies devoted to venture launch see the gap between process orientation in entrepreneurship pedagogy and academic variance research models....
Article
Full-text available
This article looks at the changing notion and paradigm of entrepreneurship and related research. Though previously “entrepreneurship” referred to a profitable action while risking one’s personal property, the modern connotation is much broader. The contemporary view is not just about profit orientation but also focuses on exploiting entrepreneurial...
Article
The objective of this research paper is to assess the impact of intellectual property (IP) ownership regimes (professor’s privilege vs institutional ownership) on the knowledge transfer and academia–industry collaboration. One of the aims is also to define the advantages and challenges of both ownership regimes and different reward policies. The ar...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
One of the reasons of weak implementation of own R&D, or the appearance of so called the "European paradox" phenomenon, is poor management of the entrepreneurial (open) innovation processes on policy level. Behind the poor (policy) awareness and poor management should be seen shortage of scientific knowledge about the entrepreneurial/innovation pro...
Article
Full-text available
The entrepreneurial role of the culture or art college in the Triple helix (Academia-Industry-Government) linkages has been examined much less than of a traditional university. The paper aims to fulfill the gap in understanding the mission and the model of a university culture college carrying partly a regional partly a national role. Two case stud...
Article
Full-text available
The paper aims to define which type of intellectual property (IP) reward regime increases the competitiveness of innovative SMEs. The authors analyse IP reward regimes and their impact on new knowledge and technology creation by SME, its IP, market, business model and other strategic issues related to collaboration of inventor, entrepreneur and inv...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This empirical paper is a step forward into researching learning outcomes of experiential entrepreneurial education. It marks another important milestone of approaching a certain level of maturity in my doctoral studies with the edited version of the paper forthcoming as a book chapter in the Edward Elgar series “European Research in Entrepreneursh...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Technology start-ups able to globalize from inception in the literature are called "born global" (BG) companies. The paper aims to study the internationalization trajectories of BGs in the developing entrepreneurial ecosystem framework of the emerging knowledge economy. We suppose that value system and networks of BGs are the part of general entrep...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Some sketches of insights from the CB Entreint project team's business trips to entrepreneurial universities of the Netherlands and United Kingdom.
Article
Full-text available
CB Entreint project: analytical report - main output of the University of Tartu's work package.
Technical Report
Full-text available
A Review of entrepreneurship education and university start-up support in Leipzig-Halle
Chapter
In this chapter, the authors deal with the social constructivist entrepreneurial process-based training methodology approach at venture creation across different fields as experienced by trainers moderating the learning process with both social entrepreneurs and technology entrepreneurs in traditional (handicraft) and virtual technologies. The soci...
Article
The "born global" phenomenon of hi-tech small and medium size enterprises (HSMEs) has been explored over the past 15 years. Until today, too little attention has been paid to intellectual property (IP) in knowledge-related processes, and the business models of HSMEs in their market globalization processes. This chapter aims partly to fulfill this g...
Article
Full-text available
The transformation of a country into a knowledge-based economy has a considerable impact on the role of a contemporary university. The question is whether the university should assume the role of an entrepreneur itself or whether it can continue to be a traditional university - i.e. focusing on teaching and research - with some additional functions...
Book
This important book identifies the current developments within entrepreneurship that are characterized by conceptual richness and methodological diversity. It presents the latest developments of topics such as the entrepreneurial mindset, culture and values as well as advances in entrepreneurship education and development. The contributors open the...
Chapter
Full-text available
Available from: http://www.intechopen.com/books/entrepreneurship-creativity-and-innovative-business-models/creative-business-model-innovation-for-globalizing-smes
Book
Full-text available
What are the differences between an entrepreneur and a manager? According to Schumpeter, the main difference lies in the entrepreneur's ideas, creativity, and vision of the world. These differences enable him to create new combinations, to change existing business models, and to innovate. Those innovations can take several forms: products, processe...
Article
This article shows an approach to understanding the preferences of museum attendees. It is based on rule-developing experimentation (augmented conjoint analysis) and is demonstrated by a case study assessing what influences the interest of young people to attend an exhibition or museum. The study surveyed 224 U.S. respondents ages 18 to 35 comparin...
Article
Secrecy is a traditional method of knowledge protection. The protection and management of trade secrets has high strategic relevance for small transition economies. As the majority of Estonian entrepreneurs are SMEs in low-tech sectors, the implementation of adequate trade-secret protection strategy is vital. There are several advantages to trade-s...
Article
This publication incorporates portions of CMMI for Development, Version 1.2 (CMU/SEI‐2006‐TR‐008, ESC‐TR‐2006‐008), Copyright 2006 Carnegie Mellon University, with special permission from its Software Engineering Institute. Any material of Carnegie Mellon University and/or its Software Engineering Institute contained herein is furnished on an “as‐i...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to map the current situation of entrepreneurship education in higher education institutions (HEIs) of 22 European transition economy countries. Design/methodology/approach – The approach taken was an internet survey and analysis covering 774 HEIs of the region. Findings – In 332 institutions, entrepreneurship-...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: This paper aims to summarize the results of an empirical project to understand the perceptions of consumers of the future high end products in the USA. This project was a precursor of a larger global project on the topic. Design/methodology/approach: The approach utilizes the consumer insights-driven process, rule-developing experimentatio...
Article
Full-text available
In European universities can be met intellectual property (IP) regimes based on IP ownership by professors – professors' privilege, but predominant is employment regulation of IP ownership by uni-versities. Which of these options is more beneficial for university and society is the question of R&D and innovation policy on the state level. The paper...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose – This paper seeks to explore approaches to consumer-driven optimization of package design utilizing a novel modified conjoint analysis approach. The approach allows for dynamic creation and testing of a large number of design prototypes with consumers and finds optimal solutions on an aggregated, segmented (pattern-based latent mindset seg...
Article
Full-text available
Although hundreds of research papers have been published on the issue of accelerated internationalisation, Born Globals and International New Ventures, the advancement for common theory of International Entrepreneurship (IE) has been limited. Little attention has been paid to Intellectual Property (IP) and its strategies in rapidly internationalisi...
Article
Full-text available
Commercialization process of research is analyzed in University-Industry-Government (UIG) framework in the context of entrepreneurial university business model. Critical issue in the UIG-relations model is the role of entrepreneurship: is enterprise integrated into all (education and not only intra-) university activities or is entrepreneurship sup...
Article
The importance of new firm creation in the post-Communist economies of East Central Europe (ECE) has been subject to extensive research. This paper focuses on an area of entrepreneurship which has received relatively little attention in the transition economy context but which is of particular importance for the modernization of the transition econ...
Article
Full-text available
The paper presents an approach to analyzing food packages based on the eye-tracking analysis of consumers exposed to experimentally designed prototypes of packages based on Rule Developing Experimentation methodology. In addition, the paper analyses emotional reactions to conceptual packages (the respondent had a choice among seven alter- natives,...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose – This paper sets out to explore different approaches to optimizing web sites based on consumer preferences, introducing the most advanced form of landing page optimization, multivariate landing page optimization, and its variations. The approach aims to allow for the testing of a large number of web page prototypes with consumers and find...
Article
Purpose – Innovation cannot come without in-depth understanding of the product and its consumer perception. This paper aims to show the approach for consumer-centric re-development strategy, from design of the experiment to execution, analysis, modeling and strategies for implementation. Design/methodology/approach – The approach described uses a r...
Article
Full-text available
Estonia, a transition country being 'catching-up economy', is complementing its capacity for technology absorption with potential for diffusion and commercialisation of technology. The aim of the paper is to study key issues related to university-industry knowledge transfer within the Estonian biotech sector. Empirical research of the SME sector wa...
Article
Full-text available
During the past fifteen years several studies have explored the phenomenon of the "born global" of the hi-tech small and medium sized enterprises (HSME). Up to today too little attention has been paid on knowledge related processes and mechanisms, and business models of HSMEs in their market globalization process. The paper aims partly to fulfill t...
Article
Full-text available
Behavior as learning organization (LO) has a high potential to enhance efficiency of knowledge creation and learning processes in software development (SD) companies. Still, the characteristics of LO environments have modestly studied. Knowledge management (KM) and knowledge transfer are critical competitive success factors in knowledge-based indus...