Toni Gabaldón

Toni Gabaldón
IRB Barcelona Institute for Research in Biomedicine and Barcelona Supercomputing Centre (BSC) · Life Science

PhD

About

668
Publications
167,049
Reads
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27,211
Citations
Citations since 2016
418 Research Items
21247 Citations
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201620172018201920202021202201,0002,0003,0004,000
201620172018201920202021202201,0002,0003,0004,000
Additional affiliations
November 2013 - present
January 2009 - present
Universitat Pompeu Fabra
Description
  • Teaching bioinformatics, and comparative genomics at the undergraduate and Master's level.
September 2008 - present
Centre for Genomic Regulation

Publications

Publications (668)
Article
Full-text available
The relevance of the human oral microbiome to our understanding of human health has grown in recent years as microbiome studies continue to develop. Given the links of the oral cavity with the digestive, respiratory and circulatory systems, the composition of the oral microbiome is relevant beyond just oral health, impacting systemic processes acro...
Article
Full-text available
Background Candida glabrata is an opportunistic yeast pathogen thought to have a large genetic and phenotypic diversity and a highly plastic genome. However, the lack of chromosome-level genome assemblies representing this diversity limits our ability to accurately establish how chromosomal structure and gene content vary across strains. Results H...
Article
Full-text available
Background Recent technological developments have made genome sequencing and assembly highly accessible and widely used. However, the presence in sequenced organisms of certain genomic features such as high heterozygosity, polyploidy, aneuploidy, heterokaryosis, or extreme compositional biases can challenge current standard assembly procedures and...
Poster
Early eukaryotic evolution is poorly understood. Lacking a fossil record, comparative genomics allows us to reconstruct the evolutionary history of species and their genes, infer the order of evolutionary changes and their functional implications. Thanks to sequencing transcriptomes and genomes of protists, it becomes possible to unveil the evoluti...
Article
Full-text available
Structural variants (SVs) underlie genomic variation but are often overlooked due to difficult detection from short reads. Most algorithms have been tested on humans, and it remains unclear how applicable they are in other organisms. To solve this, we develop perSVade (personalized structural variation detection), a sample-tailored pipeline that pr...
Article
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Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most prevalent cancer worldwide, with nearly two million newly diagnosed cases each year. The survival of patients with CRC greatly depends on the cancer stage at the time of diagnosis, with worse prognosis for more advanced cases. Consequently, considerable effort has been directed towards improving population...
Article
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Global and regional efforts for generating molecular sequencing data are fundamental to characterise and monitor the Earth’s biodiversity. However, exploiting the full potential of molecular data for biodiversity monitoring and conservation is still a challenge. There is still the need to fully connect the generation and archiving of sequence data...
Article
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Despite recent studies discussing the evolutionary impacts of gene duplications and losses among metazoans, the genomic basis for the evolution of phyla remains enigmatic. Here, we employ phylogenomic approaches to search for orthologous genes without known functions among echinoderms, and subsequently use them to guide the identification of their...
Article
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Aspergillus fumigatus is both an environmental saprobe and an opportunistic human fungal pathogen. Knowledge of genomic variation across A. fumigatus isolates is essential for understanding the evolution of pathogenicity, virulence, and resistance to antifungal drugs. Here, we investigated 206 A. fumigatus isolates (133 clinical and 73 environmenta...
Article
Full-text available
Fungal pathogens pose an increasingly worrying threat to human health, food security and ecosystem diversity. To tackle fungal infections and improve current diagnostic and therapeutic tools it is necessary to understand virulence and antifungal drug resistance mechanisms in diverse species. Recent advances in genomics approaches have provided a su...
Article
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Motivation: In contrast to messenger RNAs, the function of the wide range of existing long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) largely depends on their structure, which determines interactions with partner molecules. Thus, the determination or prediction of the secondary structure of lncRNAs is critical to uncover their function. Classical approaches for pre...
Article
Full-text available
Nucleariids are a small group of free-living heterotrophic amoebae. Although these organisms present a variety of cell sizes and cell coverings, they are mostly spherical cells with radiating filopodia, sometimes with several nuclei. Nuclearia, the genus that gives the name to the group, contains species that are opportunistic consumers of detritus...
Article
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Genomic resources for amphibians are still hugely underrepresented in vertebrate genomic research, despite being a group of major interest for ecology, evolution and conservation. Amphibians constitute a highly threatened group of vertebrates, present a vast diversity in reproductive modes, are extremely diverse in morphology, occupy most ecoregion...
Article
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The Orthology Benchmark Service (https://orthology.benchmarkservice.org) is the gold standard for orthology inference evaluation, supported and maintained by the Quest for Orthologs consortium. It is an essential resource to compare existing and new methods of orthology inference (the bedrock for many comparative genomics and phylogenetic analysis)...
Article
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Candida parapsilosis species complex comprises three important pathogenic species: Candida parapsilosis sensu stricto, Candida orthopsilosis and Candida metapsilosis. The majority of C. orthopsilosis and all C. metapsilosis isolates sequenced thus far are hybrids, and most of the parental lineages remain unidentified. This led to the hypothesis tha...
Article
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Malassezia furfur is a common commensal member of human/animal microbiota that is also associated with several pathogenic states. Recent studies report involvement of Malassezia species in Crohn’s disease, a type of inflammatory bowel disease, pancreatic cancer progression, and exacerbation of cystic fibrosis.
Article
Purpose Survival after lung transplantation is limited in large part due to the high incidence of chronic lung allograft dysfunction (CLAD). Infection is a recognized risk factor for the development of CLAD, and both acute infection and chronic lung allograft colonization with microorganisms increase the risk for CLAD. The aim of our study was to a...
Article
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Each year, infections caused by fungal pathogens claim the lives of about 1.6 million people and affect the health of over a billion people worldwide. Among the most recently developed antifungal drugs are the echinocandins, which noncompetitively inhibit β-glucan synthase, a membrane-bound protein complex that catalyzes the formation of the main p...
Preprint
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The jaguar (Panthera onca) is the most relevant predator in South America and an endangered species in Argentina. Therefore genomic, evolutionary and functional studies of this species are strategic to gain biological insights and support conservation efforts. With the advent of sequencing advances the study of relevant character species evolution...
Preprint
Full-text available
Aspergillus fumigatus is both an environmental saprobe and an opportunistic human fungal pathogen. Knowledge of genomic variation across A. fumigatus isolates is essential for understanding the evolution of pathogenicity, virulence, and resistance to antifungal drugs. Here, we investigated 206 A. fumigatus isolates (133 clinical and 73 environmenta...
Preprint
Full-text available
Skates are cartilaginous fish whose novel body plan features remarkably enlarged wing-like pectoral fins that allow them to thrive in benthic environments. The molecular underpinnings of this unique trait, however, remain elusive. Here we investigate the origin of this phenotypic innovation by developing the little skate Leucoraja erinacea as a gen...
Article
Full-text available
Many fungal species utilize hydroxyderivatives of benzene and benzoic acid as carbon sources. The yeast Candida parapsilosis metabolizes these compounds via the 3-oxoadipate and gentisate pathways, whose components are encoded by two metabolic gene clusters. In this study, we determine the chromosome level assembly of the C . parapsilosis strain CL...
Preprint
Full-text available
"RNASeq" and "VariantSeq" are two cross-platform desktop applications of the GPRO suite customized for comparative transcriptomics and sequence variant analysis, respectively. "RNASeq" provides a protocol with two alternative paths: (1) to perform analyses using reference genomes and GTF/GFF files and (2) to perform analyses based on quantification...
Article
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Objectives We evaluated the epidemiology of candidemia among COVID-19 patients admitted to intensive care units (ICUs). Methods We conducted a retrospective multicenter study in Turkey between April- December 2020. Results Twenty-eight of 148 enrolled patients developed candidemia, yielding an incidence of 19% and incidence rate of 14/1,000 patie...
Article
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Although the etiology of obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) is largely unknown, it is accepted that OCD is a complex disorder. There is a known bi-directional interaction between the gut microbiome and brain activity. Several authors have reported associations between changes in gut microbiota and neuropsychiatric disorders, including depression o...
Article
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Invasive Pulmonary Aspergillosis, which is caused by the filamentous fungus Aspergillus fumigatus , is a life-threatening infection for immunosuppressed patients. Chromatin structure regulation is important for genome stability maintenance and has the potential to drive genome rearrangements and affect virulence and pathogenesis of pathogens. Here,...
Article
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Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) constitute a poorly studied class of transcripts with emerging roles in key cellular processes. Despite efforts to characterize lncRNAs across a wide range of species, these molecules remain largely unexplored in most eukaryotic microbes, including yeast pathogens of the Candida clade. Here, we analyze thousands of pu...
Article
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Yeasts, usually defined as unicellular fungi, occur in various fungal lineages. Hence, they are not a taxonomic unit, but rather represent a fungal lifestyle shared by several unrelated lineages. Although the discovery of new yeast species occurs at an increasing speed, at the current rate it will likely take hundreds of years, if ever, before they...
Article
Full-text available
Candida glabrata is the second leading cause of candidemia in many countries and is one of the most concerning yeast species of nosocomial importance due to its increasing rate of antifungal drug resistance and emerging multidrug-resistant isolates. Application of multilocus sequence typing (MLST) to clinical C. glabrata isolates revealed an associ...
Preprint
Full-text available
Structural variants (SVs) like translocations, deletions, and other rearrangements underlie genetic and phenotypic variation. SVs are often overlooked due to difficult detection from short-read sequencing. Most algorithms yield low recall on humans, but the performance in other organisms is unclear. Similarly, despite remarkable differences across...
Article
Full-text available
Background The rice weevil Sitophilus oryzae is one of the most important agricultural pests, causing extensive damage to cereal in fields and to stored grains. S. oryzae has an intracellular symbiotic relationship (endosymbiosis) with the Gram-negative bacterium Sodalis pierantonius and is a valuable model to decipher host-symbiont molecular inter...
Preprint
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Malassezia species are important fungal skin commensals and are part of the normal microbiota of humans and other animals. However, under certain circumstances these fungi can also display a pathogenic behaviour. For example, Malassezia furfur is a common commensal of human skin, and yet is often responsible for skin disorders but also systemic inf...
Article
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PhylomeDB is a unique knowledge base providing public access to minable and browsable catalogues of pre-computed genome-wide collections of annotated sequences, alignments and phylogenies (i.e. phylomes) of homologous genes, as well as to their corresponding phylogeny-based orthology and paralogy relationships. In addition, PhylomeDB trees and alig...
Article
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The opportunistic pathogen Candida glabrata is the second most frequent causative agent of vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC), a disease that affects 70–75% of women at least once during their life. However, C . glabrata is almost avirulent in mice and normally incapable of inflicting damage to vaginal epithelial cells in vitro . We thus proposed that...
Article
Full-text available
Fungal infections are a growing medical concern, in part due to increased resistance to one or multiple antifungal drugs. However, the evolutionary processes underpinning the acquisition of antifungal drug resistance are poorly understood. Here, we used experimental microevolution to study the adaptation of the yeast pathogen Candida glabrata to fl...
Preprint
Full-text available
Many fungal species utilize hydroxyderivatives of benzene and benzoic acid as carbon sources. The yeast Candida parapsilosis metabolizes these compounds via the 3-oxoadipate and gentisate pathways, whose components are encoded by two metabolic gene clusters. In this study, we determine the chromosome level assembly of the C. parapsilosis strain CLI...
Article
The origin of eukaryotes has been defined as the major evolutionary transition since the origin of life itself. Most hallmark traits of eukaryotes, such as their intricate intracellular organization, can be traced back to a putative common ancestor that predated the broad diversity of extant eukaryotes. However, little is known about the nature and...
Article
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Here we review how evolving species concepts have been applied to understand yeast diversity. Initially, a phenotypic species concept was utilized taking into consideration morphological aspects of colonies and cells, and growth profiles. Later the biological species concept was added, which applied data from mating experiments. Biophysical measure...
Article
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Rationale Recent studies have revealed that the lung microbiota of critically ill patients is altered and predicts clinical outcomes. The incidence of invasive fungal infections, namely, invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA), in immunocompromised patients is increasing, but the clinical significance of variations in lung bacterial communities is u...
Article
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Candida subhashii belongs to the CUG-Ser clade, a group of phylogenetically closely related yeast species that includes some human opportunistic pathogens, such as Candida albicans. Despite being present in the environment, C. subhashii was initially described as the causative agent of a case of peritonitis. Considering the relevance of whole-genom...
Article
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The modification of adenosine to inosine at the wobble position (I34) of tRNA anticodons is an abundant and essential feature of eukaryotic tRNAs. The expansion of inosine-containing tRNAs in eukaryotes followed the transformation of the homodimeric bacterial enzyme TadA, which generates I34 in tRNAArg and tRNALeu, into the heterodimeric eukaryotic...
Article
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Brown rot, caused by Monilinia spp., is among the most important diseases in stone fruits, and some pome fruits (mainly apples). This disease is responsible for significant yield losses, particularly in stone fruits, when weather conditions favorable for disease development appear. To achieve future sustainable strategies to control brown rot on fr...
Article
The 3-oxoacyl-CoA thiolases catalyse the last step of the fatty acid β-oxidation pathway. In yeasts and plants, this pathway takes place exclusively in peroxisomes, whereas in animals it occurs in both peroxisomes and mitochondria. In contrast to baker's yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, yeast species from the Debaryomycetaceae family also encode a t...
Article
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Loss or inactivation of antivirulence genes is an adaptive strategy in pathogen evolution. Candida glabrata is an important opportunistic pathogen related to baker's yeast, with the ability to both quickly increase its intrinsic high level of azole resistance and persist within phagocytes. During C. glabrata's evolution as a pathogen, the mitochond...
Preprint
Full-text available
Recent technological developments have made genome sequencing and assembly accessible to many groups. However, the presence in sequenced organisms of certain genomic features such as high heterozygosity, polyploidy, aneuploidy, or heterokaryosis can challenge current standard assembly procedures and result in highly fragmented assemblies. Hence, we...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an autosomal genetic disease, associated with the production of excessively thick mucosa and with life-threatening chronic lung infections. The microbiota of the oral cavity can act as a reservoir or as a barrier for infectious microorganisms that can colonize the lungs. However, the specific composition of the...
Article
Full-text available
Vaginal candidiasis is an extremely common disease predominantly caused by four phylogenetically diverse species: Candida albicans; Candida glabrata; Candida parapsilosis; and Candida tropicalis. Using a time course infection model of vaginal epithelial cells and dual RNA sequencing, we show that these species exhibit distinct pathogenicity pattern...
Article
Full-text available
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) can perform a variety of key cellular functions by interacting with proteins and other RNAs. Recent studies have shown that the functions of lncRNAS are largely mediated by their structures. However, our structural knowledge for most lncRNAS is limited to sequence-based computational predictions. Non-coding RNA activa...
Article
Full-text available
Oxidative phosphorylation is among the most conserved mitochondrial pathways. However, one of the cornerstones of this pathway, the multi-protein complex NADH : ubiquinone oxidoreductase (complex I) has been lost multiple independent times in diverse eukaryotic lineages. The causes and consequences of these convergent losses remain poorly understoo...
Preprint
Invasive Pulmonary aspergillosis is a life-threatening infection in immunosuppressed patients caused by the filamentous fungus Aspergillus fumigatus . Chromatin structure regulation is important for genome stability maintenance and has the potential to lead to genome rearrangements driving differences in virulence and pathogenesis of different A. f...
Chapter
RNA molecules play important roles in almost every cellular process, and their functions are mediated by their sequence and structure. Determining the secondary structure of RNAs is central to understanding RNA function and evolution. RNA structure probing techniques coupled to high-throughput sequencing allow determining structural features of RNA...